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tv   Lectures in History  CSPAN  January 4, 2015 1:46pm-2:01pm EST

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of how i can't be an anti-semite, my best friend is a jew. here you have rabbi franklin the jew next door. then you have the mythical jew. i would like those books back, please. the international jew that -- that he is writing about here. that is a moment to me that ford really did have this tension between the mythical jew and the jew next door.
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i think i am going to put off until next time -- what i want to do next time, first i want to read with you. i will send it around. one of the chapters so we get a sense of how it works. how does anti-semitic writing work? why was it so much more successful than the protocols? you will instantly see, because he seems to be explaining contemporary events. then we will talk about aaron sapiro, who is the person who sues ford. there is a new book on that subject. a rather interesting court case. any questions, comments? >> join us each saturday evening at 8:00 and midnight for classroom lectures from across the country on different topics and eras of american history.
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follow us on twitter for information on our schedule and program. keep up the latest history news. >> up next, a brief look at how speakers lobby as the 114th congress prepares to convene on tuesday, january 6. >> we are just off the house floor. what can you tell us about the history of this area of the capitol building? >> it is one of these great places that most people don't get a chance to see. it is not on any tour. you have to be staff or a member to come into the speakers lobby. it is a lot of chairs, and it used to have a teletype machine. that is in the days before the internet. before twitter and everything else. a lot of the members pay great attention to the teletype
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machines in the speaker's lobby. it is where members can get hometown newspapers, and they can come here and read a newspaper for a little while. it is a place where a lot of the real business of the congress occurs. this is where members talk to one another on the floor. you will hear the speaker bang his gavel at the end of a vote when everyone is in our uproar and talking. he will say the members will take their -- they will retire faye want to talk, or take their conversations into the lobby.
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this is right off the house chambers. they would be in this lobby. they can carry on their conversations. it used to be this was a more smoky place than it is in modern times, people smoking cigars. there are cloakroom's off of the house chamber where members can retire. they can use the telephones in their. they can get a hot dog, a soft drink, coffee. they can smoke they care to. there are cloakroom's for each party. the speakers lobby is for both parties. it is for anyone coming in and off the floor. it has these great portraits of the speakers of the house going back to the first speaker. all of them up to fairly recent times. they don't have every one of them, but most of the modern era speakers are in the lobby or somewhere near. they can't hang them all. >> who has access to this space? do lobbyists come here? >> it is called the speakers lobby but the only lobbyists
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that work this space are people who have been invited to accompany members. most of the lobbying that goes on in the offices of the members, in the corridors of the house and senate office buildings, that is for most of the lobbying occurs. they may lobby the speaker's office. anybody comes to congress with their business, they are either lobbyists who have a mission, a certain cause, a corporate in the wants to have some influence, or they are advocates, people who come here for various issues, and they are not here to be politically change the laws, but simply to advocate him a nonprofit
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organizations, humanities groups. they come every year, every kind of group you can imagine comes to the hill. that are in scripts, everybody. it is a big procession of all kinds of americans. >> can you tell us more about the portrait collection? are there significant portraits in this lobby? >> these are very good portraits, going back to the first speaker. the one that is here is actually a speaker in 1789. this is a copy of obtaining that was done about the time he was speaker. this was made in the 1820's.
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but many are made after the speaker leaves office. some of them are a little bit more interpretive depending on what the artist that did it was like. most of them are realistic lifelike. several were done by howard chandler christy, a famous painter in the 1920's and 1930's. he is most famous for these big pictures of the signing of the constitution, which hangs in the house between the first floor and the second floor. this magnificent, huge painting. he did several portraits including rainy, and when other speaker. there are some famous portrait painters who have done some of these. others are less known as portrait painters, perhaps as artists.
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i like the one of denny hastert. i think it captures him. it is one of the more recent ones. he has the mace of the house in his picture. and the silver inkstand. i find i have a fondness for that inkstand. it had to be repaired. don anderson and i had to have coin silver. we took some old, worn down coin silver's when they had silver content close to the silver that was used. every time i see a portrait, or see that inkstand, i feel a nice connection to it. it is in his portrait. >> thank you very much. >> you are watching american history tv, all weekend, every weekend on c-span3. to join the conversation like us on facebook on c-span history.
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>> monday night on the communicators, three technology reporters reveal the big issues of 2013 and the key communication and technology issues facing the new year. >> the chairman is not expected to unveil this proposal until february or march at the earliest. that gives an opening for republicans to give -- to introduce a bill of neutrality on their own. is that going to force him to move more quickly or going to put him in a position where you will have to do some negotiation with congressional republicans see echo that is something we will be watching early in the year. >> i'm expecting some final rules on neutrality. president obama came out in support of reclassifying
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broadband service under title ii of the communications act, which would make it treated like a utility course. a lot of pressure on chairman wheeler to go that route. once the rules are on the books this fight is not necessarily over. there won't be lawsuits from the groups like verizon or comcast, especially if chairman wheeler does what the president wants. >> we are talking about the neutrality of the communications update. now that republicans control the senate we are going to see it there too. republicans have wanted to get tend paper in january. they are going to push back on neutrality rules they think are an overreach.
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>> on c-span two. the 114th congress gavels in tuesday on noon eastern. watch live coverage on the house at c-span and the senate at c-span2 and track the gop congress. have your say as events unfold on the c-span that works and c-span.org. best access on c-span. >> nietzsche week american history tv's real america brings you archival films that tell the story of the 20th century. >> one million machete wielding presence respond to the call of fidel castro. it is the greatest rally ever faced in the western hemisphere. a demonstration of castro over
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the cuban masses. another aspect of his character, the unpredictable castro donned a baseball uniform to pitiful ending. his new president caught the first ball and the game is on. they really have the picture. viva fidel. >> for many cubans the years before 1959 were hard. the cuban peasants rarely owned the land they worked so hard to till. life in city slums were also depressing. the proletarian mob was a most unaware that there was another way to live.
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his support is not based on the poor but on the middle class. ironically it is the knowledgeable who form the advance army of the revolution area when the pied piper seeks to broaden the support, the poor are there to listen. many believe, few doubt. the revolution is a success. in the enthusiasm of the revolution, few cubans in the middle class believe that fidel castro will ever turn communist. at first he promises free elections, he acknowledges many of the traditional rights of citizens and the established institutions of government. but the election never takes
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place and the government becomes an instrument of coercion. the takeover is a success. >> tonight on "q&a" -- the president and ceo of the national council of laurent is a, that nations largest hispanic civil rights and advocacy group on the state of hispanics immigration reform, and her compelling personal story. >> i've had a great experience of experiencing the american dream in this country. born in kansas, my parents came to this country in the early 50's. my parents came from

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