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tv   The Struggle for Equality in Texas  CSPAN  January 4, 2015 2:47pm-3:01pm EST

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texas was able to have its independence from mexico and we celebrate san jacinto day every year. it is a state holiday. there's a beautiful portrait on the green drapery which shows stephen f austin in one of the most iconic paintings in his tenure. painted by an unknown artist possibly in new orleans. other paintings would include likenesses of lamarr. lamarr was instrumental in making sure the capital stayed in austin. at that point in time it was named waterloo and he was hoping this would be the place where the capital of texas would remain. we have more recent paintings in the senate chamber including barbara jordan, lyndon baines johnson, former president of the
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united states. the only textile in the historical artifact collection is the flag from the battle of san jacinto. it normally hangs on the dais behind the speakers rostrum. we only have it on display when the legislature is in session. it is very fragile and we try to keep it protected under the red drapery. we usually have a replica hanging in its place because the legislature will gavel in it january of 2015. we have the original on display and it's one of those iconic texas history artifacts all of our school children who come to the capital to learn about texas history, to learn about capital history and how to be a good citizen. they have the opportunity to see artifacts of close and personal. the capital welcomes more than a million visitors every year and
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we are thankful to be able to show them not only the capital itself and its wonderful historical furnishings and interiors, but we have a number of monuments on the capitol grounds to various causes. on the south rounds, we have our most historic one immense -- terry's texas rangers, the confederate monument and the volunteer firefighter monument. in the 1990's, the capital underwent a massive restoration both exterior and interior. during the interior restoration, we were able to return 10 spaces to their original appearance. one of those places is the supreme court room. when the capital was completed in 1888, we were able to have all of state government within these walls. at this point, the supreme court offices in another adjacent building. this gives us a chance to talk
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about the supreme court and judicial branch of the government. our capital tour guides are able to tell the public about that branch of government. we are very hopeful you'll have a chance to visit the texas capital. we love to see not only texans walk through the capital but we see hundreds of thousands of people walk through the doors from not only all 50 states but several foreign countries as well. come visit us so we can tell you the story of texas, texas history, and hopefully we can share our wonderful texas capital with you. >> all weekend, american history tv is featuring austin texas the texas capital and the fourth largest city.
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the c-span tour staff recently visited sites showcasing austan's history. learn more about austan all weekend here on american history tv. >> the texas state archive commission is a state agency founded i the state with a simple but powerful mission to make sure texans have the information to live informed, productive, and fulfilled lives. we also provide an house the archives of the state of texas going back to the republic of texas days and even earlier than that. what you're going to see are some of the most iconic and important documents for our collection that document are texas freedom and the struggle of various groups in texas for freedom, equality and civil rights.
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>> today, we are in the lorenzo library building on the capitol grounds. this is an original portrait of stephen s -- stephen f austin, the father of anglo colonization in texas. we believe this was painted in life before his death in 1836. this is an important map researched and compiled by stephen f austin. if he and his father knew texas was going to be successful, they would have to have a good map of the area, so he worked with the tanner publishing company in philadelphia. the earliest one was in 1830 and they issued last one in 1836.
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this is an original imprint of the 1836 map. the mexican eagle and the cartouche here -- at this time, even though it stayed at 1836, at the time of publication, it was part of mexico. this is a publication of the proceedings of the state of texas in october of 1832. stephen f austin was the president of this convention. a number of prominent men met to draw up a list of grievances they had with the mexican government. for a variety of reasons we're not sure about. it was never presented to the mexican government.
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the delegation from san antonio and the delegation from goliad was not president -- not present for the convention and basically was the work of the white male colonists. that's rather significant. hispanics and tejano's were not represented. this is another of our most iconic documents. this is the handwritten declaration of independence. the convention met on march 1 of 1836. at washington texas, which is now known as washington on the brazos will stop 59 delegates eventually signed this. there were three hispanics who signed it.
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there was also as a francisco louise. as we talked about before, stephen f austin and his father possible for texas was to colonize it and make it a very prosperous place, but this was a dream for colonists who came from european nations. the same promise was not necessarily available. if you were of african descent he basically had no rights. this is a fascinating document. amalie west was a free woman of color from new york who had come to texas before the texas
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revolution with captain morgan. during the revolution, she was trying to return home from new york which would have got free passage. in the meantime, she was captured by santa anna. and detained for a while. a myth grew out of this story that somehow she was a woman who had distracted santa anna at the battle of san jacinto and there's not much evidence for that but it was a myth that grew out of those events and was perpetrated later on. it may have been the inspiration for the famous song, "the larose of texas." -- "yellow rose of texas." it's mysterious because we don't
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know the composers initials, jk. this is a treaty with the cherokee indians and some other tribes. it's signed february 23, which is right at the beginning of the siege of the alamo. this is work done by sam houston who had always had a very close relationship with the cherokees. the significance of this was texans wanted to try to be sure that cherokees and other bands of native americans would be either neutral or on the side of the texan columnist. they didn't -- texan colonists. this was something that had been worked on for some months but with the war in mexico pending there was much urgency to get
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this signed. unfortunately, this to be relations of the trees were not honored and they did not get their lands. he was killed in 1839 at the battle of matches in northeast texas and the rest of the cherokee had to cross the border into what it -- what now is oklahoma. after texas gained its independence after the battle of san jacinto, there was some belief texas would probably be
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annexed by the united states but that did not come to pass very quickly. once it became apparent texas would not be quickly annexed texas had to be about the business of establishing business with other nations. one was with the united states. this treaty from 1838 established boundaries between the united states and texas. a very important detail. this is when martin van buren was president. this document does not contain terms of the boundary treaty but i guess you would call it the document of transmission of the treaty and includes these beautiful seals from the united states.
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texas also entered into trees from other nations notably great britain. this one was from 1840 and addresses the suppression of the slave trade. it is actually signed by queen victoria. after the civil war and after reconstruction texas experienced a new era of immigration. again, mostly from the united states into texas, and this is a broadside railroad map from an organization called the texan this -- texas colony association. it was a new attempt to colonize the vast lands of texas. in an attempt to address many of the issues that should have been

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