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tv   The Civil War  CSPAN  May 17, 2015 11:02am-11:16am EDT

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d form of communication, one of the most popular forms. and yet we still have a situation where a pace of paper in your desk drawer, they would need weren't standard for it. >> we are not making a comment at this point but what we are saying is that this needs to be open and free, and it needs to be something that the government of any times they get involved with there is this open-ended pandora's box. in the judiciary committee, they cannot answer some of the basic questions about what their own rules do. at this point we are saying let this be an issue for congress and the elected officials. not put in place by bureaucrats who have no consequence from the elected populist. >> monday night at 8:00 p.m.
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eastern on the communicators, on c-span2. >> all weekend long, american history tv is joining our comcast cable partners to showcase the history of fort lauderdale, florida. two learn more about the cities on our 2015 tour, visit our website. we continue with a look at the history of fort lauderdale. ♪ >> unconquered 1842. i will reach the everglades by morning.
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i have not seen my wife and children in so long. always moving south. hungry, cold, weary. sickened by the long war. i will reach the everglades by morning trade perhaps i'll find sam jones, the authors there. i haven't seen my wife and children for so long. captured with osceola under a white flag of truce. ♪ elgin jumper, seminole painter.
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i have been painting for about 10 years, but i have been drawing for most of my life. writing as well, since i was very young. it was always my dream to be a writer and a painter. through my painting and my drawing, as incorporating seminole history into the water day and trying to -- modern day come and bring out new things that have not been no ndone yet. seminole history always inspires me. the chiefs, the battles, how they endorse, how they got through it. ♪ hungry cold of a weary pale. i will reach the everglades by morning.
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that was written in the voice of an anonymous seminole lawyer from that time. the second seminole war was the longest indian war in the history. you hear a lot about the chiefs, and they are major players. the drama, and i wanted to just speak from the common warrior his voice, and having gone through it and still try to have hope, wanting to reach the everglades by morning. the word seminole, there are different types of explanations for it, different stories for it. one of it is that we were named by the spaniards. it was a broken down word of the
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freed ones. there is a greek word that means the ones were wild. when you break it down, and all comes down to seminole because seminole is all of these different terms - -ribes. cherokee, colusa, they are all part of the bloodline that goes through our veins today. we aim to florida when europeans started coming this way. we started having wars with europeans and other tribes, which is why we came to florida. if we look at some of the wars we had, this is what pushes all the ways the everglades. when we came here, the soil was rate be could make all the different types of vegetation,
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core, livestock was very prevalent at that time. we used to deal with cattle with the spaniards but when we came down into the everglades, the northern parts, we were dealing with cattle, and at that time it was a very prosperous thing for the tribe. we learned not only to adapt but coming from louisiana, alabama, and georgia, if you look at florida it kind of makes those three states. the terrain, the climate and florida it was those three states and putting them together. that is how we ended up surviving because you have alligators of louisiana, different types of vegetation, and different types of swaps. going by that, we would have the medicines that we needed.
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coming down here, it was like going from a front yard of your house to the backyard of your house is just adapting for the links on how big florida is. one of the historic stories i like to tell a lot is about the third seminole war. a lot of people do not know about a seminole wars, that we had three of them with united states government. the first one was fought over slavery, the second when the spot over the indian removal act, and then usually when i go and speak to different schools or different organizations i bring the man and asked them what do you think the third when was over? they think that it was we still wanted to live here. we fought over bananas and vegetables. the war only lasted for a week but because it was an effort put
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forth by the united date's government, it was considered a third war. back then, when native americans and try to have that survival right to keep our camps going, or key part children fed working or people fed, it was something that was maybe little now, but back then it was if you take our food, you're going to take our lives. the impact of the seminal wars was very -- it is rooted in our custom even our housing. the reason we have these houses because it was, before we is to live in mounds, and it was more elaborate, but we had to use the hot because we have the palm tree around us, but we would make it in a fashion where it would take us only a day to put up. but let's say if the united states were coming around the
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corner, we could just get up and leave, or burn them and go a little further and build them again. the men would go off and protect the village. but if the men were not able to come back fast enough, and another united states rage or whatever you would be to call it was coming in the camp, one of the ladies would put down an extra long, and then they would escape into the ones or the swamp. wherever that piece of law was -- log was would point to the direction they left. this arrival trays had to be learned very fast in order to survive the during the -- the seminal wars. we have soldiers of the
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thousands, so we basically had to learn fast how to survive. a lot of seminoles were taken captive and taken to oklahoma. we dispersed into different villages or camps. they are spread out through florida. this is a good thing because it shows that we have our fingerprints a long time ago within florida. even though we had to scatter he would say, is still kept us close together because some villages would go, and they would walk to another village even if it took days. we were looking after each other, even though this village was in tampa, or this village was in miami, or this one was in orlando. we would still look after one to another, even though we were so spread apart. the population right now is roughly between 3500 to 4000 travel members.
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we have six different reservations. we're still spread out amongst florida, but on those reservations you have your own unique tribal members. the biggest reservation that we have is the big cypress reservation. i would say that the most heavily populated reservation is herein hollywood even though we live in hollywood, we still try to make our presence known in hollywood and fort lauderdale. we still have our ceremonies that we have to ring in the new year. but this is dances given traditions that were passed on from generation to generation for hundreds of years that we celebrate to this day. one of the things is that we have the clan system him and our language that we still passed on to our children. this is what our elders spot really hard for, so we try to honor and preserve the culture
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and that we of life. ♪ seminal role. florida, she is a seminal girl. playful with her parasol. an alligator, a new river. she moves with grace across the park. she is heartfelt poetry in motion, a sculpted dream not far from the sunlit ocean. she is florida she is a seminal girl, playful with her parasol. ♪ >> throughout the weekend,
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american history tv is featuring fort lauderdale, florida. our cities tour staff winter to learn its rich history -- went there to learn its rich history. >> up next, a panel of scholars discusses how the late 20th century temperance and suffrage movements complement each other. this event is about 1.5 hours. [applause] >> thank you, tom. it's wonderful to be here again this

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