tv Discussion Examines Justice Sandra Day O Connors Life and Legacy CSPAN January 5, 2017 7:18pm-8:01pm EST
will read air. we'll repair each hearing that night in prime time. >> the presidential inauguration of donald trump is friday january twentieth. c-span will have live coverage of the days events and ceremonies. watch live on c-span and c-span.org. listen live on the free c-span radio app. >> to celebrate the 35th anniversary of the appointment of the first female justice to the supreme court, justice sandra day o'connor, the ronald reagan presidential organization posted a summit at the reagan library in november. >> as we begin, i want to start talking about women in
leadership. i'm an avid researcher so i began by going to my good friend, google. no, i didn't. so, i went to google and i would have a lovely image of google there but i think you know what google looks like. i typed in women's leadership conference trying to see if there things like this happening. what i found is there were 58.6 million responses that showed up. there is a national, global, regional, local, conversation happened round women in leadership. this year, the white house held the united states women summit with the intention to celebrate what we as women have accomplished i look forward to taking informed action, making making a powerful difference in our future. in addition, there is the tech conference. how many of your familiar with
ted talks? if you're not, google it. nearly four years ago the popular ted conference decided to bring forth a new initiative called ted a woman. a global initiative initiative of bringing men and women together who wanted to look at where change began. this past year summit was last month in the 2016 summit we had over 40 speakers who came together to share their insights about, the time is now. through that program we had 280 ted x events. we had women tuning into the life street as well as bringing their thoughts and presentations to the table. it was a global initiative initiative. everyone everyone was talking about women in leadership. conferences are not the only space for these conversations are happening.
how many of you have heard of sheryl sandberg? i'm going to enlighten you today. ladies, she is a force. i encourage you to google her. she is the coo of facebook. in 2010 she was approached to do a talk. she felt compelled to do it on women's leadership raid when she was told is that you cannot be a professional executive leader and talk about women. do know she did? she is a force, she did it anyway. she. she went on stage, she talked about women in leadership and the response was epic. it was so epic that those who are so touched by her ted talk it's the most highly viewed ted talk in existence today. she ended up writing a book about it and it's called lean in. she shared stories, and used it as a platform to advise women on
how to achieve their goals. when she ended up doing which was unintentional was creating a movement. we go to any social media outlet and type in # lean in, you will see the stories and inspiration that comes from cheryl. she created a call to action to have a.open dialogue and bring change to a more open and equal world. now i have wonderful slides. since 2004 for its magazine has been publishing their list of 100 powerful women. the. the very first women on that list was the women who inspired today's event. chief justice sandra day o'connor. today we find we find women in the public sector, private and public sector being recognized. the 2060 notables art janet yellen and first lady michelle obama, the notorious rgb
herself, tech mobile's like like sheryl sandberg in the first female to lead the automobile industry. these women have laid down the pavers of the road toward success in women's leadership. yet even though there is a thriving dialogue of women in leadership, these women are framed as the exception rather than the example. in a study conducted by key research in 2015 we see startling data. first, in the past 50 years women represented in congress have grown from a total of four women in 1965 to now currently, 39 women. roughly about. roughly about 20% of our congresses women. when the pipe elation of the united states reflect that women are 51%. in the past 20 years leadership at the ceo have increased from zero to 95 to only 5.2%.
steed women enter into roles but not at a drastic rate. in 2013 when asked to reflect on changes sensor writing of lean in, sheryl sandberg stated there's a difference between dialogue and action. that is action. that is what we are not seeing, action. she said here's what we know, stereotypes are holding women back from leadership all around the world. all around the world the matter your culture there is one constant, we think that men should be strong, assertive, aggressive, and have a voice. we think women should speak when spoken to and help others. women are are judged through different lens, men, a man is a bus and a woman is bossy. how many of you are feeling
overwhelmed by that bleak data? it's a safe space, we can share. i know i am. in going through that i started having questions one of the questions i want to pose is what if we shifted our perspective, instead of looking about data and said we've only grown so much what if we braced the acknowledgment of situation and look at it with optimism moving forward. president reagan was known as an internal optimist. he focused on what people brought to the table not what they lacked. that's the ones i've decided to view the recent events of our 2016 election. here are my takeaways. i wanted to be able to take a look at the election and celebrate things as i think there a lot of things, specifically women who think
there's nothing to celebrate. here's what i will celebrate. i'm gonna celebrate that since 1980, percentage of eligible women voters that turned out to vote have been more every single election than the registered men that turned out to vote. we have women participating in a democracy using their ballots as their voice. that's wonderful to celebrate. in addition, there will be a record number of women serving in congress that are of color. thirty-eight. cf first latina senator, we have tammy who will move from the house of representatives to the senate becoming the first high american in the chamber. in representing our own state we have the first indian american to serve in the u.s. senate the second woman who is african-american. pretty amazing. [applause] last, i want to address the elephant in the room. i'm not a republican. i'm going to address hillary clinton.
regardless of what you may feel at this moment with her campaign i want to look at it through optimism. this is the the first time in american history that we've had a woman top the ticket of a major presidential party. [applause] in addition, she also received the majority of the popular vote by 1 million votes. [applause] 's even though we do not have a women in the white house today, glass ceilings were shattered this election. anticipate what muslim people say, the glass glass ceiling there's only one piece left and based on the remarks of our chief admin officer will wear talking earlier this week she shared with me there's one piece
left and it resides over 16 pennsylvania avenue for the white house, but that's it. that's a really a really great thing for us to celebrate and move forward and looking what is going to look like for women's leadership. many women come our mothers, grandmothers, great-grandmothers have fought to bring us where we are today. it's up to us to continue to pave and widen the road road for future generations. this is what today is about. we'll have a dialogue and then take action. when sharing tips on how to open a dialogue about women in leadership, sheryl sandberg offers two suggestions. one, be honest. two, tell your story. that's what i will do today.
i'm going to shift from talking behind this podium because i don't want to talk at you about women's leadership, i want to talk with you. i want us to be girlfriends having coffee, having a chat. i apologize check. i apologize it's not bring the coffee. so girlfriends chatting over water. the first thing i'll do is be very vulnerable and honest and share with you a weakness i have. and that is public speaking. i am terrified of public speaking and thinking about that i cannot even begin to describe how i was going to tell you what the pits of anxiety feels like in my stomach. so instead i decided to be optimistic and do it sheryl doesn't lean in. my leadership journey started with my family. have a big family, predominantly women. when growing up when people were talking about her family they were really mostly talking about the knox women. we were a force. and still are. my sisters, therefore of us in total, you have different personalities, passions, interests, but the but the one
thing we shares that we have a voice. we're never told told in our household that our voice needed to be dimmed or muted. in addition, this is my sister diana, and i make an i make it emotional and i may cry, but that's okay because this is a space for that. diane is 12 years my senior. since i was a child she has been my mentor. she has provided a safe haven for me to come when i needed somebody to listen. she's provided advice for me when i didn't know where to go. she knows how to take care of me in ways nobody else does. there's times i visit her and there's a cookie next to my bed and there's massages for the afternoon. she's my my mentor, always will be and always has been. thinking about dying one of the things i admires her leadership style. she brings poise, confidence, and compassion to everything she does. she's held a leadership role in
everything she has done. i told you she was a force. she is who i aspire to be when i will eventually decide to be a grown-up. my next mentor mentor is somebody i have never met. this is a liza lucas pick me. when i went to graduate school i studied women's history and spent a lot of years dedicated my life to researching and telling the story of women who didn't have a voice at the time. i fell in love with a liza lewis pinckney. she was born in the west indies in 1722 moved to south carolina with her father and ran the plantation for him. she was the first woman to successfully cultivate indigo to be used as a dye in the fabric market. if any of you are wearing jeans today you have this lady to think. she is the one that brought that beautiful blue hue color to you. in addition she had the
confidence at the age of 16 to not once, twice, but three times tell her father thank you but no thank you to the marriage proposals he would bring home to her. she told him i will be the decider of my own faith. she wasn't she married a wonderful man. she became a mother she was a progressive mother. she raised two young boys who grew up and were key players in the american revolution and ended up being signers of the constitution. her daughter, strong, independent woman and three plantations of her own. george washington was a pallbearer at her funeral. she also has given us the largest collection of written word by female to date. in the colonial era. as i spent years going through her letters and diaries we became friends.
in one of those letters in 1762 she two she wrote this to a friend. i love a garden and a book. there my amusement except include one of my greatest businesses of my life, my attention to my dear little girl. so this brings me to my next step in my leadership journey. i'm a mom. this is my daughter. this is the picture i gave to her preschool when they asked me to give a picture that represents her true self. you can tell she has that knox woman blood in her, she is a little fearless. this picture was taken on the day she decided to dress herself for the first time all by herself. she picked out everything, everything, came downstairs and pose for this picture because she wanted to document it. she has a strong conviction.
so she chose boys underwear that have cars on them she told me mommy, boys boys have better characters on their underwear. she chose a t-shirt that said anyone can be anything. of pink cowboy hat and sparkle shoes. no pants. she told she told me that was on purpose. thinking about that that she's three years old and has a strong sense of self and independent spirit i think about how i will be a leader to her as a mother. how do i make it feel that she never has to be muted, she is why do the work i do because i want her to grow up in a space where she can be who she wants to be and achieve what she wants to achieve and not feel like she's being different. that brings me to my work here at the foundation. [applause] as i was preparing my remarks i
couldn't bring towards what i was going to talk about. it's amazing. i get to work with amazing young woman amend and help cultivate the next generation of leaders and also work with an amazing team, this team is called the female trifecta. because when we come together to bring our strengths and talents we can achieve greatness. it is my honor to serve as a mentor to the two young women who are here today. if you have the opportunity to see becky or whitney give them a high-fiber hug tell them they are awesome and say it's for me. now let's get to you. today is really about you. the work i do here's thinking about what you are going to usher in the future. i'm excited to see what passions you bring to the table, what personalities, what power comes into this room. some of you may be thinking, i
don't have any power. i don't don't know what that feels like, that's okay. we will do next her size. i don't know if many of you know about power posey, but there's a harvard business school social psychologist named amy who has dented ted talk and she wrote a book that she believes that a person by assuming too simple one minute poses and body power can instantly become more powerful. she coins it power posing and it's taking the world over by storm. celebrities are doing it. one day ago she was power posey before an event in chicago, she was excited about it. so what i would would like us to do is harness that. the energy we bring into this room will be important to what we accomplished today. something privately to yourself what pose could you do that is
going to bring your best and most empowered self to the table today. think about it. in a couple of seconds we were going to do it together. take a couple of deep breaths, think think about what it looks like, you can go classic wonder woman, you can go silly, you construct a beyoncé a beyonce post. what i want you to do is stand up and on the count of three we are going to strike our power post. ladies, i want this power post to be intentional, i wanted to fill the entire room with the girl power i know you're bringing to the table. that way we can set the tone to what we will accomplish your today. are you ready?
[applause] on the count of three. one. two. three. again, technology has failed me. they're supposed to be a soundbite. it always fails me. thank you for sharing that with us. i want to thank the gentleman in the room that participated and brought their girl power as well to the table. i think when we talk about women's leadership it's not just about women. we need to think about the men who are here to support us as well. select my sister diana and liza pinckney, my daughter daughter and my team, you are all of
force. i cannot wait to witness the great changes you bring about. you are the future and i want to leave you with a quote from president reagan. he speaking directly to you. you can play can place special part in the future. you will be author, take full advantage of the wonderful world or wonderful life that lies in store for you. thank you for letting me share my story. [applause] at this time i like to welcome up man in our life that 100% supports women's leadership. he was excited about putting on this event, is the first thing he test me with when i got hired here. he thought he was going to get away with not speaking today. please welcome tony. [applause] >> hello everybody.
how are you doing? i'm very obviously not a woman which is why felt very strange speaking at today's event. the name is tony and i'm the chief learning officer at the foundation. one of the reasons i'm excited to speak as i my grandson to my grandmother, son to my mother or father to my daughters and i work with amazing women have been mentored by amazing women. i'm fully behind women's leadership because women have inspired me throughout my life. our mission in the education department is best summed up in the words of president reagan. freedom is never more than one generation away from extinction. it must be fought for, protected and handed on for them to do the same or one day we'll set up and our sunset years telling our children what it was once like in the united states. in a sense that's her job at the foundation. were charged with keeping the light of freedom burning. were charged with cultivating the
next generation of citizen leaders. then we know our country needs. people like you, women like you. five years ago when i was first appointed the director of education my first big assignment was to host a discussion with justice sandra day o'connor on the stage in front of about 700 people. if i'm being honest, i honest, i was scared out of my mind. not because i was never spin on stage, i do get nervous peanuts stage and i didn't sleep much that night, that time was the biggest moment of my career and i wanted to be sure it went well. i scared because we only had an hour to sit down with somebody who had changed history. i was worried an hour was not enough time to convey how important she was to our country, two young women, to people who aspire to legal careers and i was worried we would not have enough time to figure out what she meant to the
future in that hour. so 2016 it's the 25th anniversary of sandra day o'connor's appointment to the supreme court. with three women sitting on the supreme court perhaps we've grown accustomed of seeing women at the highest level of the law. prior to sandra day o'connor's confirmation and 81 the supreme court had been in existence for 192 years and 101 men have served on the court. to give you a sense of how difficult it was in a woman to reach a supreme court 60 years after the 19th amendment justice o'connor when she was here on stage mentioned that before her appointment to the supreme court president reagan's attorney general have made a list of potential women who could sit on the supreme court because reagan had promised to nominate a woman to the supreme court. that list was very short. it does anyone know why?
there were not a lot of federal judges who are women. there were not a lot to choose from. in fact franklin roosevelt in 1934 -- between 19341977 total of only eight women have been named to federal court. there's not a lot of women to choose from. why was that? sandra day o'connor graduate from stanford lost school law school in 1956 in the middle of that time. sixty years ago. how different was the world then, how difficult was a for young female lawyer? what odds does she face? i will let her tell you. hopefully we will have the sound up and working. >> i will tell you that it was hard in those days. i got out of law school in 1952 and there were notices on the placement bulletin board at stanford the school.
they were from every major law firm in california. stanford law graduates, call us we want to talk to about a job. there were at at least 40 on the bulletin board. and i call 40 phone numbers of law firms to ask for an interview. not a single one would even give me an interview. i was female. they went even talk to me. and they have these notices on the bulletin board. i had a friend at stanford from undergraduate dates whose father was a partner partner in a california law firm. i went to her and i said talk to your father and see if he would get me an interview in the law firm he was with. she did and he got me an interview. i made i made the trip to los angeles, talk to the distinguish partner, you have a fine resume this firm has never hired a woman lawyer and i don't see the day when we will.
i look shock and he said well our clients would not stand for. and that is where i was. i needed a job because i had gotten engaged to john o'connor, he was year behind me we both like to eat and that meant one of us is going to have to work and that was me. so i heard the district county attorney had once had a woman lawyer and staff. so i wrote a letter and made an appointment to see him. he is a very nice man, and a telling american and they still elect county attorneys in california. he had been there for a while and he could've been nicer he said oh you have to find resume, i did have a woman lawyer in my office and she did a good job. i be happy to have a another one and you have a good record. but i get my money from the county board of supervisors. i'm not funded to hire another deputy so i can i do.
so i went back to the ranch because i was getting ready and i said -- i told him the thanks i thought i could do well in the office of behind me. . . that was my first job as a lawyer. no pay, and i put my desk in with the secretary. but you know what? i loved my job. i got such interesting legal questions to try to answer. i just loved every minute of my job. so, it just -- in those days, a
woman had to maybe make some special efforts to get some kind of work, but i'm glad i did, and it all worked out. maas applause [applause] >> host: it's amazing she says special effort. sandra day o'connor graduate fear the of on her class from stanford and had to beg to work for free. right? almost unimaginable today. a lot of people would have given up before making it through the 40 firms she called. or the interview or before agreeing to cozy cozy up to the secretary and that why president reagan loves her. she loved in a small town and said i grew one a ranch and was using used to doing things. it didn't matter on the ranch if i was a girl or boy.
there was work to be done and someone had to do it. 192 years in entire country's history, there was work to be done. and someone had to do it. it was time for a woman to take her rightful flays on -- place on the highest court of the land but she knew being first doesn't mean easy. she said it's exciting to be the first to do something but i didn't want to be a last and if if took the job and did a lousy job it might be a long time before we had another woman on the court. now we become accustomed so seeing a woman on through court but seeing women on the court. a big part of today is celebrating what justice o'connor meant. she wasn't the only tough woman in president reagan's life, and not the only important woman to president reagan's live. want to talk about a couple of other important women who played a role in his life.
and i'll ask you to do some thinking and writing. everyone has their notebook and a pen. i'm going to talk about two different types of women in president reagan's life. the first person i want you to think about is your foundation. i want you to think about the best parts of yourself thundershowers character york-under integrity, values, work ethic, and write down the name of a woman or women -- could be more than one -- where does that come from for you? your foundation come from, for president reagan, it came from his mother. a picture of president reagan and his mom and he wrote about her. my mother, small woman with awe been care and a sense of optimism told me that everything in life happened for a purpose. all things were part of god's plan, even the most disheartening aspects and in the
end everything work out for the best. if something went wrong, you step over and it move on. she added something good will happen and you'll find yourself thinking if had that problem, then the better thing that did happened wand have ahead. he didn't get a job at montgomery ward and had to search for other work. he said i was beginning a journey that would fulfill my deems and my mother was right. and another name, why this is person the foundation for you? and i'll talk about my own, this is personal work. we saw rebecca talk about her personal story. my foundation is from any grandmother. when i was in seventh grade, anybody ben through seventh grade? excellent. a lot of us. it was tough for me.
came into middle school and it was a tough transition and i hailed -- failed half of my classes and my grandmother and i sat down and she gave me a lecture on what it meant to do my best, and she looked at my grades and said, these grades are lies. this is not you. you're better than this and every single day. my gosh. my grandma was tough and still is tough i said, listen, grandma, going going to get on the record -- honor control and -- honor roll. i still hear her voice knock from that summer. the second person i want you to think about for you is the light, the light is someone who inspires us, right? who causes us do to our
best-constantly elevates to us strive to do better. for president reagan, this was his beloved nancy. mrs. reagan, who earlier this year passed away and was buried right next to himself together forever. in a letter to man'sy on their 31st wedding anniversary he wrote. more than love you. i'm not whole without you. you loire itself -- you are life itself. when gone i wait for you to return so i can start living again. how many have got an love note light -- like that? i love that. a few. i want you to write done a person or woman or people who bringlight to you. it might be people who inspire you, people who you want to inspire. but i want you to write that name and think about that today. this is my children and for the purposes of today my daughters. and that's the reason i love my work here.
every day i want to go home and hug my kids. a poll that bothered me before the election about people who look at our country and said, this country is going to be worse off for my children than for me. and for me the work we do here is saying that not seasonable. how can you look at your child and say i'm working on a world that is not as good for you. for me, it's my children. that the light. want to do good work for them. and if they deserve it, so does every child in every city and every town and everybody in this room. and with dough beleapt we are building a more perfect union, a land with liberty and justice, we said the pledge of allegiance, how can we hope that one else will fix its for it? we can't. so every time i hug my children or see them smile or listen to the treatments they have for them it -- the limited to have for themselves i know this light will keep on burping.
so to wrap up today, celebrating the 35th anniversary of the o'connor appoint tom the supreme court -- president reagan said, let me also said that judge o'connor's confirmation symbolized the richness of opportunity in america. every walk of life to aspire and achieve in american never before even dreamed not human history. so a moment ago i mentioned liberty and justice joyce. -- justice. two of the most important ideals. it's interesting she's two american idea ideal bz always represented in the form of a female right? this is a statue outside of the supreme court. we talked about justice. this it called the contemplation of justice. and any of you ever been in trouble before with your mom knows this look. you might have seen this, this is the typical depiction of
justice, the woman with the scales of justice. another lady that was very important to president reagan, lady liberty. since 1886, the statue of liberty has stood with her light held high in new york harbor, welcoming people from all shores. president reagan talked about a shining city on the hill. we'll do some liberty pose. i want you to think about the foundation. so i want you to stand up. stand up because the foundation is what gives you strength. right? your foundation is what gives you strength. your moral cords, ethical cords, your character, and want it you to feel the strength. so feel it in your legses. focus on your legs and feel the strength that you have there. the strength that you get when you stand up for something that it important to you.
how many of you feel that sometimes it's tough to tor stand for a long time. the statue of lisch has -- linter liberty has been standing since 1886. then feel the strength in your arms. when there's work to do, and you use your arms to get the work done, that strength there is for each and every one of you. stand up straight and feel the strength you have in your backbone. being a leader is tough and sometime outside have to stand up and make tough decisions. but you have that strength in your backbone. hold your arm up. she's been doing it since 1886. and the strength in here, the strength of mental toughness. when things get tough, times get dark, it's tough to be a leader and you have that, too. the strength you have inside of you. all the different strengths. why your foundation is so important. so you got the foundation down. now the light. hold it. a roomful of statues of liberty.
reagan's dream. sometimes when you're lead organize sometimes when you're working on something you believe in with all your heart, it's tough because darkness -- you hear the word no, things you want don't happen but you have to be strong and hold up the light. sometimes, sometimes you don't have that light within you. you have to look to the light you wrote down to give you that light to lead you out of the darkness. sometimes you need that light. and sometimes you're going to have to be that light for other people. right? sometimes -- here's what want you to do. make a pledge to yourself and the other women in this room, some days you'll neat that right and they'll be there for you and might be dispose some days you'll be that light so hole out your stretches and light each other's torches. light somebody else's torch. be that light for each other. there you go. i love it.
i love it. sandra day o'connor said one thing that she really loved is find work worth doing and work hard at it. that what i want you to do today. find work that is worth doing. worth your time and investment and energy and strength and work hard at it. thank you very much and have a wonderful day. >> a good one. >> every weekend booktv brings you 4 hours of nonfiction books and authors. here is this weekend:
tonight sean spicer and then senators debate the resolution repealing the affordable care act. next, income white house press secretary sean spicer on the trump campaign, the transition office. former senior obama adviser and david axle road and robert gives took part in this at the university of chicago. >> good evening, everyone. happy new year. i'm steve edwards, the executive