importance, of work to a decent life. i as a libertarian, abhor patronizing other people, and if it weren't nor fact our welfare system is incredibly patronizing right now, i wouldn't be suggesting things that also seem patronizing, but it does seem to me -- and i think this emerges from the book -- and it is very controversial but it seems to me that human beings are happier when they work and even when they are forced to work. even if they don't feel like working. there are those of us who make our own mountains, sometimes i do and sometimes i don't.
but a lot of the time, what people react to and deal with successfully are challenges put in front of them, and it was an eye-opener for me, and i think it comes through in the book -- that a satisfying life requires work, even if it's on pleasant, even if you don't choose it. it still seems to be fundamental to a decent and happy life. >> as a reader of the book, and not one of the authors, and someone who has read a lot of those studies and those books, one of the interesting things i find, the big takeaway is the interviews and the voice of the poor in here, because you read a lot of the books on the left, nickel and dime, the other famous books and they deal with people. you read a lot of books on our side of the debate and they deal with numbers. and the fact that this does speak to the people and the
people who are hurt by the welfare system, i do find unique and important voice in this debate. for those who want to read that, the book is "the human cost of welfare." the authors are phil harvey and lisa conyers and they'll be upstairs signing books. so, please join us for lunch, and get your book signed. thank you all very much for coming. [applause] [inaudible conversations discussion] -- [inaudible conversations] [inaudible conversations] >> booktv recently took tour
of the folger shakespeare library in washington, dc. it holds the largest shakespeare collection in the world. here's a portion of that tour. >> this is published in 1623. it's the most complete single volume record of shakespeare's works, and it's important that his friends assembled it because they probably had a better idea of what shakespeare thought what important they dade wonderful thing. they said here's three types of plays, comedies, histories and tragedies, which helps us as literary critics. this is an engraving that was -- it's part of the book, it's missing from some copies and very valuable, but ben joynson, who knew shakespeare, says this is a likeness of the man and that's one of those person-to-person familiar connections to shakespeare, and so we would say that this has real authority as the likeness of this writer.
>> host: so, if 82 folios in the shakespeare collection, correct? >> guest: correct. >> host: how many worldwide again? >> guest: 233. >> host: 233. somebody wanted to buy one, what would it cost them? >> guest: there are very folios in private hands and complete first folios can go between five million and six million dollars so it's a very valuable book. >> host: currently you have first folios going around the country. >> guest: we die. matters when you come face to face with a source of shakespeare. we realized we could safely take a first folio to all 50 states and the two territories, which is what is happening now, and the response has been just tremendous. someone proposed marriage, successfully, on the occasion of the first folio visit in oklahoma. someone -- a jazz funeral for shakespeare coming in new orleans. >> host: a jazz --
>> guest: a jazz funeral, a great rock band doing a concert for the first folio in duluth. so the way people react are very different, and we have been inspired by the fact that people want to see this book face to face. >> host: what else? >> guest: let me show you a smaller version of a shakespeare play. this is what is known as a cor. you wonder -- folio means a single sheet of paper has been printed on one side and then the other, and then the bookmaker folds that sheet into a set of choirs and then zone -- sean -- sewn, and then a cordo is done twice, it's cheaper to produce, but half of shakespeare's prays appeared in the cordo format before the first folio was printed. that means there are multiple addition office shakespeare's
plays and there are real differences between the cordo additions and the folio addition. >> host: you mean in the language? >> guest: in the language and also in some of the stage action. so, here we have mr. william shakespeare, his true chronicle history of the life and death of king lear and his three daughters. in the first folio this play is not described as a history but as a tragedy. so, if you're creating an edition of this play you have to decide for yourself what do call it because there are two conflicting versions of what the play is. if you're doing an addition of hamlet, you have several cordo additions in the folio and in one of those editions, the "to be or not to be" speech reads: to be or not to be. that's the point. it's so different from the one that we recognize, and that is because there were different ways of capturing the
performance and perhaps that version is from a series of scribes who were transcribe neglect audience real-time. schools are real -- scholars are interested in that. our collection considers more than shakespeare. it's a picture of the entire english rein substance and extends through through european renaissance so we cover the introduction of print in the 1470s through about the 1730, the full emergence of the atlantic world, which includes the part of the worlds we're standing in now. this is a copy of cicero, which is a school boy's book, but this copy happened to belong to henry viii, and -- >> host: king henry. >> guest: king henry viii. divorced, behead headed, died, divorced, beheaded, surveyed. this one is one henry annotated and he says in his modern
spelling, this book is mine, prince henry. just so you know. >> host: who can access this besides you, our c-span camera crew? >> guest: you can see this online by visiting our web site but if you're a reader here, we'll put many of those documents in your hands because people need to look at the real thing. that's a really important point. you can learn so much by looking at a digital scan, but upstairs you're going to fine people who have handled 100 books or 500 early modern books, and being able to look at the paper and the ink and how it's annotated gives them extra information. it's like if you were to do a job interview, face-to-face, versus on the telephone, you would prefer face-to-face because there's so much more information there. and it's exactly the same way with historical materials. the more you have worked with them, the more you get a sense from the feel and the touch and
just how things are put together. so, we move around a little bit more. i want to show you a couple more things. let's jump here. this is a copy -- called the bishop's bible. >> host: amazing. >> guest: this is queen elizabeth i's bible. >> host: her bible. >> guest: her bible. given to her by matthew parker and probably used in her chapel. so, the readings during those celebrations in her chapel would have come from this book, and you can see it has the beautiful red velvet cover. thisser is clearly a very expensive book. it has the tudor roses here and has her identifying marks here, elizabeth regina, saying she is the queen. you can also see on this side, this is actually textured on the edge of the book, so even the side has had a set of patterns carved into it.
this is -- it's tremendously complicated. the amount of learning and craft that you have to develop as a community to get to the point where you can create a book like this, is justremendous. and that's why it's created in this way, because it's given to elizabeth and it's a monument. it's one of those -- it's not made out of stone but it's fabulously complicated object. you have to learn how to set type and handle classal languages because the sources are greek and latin and all those go into creating this object. >> host: when you see this beautiful -- i want to say print or maybe -- you tell me what it is -- the colors are still so vivid, 400 years later. >> guest: this is a wonderful example of hand colored or hand tinted early modern print.
this is an atlas, latin title here, the theater of the world or the globe, and you have these figures representing africa here, another figure here, you have got some pretty grisly stuff down here and then probably something like the god ess of wisdom on the top. they have made a beautiful printing using a copper plate that's been etched so it's a high quality print, and i then someone has hand-colored the page itself, and this edition is wonderful because the hand coloring extends to every plate in the edition. so just would show you this one. this is a -- this is europe and
some of this is known well and some of it's is not known well but you can see the cathedral ex-the national borders at the time this was created. the three kingdoms here ex-england, ireland, and scotland, and there's waste here. >> host: pretty accurate map. >> guest: pretty accurate the way the atlantic world takes shape is through exploration and mapping so our collection holds a large quantity of items about that exploration moment, which includes the moment when elizabethans and -- well, come to the united states. so, you have the colonies and jamestown. that is really shakespeare's world, planting itself in north america, and that's a complicated history. it's part of the history of this country, also part of the -- what was gd