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tv   Secretaries Tillerson and Johnson Condemn Ethnic Violence in Burma  CSPAN  September 14, 2017 10:30pm-10:55pm EDT

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and more is on the way. this morning secretary johnson talked about the relief efforts in the caribbean with his u.s. counterpart during a meeting in london. afterwards they spoke to the members and the media with. >> good afternoon, everybody. i am delighted to welcome secretary to london we have had a number of meetings including of course about the appalling damage wrought by hurricane irma.
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i returned from the british virgin islands where i saw the scale of destruction and the ordeal that have affected the people across the caribbean and in florida. ..
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to provide heavy lift for their aid effort. there's help with overseas territories and in addition the government will match every pound to a maximum 3 million. later today i'm going to chair cobra ii check on the progress of our response. the minister for the commonwealth is arriving tonight to assess the situation on that british territory. once the emergency is over the overriding need will be for long-term reconstruction to get our caribbean territories back on their feet and in that effort written, france, the u.s. and the netherlands will be working side-by-side. i met with this -- the secretary tillerson and their colleagues from egypt united arab emirates and france. libya is a front-line in our common struggle against
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terrorism and illegal migration and we all share of vital interest too countries stability. our shared goal is to break the political deadlock and rally behind united nations as he seeks to bring all sides together. our friends in north africa share the same interest in a peaceful libya. that is only achievable. we now have progress to helping bolivian people to reach a political settlement based on compromise and consensus. finally we discussed the grave situation in asia where north korea has defied the world by td launching ballistic missiles. on monday the security council unanimously adopted u.n. resolutions 2375 including the toughest sanctions imposed on any country in the 21st century. today we discussed how best to enforce those with maximizing
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the pressure north korea to reach a diplomatic solution. we resolve to continue to work together and with important partnerships including china and the complete in a reversal denuclearization of the north korean peninsula. on all these issues and more i am delighted again to welcome alongside racks secretary tillerson demonstrating once against the strength of the alliance between our two countries. it's great to have you in london and thank you for your time. i'll turned over to you. >> thank you so much secretary johnson and again it's always anon or in a pleasure to be here in the united kingdom and to work with such close and committed allies to find solutions to some of the most complex issues in the world not the least of which is north korea and libya. i do want to thank secretary johnson for his kind words. the american people particularly
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in the aftermath of hurricane harvey and now hurricane irma the americans as you know continue to suffer and we have a long way to go to rebuild homes and lives. americans do have a reliable friend in the british people and the british have a reliable friend in the united states and i think that was clearly demonstrated in response to the effects of burma throughout the incursion i'm british territory's american territories and british territories. the cooperation to that event has been extraordinary. i think all of us set down our own concerns and said what can we do to help each other as citizens and we are very help -- thankful for that and we are committed to take that same spirit into the aftermath and how can we work together to coordinate now to complete the recovery and begin the long process of reconstruction and way that i think is beneficial to everyone. i do quickly want to recognize and congratulate united states new ambassador to the united
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kingdom boris johnson. he arrived here 18 days ago. it ensures that our relationship will remain in good hands. they did come into the ambassador i'm a little concerned i have an ambassador johnson and eight -- and all that in ensures is a m. any given day johnson is to be blamed for something. i do want to also acknowledge that we have a very i think useful meeting short but useful opportunity to be with prime minister may and members of her senior staff this morning. we discussed a number of areas of mutual interest that i express my appreciation to the prime minister for the very strong support and resolve of the united kingdom both as an important member of the u.n. security council but also the public statements to send a strong message to north korea and the regime of north korea that their efforts to advance their nuclear weapons programs and the threat and posture they have taken is not acceptable to
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any member of the international community and that support is very important in our efforts to bring that to a resolution. the prime minister and i have had a discussion briefly about the threat that iran poses to the region this and destabilizing activities in yemen and syria and other parts of the region and we have discussed our shared and just to find a solution to the conflict in syria once the war against isis and the defeat of vices is concluded and again we continue to welcome the opportunity to work closely with our counterparts in the united kingdom. while brexit those present unique challenges to the british people please know that you have a steadfast ally in the united states and we will stand by our ally as brexit continues to take shape and we look forward to continuing this long relationship. as indicated foreign secretary johnson and i had the opportunity to delve into a number of detailed topics of
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mutual concern and as i said we are very thankful the uk's leadership and the foreign secretary particular has been stellar in terms of supporting our efforts on north korea and sanctions to implement those sanctions finding ways to de-escalate the beilinson ceria and we express our deep gratitude to the united kingdom for their very generous contributions towards humanitarian assistance to the long-suffering syrian people as we continue to liberate areas that have suffered under the oppression of isis. along with representatives from france we have a substantial meeting to discuss how to increase the diplomatic and economic pressure on the dprk and also how we can work together to relay messages to the regime in north korea. you need to stand on your program and engage in a dialogue to find a way to a peaceful resolution. foreign secretary johnson and i also had her a productive discussions he indicated with the french italian emirates and
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egyptian colleagues as well as the special representative for secretary on the way forward on libya. an issue that's important the united states to create stability, reconciliation and to restore libya under a authoritarian government for what we don't want to see happen is libya become a place with additional terrorist organizations to provide opportunities for isis to reemerge in a different part of the world. we are all committed to helping the libyans find the libyans solution that will help their future. i think a special representative salahi works with the reconciliation it's important that he know that he has the full support of the united states. we think it's time to focus the mediation efforts in one location at the u.n. under his leadership and i think we have very strong unity among the
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group that met today to support the special representatives in these efforts. we will meet again with u.n. secretary to consider these issues in new york next week on the margins of the u.n. general assembly meeting. once again i want to thank prime minister may foreign secretary johnson for their most gracious welcome for a series of very productive meetings today on a host of important topics some of which you touched on but most importantly for their commitment to action in the achievement of our common goals so foreign secretary thank you. >> think you're rex. thank you very much. we'll take a couple of questions the mac james landau bbc. first of all foreign secretary and a you believe the government should be able to use the aid budget to help people in need in the caribbean and if so what are you going to do about it? second on libya, and do you actually think that elections next year are -- and we think
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they should be held? >> on burma you said last weekend that prime minister xi was one of the most inspiring of our age. do you regret saying that now and hasn't changed as as a result of the events of this week? >> secretary of state if i could ask you on iran what actually is the position of united states today on the iran nuke leer deal? are you going to continue to waive sanctions? do you continue to believe that iran is fulfilling its obligations of that deal and secondly what is your view on what is taking place in myanmar and bangladesh and behavior? >> but they go first, rex. on your first question james we have seen the effects of the
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hurricane's but it's absolutely catastrophic. i've never seen anything like it. it's the kind of destruction you seen images from the first world war and i think anybody with an ounce of compassion would want to see spending by her government on getting people back on their feet and indeed i'm getting those british and i stress it british territories helps in the long term. if course we are looking now across ways that we can make sure budget is used in that way and all of my colleagues are looking at how we can do that. that is absolutely natural and we are on that right now. on libya, you ask a very important question. would it be premature to hold elections within the year? i happen to think that could be the right timescale.
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that gets very important however that you don't do it too fast and that you get the political groundwork done first. there has to be a constitution. there has to be an accepted basis for the elections to take place. you have to amend the security agreement the libyan political agreement and that means everyone understands. we will be speaking about what needs to be done and i think it's a very wide measure of soup toward against -- amongst libyan people getting on with an election by the way. i think the program does the law may have sketched out and the support in the p3 the format that we have we brought together today obviously what we are hoping is that will gain wider support in the u.n. general assembly next week.
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on burma and the tragedy resulting and the gross abuse of the human rights of the population. nobody should underestimate what is happening. 350,000 have fled. or are estimated to have fled. to answer directly your point, let's be clear. xi led verma after a period of decades of oppression by a military point to and my admiration and what she stood for in the way she fought for democracy, think many people around the world share that but i think it's not wise for her to use that amount of authority to
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make the point about the suffering of the people and i think nobody wants to see, nobody wants to see a return military rule in burma. nobody wants to see a return of the generals but it's also vital that the civilian government and that is -- for whom as i say i have a great deal of admiration but to make clear that this is an abomination and that those people will be at allowed back and those people will be allowed back to burma and preparations being made and the abuse of their human rights and the killings, hundreds perhaps even thousands of killings stop.
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>> first with respect to the administration's view of jcpoa in the nuclear deal in iran the trump administration is continuing to review a development policy on iran and its underway. there have been several discussions internally among our and if c. along with discussions with the president. no decisions have been made but i think it's worth noting that as an administration continues this review of jcpoa i think president trump's made it clear to those of us who are helping him develop his policy that we must take into account the totality of iranian threats not just iran's nuclear capabilities. that is one piece, our posture towards iran and i think if one revisits the premise to the jcpoa that preface reads that the participants quote
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anticipate full implementation of this jcpoa will positively contribute to regional and international peace and security end quote. that was one of the expectations of the jcpoa. in our view of iran is clearly in default of these expectations at the jcpoa through their actions to prop up the assad regime, to engage in malicious act to produce in the region including cyber activities, aggressively developing ballistic missiles and all of this is in defiance of u.n. security council resolution 221 thereby threatening not ensuring that threatening the security of those in the region as well as the united states itself so we have to consider the totality of iran's activities and not let our view be defined slowly by the nuclear agreement so continues to be under review. no sign up -- final decision has been made. with respect to the horrors that
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we are witnessing occurring in burma i think it is a defining moment in many ways for this newly emerging democracy although it is a power-sharing arrangement and we all clearly understand that. we appreciate the difficult and complex situation on samsung chief finds herself then it's important the gulf community speak out in support of what we all know the expectation is towards the treatment of people regardless of their ethnicity and that we, this violence must stop in this persecution must stop. spink characterized by many as ethnic cleansing. that must stop and we need to support aung san suu kyi and her leadership but also be very clear and unequivocal power-sharing in a government that this is unacceptable. this is going to in many ways defined the direction that irma
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will take. they need our strong support and we should give them our strong support. >> secretary tillerson on north korea, president trump described the u.n. security council resolution this week as a small step. do you concur with that assessment and do you still seek a full oil embargo against north korea and do you think china would ever agree to that? secretary johnson on iran, the french have signaled a willingness to supplement the nuclear deal to extend the sunset provisions. did that come up in today's conversation and is britain opened to such a suggestion and secretary tillerson with the
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u.s. be open to that as well? >> with respect to the u.n. security council resolution in the presence view that it was a small step i share that view. we had hoped for much stronger resolution from the security council. having said that i think it did accomplish a couple of things. one, a complete prohibition on textiles which does represent somewhere between seven and $800 million of export revenue to the regime and i think importantly the successful conclusion of yet another unanimous u.n. security council resolution in and of itself i think does continue to send a consistent message to the regime of north korea and importantly to those who continue to enable north korea set to the these that the international community does have a common view on the seriousness of north korea's
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proliferation program and the development of their weapons, nuclear weapons. i think it's clear with respect to oil and a complete embargo on oil from the u.n. security council, that's going to be very difficult. that is directed at china alone because china supplies essentially all of north korea's oil. i'm hopeful that china as a great country, a world power will decide on their own and will take it upon themselves to use that very powerful tool of oil supply to persuade north korea to reconsider its current path towards weapons development, reconsider its approach to dialogue and negotiations in the future. that is a very powerful tool and it has been used in the past. we hope that china will not reject back or discard that is a
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very powerful tool that they alone really have the ability to assert. so we are going to continue our efforts in the global campaign and going to continue to call on all countries to only implement the u.n. security council sanctions and resolutions that were countries have assist to do more to put pressure on this regime to bring them to a point of dialogue and a very productive way we ask that everyone do that. >> on north korea quickly i would just add rex there was a wide measure of support for the position that you and i have adopted and this is not the time when we are trying to get the chinese to exert the maximum pressure and by the way i think the chinese have done more perhaps than we thought that they would. they can do much much more especially in terms of oil.
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now is not the time to attempt engagement with the regime and the focus has got to be on what china can do as the countries as possible for 93% of korea's economic trade. i'm very struck to the strong support that position is taking from our french friends. and to get to your point about iran the north korean crisis showed the importance of having arrangements such as the jcpoa and you asked about extending, having the sunset laws and i actually can't remember who raised it. he did come up and everybody could see that it was going to get tensor as we get toward the deadline. that's why it's so important that we make it work, that they keep it alive and there are two
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aspects to this. the secretary tillerson has just said the iranians have got to behave and fulfill their side of the bargain. they have got to stop being adventurous and expansionist -- expansionist and causing trouble in the region whether it's yemen or syria or anywhere else and of course on the other side we in the uk think it's very important that iran a country of 18 million people many of them young and potential he liberal could be won over, could be won over to a new way of thinking. i think it's important that their economic benefits for the jcpoa as well. we in the uk want to keep that alive and that's the point we been making rex and others in the u.s.. >> thank you.

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