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tv   Czech Prime Minister Bohuslav Sobotka on State of the E.U.  CSPAN  April 8, 2016 7:57am-9:01am EDT

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expanding the three this compromise guarantees the south held a disproportionate influence upon congress to preserve and uphold slaveowning interest. >> tyler perry, on the 12th american president were slave owners. eight of them while in office. for the complete american history tv weekend schedule go to c-span.org. >> next, the czech prime minister talks about the state of the european union including the stabilization in ukraine, european migrant crisis at the potential exit of the united kingdom from the organization. the brooking brookings institutd this one-hour event.
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>> [inaudible conversations] >> good morning. welcome to the brookings institution for the latest in a series of distinguished speakers that we have welcomed to our building on this 100th anniversary year of brookings. i'm very pleased today to welcome my friend, prime
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minister bohusalv sobotka of the czech republic to address us on the challenges that are facing europe and the eu as we meet here this morning. prime minister is here for the president nuclear security summit and has agreed to address us. prime minister sobotka's career parallels the history of the modern czech republic, starting with the fall of communism in 1989. he has been a member of the czech social democratic party since december 1989, exactly when the late president was assuming the leadership of then czechoslovakia. prime minister sobotka anticipated in the renewal of
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the czech social democratic activities. he is the cofounder of the young social democrats, which he started in 1990. in 1996 he was elected for the first time to the czech parliament, the chamber of deputies as the social democratic candidate for the south bohemian region. he has been reelected to the position in 1998, 2002, 2006 and 2010. ..
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but also in the west balkans, which, saw a lot of bloodshed in the '90s.
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the area which makes it possible to travel freely throughout the e.u. spread to total of 26 member-states. unfortunately, as i said once before, none of these achievements is a matter of course. recently this fact has been revealed quite clearly. europe today struggles with problems on many fronts. greek debt crisis, illegal annexation of crimea, and military destabilization of eastern ukraine by russia. civil war in syria, so-called islamic state. terrorism inspired by the islamic state and migration/ refugee crisis. all of these impact our thinking as well as political reality in europe. they don't constitute our
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biggest problem. the biggest problem is some kind of a permanent crisis management. the feeling that we have don't have events under control. europe is not capable of following its own rules far too often. a great number of europeans are disappointed today and fear the future developments. there are growing nationalistic tendencies as well as demand for radical solutions. the result of this situation is not only the presence of dangerous radicals in many national parliaments but also increasing discussions of disintegration and dilution of the e.u. most visible example of the above, i.e., uk leaving the e.u., which if it comes to past will become a major turning point in the european cooperation following the second world war. the cohesion of europe is at
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stake. the cohesion has been painstakingly built and negotiated since the '50s of the last century and culminated with the european union enlargement by the states of the former soviet block including the czech republic. no european country today successfully face the challenges and tasks ahead of us alone and in isolation from the others. live in interconnected world. unless we want to see europe marginalized we must face the challenges together. therefore me and my government fully embrace european integration and deep cooperation in the e.u., face-to-face with the immense challenges. the pan-european cooperation is the only choice. conducive to stability, prosperity, preservation of the
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roll of europe plays in the world and values upon which it has been built. ladies and gentlemen, brookings institute celebrates its 100th year anniversary. during the 100 years of its existence, of your existence you became one of the most significant think tanks in the u.s. and even beyond. you have experts in all different areas of today's society which have changed over time and will continue changing. some of you specialize in international relations and therefore you know much more than me about the reasons behind events moving the world around us. therefore, i think it would be better, rather than giving you numbers and statistics regarding individual events to focus on the prime minister of a
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10 million country in the heart of europe considered as key areas on which we must concentrate and devote our attention to. to stop the migration chaos, we must remember, so you must renew an efficient and functional protect of the e.u. borders as well as stablize the regions in its vicinity. concurrently, we must never forget the humanitarian dimension of the current situation and the fact that many of those who flee to europe try to escape the war conflict and terror and it is our duty to help them. europe must be more decisive and action-like. we must realize we don't tackle the problems actively ourselves. there is no one else to do it for us and in our stead. we also need sincerity when identifying the problems brought about by often times
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poorly-handled integration of the immigrants from muslim countries to the majority of european society and sincerity is precisely what is required at beginning of each solution. the root cause of today's migration crisis and most of all destablized and instigated countries lost their hope of prospects. if we intend to resolve that crisis, our primary task is to help bring about peace in such countries, such as syria, libya and iraq and socioeconomic rejuvenation. what is key is a direct cooperation in the very regions. the czech republic is presiding country of the group formed by poland, sew laak yaw, hungary and czech republic itself has been pushing for assistance with
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countries impacted by the europe itself. also in europe and macedonia and greece but middle east where our aid is provided to turkey, jordan. czech republic is evenly e.u. member site with is still functioning embassy in damascus and contacts we maintain have priceless values for our allies and help organize humanitarian aid right on spot in the war-stricken regions. i'm proud of the czech republic with historic experience and central geographic position in europe clearly shows that it intends to play a constructive role in the present european integration and security. i suppose that you will agree with me that in at times which are difficult as we experienced
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that we should maintain our relations with allies we share common goals and value with, and therefore i believe one of the major priorities is the deepening of the transatlantic corporation incorporation within nato. the architecture can not being imagined without this cooperation. strategic partnership between the e.u. and the united states should be deepened and should impact other areas of politics as well, not only just security and defense. also, the negotiations on transatlantic commercial agreement is one more proof of it. and i hope to see a very well-balanced text that will be beneficial for both parties. nevertheless, even here, it is equally valid to say that we
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consider and regard transatlantic partnership as a matter of course and something that is going to stay here for the future automatically. i think that this might be rather shortsighted and even for the future might prove to be dangerous on both sides of the atlantic we can hear influential voices undermining the transatlantic partnership. i believe that investment into this corporation is very much-needed not only through political capital but also by strengthening contact between common europeans and americans. we must raise the interest what is happening on each side the atlantic, foster the ability to listen to each other and realize the importance of this partnership. that is also why i came on my official visit to the united states of america. in the close of my speech, let me thank you, ladies and gentlemen, for the invitation.
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it my great honor to speak in the presence of such prestigious organizations such as brookings institute and sincerely congratulate you on your anniversary and wish you another 100 years for equality, and impact. thank you very much for your attention. [applause] >> thank you, mr. prime minister, for your kind words
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about brookings and for your incisive analysis of the challenges facing europe and really facing the world. and we, one of the great lessons of the past 100 years of our history is that europe and in particular central europe do not exist in isolation and the events that have taken place that have started in your region, world war i, world war ii, the fall of communism have had global impacts and we're seeing a series of global issues now that implicate the region. i'd like to start, if i may, with your strong words about czech republic assistance and pushing back on the chaos in the
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middle east and i'd like to focus you, if i may on daesh, on isis. yesterday's news included the information that the czech republic is going to be on the ground helping to support the iraqi military and its flight capacities including with the l- 159 planes that were, one of the issues getting them to iraq, was one of the issues we worked on together when i was serving in prague. can you tell us a little bit more about that mission and about how the czech republic will push back on daesh? >> translator: we are a part of a coalition of more than 60
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countries who tried to actively fight daesh. the czech republic provided repeatedly in the past two years supply of ammunition as well as weapons for the iraqi army and the weapons distributed through the central iraqi government and they were also provided directly to the kurdish fighters who actually gained significant victories in the north of iraq against daesh. i'm very happy that the czech republic allowed, made it possible for the iraqi army to buy the l-159 planes, jet planes, that increased the capacity of the -- also trained the pilots of the iraqi army. so a few days ago my government approved the presence of our advisory, military advisory team that will be directly deployed in iraq helping the iraqi army. it is a direct support through
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weapons, ammunition, training, and we also are ready to cooperate in a number of other projects that will increase the capacity of the iraqi state to fight against daesh. the fact that daesh spread so significantly and so far and so fast, it actually demonstrated the fact that there are evident weaknesses that need to be fixed on the side of the legitimate regime in iraq. in order to defeat daesh we have to focus on a number of fronts to provide humanitarian aid. train the military as well as rejuvenate the economy as well as stability in the region because what we see is that we really need to rebuild the countries which disintegrated into nothing in a matter of few months or years, and rebuild the structures. i think daesh, many times actually doubles the missing governmental structure.
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so by rebuilding those countries we'll be combating daesh very efficiently. >> the czech republic of course as you mentioned has continued to play a critical role in syria, keeping your embassy open in syria. ambassador phillippi is one of the great, one of the great heroes of the global ambassadorial corps for hanging in there. how do you see the situation in syria as unfolding? are you personally optimistic that the cease-fire, with all of its flaws is going to lead to more stability? the czech republic has unique eyes on the situation i will say. myself, speaking to ambassador phillipe when i served in practicing and continue to speak with her, she is a very acute analyst of the situation.
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we're very curious to hear from you the czech view on the prospects for a syrian improvement. >> translator: i think that the serious question or the serious issue is not easy at all. i think it is a problem we hardly cause ourselves this war has been going far too long. it is clear following the five years of the civil war, and there is a great number of individuals who are losing patience, losing hope, fleeing the country, the czech republic, we have always been very active in the european central union, including mentioned embassy in damascus. mrs. phillipe has done great, heroic work really. she not only serves the interest of the czech republic but the
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european union as well. syria actually lost almost half of its inhabitant because half of the inhabitants are on the run. they left syria for turkey, sword january and lebanon and even. we are trying to provide assistance in the refugee camps as well. we see this as very important way to show solidarity and provide a partial solution to the refugee crisis by really providing age to refugee camps and i personally visited some of those spots and really with is happening in europe and number of place, a great part of syrian refugees do not want to stay in europe. they want to come back. they want their children to get their education, free education, to live in a free country. they don't want to join the army on either side.
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they just want to have a peaceful, prosperous life. of course peace negotiations in syria are not going to be easy. i think it is very important to respect the realities that exist there and, i think in terms of long-term stability, it will be required to see the president assad leaving and person that will lead into it should involve a dialogue of all parties involved in the process. i myself, not a big optimist as far as the speed of the -- is concerned, however what we saw in the past few months, such as for instance, achieving the cease-fire and, and in fact, to a great extent kind of a willingness to really maintain the cease-fire, gives us very good hope, very good prospect but now it will require all parties inform to look for pragmatic, practical solution and really organize or put in place a government that will be
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really able to gain the trust and confidence and provide stability for the people of syria. >> can we characterize that as cautiously and patiently optimistic? >> translator: well, i don't think there is no other way to handle the migration crisis than stopping the war in syria and finding a large-scale agreement amongst syrian citizens. and this citizen or this consensus has to really have the elements, or involve the elements of the political camp of the current president. in fact this front that the syrian population agree upon has to be as general as possible and as wide as possible because otherwise it will not be really able to stop the refugee crisis. in fact the people of syria have to trust in the new peace-making process in syria. otherwise they will be afraid to
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come back to syria. >> on your poignant anecdote about talking to the syrian refugees, it is true, of course, that many of them, would like to return to their homeland but to a homeland that's at peace. and however, we characterize your description of what is needed in syria, i think that that stability everyone agrees is not close at hand. in light of that can you share with us a little bit the attitudes the people of the czech republic? there has been some strong resistance to welcoming refugees can you reflect on that a little
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bit, explain where that is coming from and share your perspective, please? >> translator: well, if you're in a situation in which the borders of europe, you have a very active terrorist infrastructure which is represented by daesh. you want -- can't really be cautious enough about your security and defense. only, even if we deal with the refugee and humanitarian crisis. so in fact we are basically fighting on both fronts. we have to provide humanitarian aid and help the refugees, but at same time to make sure that we provide security and defend our borders. but i think that, the biggest option would be, if we basically are not diligent in providing protection and, we can not be
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naive, ignore the fact right at border there is terrorist infrastructure or organization able to send their terrorists to europe and spawn acts of terrorism all across europe and they are able to sponsor various organizations. we saw it in paris and saw it in belgium repeatedly. people in europe are afraid. they are afraid for three reasons. first of all, they're afraid europe not being able to manage the migration. it's a management problem. a management mistrust. so the borders were not ready for this strong tide of refugees. so first of all, the europeans are afraid of europe not being able to handle the refugee crisis. then number two, is fear of death basically, fear of being threatened by terrorist attacks. and then third is, our inability to integrate, immigrants from muslim countries in certain
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european locations. it shows that auto the first generation of the muslim refugees or immigrants, muslims who came to europe, they were integrated successfully into the labor market, into society. but the problem usually starts with the second and third generations. there is a big danger of radicalization of the second or third generations of muslim immigrants in europe and europe has to be ready to respond to it. of course we have to refute the principle of collective guilt. there should be no tendency to put all muslims into one group and label them all terrorists. that would be the worst possible approach. so, in order to be able to discard this principle of ascribing blame to one group of individuals without any difference we really have to do our work and we really have to be able to prosecute individuals for violating laws and combat
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terrorism. obviously there are certain countries such as for instance, slovakia or hungary are opposed to approach of germany. that w putting more emfasis on the security and defense aspect. czech republic are trying to help but at same time we try to adhere to high security and screening principles in order to be, not to give cheap ammunition to populists and nationalists who actually further thwart and hamper a successful solution to the problems that we're facing. therefore i believe democratic politicians have to respond to the legitimate fear of the european citizens because democratic politicians are not able to answer it, then they will create a space for populists and other extremists. >> of course it's a, the problem you describe of balancing the
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imperatives of human rights and political situation is one that has bedeviled europe over the past 100 years. we were speaking before, i'm writing about this cycle now. if if we had more time i would engage you what president havel would counsel, since you particularly started with president havel and i want to ask you a different question and then i'm going to turn to the audience for questions. so the audience should be ready with your, with your questions. and, speaking about the borders of europe, the russia of vladmir putin has been responsible in crimea an ukraine for the most
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significant intrusions, violations of the principle of borders and sovereignty in many, many decades and the czech republic has stood together with the night and with europe in sanctioning putin and russia. can you, you alluded to this, of course in your remarks but can you tell us a little bit more how the sanctions are working? will the european consensus hold and do you have a view on whether the sanctions will be successful? what would the definition of success be? exiting ukraine? >> translator: well, i think this is one of the major questions because all we talk about, factors that worsened in
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the past 30 years, security situation in the direct facility of the e.u. ukraine is one of those. of course i will come back to ukraine in detail in a short while but i should not, and i don't want to forget one important note that i wanted to make. you mentioned some important dates and events that are related to the history of central and eastern europe. often times, they are very much intertwined with the history of the czech republic or czechoslovakia if you will in the past and i believe it is of paramount importance, i also mention it in my speech. that is the significance of transatlantic cooperation and partnership between the e.u. and united states of america. i think it is important for the united states of america in spite of their own interpolitical problems, challenge, priorities and issues, should not forget about what is happening in europe because what in the 20th century took place in central
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europe always had an impact on the global level. whatever happened in 1914 in central europe and in the balkans it started the first world war. what happened in germany and central europe in 1939 or in the '30s, it started the second world war. what happened in the '60s, including the prague spring in 1968 in central europe actually enabled a fall of the communist regime later on because this was the first time that the communist regime lost its credibility by invading prague with soviet tanks. in 1989 again is another important indication and kind after lesson for the united states to realize it is important to pay attention to what is happening in europe. so coming back to ukraine, i'm very happy that the e.u. so far has been united on this issue. i think it is very important that there is enough coordination between the united states of america and the e.u.
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and, apart from sanctions, we need functional government in place in the ukraine. a number about countries provide support to the ukrainian government. the political situation in ukraine is very, very unstable. there are many personnel changes. replacement of ministers and there is a lot of attention on ukraine in parliament. what we need in ukraine is a stable government that will be viable partner towards russia when talking about the application, implementation of president minsk agreement and improve the social and economic situation of people in ukraine. when political changes happen in ukraine the people who demonstrated in magdon square,
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they waved many flags. ukraine is example of people with higher standard of living, lower corruption than what they experience in ukraine. that is why we saw those european flags there. the question whether the democratic government or democratic-elected government in ukraine will provide changes, economic and social and other to citizens of ukraine. if they are able to do that, russia will gain from it. they have been trying to destablize the region for a long time. as far as the out come or success of the sanctions what is important the sanctions are combined with the fulfillment of the minsk agreements. i'm very glad to see the minsk agreement is been started. this is only alternative to discontinue ages of the war in eastern ukraine because it was very important to stop people dying in eastern ukraine and we need to see this process through and unless the minsk agreement
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fulfilled by european union can not unilaterally can sell the sane shuns. -- sanctions. the sanctions and fine funning should correspond to the level of the minsk agreements. europe should stay tunedfied and should not allow division. it is not easy for european countries including the czech republic because a great number of czech companies have economic interests in russia and we export a lot of is services to russia. those companies complain, businessmen complain, business community complains. europe needs to maintain a unified approach on this matter. >> not unlike the united states expanding its attention to asia, you yourself have just welcomed a state visit from china and. i think the economic opportunity
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in asia offer somewhat of a safety valve for you and for europe as you continue to hold strong. against the russian, the russian aggression. with that i'm welcoming questions. you can ask questions here, live, in the audience at brookings and you also can send me questions on twitter@normeise in, i will attempt a take a mix of the two. we have grace with a microphone. and we will start here on the aisle. this gentleman. another microphone coming from the back, very good. >> mr. prime minister, with the recent e.u. deal with turkey, i was just wondering do you find it likely that we'll see
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visa-free travel from turkey into the e.u. by june 2016 deadline? >> translator: well, negotiations we're conducting with turkey are naturally related to trying to find a solution to the migration solution but not only limited to it. in the past few years as a result of some of the events in turkey, turkey has been getting further and further apart from europe. and we are convinced that turkey really plays an important role for the stabilization of the region. therefore there is need to reinforce our communication with turkey. turkey by the way is a member of the nato and we actually need to see a closer coordination of our approach to that such as
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migration crisis. we're not talking here about a total visa liberalization. it is, it involves the possibility to cancel a short-term visa which actually is valid for a period of up to 30 days, 33 months. so in fact for those who are intending to travel for europe more than three months would not be required to ask for a visa. but of course it all depends on the fulfillment of those conditions by the turks. the turks have so far not fulfilled all the conditions, however they sent the signals they would like to have those conditions approved so that, you know, the three months short-term visa could be canceled for citizens of turkey. one of the primary conditions for those ones asking for asylum, hold biometric passports, that live up to the european standards, and that of course all are related to what i
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said in the beginning. rules have to be adhered. standards have to be adhered. we have to make sure we also provide maximum possible security. >> i'm going to take the first question now from twitter. and then we'll, we'll have a question over here from this side of the room. mikhail asks, could the pm please elaborate on the czech position towards ttip. that is the transatlantic trade an investment partnership, the free-trade agreement that the e.u. and the united states are now attempting to negotiate. >> translator: the -- convinced based on our analyses that the conclusion of the ttip could be conducive to increasing economic growth but for the e.u. and the
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u.s. and can be beneficial for the growth of our economy in the czech republic. we are convinced that the czech republic is competitive enough that it will be able to use the potential provided by the ttip. it will not be an easy process because obviously there are some obstacles and concerns both on the european side as well as on the american side. talking about the public. we should not really allow ourselves to play it down. we should discuss it. we should put a lot of focus on it. in fact this morning i had a meeting with american investors in the czech republic. they actually mention as one of the most important things security of the trade that flows between u.s. and europe and back and forth. making sure that also protection of the health of the consumer. health of the protection of the rights of the consumer are very important for the europeans. so all of those things should be, according, accorded
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attention. however there is a solution to them of the so the czech government tries to play active role. we would like to see progress and final conclusion of the ttip between the u.s. and e.u. after all the major issues are resolved. >> we have a question over here from bob dubek. we'll take a question on twitter. the questions are flowing on on twitter @normeisen. >> i'm bob dubek. we found friends of the czech republic to advocate for the mission of czech republic in the nato. i would like to now channel donald trump. the question, we here in america, likeky american gets three weeks of vacation, maybe 11 holidays. germans get, how many, 24 holidays, six weeks of vacation.
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yet we bear disproportionate burden for defending europe. so, you mentioned strengthening the alliance. now, is this going to include the european countries stepping up and, their defense budgets and playing larger role in the defense of the western alliance? >> translator: it is quite strange but till the year 2013 we've been experiencing in europe some kind of optimistic period. we've been actually witnessing loosening of tensions. we were trying to start a strategic partnership with russia. we looked for ways of cooperation through eastern europe partnership and various initiatives but, then we saw the
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events in crimea. and we realized that europe is not sufficiently prepared for risks of similar type and similar kind. think was the first impulse. the second impulse was the daesh because creation or emergence of such a vast terrorist organization has been something unparalleled. of course we had some experience from fighting al qaeda in afghanistan but now we started facing a completely different animal, a political system but also a organization gaining territorial kind of presence. therefore i believe that nato should stay. it is a very important security infrastructure. it has its place in today's world and the defense of it. we are also sharing common values within the nato which are related to democracy, which are related to impetus on freedom and human rights.
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but nato primarily is a defense organization. so it should guarranty all members a collective defense from the side of other members and i think there is no other way than increase the defense budgets in the respective member countries. the czech republic is probably last to make on this matter. it is paradoxical because many times it is believed when there is a right-wing government in place, then they're increasing defense budget and when the left-wing government comes in they will start decreasing the budget but i would like to tell you the czech republic is different story. all the conservative right-wing countries significantly reduced defense budgets past few years. it related to the overall optimistic atmosphere in europe but we are the first government where a left-wing central government and we decided to increase the defense budget in the czech republic. the process will continue even
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into the next years. and we want to assume a large responsibility for our defense as well and i think it is absolutely important in order to keep us some kind of balance with nato, i understand there are discussions with the united states. how we share the costs on defense which are very high. if europe wants to be consistent within the nato, it definitely has to assume a larger share, but all of those costs have to be efficient, transparent. we like to use transparency in this regard. this of course is very important and the idea that we could dramatically increase costs within two to three years, on year-to-year basis and also keep the process transparent, it is an illusion. we of course have to increase the budget but we have to go step by step to make sure that the expenses or the costs are efficient but also transparent. this is also very important. >> a follow-up question to that
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from the fountain view kid on twitter. you reference the behavior of the right-wing governments in europe over the past decade. what do you think of the gains of the far right, the national front in france but not just in europe but globally. and our twitter correspondent asks if you have a opinion on trump in the united states? is. >> translator: okay. these two questions in one. let me address both questions. >> don't blame me. blame twitter. >> translator: a few days ago as a matter of coincidence i was in
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paris and i had a chance to meet the prime minister and president hollande and, there is a rise of nationalism in france and it is a phenomenon mainly in municipal elections and related to the migration crisis and social problems related to immigration in france. obviously we can't ignore this. in france we saw some kind of cooperation of democratic parties in the elections as a part of the majority and socialists kind of withdrew some of their candidates and supported candidates of democratic right which is a kind of a procedure of certain kind of partnership and i think this is kind of model will be seen more and more often in europe. we will be actually encountering more and more bigger, or greater coalitions and larger coalitions in europe. in germany, for instance you can actually see both big countries
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of left and right center have enough majorities together for governing. in slovakia after elections the left-wing and right-wing parties joined together to eliminate extremist who is actually penetrated into the slovak parliament. we can actually see we will see more right and left-wing coalitions that will be able to maintain democratic principles but from the long term perspective this is not good. if, in trying to fight extremists, there will be more left and right coalition this is actually kind of denies the basic principle after pendulum which should always go from right to left, right to left which actually make sure that democracy always finds some kind of middle way and so that democracy represents opinions and ideas of all the citizens. obviously, as a part of fight against extremism, it might actually be conducive to
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reducing the political plurality and this might actually give rise to other populists. so, obviously they will be promoting certain interests. and this is a problem of establishment and also responsibility of the establishment, at the time when we try to combat the rise of extremism. this is -- we in europe are following with a great interest the american primaries and the american democratic system. i think the system in the past few years showed a lot of resistance and we suppose it will show a lot of resistance in the future as well but americans are the ones that choose their own president and we will respect at that as we should respect result of democratic elections in any other european country for instance. >> okay. we'll come back to the questions that piled up on twitter but we're going to come back to the
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audience now. and the young lady all the way in the back row please. >> thank you for coming here and speaking, mr. prime minister. you spoke a lot about your value for european integration and cooperation and unification. and i was wondering if you could speak more about european expansion, specifically as it relates to the states coming out of the wars in the former yugoslavia and potential independence for catalonia? >> when they asked, when my wife asks me tonight about the meeting with the prime minister, i'll say, well we discussed donald trump and catalonia. [laughter] >> translator: i would like to
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interesting debate. because for me it's a opportunity to formulate some of my ideas. well, eu enlargement is a very big task. -- in view of the western balkans that we're negotiating with about their potential joining of the european union and in my introductory speech i spoke about the fact in the '90s. still in the '90s we saw a lot of bloodshed in the area of western balkans and we experienced first migration crisis in reto the refugees from the balkan countries and it is very important to realize western balkans continue to be stablized and stabilization will be achieved only countries like albania, serbia, macedonia, mon 10 negative grow become members
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of the european union. as far as catalonia is concerned, well, look, if it is, demonstrated, in reference to the "brexit" referendum, we saw already similar referendum on scotland deciding yes or no to stay within the u.k. and the scottish decided to stay. and i'm firmly convinced that the u.k. will stay in the e.u. and i think we're doing all our best that the u.k. stays. if they decide to leave the european union, in the referendum, then we will actually see a tidal wave that will give a lot of hope to nationalists and separate it its. certain regions like catalonia or regions thinking about
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independence or sovereignty obviously fragmentation of the european union will be very much playing into the hands of the separatists it. we will actually see depending on the breck it. >> very quickly, why do you think think that the "brexit" will fail and the u.k. will stay in the e.u.? why are you optimistic? >> translator: well, i spoke about what i wish for but of course sometimes your wishes are not granted, you know that, right? i would wish to see the u.k. as a member of the european union. i don't know whether the brits will grant me this wish. of course it is their sovereign decision. when we spoke about that in the european council i spoke with david cameron, told him look, you've not, you couldn't have chosen a worst period for a referendum because all of us are dealing with problems, namely in relation to the refugee crisis and all of that.
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might very much influence the opinion of the people. of course there are going to be other subjects as well. but there are issues of security. and the brits, i'm sure, and i'm convinced if they stay a part of the european union this will really give them more security and it will also increase the strategic opinion and role, position and role of the european union. so of course there is a great number of arguments that should be very much strongly reminded to the british citizens, however, it is of course up to them to weigh pros and cons and they will make their own decision whether they stay or they will leave. i think i am speaking on behalf of the majority of the czech citizens actually, we most of us wish for the u.k. to stay in the e.u. >> on that optimistic note, i want to thank the prime minister for joining us at brookings,
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celebrating our 100th birthday together. the past 100 years since the foundings of the brookings institution have seen a lot of ups and downs in your region, and if i may say so, as a child of czech-american, in our region of central europe. the leadership that your remarks have exemplified are critical to steering europe in the transatlantic relationship through these choppy waters and times when that relationship have succeeded, it's been because of strong leadership on both sides of the atlantic. times when it has failed will then be over the past 100 years of leadership, failure of communication, a failure to have candid exchange that you have facilitated being here today. [speaking foreign tongue]
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thank you everyone. thank you for joining us. [applause] i will ask that everyone stay in their place as the prime minister exits and as the press exits, the prime minister will be exiting to speak with the press. so if everyone would stay, just for a moment to allow that to happen, i appreciate it. thank you all for being here with us. [inaudible conversations]
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>> today, a discussion on the future of the european union, including the challenges of radical islam, u.k. membership, and the impact of the refugee crisis on european political integration. we're live from the hudson institute at 10:00 a.m. eastern on c-span. >> booktv has 4hours of non-fiction books and authors every weekend. here are some programs to watch for. booktv live at los angeles festival of books at university of southern california.
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"after words" with former oklahoma congressman, j.c. watts, talks about his latest book, which outlines the guiding principles he followed in his personal and professional life. he is interviewed by kevin mereda. espn senior vice president and editor of the undefeated. >> you have to over come diversity and learn some things. you have to have humility. so i have learned to try to run my race and maybe, maybe i was, you know, in athletics i was just so focused. really wasn't, i told that reporter i said, if my skin color was an issue, that was everybody else's issue. that wasn't mine. >> on sunday at 10:00 p.m. eastern author jillian thomas talks about her book, "because of sex" because of title vii of the 1964 civil rights act made
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it illegal to be discriminated based on sex affected working women. go to booktv.org for the complete schedule. >> the book tells both a story of the fact that the manuscript, this national treasure isn't what we thought while also trying to chronologically think about what was madison encountering at the time and keeping those two narratives straight, was quite tricky for a while. >> sunday night on "q&a," boston college law school professor, mary sarah bilder, discusses her book, "madison's hand quod which take as critical look at the notes james madison wrote during and after the constitutional convention of 1787. >> madison took notes on sheets of paper and he fold the sheets in half. he writes on the front, across the two pages and on the back side and then at some point he sewed all these little pieces of paper together into a
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manuscript. one of the really wonderful things we noticed when we were down there was that the last quarter of the manuscript, the holes that he had sown didn't match with the earlier one. and this confirmed my suspicion that at the very end of the manuscript had been written later. but you can't see that on the microfilm. it was really wonderful thing to get to see that in person. >> sunday night at 8:00 eastern on c-span's "q&a." >> every election cycle we're reminded how important it is for citizens to be informed. c-span is a vehicle for empowering people to make good choices. it really is like you're getting a seven-course gourmet five-star meal of policy boy, do i just sound like a nerd right there but it's true. >> to me c-span is a home for political junkies and way to track the government as it
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happens, whether on capitol hill or the agencies. >> most staffers seem to have television on their desk and c-span is on. i think it's a great way for us to stay informed. >> i urge my colleagues to note for this amendment. there are a lost c-span fans on the hill. my colleagues, when i go back today, they will say i saw you on c-span. >> you can get something like the history of grain elevators in pennsylvania or landmark supreme court decisions. . .

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