accomplishment. [laughter] >> we are going to break for lunch in the second level of the spiral staircase at the george jager conference center. but before we do, please, let's have a warm round of applause. [applause] [inaudible conversations] >> is there a nonfiction author or the book you like to see featured on booktv? send us an e-mail, booktv.
>> welcome to san bernardino on booktv. located in the san bernardino valley, this is part of what is called the inland empire with a population of over 200,000. founded by mormon pioneers in 1851, san bernardino what going to become a major hub for the santa fe railway and in 1940 become the first place for mcdonald's. with help of our time warner and charter communications cable partners, we will explore the history of the city with local authors. but first on december 2 of last year, two people entered a conference room at the infant regional center and opened fire killing 14. we spoke with councilmember john valdivia.
>> [background sounds] just behind her at the intersection this was a barricaded entry point where police and sheriff were here. no one could cross the line. this intersection was the natural place for individuals to place their tokens of memory for these tragic victims of the december 2 event. as you can see from behind me, some of the things that people left behind were obviously teddy bears him a picture, mementos, certain objects of affection for these victims.
the atmosphere grew quite large your in fact all four corners appeared to have mortars that were just watching, waiting, praying, others were kneeling. they were members of the clergy and our community that were on scene providing consolation and counseling services. and so our city was really expressing a traumatic event and our community has as a result come together with much unity. i have been of the opinion that there needs to be an established memorial. i would like to certainly win name a portion of the street to a memorial highway in honor of december 2 and the victims and the loss of life on that day. it provides a sense of remembrance. it highlights their lives and what they contributed to our local community, and certainly it always will be a near and dear place for us to try to provide a place of consolation,
serenity. we are thinking of serenity garden, a prayer chapel of some sort and around this committee. we are resilient. we have really adopted the san bernardino strong motto. our feeling is as elected officials in the city that many of our residents businesses have come together united in perspective for rebuilding the city. this is a very important step forward as we unite behind the memorial and look forward to the future. >> and not on booktv illiterate tour of san bernardino, california, with help of our local cable partners time warner and charter. while in san bernardino we spoke with jamal nassar and talked about his book "globalization and terrorism." >> starting with a history of
terrorism, we find that terrorism has been around since time immemorial. if we go back to the lessons in the holocaust, and the old testament and the jewish come we were remember cases of samhsa, should remember the story of samhsa where simpson was captured, tortured, blinded and then was to be fed to the lions. what did he do? he said -- he brought down the temple. killing thousands of innocent people, perhaps one could say that taiwan was the first suicide killer in history. -- samson. they continued on and on from generation to generation but the word terrorism comes from the
french revolution. in the french revolution shortly after the revolution we have about seven years that were called the reign of terror where the executed many people, used the guillotine, beheaded people, the people in the river and saw. that it was called the reign of terror. that's where the word terrorism came out from. so it's not really something modern or something recent or something islamic. it has been around for ever and ever and with us for a long time. the tools have changed over the years, but the act itself, the nature of the act, the reaction of people to oppression, violence has been with us for a long time. when people are repressed they will rebuild it when they rebelled sometimes they carry out acts that we now call
terrorism. [background sounds] >> terrorism today is not really different than terrorism of the past except for the tools they use. the tools are available nowadays are much more destructive. you can get on an airplane and have the airplane go into a building. that didn't exist in the past. what we have in the past is individuals going with their sword with a gun to kill many other innocent people. today you can kill a lot more by having a bomb attached to your chest or your turned it in your handbag. and if you're desperate enough to kill yourself and others, you will be telling a more people than they would have in history. so terrorism today is more
violent than the past. it is more severe, has a greater impact on civilians. and because of the media, it generates greater amount of fear among people. in the past, people heard stories, becomes overtime legends almost. it reaches another society. nowadays it's instantaneous. immediate tells us right away, on in brussels, bombing in pakistan, bombing in france. it's instant. we see it right away because of tv in media, because of communications. and, therefore, people become scared, become afraid. right here in san bernardino we had a terrorist attack back in december, december 2. my own daughter was there and she was terrified in and she continues to be terrified until
today. she was in the midst of it, not when the shooting happened but in the building nearby. she was stranded, held up for about five hours. it hasn't impact. it brings fear into the hearts of other people. the we became islamic, it was the rights of the mujahideen in afghanistan. under president ronald reagan we recruited the mujahideen. we recruited people from the arabian peninsula, from the africa come from different places to go to afghanistan to fight the old soviet union which was occupying afghanistan, in the name of islam. after the world was over and we forgot about afghanistan, they stood there on the base. the were based in arabic was the beginning of al-qaeda. we in essence with and shaping factor that brought that about. and then they got very upset at us because we abandoned them.
they try to go back to the home country. the only country did want them armed, opposing the system because they have become so devoted to their version of islam, and they felt very stranded and abandoned and they tried to take revenge on the united states and september 11 happened. the invasion of iraq brought on the current wave under isis, or isil, the islamic state of syria and iraq, iraq and syria. if we didn't have a war in iraq, they would not have been an isis. if we didn't help the mujahideen in afghanistan, they would not have been al-qaeda. so in the way we have a hand in creating these types of groups. when we went to iraq we bombed. we bombed the country.
we called it shock and awe. trying to ration children are trying to take them to school, feed them into your job and richer family, and all of a sudden you see these b-52's dropping bombs. the bombs are falling down, what do you do? you look up and say god help me. when people are scared, they go back to god. to go back to religion. then they say the iraqis can all of a sudden on how islamists. we put them there. we made them terrified. it when people are terrified, they pray, they go back to god. religion becomes a greater part of their life. and as a result now, very good people -- they recruit people who are upset about the situation, whatever it may be that situation. somebody who lost an uncle or an aunt. perhaps killers in san bernardino, husband and wife,
the wife is new arrival from pakistan. the husband from. and went back to pakistan, perhaps she lost somebody. maybe to one of our bombings in northern afghan not in pakistan on the border with afghanistan. she got very frustrated and she wanted to get back at this. when she saw this pakistani american coming in, maybe she hooked up with an in order to comment in order to carry out something. we don't know the details. there must be something. my guess is that the wife was the instigator behind it. and most of been something happening in her situation. we do bomb in their country. we have drones that dropped bombs on leaders of islamist groups in pakistan as well as in afghanistan. she may have lost a relative. she may been frustrated by
losing a friend. she may been frustrated by something leading her to be determined to take revenge, to show the americans. what is happening in europe is that we are beginning to have more isis attacks in european cities. i think the reason for that is that the bombing campaign in syria and iraq, we have european countries join in and the bombing campaign. also in libya when the people, some people rebelled in libya, immediately the european union, the european nato joined in and begin to bomb in libya. they declared a no-fly zone but they could fly and bomb, bring down gadhafi. actually murdering him in the end. and many people didn't forgive
the europeans for that. the europeans become a target, and also the coverage as i mentioned in immediate, went in france incidents happen, you know, big media, big groups, people, leaders from all over the world go to paris, flags at half staff, u.n. security council meeting condemning, but these acts happen all the time in nigeria. they happen all the time in kenya. they happen all the time in somalia, in pakistan and afghanistan. the europeans don't move. they don't care. they don't call for a security council resolution to condemn these acts. and people feel, why? an eyelash of the others? they get very frustrated, and then the europeans become a target in a way because of that very reason, the at the islamic
race in europe nowadays. that contributes to targeting europeans. and we are beginning to see similar things in this country with this election cycle, the at the islamic attitude in this country as therefore muslims are terrorists somehow, it's really our phrases to label the 1.5 billion people on earth by behavior of the few. timothy mcveigh in obama's city bombing, killing all these people including children, it's timothy mcveigh. we know him. we know his background. we know his family. we know is religion. we do everything about him. but if it's a muslim who do such an act, it's immediately islamic terrorism. we don't know much about individual. we don't know much about the family of the background or anything. it's we label 1.5 billion people
by behavior of the one over 19. it's wrong, very wrong. we cannot do that. otherwise we would be labeling christians because some christian wants to start shooting or go to school and started shooting. that will be wrong to put all the people together and labeled them by the behavior of the one or the few. and we are doing that in this country now. when the shooting took place in san bernardino here, our town where we are at now, i was at a restaurant and i saw on tv. what went through my mind immediately is my daughter. not only this, it was my daughter because she works for the county and my daughter was in that area. and she was held up because of
it of course and she was terrified. that was the first thing. as a father you worry about your children first. but then as an american, a palestinian arab american, and i'm not muslim either, i'm catholic actually, as an american, arab american, i got very worried that the shooter or shooters may be arab or muslim. thank god they were not arabic. pakistani, but they were muslim. that contributes to labeling the whole group by the activities of two. and did so. but this community has been a fantastic community. the muslims of england park, san bernardino and ares v rocket collected almost $250,000 for the victims. when muslims have prayers on fridays after the shooting, christian and jewish ministers
and rabbis and many people came and stood in front of the mosque so the muslims could pray in peace inside. i love this community. this is an example for more of our country. this is how we should be. work together as a kennedy, protect each other as a community and not think of the act of the one or the few as an act of the whole. at our community did very well with that. i am very proud of san bernardino community for what they have done. this book has been very good, has done very well. when it came out it received choice outstanding book of the year award. so it has been recognized but it is recognized because it gives the perspective not only of the powerful, but the perspective of those were on the other side, who are on the receiving end of
the powerful. i think that is the biggest message that i need people to know. that hey, the other side, we call terrorists, also his grievances, also may have some rights. that we need to recognize, the other a. that we, no matter how great we are, we do something's wrong like when they go and invade a country and bomb the people to smithereens. we do something wrong in doing that. so that notion of my country, love it or leave it, is, in my opinion, a form of stupidity. it is our duty as americans, and i became a naturalized american long flight that go in the middle '60s, i became an american. when i became an american had to pass the test. in that test i learned that it is my duty to correct my country when i see my country deviating from something right when my
country does something wrong it is my job to try to correct it. so i will never say my country right or wrong. if my country is wrong, it is my job to correct it and that's what we need to do. that's the kind of message i would like the readers of this book to get. that we have a duty as citizens of this great country. i love this country, but i hate some of its policy i keep trying and working to try to correct them. that is what we need to do, to correct the policies of our country that is going in the wrong direction. many of those listening this program i hope not too many can i help only if you who will be thinking that this professor is just a radical who is justifying terrorism. i am not justifying terrorism. i oppose terrorism the i oppose all force of violence. i think terrorism is
counterproductive in the long run, and it is outrageous and we need to find ways around it. but we don't need to be helping create a. we have helped create terrorism and we need to find ways around it. i do not justify terrorism that i do not support terrorism, but i understand the motives that push people to terrorism. that doesn't mean i accept it or i agree with the i supported. i do not. i hope that someday we will get beyond our nationalistic attitudes and begin to look at the betterment of all human beings, and the rights of all human beings and recognize that what divides us is simply an accident of birth. i didn't choose to be born in
jerusalem are born into a christian family. i did not choose that. that's an accident of birth. that doesn't make me less of in any other human being or more than any other human being. and if we recognize that, and begin to work on the basis of that, that's all life is precious, all human beings are important, regardless of the accident of birth, and we will be serving society in the wrong pashtun in the long run. >> this weekend we are in san bernardino, california, a couple of our local cable partners charter and time warner. up next story mr. cook alderwood counts the time the white our plan spent in the city. >> when people fear of the name earp first thing they think about is that is part of the old west. some say he was a bad man. some say he was a good man.
but they all heard his name mentioned, and wyatt earp is the one that they remember most of all. the commission that they had to san bernardino county dates back to about 1852 when the father of wyatt earp, who is the most well-known, his name is nicholas berg. basically he left his family temporarily. they were living in illinois. he heard about the gold rush in northern california and after spending a couple of years what was called hang down, that was called plaza filled, the gold rush country, before he came back to the midwest, he ventured down to southern california. he never really gave why but he did. he passed through the san bernardino valley and he found one day he would come back to san bernardino. 13 years later that's what
happened. in may of 1864, because he been active before he was named a black investment and the report comes to cannot. the earp, nicholas and his wife virginia and, jamesburg who was the second oldest brother. he was discharged from the union army. wyatt earp with 16 and it was morgan, warren. for boys and girl. there were three other families that came with it. there were about 12 lichens altogether in a caravan. and nicholas earp was the wagon master. took a little over seven months. travel back then was slow. in fact, quite often people were walking alongside the wagons. you can only walk so fast which means the wagons probably went about two miles an hour. they arrived in december 19, 1864. san bernardino, the city was
about 1500 people. it was shortly after the mormons were recall the back to salt lake big san bernardino turned into what i guess people would call a wild west town. in fact the corner of third and d. street was nicknamed whiskey point because they had a slew on each corner. so it was kind of ideas exciting, if you're interested in the old west. and nicholas earp even though his family settled a few miles away from down, he loved san bernardino. he loved the kind of entertainment. when they arrived they settled in san bernardino. they camped in a park called meadowbrook park. at the time us just a little swampy area. for a few days, then nicholas earp rented a farm from a man named carpenter about 12 miles east of town in what is now the
north part of redlands. at the time they called it old san bernardino and they really lived basically a life of farmers. they lived there and they move to another ranch informed a couple miles away. that's what the father did was a farmer. wyatt earp, according to his biographer stuart lake, the book is called wyatt earp, frontier marshal, written in 1931, basically the book that created the legend of wyatt earp. the problem and it's a beautifully written book, a lot of historic low accuracy but there's also a lot of inaccuracy. it's hard to tell which is which. but according to lake, and also a friend of wide named john flood had written a manuscript that never got published, wired as a teenager drove them was involved with a stagecoach --
wyatt -- involved in trading. virgil earp was the first city marshal, so that would be something more important that he was the first martial. and nicholas earp was the justice of the peace so that was the big role. nicholas earp, the father of the family, decided in 1868 to sell some property he had here in the back to the midwest. now, there was one possible that nicholas earp was not happy that his sons really did not want to form. he was a farmer and nobody else wanted to form. nicholas earp, the father, he was an adventure. he loved doing, get involved in a lot of stuff. his sons were the same way. so they had this urge to do other things, not just be a farmer.
also he had some land he need to take care of in the midwest out in iowa but also missouri. at one time they lived in missouri. it was a combination of reasons that he had to go back to the midwest, that he was planning on coming back again. so they're left in 1868. in 1877 they started coming out west. when nicholas earp came out in 1877, the members of the family that came out was his wife, his daughter to a just got married, she was 16, and also her husband came out. james, no, warren earp, the youngest boy came out, and that was it. as they were coming out west they stopped in dodge city, kansas. and by then wyatt earp was working on the police force there. he was a deputy city marshal
come and morgan earp was there. and so already the boys were getting older. the only one that went was warren earp and he was kind of a tragic story. he was the youngest boy. all the boys had a temper. they had this urge to travel. they were just picked up a lot of traits from nicholas earp. the boys had a temper but for the most part, they were able to curb their temper. wyatt earp is very well known for his coldness. the youngest one was a hothead and he got into all kinds of problems and they want him to stay close to them. when the okay corral happen on october 26, 1881, during this time morgan earp was of montana. he went down in 1880 after leaving montana. when he came down in 1880, the earps, yet heard about the civil strife in tombstone. wyatt was in dodge city. reduce in wichita and in dodge
city, kansas. virgil earp, another brother, a little older than wyatt, he was the sheriff of yavapai county in arizona and heard about the silver strike. the earps were ever the opportunist. they all made plans to get together in tombstone. so jamesburg came down for montana. wyatt was in dodge city, kansas, and eventually morgan deutsch's come down for montana went to tabasco, left to go to tombstone. october 26, 1881, is the day of this infamous gunfight at the o.k. corral, very complex situation. .. stone
>> the only think i know about the impact it had here is about a month after the gunfire and a month before his son virgil was vanished, there was the county sheriff, and another man, and there is an altercation and something happened. he blew his stack. we can only speculate. maybe it had something to with your son's birth. it all depends. the earp's were exonerated for
throwing the members of the klan gang. and the earp's came with their father and for the rest of his live he lived in colton and owned some land in san bernardino. the wife is buried in pioneer cemetery. nicolas earp, the father, died in a military hospital near los angeles county. she -- he lived with the last years with his daughter in a nearby town. morgan was killed in tombstone. warren lived most of his life here. so the earp's spent most of their time in san bernardino county.
in 1993, a movie calle called "tombstone" starring curt russell, i had the movie, and i compare it to the older movies and it was prob more accurate in a lot of ways -- problem. kevin costner was into movie called wyatt earp the next year. a lot of historical facts never brought out before but still inaccurate at some ways. after the gun fight at the okay corral, virgil earp was ambushed and in march of 1882 morgan earp was killed. his body was sent on a train going out somewhere. i think it did say california. it turned out it went to colton
which is near san bernardino. they never mentioned that. and in the movie wyatt earp, gene hackman was playing the part of the father, and they were talking about moving to california and never mentioned they were going to san bernardino. with this, the noterity and the people things are attracted to about the earp is their time in tombstone. they were only there two years but it was an eventful two years. most of the time as a family was out in the san bernardino valley or the county. right in this area right here. >> you are watching booktv on c-span2. this weekend we are visiting san bernardino to talk to local authors and tour the city's literary spots with time warner and charter. we speak to richard thomas about
aaron gene lane. the first settler in the desert. [wind blowing] >> well, we are on the edge of the mohave desert, 20 miles from collin pass. the significance is this was the major route to the west, to california. in the early years, there wasn't anybody out in the desert. all of the settlement was down below along the coast. and in 1859 the first permanent resident came to this spot and his name was aaron lane. he was so well known, in fact
the newspapers called him pioneer of the mohave. even in his own time, when he was alive even, they would say there is aaron lane the pioneer of the mohave. he came because of health reasons. bus this was 45-50 miles out of san bernardino. that would have been the next close-up est -- closest spot. everybody coming from this area, they got this far and maybe their wagons broke down. we had a blacksmith shop so they could repair their wagons, feed their horses and themselves. this came to be what was called a weigh station back in those days. there were not hardly anybody.
he had a reputation of being good with a gun. the military was having trouble with the indians out here prior to the civil war. they had put camps along the mohave river, camp kay being the first one, and went over to needles where we had fort mohave. when the civil war started, they needed the soldiers because they didn't have access to soldiers so they called them all in off the desert and that is when things got pretty wild out here. the indianas have been fighting the whites, and when the whites dispeered -- -- the indians have been fighting the whites and when the whites disappeared they thought they were winning. that military was a different caliber. there is a story of one coming
through and they would go with a certain person and the names were given in the newspaper for who they molested. they would go to a property and shoot the lamb and eat the mutton in front of them. they would go into the stores, grocery stores, and start loading up and walking out with it. the newspaper articles mention that the officers were standing there watching them do it. we had a different class of mobster and different class of illicit man. they would come through with 75-100 men and they pretty much had their way. but the newspapers mention on several occasions, lane had a representation of not putting up
with that stuff and he was ready for them and he todd the newspaper that and they didn't bother him. lane's impact on the area was profound. it was the time and place of being the first man in the mohave decemberert to stay here permanently and that shows this importance as a stabilizing event and how he started things here and transferred to civilization. >> we spoke with margaret hill about her 30 year career as an educator in the city of san bernardino during our recent visit. >> in the early '70s when i started teaching, students were aware that it was important for them to get an education, to get a high school diploma.
not too many people cared whether i got it or not, and when i am talking about caring, not parents or siblings, but i am talking about those working in the school environment. i think students in the '70s felt the same way students now feel. some of them just feel they don't fit in and because we are not telling them they fit in, we are telling them how important they are, we are not telling them of their strengths, and we are not telling them about their f forefathers did and how they can do it, too.
it affects them more than we think. i do things i know have not been good. i am thankful people trust me enough so they can say things to me. let me give you an example of things we do to students and don't realize. i was a principal at an alternative school and i had a young man come up to me saying ms. hill, i have seen you give a lot of students compliments and you have never given me one. i thought about it and he was right. i knew i had not given him one because he reminded me of that otherwise life would have been the same and he would have graduated thinking or knowing i didn't care for him. but i thought about it and i said he is right. i said i have to give him a
compliment and need an audience. he had on a yellow checkered shirt, it was a beautiful shirt. i know i had to find something i could compliment him on. didn't know it would come so soon. i saw him all day and at the end of the day when he was leaving like you do with most, you are in a group, he was leaving school and i yelled his name and he turned around giving me a look like what have i done now. and i waited until he got halfway across the parking lot and i yelled and said i like that shirt you are wearing today. that is really a good looking shirt. he smoiled and said thank you, mr. hill. i was glad that was an immediate fix. but a lot of students don't share what they feel about us and how they feel about us.
funding is important to all. i have a say in my district -- saying -- that students do not leave a good thing. students, and the scenario that i always use is, students see schools like they see grandmas. you know, you have two grandmothers. one is cooking broccoli and one is baking cookies. which place are you going? and i said it is the same thing with school. if the charter schools are making cookies and we are cooking broccoli where are they going? the thing is, we began to make cookies now so we see charter school students returning. the bottom line is everybody is searching for the best for their children. i am a supporter of public
schools because i worked in them and i know what the accomplishments are and i know there are some students who do not quite make it, i know many students do make it. but as far as the funding is concerned, i am glad there is funding, you know, for both. i am glad there is funding for both. i think what people need to do is not too much look at the academic side as to put in a child in charter schools because what that does, many times, and many times people take a look at test scores of our students, which bothers me tremendously, as an educator i should not say that but it does. test scores do not define students. students define students. i think when we accept them and take them where they are we need to be proud of where they are going, where they are, they have
success, and i know a millionaire who never graduated from high school who probably would score in the bottom 2 percentile on a standardized test. but i also know students who have graduated with great reading and test scores and they are working in jobs that are medium. i think we need to take a look at individuals and use all kinds of assessments. i am not saying test assessment is not good. but it is not the total thing we should look at, you know, for our young people. we can fix this. it is very simple. all we have to do is appreciate everybody for every day that god gives them the strength to get
up and get out and go to school. >> during booktv's recent visit to san bernardino we visited with mark landed. author of arrowhead springs and discussed the role of the rings in the growth of the city. >> we are standing at the entrance of the arrow head springs hotel. this entrance is relatively modern with respect to the entire history of the hotel. the original entrance was a few hundred feet south from here. behind me you see our friend chief ty poos who is one of the most famous landmarks of the area. he is pointing toward the arrow head springs. he has been here always to point this way to arrowhead springs. as the american settlers came into the san bernardino area and settled the area they found the
hot springs, which had been discovered by the indians, but they came up and explored and saw the value of the springs but it was too rugged and dense to make use. in 1851, the mormons arrived and began to settle in the san bernardino valley and they had a well established town. in 1857, the mormons were called back to salt lake by brigham young and that same here they were called back a gentlemen by the name of david noble smith arrived here. he had arrived with the intention of selling goods and things to the mormons as they were departing going back to salt lake city. so smith began to come up here and explore the area, and smith was also a very devout spiritualist and believed in the healing properties of water and so forth.
he had grown up with the disease of tb in his family and it killed many people in his family. throughout his young life, he made up his mind he wanted to find with cure for tb. he thought this would be an ideal spot to start as a spa to develop a place for a tb sanitarium. he worked with john brown senior who homesteaded the property and came up here and created the first sanitarium opened to the public first in 1864. in 2014, it was the 150th anniversary of the commercial use of arrowhead springs. one of the interesting things about the area and the springs is how the resort got its name. there is a huge arrowhead landmark on the side of the
mountain. it is about 1400 feet tall in the shape of an indian arrowhead pointing downward and the tip points to the various hot and cold springs. since it is in the shape of the natural arrowhead the springs took the name arrowhead springs. it was a promotion feature of the whole area. the advertising made extensive use of the landmark and most of the photos had the arrowhead landmark in the background. it was a major piece of the local tradition here to promote the arrowhead landmark. when smith came here first and developed the springs, it was really just a set of crude shacks. it was rudimentary and he had bathhouse facilities.
just a couple elongated vehicles. in 1883, he lost control of the property because of financial trouble and a group of los angeles businessmen bought the property. actually, this was the first time that anybody with any money or real financial had owned the property here at arrowhead springs. they built a full-fledged hotel here. the first hotel on the property was built in 1883. they opened it and it was a pretty big success. they used smith's pond out in front of the hotel. it was a rowing pond but they used it for water treatment and they would immerse the people in the pond fed by the hot springs. but the hotel, like sub-sahar sub-saharan -- sub-saharanubseq
burned down. the boom of the 1800s, or the 1880s was relatively short-lived and didn't last too long. toward the end of the 1880s it fizzled out and the tiles were not so good. but people came up still and visited arrowhead spring. the resort was promoted less as a health resort and more as a recooperation and rest resort. they always had a full medical staff on facility here for the visitors that would come to arrowhead springs. the second arrowhead spring was enlar
enlarged and got bigger and better. in 1859, the second hotel burned down due to what they called mishandled fireworks. burned down on july 4th, 1895. after the second hotel burned, remember the boom area of the 1880s was over and the economic time was difficult when the second hotel burned. so after the second hotel burned, the property wad idle for ten years but folks in the san bernardino knew of the spring and the worth and were not happy the resort was gone and nothing was here to draw the folks back up as a resort. but in 1904, in that timeframe, a group of san bernardino businessmen got together, formed a corporation and bought the property and rebuilt the hotel
building a bigger three story one opened in 1905. it was designed by arthur bennett who designed the mission inn is he is famous for the mission style architecture around california. it was the most elgentelegent a most successful one there to date. by 1905, they promoted the hotel as a place of rest and recooperation and built bath facilities, steam facilities, and all sorts of different facilities. in the third hotel, the guest came and they were drawn by the water because they advertised
the water saying come to arrowhead springs and be healed by the water. there are many times of water and which and be healed by the water. finally after so many folks came to the hotel and said they would like to take the water home the hotel packaged it up and sent it home to relatives and so forth in the eastern states. finally, somebody got the bright idea, this would be a good idea to bottle commercially in large quantities since it is so available and so poplar. in 1909 the first major bottling facility came to arrowhead springs. the third hotel built in 1905 caught on the hollywood movie stars because hollywood was just evolving the motion picture industry was taking hold. they found southern california because of the great weather and
the year-around filming ability and the geographic location. it took hold around 1905-1910 that time frame. the folks in hollywood wanted a place to get away from town and found arrowhead springs. it was built in 1905 so it was brand new hotel and just far enough away from hollywood, about a two hour drive along the foothills, to arrowhood -- arrowhead springs. in 1938, like the previous two hotels, the third was destroyed by a wildfire driven in part by the santa anna winds. a group of moguls formed to join the fourth and current hotel.
they built a completely new pool. it was a beautiful art deco style pool. it was built along with the new hotel opened in 1939. the pool was really a landmark piece of the whole resort. it really began to seriously decline in the late 1950s. by that time there was extensive travel available to folks. you could get an an airplane and fly anywhere you want, the highways and roads were improving, and just up the road a little ways from here is las vegas and it was taking hold in the 1950s and 1960s so folks could get on the old route 66 and travel up to vegas. though the folks that used to come to arrowhead springs had so pane opportunities available to them that the business declined
and they were not able to maintain the facility anymore. the hotel officially closed in, i believe, it was 1961 or 1960. the arrowhead spring resort dates back to the whole beginning of the founding of san bernardino and parallels the growth of the city of san bernardino and the san bernardino valley. as they both grew up together, they were incredibly important parts of each other. they have a symbiotic relationship and they fed off each other. it has been an ongoing relationship between the arrowhead spring hotel and the san bernardino valley and the city of san bernardino almost since its very founding. >> you are watching booktv on c-span2. this weekend we are in san bernardino, california with the help of local cable partners charter and time warner. we discuss how the recent
terrorist shootings in the city impacted the community with congressman pete agulilar. >> four s.w.a.t. team officers arriving on the scene and they will be deployed inside and around the building >> i just walked off the floor of the house of representatives. we had just taken a vote, oddly enough, and the majority blocked democrats advancing the idea that those who are on the terror watch list not be allowed to purcha purchase firearms. it was a procedural vote we voted on, i walked off the floor and my phone started buzzing from colleagues, members of congress and people back home. i raced back to the office, turned on the tv, and saw very
familiar sites just up the road from where we are. inland regional center is less than a mile away and i knew exactly where the facility was. i reached out to local leaders, including the police chief who confirmed what was going on, and then i took the first flight back home here. i was on the first flight back and was able to join the press conference in the evening and received updates from law enforcement officials throughout the proceeding days. i think the aftermath is a resilient community. people who have been pushed down in the past and continue to get back up. i think that is what we saw in the wake of this tragedy and that is people coming together saying we will not be divided and we will continue to work with each other and we will not be afraid of coming together across faith, ethnicity and the region. we were able to do that.
i attended many interfaith gatherings of bringing people together. those are the things i remember after december 2nd that were so important to the healing process. i think it has brought us together and made us more aware of our surroundings. when we talk about terrorism, the fight against terror, it isn't something that is in the abstract anymore. it is something that across this country, you know, means something, because this isn't a big city here in san bernardino that was attacked. this could happen anywhere. so that is what i heard from my colleagues in congress, too. folks on both sides of the aisle saying if it can happen in san bernardino it can happen anywhere and i think the support among my colleagues has been incredible in offering support, prayers and thoughts to our community as we heal. we requested that the federal government pay for the increased
response. so the overtime and manpower that was devoted assisting federal agencies in this terrorist event. i hope a hundred percent of their cost in the aftermath could be picked up by the federal government. it would be in the millions. somewhere maybe 4-10 million that was expended. he increased shifts that were picked up, overtime, the transporting of victims by helicopter and ambulance to local facilities, those are the things i think the federal government should help assist and pay for and ask the president to help us and i hope san bernardino receives that help. i was a big supporter and someone who talked often about the role gun violence plays in our communities before the tragedy. this was personal for me. my brother was a probation officer who responded to the
incident, he was stationed a couple miles from where we are helping to protect employees from the regional center as they were transfort -- transported to safety. so it was very real but also in the context of what we are fighting and protecting the country against terrorism and making sure illegal guns have no place in the community and we do sim simple things like universal background checks and limit assaults in the community. those are things we can do and it is important for us to do something if it will provide increased safety in the community. there is not one law or bill i could have authored or passed that would have protected the community but it is important for all of us to make sure communities are safe now and in the future.
>> for more information on booktv's recent visit to san bernardino and many other destinations on the city's tour go to cspan.org/citiestour aol cofounder, steve case, told us how emerging technologies are reshaping the internet. the mother of columbine shooter discusses mental health and how she dealt with the tragedy. and the recollection of emily's list, a political action committee that works to elect democratic women to political office. and don watkins will argue that measures to eliminate income inequality end up hurting low income americans.
and we will discuss criminal justice reform. and tamira drought will talk about america's new working class and potential political power. and peter marks will remember the career of the late aig's ceo who turned the company around during the crisis. >> the government didn't think it would happen, the company didn't think it would happen, and the american people had no expectation this was going to happen. so the idea he was a little crazy, you had to be a little crazy to take this on and he was the right kind of crazy. >> after words airs on booktv sever saturday at 9 p.m. and sunday 9 p.m. eastern. you can watch all previous programs on our website booktv.org. >> mark