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tv   French President Macron Remarks on Yellow Vest Protests  CSPAN  December 11, 2018 1:43pm-2:16pm EST

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[background sounds] >> the u.s. senate is in recess now until 2:15 p.m. eastern. earlier today today the senate confirmed the deputy treasury secretary. when ascent is back in session, senate lawmakers will vote on a judicial nominee for the eighth circuit court of appeals. you can see that vote live here on c-span2. >> c-span, where history unfold daily. in 1979, c-span was created as a public service by america's cable-television companies and today we continue to bring you unfiltered coverage of congress, the white house, the supreme court and public policy events in washington, d.c. and around the country. c-span is brought to you by your
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cable or satellite provider. >> french president emmanuel macron delivered remarks regarding a yellow vest protest happening across his country. he blamed some of the unrest on influence campaign from russia which criminal officials later denied. [speaking french] >> translator: my fellow citizens, we are together to talk about our future. the events of the last two weeks home and overseas is deeply disturbed the nation. they include legitimate claims and expressions of violence that are unacceptable. and i would like to say so immediately, this violence will benefit from no indulgence on our part. we have seen the offer opportus try to take advantage of sincere
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anger to manipulate it. we've all seen or witnessed irresponsible politicians only aim is to cause disorder and anarchy. no anger can justify attacking a police officer, damaging public buildings or businesses. our freedom exists only because and when each of us can express opinions which others may not sure. nobody most fear disagreement or when violence exists, a freedom stops. so called and the republican order must be enforced. we will deploy -- nothing sustainable can be developed if we fear for civil peace. i have ordered the government to implement rigorous measures.
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but the beginning, the origins of all this, we mustn't forget that there is anger. his indignation. this indignation, many of us, many french citizens share this indignation and this anger. and i don't want to reduce this only to the unsubtle behavior of minority. the anger was caused by attacks that the prime minister responded by canceling all the tax increases that had been planned. but the anger was deep and in many ways anger is legitimate. it gives us an opportunity as well. the employees q who get up early in the morning and yet can't make ends meet at the end of the month, the mother, the single mother, divorcee who doesn't have the means of improving
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financial situation and who is no hope, i have seen for the first time the distress of these women. modest retirees who have worked all their lives contributed and to have trouble living off the retirement pensions, people who are fragile, who are handicapped, whose status in society is not sufficiently recognized, their distress is not new, but we had in a cowardly way we had got used to it. and everything seemed to suggest that we have forgotten them. after 40 years, a malaise has emerged of the workers, of villagers, neighborhoods where public services and the diminishing where living conditions have deteriorated.
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people fear they are not being listened to, , changes, deep changes, new lifestyles which adversely affect our society. and this exists and it exists today. of course, for a year and half we haven't responded sufficiently well, quickly, and i assume my share of responsibility for the situation. i may have given you the feeling that i had other concerns and other priorities. i know that some of jeff also been hurt by some of my words. this evening i would like to be very clear with you. if i have talked to change the political system in place, the habits, the hypocrisies and it is precisely because i believe above all in our country, and i love our country. i believe my legitimacy based on
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the title, a party, my legitimacy comes from you and you alone. many other countries are also experiencing a difficult time, but i deeply believe we can find a way out of this crisis altogether. i want this for france because it is our calling through history, we've always shown the way. with open up new avenues and i want for all of us confront citizens, people who are divided who doesn't comply with its flaws and who doesn't cultivate friendship will not succeed. and i want this because because of this crisis that i wanted to reconcile you and lead you. why haven't forgotten my commitment. i haven't forgotten this need. first of all, there is an economic and social state of emergency.
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we want to build mert hard work on where our children will live in better conditions. this can only be achieved through apprenticeship, , better schools and universities, training that will teach the younger people, less than people have to work, investment in school and training, schools and training. we want a france where people can live in a dignified way from there earnings. we've gone to slowly i want to intervene quickly and in practical terms. i ask the government and parliament to do what is necessary so that people can live in better conditions from their work. the salad of workers rise by 100 euros per month in 2019 on word, without costing anything more. extra work should generate extra revenues. over time should be paid without
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taxes and without charges, and i want a real improvement, that's what i'll ask all employers who can to pay an interview bonus to their employees, which will not be taxed and will not generate any social charges. retirees are a precious asset. those who are paid less than 2000 euros per month, we will cancel the tax increase that we have had planned. we have already asked him to make an unjust plea, big effort. and next, very soon the prime minister will submit all these decisions to parliament. but we mustn't stop there. i need are large companies, wealthier citizens to help our country to succeed. i will bring them together to make decisions at this week.
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i know some people in this context want me to go back on the reform of the wealth tax. this wealth tax has existed for 40 years. the wealth tax, of course, has sometimes led to wealthy people leaving the country. this tax was canceled for people who invested in the country, and those who have a fortune were having to continue to pay the work tax. we cannot go back. this would weaken us. we need to create jobs. the government and parliament must go to put an end to the unjustified benefits, advantages and innovation, and the wealthier people, the managers can't pay the taxes for france. we will meet the emergency, with
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quicker tax cuts, better control over expenditure. i intend the government, i want the government to continue transforming our country, the people voted for this 18 months ago. we have to reform the state there were also have to reform unemployment benefits and retirement benefits. these are indispensable. we want rules that are clear, simple or, fairer, and which reward hard work. today it's also with our collective project that we must move forward for france and for europe. that's why the national debate must be broader. for the purpose we must above all assume altogether all our responsibilities. the responsibility to produce
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and to redistribute wealth. the responsibility to learn to be free. the responsibility to change in order to take into account climate change and other challenges, and to succeed. we must come together and we must tackle all the key issues together. i want the right questions to be asked about representation of opinions to allow the diversity of opinions that better represent. we must take into account the abstention in the people who abstain from voting or people who are not members of political parties. the balance of our taxation to be both just and efficient, and the question of our daily today lies to face climate change, housing, traveling and the right solutions will emerge. i would like to raise the question of the organization of
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the state, how it is to centralize. for decades it has been to centralize, and the question on public services across the whole of her country. i also want us to agree, i want to reconcile the nation with its deep identity. we must tackle the question of immigration. we have to tackle immigration. these deep changes call for sharing a debate, an and unprecedented debate, and sharing our thoughts. it must be a national debate in institutions. everybody will be able to participate, they government, parliament, social partners, associations, nonprofit organizations, and you yourselves. i will coordinate this. i will listen to the opinions. i need to take the pulse of our country, but such a debate is not only the role of representatives. it must be everywhere in the
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field. there are naturally provocateurs and citizens who must listen to what people are saying, the natural interlocutors. they are the representatives of the republic in the field. that's what i will be meeting. all the regions of france to establish the base of our new contract with the nation. we will not resume the normal course that we have lacked so often in the past after crisis drawing any lessons from our experiences from our crisis. we are at a historic juncture for our country. through dialogue, through mutual respect and commitment, we will succeed. we are going to work very hard. i will report to you on a regular basis my only concern is you. my only fight is for you, on your behalf.
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our only battle is the battle for france. long live the republic. long live france. >> for the 116th congress beginning january 3, republicans increase their majority in the u.s. senate. mitch mcconnell will continue as majority leader while south dakota john thune will become majority whip. john barrasso would be the republican conference chair. on the other side of the aisle chuck schumer remains the top democrat as minority leader with dick durbin as minority whip and washington state patty murray as assistant minority leader. january 3, watched the senate on c-span2 and the house on c-span. new congress, new leaders. watch the process unfold on c-span. >> sunday night on q&a speeders this american nazi party had 20,000 supporters who came to rally at madison square garden and as the footage shows in the new york storm troopers giving
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the nazi salute with swastika next a picture of george washington. that rally was for george washington's birthday. that was a very active american fascist movement in the 20s and 30s, earlier than people think that it was associate with the free america first. >> the history of the terms america first and the american dream in her book the hold, america. sunday night at eight eastern on c-span's q&a. >> the opioid crisis as a topic. we spent a lot of time in this program. today we return to the topic with the chief of staff for the white house office of national drug control policy in the obama administration courtney with georgetown university o'neill city. regina, we're now decades into the all pure to crisis and we set another record when it came to opioid deaths in 2017.
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does this crisis continue to get worse for it gets better? >> guest: thank you very much rapping on to talk about this important issue and appreciate the opportunity to continue to work on the issue. we obviously the issue, the epidemic is getting worse. we do anticipate though, we've seen some signs that we are leveling off leveling off in terms of prescription overdose, overdose death last year leveled off. heroin overdose deaths level of the lower contingencies increases in fentanyl. that no, anthony ellis at fentanyl, so synthetic opioid that is getting into the opioid supply in the united states, illicit opioid supply in the united states and people, it's a very strong opioid. people who have been longtime heroin users may be getting it and they are dying pretty quickly. this issue took a long time to
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come took a long time to get to where you are today and is going to take some time to get out of this. >> host: the record that was set last year about 49,000 deaths due to opioid in the u.s. last year. that was up from 42,000 in 2016. that was. that was up from 2015. how much of that increase does that no makeup? >> guest: so heroin and prescription opioid come again they leveled off. .. >> i think there is still some hesitance to take on some of the answers which include medications to treat opioid use disorders. that's an important tool we need
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to use. in some parts of the country we need more syringe exchange programs because there are a lot of injection individuals who inject drugs the need to have sterile syringes. so they don't contrast other infectious diseases but i'm pleased by how bipartisan and nonpartisan this issue has been in that it's an all in approach. >> host: regina is with us to the bottom of the hour. special blinds in the second if you been infected. want to hear you and your stories. start calling it now. talk about your time in the office of national drug control policy. what did the obama ministration prioritize in the trump administration do the same? >> guest: i started in the obama administration in 2009 and october and we focused a lot on
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the epidemic at that time. it was a little different then. it was being driven by a lot of prescription drug pill mills in the southeast part of the country. a lot of times was spent passing florida had to pass laws to cut down on those illicit pill mills. it was different and we spent time getting prescription drug monitoring programs in place with spent time expanding through the affordable care act and expanding access treatment so we put the pieces into place for just one piece of the epidemic which was driven by action drugs. and then people call it three ways of the epidemic that started with prescription drugs and then continue with heroin and now it is bent at all. instead of three waves i think of three layers. we still have option drugs misuse in the country and we still have heroin and now
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layered on top of that is fentanyl. the trump and ministration the hhs budget this year includes several billion dollars including 1.5 billion will go to states that they can use to spend on treatment and prevention and recovery support. in the last year of the obama administration the congress put in about 1.1 billion. they're continuing to build on the work we did. >> host: can states use that money for what you talked about syringe exchange programs? >> guest: yes, they can use it for the programs and there is a federal ban on using the syringes but they can use it on every house. >> host: why is there a federal ban on? >> guest: congress decided that they choose not to spend federal funds on syringes but they can use it on everything else. it's a congressional decision. >> host: how did the ministration fill about syringes exchanges is that something that was taking place?
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>> guest: yes, the obama and ministration was a strong supporter of syringe exchange programs. there are still concerns about using federal funds to purchase the syringe itself which is used in for an injection drug use and some concern about that but we will see in the future that will go a. >> host: former chief of staff at the white house is with us, currently with georgetown university and what is the only center? >> guest: it is on global health institute and the project i have just started is on addiction public policy and i hope to be looking in the next two years at looking at and removing barriers that stand in the way of addressing addiction is a public health issue. incarcerated individuals, women and children who need family treatment and just a plethora of those issues.
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>> host: taking your questions with your calls, special lines if you been impacted by the opioid crisis. ryan is up from massachusetts. go ahead. >> caller: i am wondering what your position is on legalization of drugs given that 80th or 90% of drug use is recreational use and it seems like the problem is a black market and there's pilot violence caused either drug war. >> host: are you talking about the legal asian of all drugs or certain ones? >> caller: essentially, yes. >> guest: couple ways to look at this. legalization and commercialization. only seen in some states like washington, state, california is commercialization where you basically have shops that are set up to sell marijuana and there is decriminalization.
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it's charged with possession you are not incarcerated. the objective of the work i will do at the o'neil institute is to make sure that individuals, if they are incarcerated, that they are given evidence-based treatment. the right type of treatment to deal with their opioid use disorder or any type of substance. individuals charged for nearly possession under -- if we decriminalize drugs and if you were charged with possession you would end up being incarcerated. it would be at best, a ticket. certainly, the issue of legalization in this country -- we have seen that again in many states and trends of marijuana and we have not gotten there yet in terms of the other drugs. >> host: should we get there? >> guest: well, i think we should look to countries like portugal and that i personally am not in favor of legalization of a number of drugs because i thank you have to look at dewey
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need another drug on the market that is commercialized like marijuana or more cigarettes or alcohol where we basically it is we promote the use of cigarettes and we have seen the result of that. >> host: redwood city, california. david, good morning. >> caller: good morning. i like to offer a definition of the opioid crisis in that while some people have a abused opiate medication since the restricted use -- i am an individual whose said nor three but orthopedic surgeries over the years and i am now 60 years old and left with a lot of residual thing and a lot of doctors refuse to prescribe opioid litigation now leaving me in the lurch. i'm one of the victims of this
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because of a few high noteworthy cases like michael jackson or prince and i think the people that need medical attention are being left in the dark and i will take my answer off the phone. >> guest: a big part of the opioid issue is how we treat pain. there are millions of people in this country with untreated pain. but we should not be doing is making people with legitimate pain issues not have access to the treatment they need. that treatment can include opioids but it could also include physical therapy and there's a lot that needs to be done in terms of research on how to treat pain but also having insurance companies cover pain treatment, alternative pain treatment. >> host: how you strike the balance? >> guest: that is something that this meditation looked a lot at
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that in terms of how to we make sure that physicians and nurse practitioners and others who are involved in healthcare are educated about addiction and can identify someone who might have a substance abuse disorder and help that person get the order they need and the stickers that person who may have or who may have need for opioids. there is a lot of discussion about how long someone needs to be on opioids and i'm a lawyer, not a doctor and leave that to the medical immunity to decide. striking the balance as the topic of great discussion. >> host: other metrics we can point you to say we are doing this better? >> guest: i can say in this country we do not treat addiction as a public health issue today. i know that for a fact. we don't have enough physicians who are educated about addiction or who can treat individuals with addiction. we are not there yet. >> host: michael, good morning. >> caller: good morning. how is it going?
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on the medical marijuana activist advocate and i live in paradise, california that got burned out and [inaudible] anyways, we lost everything but there was we were hit pretty hard. i'm 56 years old and i have used opiates and use drugs on or off most of my life, since i was 12 years old. anyway, i have had two spinal surgeries the last 15 years and i have had or been sick and had opiates help me with that because i had really bad gut pain from hepatitis c and still have not been and now i have pain and nerve damage and my doctors never, ever -- the number the doctors for the past ten years would not prescribe me any medications. i would go in crying and i
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needed something and i know i needed opiates but they would not give them to me. i was forced to the streets. meaning, i was forced to buy the opioids from people that did not need them and they were about $i finally came to a point where it just too hard to get them and i searched to methamphetamines again and went back to methamphetamines. after 20 years of not using illicit drugs i am now using methamphetamines and i found myself stuck on it a year ago. i did not get off the stuff you can't get off this [bleep]. i around a bunch of people addicted to drugs and i'm addicted to drugs but i use it to manage pain. i'm stuck and i don't know what the hell to do.
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>> host: michael, thank you for sharing your story. >> guest: michael, i'm sorry about what happened to you in florence in your current challenges you are facing. i think that what you are saying the phenomenon around the country is that there is an increase for matthews and particularly in injection matthews around the country and i would encourage you to do seek help through local aa meeting or perhaps perhaps you are in my thoughts and prayers. what advice do you have for the last two colors who are saying this was working for me and they come up against a doctor are concerned about ascribing these
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opioids? >> guest: i think that, again, i'm not a clinician but the prescribers often know and understand how to prescribe opioids and don't necessarily understand the other types of pain treatment such as physical therapy and such as acupuncture and those things are not necessarily covered. the advice i would give is to talk to your doctor about in your insurance company about what alternatives are available to deal with your intractable pain. >> host: bob is next from williamsburg kentucky about those events impacted by the opioid crisis but go ahead, bob three. >> caller: i was wondering about your thoughts on [inaudible] >> guest: that's one of the three forms of fda approved medication to treat opioid use disorder. the evidence shows that it also goes by the name of [inaudible].
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all three have their role to play in all three are research and evidence-based and are effective at overdose sets and helping to sustain recovery in individuals with opioids. >> host: how do these three different treatments how do they work -- what do they target? >> guest: is a decision that is made between the physician and or nurse practitioner and they are provided in different forms with methadone you get a clinic and be but offering -- a news practitioner as can -- and they are very important ineffective and play an effective role in helping people recover from
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opioid use disorders. there is lots of evidence to show that. >> host: marilyn, adrian, connects, good morning. adrian, are you with us? go going to anna out in california effected by the opioid crisis. anna, go ahead. >> caller: yes, hello, good morning. my son was one of these -- hit by a car and bicycle and became addicted to opioid bills and as they became expensive and less available switch to heroin and had a three-year time to get off of heroin using -- what we found and wanted to share and ask questions about was that marijuana treatment for getting off of opiates. we saw a specialist in april called -- >> we break away from this recorded program and take you


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