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tv   Not So Golden After All  CSPAN  March 5, 2017 9:30am-9:48am EST

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talk about that. the unity comes in that we love our country. not that we agree with each other. >> it out, the good fortune ill fortune to be part of greater silicon valley. originally without the silicon valley were spread in every direction. >> the tech industry is the latest room. right now the tech industry is not only the juggernaut of the state, the juggernaut of the country.
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>> so many people come to california because they see it as having. and of course, television hasn't helped because ask anybody come up or take a lily east of the rockies and mail a bad all-caps when you strive convertibles come and go to the beach, have a big dog in the back of the car and sit all day drinking. and that's what california is all about. well, that is what commercials have been about for many years am i but that's not what california is about. if you know about anything about california. i've studied this date 50 years or more, you realize that this state is so topsy-turvy, it's like a lower coastal gone bad.
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.. it could be another five or six years later . there are so many streams in california and just when we think we're going to get at the top ofthings , it falls down. so that's why i say the rise and fall. it comes and goes, up and down. but at the end of the day, it
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certainly is i think, the most exciting place to be the rise of course is an up-and-down area it isn't just one sentence. california has an incredible boom with the gold rush, that's what started it all. all these people came to california and of course they basically told the state. obviously some historians would put it more gently but that's what happened. they stole the state largely from the native americans and the spanish turned it back to them, by that time mexico because it's role in spain had been running california and that's why they called the bear revolt which wasn't much of her old, about six shots but the result was a relatively few white men, all of whom who had come here, and believe me it was hard to get here, staged a coup and it became an easy thing to do once mexico signed the treaty of blotto lupe in texas, ending the mexican american war.
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so that set the stage, you know, for the bear revolt as it's called and the state just boomed during the gold rush. they couldn't come here fast enough. and it's also the point in time where we saw the first great immigration wave. chinese coming to california to help the next segment of that boon and that was the transcontinental railroad. so for those 30 years or so, there was an awful lot of hustle and bustle in the state, it was changing left and right and it became more diverse. and people with money came into the state and the railroad owned the state. all these things happened in a very brief 30 years or so and you could argue that during that period, we were going way up. then of course things changed, not that we had to go immediately down but we had a period where california was tranquil. the gold rush and abruptly it
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seemed and it became sort of an agrarian state. after world war ii of course, the va was veryimportant here. all these people who worked , rosie riveter types as well as the military guyscoming home , they all got va loans. it was a golden period of the late 1940s. the men were going back to school and all that kind of stuff and california had a history once it developed as higher education system area and believe it or not, making college affordable, it was free during the 50s and 60s as the state put together its higher education program. the university colleges and community colleges. it didn't last long enough as far as i'm concerned . in the mid-60s when reagan became governor in 1966, the board of regents began to install tuitions for the csu, they followed and the
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community colleges, not so much but that was a golden period and during the 50s, there was a lot of auto manufacturing. all of the parts that go with automobiles and other manufacturing, we were a manufacturing state. the 80s were more difficult. the pulse wasn't beating quite so hard and quite so fast and so loud. so the state began to go into a very serious period of discrimination and particularly against immigrants and people don't remember thisanymore but during the 80s and 90s , we passed some of the harshest anti-immigrant legislation you could imagine. one proposition proposition 187 denied as they're called, illegal immigrants any benefits including education. most of it was thrown out by
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the federal courts. another period made english the official state language. another proposition during that trade, the voters passed . that ended affirmative action. we were one of the first states to end affirmative action. people don't remember this but during the late 70s, 80s and 90s, this place really went backward in terms of a number of the social issues that people talk about today so this is part of california. it's all turned around. california with immigration, you saw during the 70s, 80s and 90s you wouldn't recognize it because today this is one of the most pro-immigrant states in the country. why? all you have to do is look at the fact that the non-hispanic whites, they are a majority of the population and their numbers have now move up in the state legislature and in local offices and so, because of that incredible growth of
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these various minorities, the state has become muchmore sensitive so now course , drivers are for undocumented and now they can go to college and get state funds and state aid, these undocumented immigrants can. sanctuary cities have popped up everywhere and as we see the state seems on the verge, the legislature of making california the first fully sanctuary state so it's huge as the one here, there is a massive wave and the waves don't always go in the same direction. there's broader things one way and they matter things the next. it's part of the excitement of the state. it's part of the exhilaration of the state and it's going to be the heartbreak of the state. when you look at the central valley which is 48 miles long, the richest land you will find anywhere, and there have been some water worse
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that they made movies about in chinatown, the way los angeles water, from the owens valley.water wars in the state larger than just that little area, largely because 80 percent of the water is number one owned by immigration, 80 percent or agriculture -related activities, at least 20 percent to the rest of the state, including people who like to drink a couple times a day. add to that 75 percent of the water in the state comes from california. these areas and the rain, you know it's from california, 25 percent, two thirds , one third of the water runs through, it's generated in southern california and the problem is southern california's got two thirds of population and the only
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thing in california they are generous with because a lot of people start north of half of these. don't tell that to the people in rural northern california because as far as they're concerned, the fact that most of the water is in northern california, most of the population insouthern california, that sets up a problem. add to that in agriculture , everybody instead of the water sets up an incredible conversation that you can't fight really between farmers and environmentalists coupled with urban users. so you know, the bad here are endless. ways to, were not going to find more water in california, where not. if you're lucky, you will get a decent year, you got to go back because the snowpack alone accounts for one third.
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no snow, you're in trouble. all that is in the aquifer, the aquifer in the central valley which is now been drained. so farmers are always looking for more. and the environmentalists are always saying the more water you take , through the delta water coming down from the rivers that would otherwise go in the delta and you circumvent that. and pour into agriculture, the more you are endangering lots of other species. >> that's one of the headaches that we had here for the last i don't know, for years. it's kind of funny right now because we talk about president trump and saber rattling and talking about denying california money and the sanctuary cities and states to cooperate. the fact of the matter is, california is a donor state. the states contribute millions of dollars more to the federal government and we get back. donors, it's one of the
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largest donor states around. most states, they are recipients of it. many states in the midwest, same thing so it's ironically , these states are the most from the federal government. they contribute to the federal government. it's been off and on relationship but i will say having somebody like nancy pelosi as speaker, even as an organizer has been helpful to this state. our two senators forthe longest time , dianne feinstein, barbara boxer had a great seniority in the senate, that matters, it does. we had 53 members of the house, the largest delegation by far, although we rarely do they vote together, in a unifying way that they can and when they do, their votes count for a lot. you add up all those things and we've got the brains here. >> that's not to say there are brains other places, but the concentration of talent here, it's such a concentration.
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of so many smart people who do so many things, innovation is just one of those things that happens all the time and no, it doesn't always work . but when it does, it changes everything . facebook, that company, their whacking things all over the place but i remember one time walking along the white walk, they asked for forgiveness. that kind of mentality is there and it definitely says too much of washington. washington , they're always going to do it and blob loblaw so washington is the status quo. california is the wild west. there's a culture differential to begin with, in very different places and i think that sometimes that calls attention, it depends on the administration. clinton and barack obama saw great benefits from california.
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managed to get congress oftentimes the funnel is money for mass transit, for r&d, help out with the beach one d program. you know, other federal funds for state restoration, things like that. george w. bush who was rather benign, you could either love it or hate it. he pretty much didn't understand it, i don't blame him. and wasn't very outward on all that stuff and trump is going to be interesting. now, some people are already pulling their hair out because you know, trump h california and i'm not so sure he hates california, maybe he does but let's remember we got mccarty who was the majority leader here and we got some pretty sharp people, republicans and democrats in congress which will be able to exercise a lot of common sense so i'm not so sure that even somebody like president trump will turn the state upside
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down. but it's definitely going to be a different era. it will have to play itself out. california matters because it's so often diverse, and it's not the first, it's really among thefirst. but if you look at things like environmentalism , california and by the way, democrats and republicans, arnold schwarzenegger will go down in history for a lot of things but in terms of his governance, his legacy will be simply called 8032 which was built that initiated california developing a larger and larger percentage of its power from alternative energy, way ahead of everybody else. way ahead. >> and coming up with what we call and trade which basically taxes companies that use too much fuel. which was pretty amazing so environmentalism here. the women's movement, one third of our congress is
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women and female. you know, that's about double the national average. minority rights have become easier, one third of our congress membership is minority which also is close to double the national average so these are all medians here. this state is in so many ways has set the bar, not always in the right direction for some people but it's different and you can view this as a country. it is the sixth largest, separated from the nation, it's the sixth largest country in the world in terms of economic development. there will be five nations that are more powerful than us in terms of free economy so we view that leverage in lots of ways. to move ahead and a lot of states have, some other states have come to loathe us. >> i hope would be that
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people knew more about california, it's a very exciting place. it's a fast pace, not like new york city but fast-paced in the sense that so many things come and go, so many developments rise and fall, communities come and change the world, not only in our country. but realize that the complexity of the states, the diversity of the state is also the bounty of the state. there's so much we learn from each other in california. it's a state where everybody can somehow get the representation depending whatever group they belong to. it's a state also of great conflict. the there are many values in the state. there's a place for everybody in this state, the far right has its region in california. leave you me. and the left of course does as well.

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