tv U.S. Conference of Mayors - Mayor of Bristol England on Immigration CSPAN August 11, 2018 7:42am-8:02am EDT
>> watch booktv next week in prime time on >> caller:. >> the mayor of bristol, england, marvin rees, wrote that a meeting of the us conference of mayors held in boston, he talked about international migration and the role of cities addressing the needs of immigrants. this is 20 minutes. [applause] >> he was a champion of racial equality and became mayor of
bristol in 2016. operation black book. he became europe's first ever mayor of african caribbean descent. he studied in the uk and united states, earning a bachelor's degree in political theory, yale university world fellow who worked for the bbc as a presenter and journalist, lifelong commitment working on international development at uk national health service, he speaks of his mixed heritage, his mother is of english, welsh and irish heritage. his wife is american, and they live in atlanta, maryland, mayor reese leads the global parliament of mayors, please join me in welcoming mayor marvin reese.
>> thank you very much. a very kind welcome. thanks for your welcome. i am here, my mother in law is sitting in the crowd somewhere. distinguished guests, the 19th century preacher said if you speak more than 10 minutes you need to be an angel or speaking to angels. this is -- many of you want to go home. i have been on 20 minutes and i'm not an angel. i have high hopes for all of you in the audience. this is benefactor of human civilization ever since there has been human civilization. the challenges and opportunities we face today are
more complex, more dynamic than they have been before. the eu member states receive 1.2 million first-time asylum applications, sparking a political and humanitarian crisis the ramifications of which are still unfolding today. it certainly contributed to the united kingdom's decision to leave the eu. according to some estimate, as many as 200 million people could be climate change refugees by mid century. of the eu struggles to control its borders when 1.2 billion people have to move what will happen if 200 million do? the current configuration of nationstate politics is both directly and indirectly creating and compounding migration factors like inequality, climate change, failing to deal with the consequences in a way that
recognizes the worth of migrants or provide social stability. individual political actors and parties play a role in this. policy does matter but there's a deeper problem of work here and it is in the inability of the nationstate with its historic commitment to control and find identities and debate rather than delivery to support the kind of fiscal leadership capable of meeting the migration challenge in front of us. nationstates lack the tools needed to meet the challenges of migration and many other challenges today. in 19th and 20th centuries, both our countries have powerful stories about who we were and what we were. that generated an extraordinary collective energy. in the last few decades we have seen those simple narratives
become increasingly brittle and fractured, not just by having british blood as you heard that goes back centuries, there are no national conversations in my country about identity that failed to leave me feeling a little cold. it seems increasingly clear to me that the national level of politics alone is incapable of renewing a compelling vision of shared identity fit to the purpose in the 21st century. our interdependent world leaders with emotional intelligence, multidimensional, we have crassness and obstructionism better suited to the 0-sum world where the interest, can be pursued irrespective of the interests of others. people have always moved around
and come together for education, culture, employment, growing the national economy. cities are growing at a rapid rate again and that is why people are looking to city leaders like us in a new way. there is a growing belief cities are best place to bring the difference together. you heard i'm a product of migration. is a mixed race man of african, caribbean, english, welsh and irish heritage with an american white fence with brother, migration is not an abstract issue for me. it is who i am. as a man and a mayor i am a product of my city. in bristol, a former somali refugee, was elected alongside me as a city leader. my deputy mayor is, i am told, arrested with 70 men. my other deputy mayor comes
from a white working-class background, one of 13 children, he experienced extreme poverty and on occasion eats food from a been for the translation. craig will thank me for this. today, craig sits with my head of finance ever seeing a 1 billion pound budget for my city, my chief of staff grew up in one of the poorest estates in bristol, his family still lives there. we lead close to our city. refugee, migrants, child of migrants for the indigenous population. cities are the places we come together and must get things done. we live with the immediate benefits and costs of success and failure.
city leaders, i say we should bring them together and bring our optimism to bear in reshaping the way politics works at the national and international level. we need global governance for its next iteration and that means representatives of international networks of cities, sitting and shaping national and international context in which we must live. this moment, we find ourselves trying to lead a 21st-century world with 20th-century political structures. people have always known nations working enough, nations banded together. whereas before they looked up and across, i suggest that today they are across city to city. the political innovation migration needs will come from international collections of cities known for creating best practices, sharing best practices.
we need the space to create the new international politics. three weeks ago i was invited to speak at negotiations on the global compact at the united nations. surprisingly or not surprisingly, up to that point there had been no input to those negotiations and despite naming a host of political actors, nowhere did the compact split city government. this is an important process, the first time countries have come together to regulate immigration. when donald trump withdrew from negotiations last december, us cities and many of you here today passed a similar message on as you did around climate change, you were still at the table to figure out the biggest problems together. as i pointed out in my speech in the united nations, most migrants go to cities and return to cities, roughly 20%
of migrants worldwide live in 20 cities. over 70% of the compact migration objectives can only be fully resigned with the active participation of city authorities. i might add that cities can lead even when national governments failing to deliver or even opposing the compact. it is what they need to make it real and cities are critical to that. the challenge they face is how to harness the collective and legitimate voice of cities in support of the compact and that is why they are so key to come to the mayor summit which is held in my city of bristol this october while we continue this dialogue together. i will be hosting the global parliament of mayors in bristol in october. it is to bring together men and leaders of the various city
networks for three days of hard work where we met to getting ourselves an international network of cities and city networks better organized. at the moment there are over 200 city networks in the world in various states of noncooperation. in the global parliament of mayors we are not trying to create another network to add to the complexity of existing city networks but rather putting in the field is what we want to do is establish the space where at least once a year, mayors and leaders of various city networks can come together to focus and coordination. my request is as a global network of cities we can come together to agree on a small number of critical areas to make progress, migration is one.
my other appeal is to formalize the way networks work with each other. think of the additional power available through a formal working alliance between the us conference of mayors and the euro cities, network of european cities. the prize of better organization is greater influence but the price of not getting ourselves organized will be diminishing returns from many city meetings, city leaders like myself and many of you in the room are asked to attend on a weekly basis. if we don't get our networks organized we will be charged with having a confused voice on the issues that matter. i fear that after a period of frustration the world's key decision-makers will move on without us. we need to begin working with our interdependencies. we need city networks like
metropolis, resilient cities, see 40, ucl g, to work on this. and at the very least we need to get them to coordinate their diaries, a simple but complex task, to ensure that we are not pulled in 15 directions at the same time and are impact diluted. i believe the global contract for migration is an exciting opportunity for cities to test the full potential of our influence. we can ensure that from this point on city ordinance is included at every stage of these negotiations. this will be before at the global parliament of mayors in october and others like population health, resilience and security, to get cities to focus in on. the development approach, big offer and big ask. i say to the many people,
coming in and asking for things, demanding things of me. i challenge them to make me an offer. i say to people in my city, tell me what big thing you want to get done for the city and tell me what you need to do to enable you to do it. it is a much more proactive approach. that is the spirit in which i come to you today. the us conference of mayors, good authority that bristol and many cities around the world will back you as america as you take a stand on issues that matter from migration to climate change, recognize your leadership from these areas.
and that you recognize us cities as the source of global political -- us cities on national leaders, by the virtue of the nation of which you are apart your international leaders and you set a national standard with you know it or not. the whole world is watching what you do. we recognize you are not just nation shapers but global shapers. [applause] >> needs challenges of organizing cities, take a lead in them, challenging the existing networks to get better organized, get more organized. on that front i would like to welcome any and all of you to bristol, to the global parliament of mayors. let's work to target the international bodies for whom
we want more city representation. thank -- i believe this moment has found us as city leaders. i didn't come into office with an international agenda. i didn't come in aiming to be standing on this stage at the us conference of mayors after two years of office. it is just something that is come upon us. i think the same goes for all of us. we found a world in which national governments, people are increasingly disillusioned with politics, where services are failing to reach, the global economy is failing to include people and people and environmental trends seem to be beyond our control, leaving people vulnerable to being seduced by simplistic analysis from a european and uk perspective of people who are
political charlatans offering wrong answers to the right problems. city leaders at this time have no choice but to step into that political vacuum and get organized. and observation by martin luther king that i love and share with a number of people in cities, tablet doesn't come neatly wrapped in government parcels. it is a social force and it is available to all of us but it is available toward those who get organized. conservative or liberal, republican or democrat, we can't look around right now and think we are making good job on this planet. we need to organize ourselves to exert our influence. we are interdependent. you fought to move from dependence to independence in your history. i'm reminded of stephen kobe, author of 7 habits of highly effective people. as children we go from dependence to independence, but the highest state, the most
plus, michael chertoff weighs in on safeguarding national security and information privacy in the digital age. and former wall street executive nomi prince offers her thoughts on the power and influence of the world's central bankers. those are just a few of the programs airing this weekend on booktv. for a complete schedule visit booktv.org. we now kick off the weekend with rutgers university history professor rachel devlin who provides a history of the desegregation of american public schools through the actions of young women throughout the country. >> good evening. good evening. >> good evening. >> and