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tv   Seminole Indians in Florida  CSPAN  May 17, 2015 2:00pm-2:12pm EDT

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an e-mail, you have it stored in the cloud. the standards. we are>> what we are saying is the internet needs to be open and free, and it needs to be something of the government -- anytime the government gets involved, there is an open ended and/or is box and what they will be releasing next. judiciously, we have had hearings, they cannot answer basic essence about their own rules, so we are simply saying at this point, let that be an issue for call it -- for congress which it is on the radar, but not be put in place by a bureaucrats who have no really consequence from the elected populace. >> monday night at 8:00 eastern on "the communicators" on c-span2.
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welcome to fort lauderdale florida on american history tv. known as the venice of america fort lauderdale was incorporated in 1911. it is about 20 miles from the florida everglades. over the next hour, we will look at the military history of fort lauderdale. >> most of the avenger crews which was a three-man crew, most of them trained here. president bush trained here, and there were several aviators who came through this space. >> later, we will visit one of the busiest areas in florida. >> supplies all of the petroleum for south florida.
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>> but first, learn about the history of the seminal indian tribe. ♪ >> unconquered, 1842. i will reach the everglades by morning. i have not seen my wife and children in so long. always moving south. hungry, cold, weary. sickened by the long war. i will reach the everglades by morning. perhaps i'll find sam jones, the authors there. i haven't seen my wife and children for so long.
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always move south, our ally hungry, cold weary, sickened by the long war, yet i reach the everglades by warning. perhaps i will find sam jones and the others there. i haven't seen my wife and children for so long. captured with osceola under a white flag of truce. ♪ elgin jumper, a seminole painter.
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i have been painting for about 10 years, but i have been drawing for most of my life. writing as well, since i was very young. it was always my dream to be a writer and a painter. through my painting and my drawing, as incorporating seminole history into the modern day, and bring out new things that have not been done yet. seminole history always inspires me. the chiefs, the battles, how they endured, how they got through it. ♪ hungry, cold, weary, pale. i will reach the everglades by morning. that one is called the "un concord, 1842 -- the "unconquered 1842," and that
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was written in the voice of an anonymous seminole lawyer from that time. the second seminole war was the longest indian war in the history. you hear a lot about the chiefs, the other major players. the drama, and i wanted to just speak from the common warrior, his voice, and having gone through it and still try to have hope, wanting to reach the everglades by morning. the word seminole, there are different types of explanations for it, different stories for it. one of it is that we were named by the spaniards. it was a broken down word of the freed ones. there is a greek word that means the ones were wild. when you break it down, and all comes down to seminole because seminole is all of these different tribes.
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cherokee, colusa, they are all part of the bloodline that goes through our veins today. we came to florida when europeans started coming this way. we started having wars with europeans and other tribes which is why we came to florida. if you look at some of the wars we had, this is what pushes all the ways the everglades. when we came here, the soil was rich, you could make all the different types of vegetation, corn, livestock was very prevalent at that time. we used to deal with cattle with the spaniards but when we came down into the everglades, the northern parts, we were dealing with cattle, and at that time it was a very prosperous thing for the tribe.
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we learned not only to adapt but coming from louisiana, alabama, and georgia, if you look at florida it kind of makes those three states. the terrain, the climate, and florida it was those three states and putting them together. that is how we ended up surviving because you have alligators of louisiana, different types of vegetation, and different types of swamps. going by that, we would have the medicines that we needed. coming down here, it was like going from a front yard of your house to the backyard of your house is just adapting for the links on how big florida is. one of the historic stories i
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like to tell a lot is about the third seminole war. a lot of people do not know about the seminole wars, that we had three of them with united states government. the first one was fought over slavery, the second when the -- one was fought over the indian removal act, and then usually when i go and speak to different schools or different organizations, i bring the man and asked them what do you think the third when was over? they think that it was we still wanted to live here. we fought over bananas and vegetables. the war only lasted for a week but because it was an effort put forth by the united state's government, it was considered a third war. back then, when native americans tried to live or have that
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survival right to keep our camps going, or keep our children said , or keep our people fed remise it was something that was maybe little now, but back then it was if you take our food, you're going to take our lives. the impact of the seminole wars was very -- it is rooted in our custom, even our housing. the reason we have these houses because it was, before we is to live in mounds, and it was more elaborate, but we had to use the huts because we have the palm tree around us, but we would make it in a fashion where it would take us only a day to put up. but let's say if the united states were coming around the corner to take us captive or to start a war we could just get up , and leave, or burn them and go a little further and build them again. usually the women would say at the camps and the men would go off and protect the village.
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but if the men were not able to come back fast enough, and another united states rage or whatever you would be to call it was coming in the camp, one of the ladies would put down an extra long, and then they would escape into the ones or the swamp. wherever that piece of log was would point to the direction they left. when him and him back, that was the first thing they look at. so all these different survival traits had to be learned very fast in order to survive the during the seminole wars. we have soldiers of the thousands, so we basically had to learn fast how to survive. a lot of seminoles were taken captive and taken to oklahoma. we dispersed into different villages or camps. they are spread out through florida.
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this is a good thing because it shows that we have our fingerprints a long time ago within florida. even though we had to scatter, i guess you would say, is still kept us close together because some villages would go, and they would walk to another village, even if it took days. they would go to another village. but it shows that we still were looking after each other, even though this village was in tampa, or this village was in miami, or this one was in orlando or kissimmee. we would still look after one to another, even though we were so spread apart. the seminole population right now is roughly between 3500 to 4000 travel members. we have six different reservations. we're still spread out amongst florida, but on those reservations you have your own unique tribal members. the biggest reservation that we


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