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tv   Open Phones with Arianna Huffington  CSPAN  April 17, 2016 5:30pm-6:01pm EDT

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>> that's part of the reason they have a higher focus on quality of life. they identify with the cities they live in. they believe in urban density. half of the the millennial student of drivers license. two thirds of millennial's with college degrees have moved into the largest cities. there is a change in their dominant values, where they live, what their life trajectory. millennial's are not miserable. in fact there are some ways the most optimistic. even though the baby boom has the best shot, the
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millennial's are optimistic about the future. >> you are the author of the new book, america ascendant. thank you so much. >> thank you for having me. >> author, arianna huffington is our guest. her most recent book, here it is. the revolution, transforming your life one life at a time. are we a sleep deprived nation? >> guest: we are. it is affecting every aspect of our life. it is affecting our health first of all. at incredible costs. in terms of our healthcare provision but also in terms of how we feel about our life. we now know through this amazing new finding that literally sleep deprivation is affecting every aspect of our health, from obesity and diabetes to cancer
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and heart disease. now we find out, alzheimer's. what we have learned in the recent years is that contrary to what we believe sleep is it time for frenetic activity for the brain. that's when all of the toxins that accumulate during the day get washed away and cleaned up. if they don't happen -- this book is to help shape the culture and give ourselves permission to do what nature intended which is for the majority of us, according to all scientists who get seven-nine hours of sleep. those who are short sleepers can get by perfectly with very little sleep, that it is a genetic mutation. you can train yourself to become a short sleeper. you either have it or you don't. so when i look around after my
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own experience of collapsing from sleep deprivation, i saw the condition of the modern civilization and how many people are sleepwalking through life. it is something which affects not just our health but our cognitive ability. it is actually absurd that we congratulate people working 24/seven. it is also affects happiness. i know for myself when i am sleep deprived i get more anxious, more reactive, i take things more personally, all of the things that make life harder than it needs to be. >> host: two people have set out loud and are well known for sleeping short periods,
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president bill clinton and donald trump. are they mutations? >> guest: no. all the mistakes he made he made when he was tired which is a really interesting statement from a leader. sleep deprivation dramatically affects impulse control and decision-making. donald trump displays all of the symptoms of sleep deprivation. has described symptoms of chronic sleep deprivation. in ability to process simple information, mood, mood swings, art burst of anger, paranoid tendencies, instability. all of these things become a cumulatively worse. we saw how in the last week his campaign went off with
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statements he had about women who had abortions, et cetera. maybe he could be exhibit a of what happens when you deprive yourself from something incredibly important. you know, in the book as well as having all of the new science i look at the history of when was it that we started devaluing sleep. because it was something generated in the change started happening during the first industrial revolution. when we started treating human beings like machines. we thought the goal was to minimize -- and with the digital revolution of course we have all become a little addicted to our devices.
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it becomes harder and harder to disconnect. that is why in the second part of the book i give all the recommendations of what to do to actually get the full night sleep that we be so we are fully charged for the next day. third and most important thing is to create a transition to sleep. those of us who are parents know that when we have young children you don't just drop them in bed. we give them a bath, we put them in their pjs, sing them a lullaby, they need to have a transition and we need to have of ourselves. the most important part is to take time and might be five minutes or seven minutes before you turn off the lights when you turn off your devices and escort them out of your bedroom. no
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courts charging by your bed. that is key. i'm sure it's happen to like it's happened to me and all of in all of us, if the phone is on our nightstand, when we wake up or during the night we are going to be tempted to go check e-mails and social media, and that is the end of a good night sleep. >> host: you have a reputation of as a workaholic. what happened to you that you came to this revolution? >> guest: in five years i displayed all -- that is why it took a very painful wake-up call for me which is collapsing, hitting my head on the way down, breaking my cheekbone. that is what started me on this journey. to reevaluate my life, to reevaluate the importance of sleep in our life and to launch this campaign through the book,
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through the the outreach, to change cultural norms around sleep. it is beginning to happen. we now have companies like aetna, the third-largest health insurance company has announced a program just now that you can use a wearable device and they get a 255-dollar reward for each seven hours sleep. that is really a game changer in the culture. we go from wearing sleep deprivation like a badge of armor to valuing sleep and something that makes us more productive and helps of the company review its healthcare costs. >> host: arianna huffington is our guest. we'll show you the cover of the book and as we take
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the first call from marjorie in west virginia, marjorie, you are in book on book tv and we are listening. >> caller: thank you. thank thank you arianna for bringing this topic to lights. i am one of those sleep deprived people. my question has to do with politics. i'm particularly interested in the sanders campaign and how his advisors are complaining about hillary's negative attacks on him. i'm wondering it appears to me that cnn, msnbc, don't bring out things that hillary really could attack him on such as his sympathies for the castro's as was was a brought out in the univision debate. if bernie were to get the nomination, i do believe the republicans will have a field day on him about his socialist views. >> host: okay marjorie i think we got the point, let's get a
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response. >> guest: why think what is interesting is obviously the last week the campaign between sanders and hillary clinton became particularly negative. but compared to what is going on with the republican side and clearly it's like an afternoon tea party. on the republican side it is really become a circus. parents with one children do not want them to watch. they compare them people pants sizes, their comparing people's wives. i think this is a low moment in american politics. it is important for us -- >> guest: are hillary clinton and donald trump both friends of yours? >> guest: i would not say friends, i know them them in the course of my long life in the
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country. >> host: have you endorsed anybody? spee2 know, we cannot endorse anyone. as journalists we are covering everyone but we are also trying to cover them in different ways. for example, when hillary clinton resigned and left her post as secretary of state she gave some interesting comments. when asked what she wanted to do she said what i -- again, i think it is interesting to see how exhausted our political leaders are. this is something that needs to change because i think it reduces the level of decisions they make. it also affects the level of the political discord. in the book that i've included example of fdr. in 1940, as you know there was tremendous pressure for him to enter the war and yet the the american public was very much
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against. so he did not have the way, he is not found in so what he did was he took ten days off and went on a naval ship and he was to sleep. at the end of it he came up with a political masterpiece which allowed him to enter the war. so solving problems requires a level of wisdom that is not present when you are running on empty. so we have to realize to not shortchange ourselves and be
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brave at decision-makers. >> host: you tell about the lennon leak story and the hillary clinton on tired story and her new book, the sleep revolution. jacob, columbus ohio, please go ahead. >> caller: hello arianna, how are you? >> caller: i'm good. >> caller: you're looking well. >> guest: thank you. >> caller: i would like a quick statement and then a question. i used to be a ups driver for 31 years. the best of that job. [inaudible] it was hard to get a good nights sleep. >> host: jacob, sorry but were going to have to lose that call he was coming in and out. >> guest: but i got the idea, jacob was a ups driver. i write a lot in the book about the problem of truck drivers it's really one of the most
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dangerous occupations. dozens of deaths and hundreds of accidents. this is one of the reasons why we have also launched this week, together with huber, campaign against drowsy driving. when it happens it's a growing awareness around drunk driving his men that drunk driving numbers are going down and drowsy driving numbers are going up. last year we had 1,200,000 crashes and 8000 deaths. we are asking people to go to and take a pledge, not to drive it drowsy and not to let friends drive drowsy. it is easy to know when you are drowsy then it is to know when you are exhausted. often especially humid that you
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personally but other members of your sex or they get behind the wheel and they get a coffee or coke and all power through. it takes literally a second or two of micro sleep as they call it for a crash to happen. >> host: and matt are more guilty of that than women? >> guest: 11% more guilty. >> host: helen in lewisburg, west virginia. >> caller: hello. i wanted to ask you, i heard you talk about your book and there is one topic which wasn't mentioned and you'll understand why i'm asking this question when i say i was a practicing pediatrician for 40 years. usually every second or third night, i lost a lot of sleep. this was also admired as you mentioned with another situation.
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i wondered if you had any thoughts about the effects of sleep deprivation in the medical profession? >> guest: absolutely, very important question. thank you thank you for raising it. i have a whole section on that in the book. in fact, a lot lot of what is known in the profession is adverse effects which includes accidents and even deaths in hospitals happen because it doctors and nurses are so exhausted and sleep deprived. work beginning to see some changes in the amount of hours that we expect in residents and doctors to be available. when you look at the new science, is absolutely inconceivable that after a certain amount of hours you are not operating at your best anymore. in fact, the latest study showed that after 17 or 19 hours which
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is a long day that many work in your profession, it is degraded to the point of being zero or 5% drunk. we need to actually look at the data and change the way we approach the hours of that doctors and nurses are expected to work. also, another thing is hospitals are probably the worst place to sleep in. yet every dr. will tell you that sleep is a very important vehicle for healing. but hospitals are noisy, you're constantly having people interrupt your sleep to check your vitals, so there are hospitals that are prioritizing some fundamental changes to make
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sleep and therefore the healing that comes through sleep, easier for patients. >> host: the sleep revolution, 2014 people around the world spent a staggering $58 billion on sleep aid products and then you quote jerome siegel of ucla center for sleep or shirt search, quote in 20 years people will look back on the sleeping pill era as we now look back on the acceptance of cigarette smoking. >> guest: yes. it's apsley actually amazing that the united states and new zealand are the only countries in the world that allow television advertising for sleep aids. when you see the ads of happy people frolicking through fields, and then you have 92 side effects that include suicide, and getting in a car without knowing that you are
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driving maybe killing someone along the way which has happened. you realize it's really dangerous that we look at sleeping as a chronic solution to our problem as opposed to something that may be occasionally we go to because of a traumatic experience in our life. because some unusual circumstance. they're being advertised as a nice solution. and then we ignore an enormous amount of natural solution. i talk in the book from very simple things like having a transition to sleep which in my case includes a very hot bath or shower if you prefer but it actually washes the day away and prepares you for sleep. to therapy and it's been proven
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to be as effective as any type without any adverse affect. it has huge adverse consequences when there's so many -- >> host: we have one minute left, go ahead. >> caller: is having ten, are you aware of the old question very tale about sleep. but 85 years ago and it's very simple, the peasant goes into the mountains because he's looking for something and he loses his way. the spirit or someone comes out says to him, what is the most precious thing in life, the dears thing in your lifeand he says my wife of course and he said no it sleep.
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>> guest: i did not know that. i would have included it in my book. but thank you. >> host: one of the other stories in the sleep revolution by arianna huffington is how google came about. arianna huffington. >> guest: we have a dedicated section on sleep i am we also any of our engineers are tired in the afternoon they can go and have a nap instead of having a sugared donut or copy to keep them going. >> host: thank you for being
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here with us today. >> the library holds the largest shakespeare collection in the world. here's a portion of that work. >> this was published in 1623, it is the most complete single volume record of shakespeare's work. it is important that his friends assembled it that they probably have a better idea what shakespeare thought was important and they actually did a wonderful thing. they said here the three types of plays, comedies, histories, tragedies, this is an engraving. it is part of the book, it's missing from some copies and it's very valuable in and of itself. ben johnson who knew shakespeare said this is the likeness of that man. that's that's important because it's once again one of the person-to-person familiar connections to shakespeare. so we would say that this has real authority is a likeness of
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this writer. >> so of 82 folios in the shakespeare collection, correct correct how many worldwide. >> 233 worldwide. >> if somebody wanted to buy one, what would it cause? >> their. >> their very for view first folios and complete first folios could go between five and $6 million. it's a very valuable book. >> currently you have first folios going around the country. >> one of the things we realize is that it really matters when it comes to one of the sources of shakespeare. we realize we can safely take a first folio to all 50 states and two territories which is happening now. the response has been tremendous. some someone proposed marriage successfully on the occasion of the first folio visit in oklahoma. there is a jazz funeral coming
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for shakespeare in new orleans. it is a great indie rock band that is doing a concert for the first folio in duluth. so the way people react are very different. we have been inspired by the fact that people want to see this book face-to-face. >> what else do you have? >> let me show you a smaller version of a shakespeare play. this is this is known as a core toe. we might wonder why we call this a folio in this accord a period of folio means a single sheet of paper has been printed on one side and the other. the bookmaker so that sowed that sheet into one. a quartile is folded twice. then it is cheaper to produce. but half of shakespeare play
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appeared before the first folio was printed. that means means there are multiple additions of shakespeare's plays and there are real differences between the quartz hole addition in the folio edition. in the language and some of the stage action. so here we have williams shakespeare without life and death of king lear and his three daughters. in the first folio this play is not described as a history but as a tragedy. so if you're creating an addition of this play you have to decide for yourself what to call it because there are two conflicting versions of what this play is. if you're doing an addition of hamlet you have several chordal additions and then one of those additions the to be or not to be each reads, to be or not to be i that is the point.
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it is so different from the one that we recognize. that is because there were different ways of capturing the performance. perhaps that version is from a series of scribes were transcribing it in the audience in real time. scholars are interested in the in our collection it covers really the entire renaissance and extensive through the european renaissance. we covered the introduction of print through about the 1730s which is the full emergence of the atlantic world which includes part of the world we're standing in now. this is a copy of cicero which is a schoolboys book, but this copy belong to henry viii. henry viii, king henry viii, the divorce, beheaded. this copy of cicero is one that
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henry annotated and he says that his this book is mine, prince henry. just so you know. >> who can access this besides you, c-span camera crew? >> you can see this online by visiting our website. if you are reader here we will put many of these documents in your hands because people need to look at the real thing. that's a really important point. you can learn so much at looking at a digital scan but upstairs you're going to find people who have handled 100 books or 500 early modern books and being able to look at the paper, the ink and how its annotative gives them this extra information. it's like if. it's like if you go to a job interview face-to-face versus on the telephone you would prefer face-to-face because there's so much more information there. that's exactly the same way with historical materials. the more you work with them the
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more you get a sense of the feel of the touch and how things are put together. >> so we'll move around a little bit more. i want to show you a couple more things. let's jump here, this is, this is a copy is called the bishops bible. this is queen elizabeth the first bible. it was given to her by matthew parker. it was probably used in her chapel so the readings during those celebrations in her chapel would have come from this book. you can see it has the beautiful red velvet cover. that that is clearly a very expensive book. it has the tutor roses here. it has her identified marks here, elizabeth regina saying that she is the queen. you can also see on this side if the campus can commit, this is actually the texture of the forage of the book. so even this side has had a set
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of patterns carved into it. when i think about this book, this is the equivalent of a cathedral. in a sense that it is tremendously complicated, the amount of learning and craft that you have to develop as a community to get to the point where you can create a book like this, it's tremendous. that is why it is created in this way. it is it is given to elizabeth and it is a monument. it's not made out of stone, but it's fabulously complicated object and you have to learn it area you have have to learn how to handle classical languages. >> ..
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they've made a beautiful printing using a copper plate with an nhs that it is a high-quality print, and then someone has hand colored the page itself and this edition is wonderful because the hand coloring extends to every plate in the addition. so to show you this one, this is


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