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tv   70th Anniversary of the Atomic Bombings  CSPAN  August 9, 2015 12:56pm-1:55pm EDT

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[captions copyright national cable satellite corp. 2015] [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org] >> we continue now with our look years since the bombing of hiroshima and not a sake. in the event with two survivors aboutrican university is one hour. code coordinator of the --
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he especially became active in hibashuki activities after he retired. he has continued fighting in testimonies, and very active in his local chapter. we're very fortunate to have him . a 60 year old hibakishu witness. we are very grateful for him to come all the way to washington, t.c. 2% his experiences -- present his experienceso. york foren in new
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a conference, and has given his testimony in new york as well. welcome the guest. [applause] we have -- [applause] who was three years old and -- she does not have her own memories, but is supporting her mother.
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in also became very active anti-nuclear power movements in fukushima. we are also very fortunate to the otherogether with guest. [applause] interpreter just a degree in teaching language, a second leg w and she will help us to understand the testimonies. thank you.
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>> [speaking japanese] i
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good evening, everybody. matsuyama.goro i was 16 years old when they gave him was dropped on a-bomb was- when the dropped on hiroshima. all the young students were mobilized to work of theerent parts military. i was working in the hiroshima mitsubishi shipyard. [speaking japanese]
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>> it has been 70 years since 80t day, and right now i am six years old. it is a pleasure to visit washington dc to share my experience with an american audience. i will do my best to remember that day and talk about that experience.
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>> [speaking japanese]
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>> on the morning of august 6 we went out for a morning assembly before starting our work in the factory. right after the morning assembly finished we heard a very loud sound with an immense purple flash across the sky from the window. everybody rushed into a wild panic. shelter weack to the saw an enormously swollen clouds
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appear across the clear blue sky. it was a very sunny day. at first we thought it was beautiful because it was very white and a large cloud we have never seen four. it started growing larger and larger and finally became a mushroom shape, known as the mushroom cloud. the color started to turn reddish brown. >> [speaking japanese]
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>> after the bombing the students were ordered to go home. my house was far away so i walked back to my dorm. as i walked for three or four miles i was shocked, because i many sufferers. they were hurt and they were burnt and they were walking. i thought the ghosts were actually marching.
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>> [speaking japanese]
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>> when i returned to the dorm i was one of the last students to return to the dorm. as we were waiting many students started to come back to the dorm. there was one student who appeared to look like seventh grade. we didn't recognize him, so we
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told him to go home. we look closer and we recognize --was actually one of the looked so students different because of his burns.
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>> some of the students were working as close as 1.2 miles to the center of the bomb. we took care of the students who .ame back to our dorm
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we realize all the students who came back had burns on one side of their face. it looked very very painful. japanese]ng
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>> i started to head home with a as a friend and -- step to head home to my hometown with
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a friend. i was wearing a traditional japanese sandal that was raised. talk -- to for me to walk on the rubble. i was shocked seeing all the people as i walked along the streets. there are also dead horses, dogs, cows, and cats. all that had been living ones but now lay down. i was especially moved when i saw that horse. it made me think even the horse had a home. everyone loves their homes. >> [speaking japanese]
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>> as i walked i saw many people who did their bodies in water tubs on the side of the road. i think they did that to vent fire or cooled bodies down. it was a very scary scene. i stepped over what i thought was a charred wooden pole, and my sandal slipped. i realize i had trampled on the foot of a dead body. >> [speaking japanese]
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>> wall crossing a bridge we met a military policeman who ordered bedo go down to the river
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and pick up a soldier who was injured from the bomb and carry them up. even at the time we were running away the soldiers were ordering us to find a soldier and bring him up. as we went to rescue the soldier to our great surprise we met one of our school teachers. once we rescued the soldier we carried on with our journey together. >> [speaking japanese]
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>> he gave us biscuits and we tsukuyama station.
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>> before we headed for home we stayed the night at the station. following day was august 8, two days from the bombing. we finally reached home. i had walked more than 60 miles. y mother was shocked to see her son come back alive. >> [speaking japanese]
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>> when i went back to my hometown there was a rescue that consisted of veterans
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of war. they were sent to the attacks parts of hiroshima to rescue people who were suffering. among these were a man who was a restaurant owner very close to my house. when he returned he told us gave them water. many of the rescuers, many of the rescue party people started to get sick. the restaurant owner also died. >> [speaking japanese]
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>> later in october my knees start to swell up. asked my dad pulled my card to the hospital i was thinking about that day when we were walking from hiroshima back to my home. teacher whofemale spoke to me. she was about to die and asked me to carry her to the hospital.
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>> when i was 23 i had heard were notmb sufferers able to bear children. acould not tell them i was hibakusha. my wife gave birth and i was very happy. timidly.ed her -- she was not concerned about it. she said, i knew that. i felt grateful, but my heart aches at the same time.
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i prayed my child would grow up safely. >> [speaking japanese]
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>> fortunately i had a second or third daughter. i also had a grandchild. i was taking them back because i heard there were many d formations among the babies who were born with abnormally small heads. when she came out she was fine. she was a beautiful clever girl. i was concerned about my children and grandchildren's house. -- and grandchildren's health. >> [speaking japanese]
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>> radiation is said to destroy our dna. many bomb survivors have been developing cancer. my daughter developed cancer at age 43. my second daughter now has breast cancer and she is trying to fight this cancer.
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>> at the hiroshima peace is aial park, there memorial. in peace for the error shall not be repeated. i ask myself what was this error. i think the error was the war and the nuclear bomb.
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all the surviving a-bomb victims have the same motive that humanity cannot exist with nuclear weapons. hope people around the world will help each other out so we can create a world that is peaceful and without violence. i would like to repeat no more hibakusha. thaknk you. [applause]
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>> [speaking japanese] thank you for joining us tonight. i am very grateful you are all here tonight. >> [speaking japanese] was three years
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old and i was living in a wooden home about 1.6 miles from the where the bomb exploded. my mother was 10 months pregnant. my brothers were playing outside in the yard and came back in the 29se, saying they heard a d -- they heard a b-29. we sybrina light in the sky. immediately after that we saw a black pillar -- saw a bright light in the sky. immediately after that we saw a black pillar of cloud.
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>> [speaking japanese] >> our mother rescued us from the half destroyed house. brother had hit his head and had blood coming out of his for head. my eight-year-old brother, six-year-old brother, my mother, and myself were all ok. we thought the house got bombed, so we prepared to escape. we were surprised that everything had changed.
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as we were escaping and walking, we got separated from my two brothers. -- asked asked my else my eldest brother to go after them. believed the two brothers had gone to find a neighbor, who -- mother told
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my mother started to go find the two brothers. all the people who were trying likecape the fire looked they were almost dead people walking. she felt the beginnings of her labor. she told herself she can give birth now.
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my mother asked my eldest brother to go find the brothers again. little later she found three boys walking toward her. they accidentally met at a water well. they were able to reunite again. >> [speaking japanese] >> my brother -- my mother was right.
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my two brothers went to see the neighbor. by all theushed people trying to escape the bomb. had gone across the river to the other side of the bank. once there were less people they came back and they were lining up at the wells, able to meet the eldest brother.
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>> [speaking japanese] >> that night we slept on the riverbed. it wasber how bright burning on the other side of the river. the third day from the bombing we finally got back home. our home wasn't completely burnt down. it was half destroyed. the second floor had fallen, so we used that as a roof. on august 19 it was nearly two weeks after the bombing. my mother gave birth to a baby boy. she cut the umbilical cord by herself. she gave birth by herself.
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>> we moved to kyoto hands to where she is living now. we often have fevers. we often take days off school.
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the probability of deformed ibakusha is high, so i was told i shouldn't marry in shouldn't have children. -- shouldn't marry and shouldn't have children. >> [speaking japanese] >> fortunately i met a man who
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proposed to me. i hesitantly told him i was a hibakusha. andmother was very angry worried at the same time and told us she was worried we would have a deforemed baby, or that she wasormed baby. against us. man toldprise, the me, in a strong voice, that we should carry the burden together. >> [speaking japanese]
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>> we got married against our parents wishes. i suffered from anemia and frequent nosebleeds. i had to stay in bed for many hours and many days. we didn't have children for many years. what my mother-in-law told me helped. when my husband's sister showed ,y mother-in-law their children she told me how cute they were and she would pressure me to have babies. was hurtful for me and i cried many times alone. >> [speaking japanese]
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>> finally i became pregnant but had a miscarriage three months later. that saddened us but soon i became president again. hospitalized and stayed at the hospital until a few became stable. a doctor told us our son might .ave a heart problem
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and in my worries. the fact that radiation only appears in the first child -- that made me think about the first child i lost and my miscarriage.
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thanks our first child, who was stillborn, and took on all the problems. whenever my children got ill or sick i blame myself, because they are second-generation. i thought it was my fault they were getting sick. all of our three sons grew up without having major problems so far. son was able to meet
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a charming woman and they got married after telling her she as a second-generation. i was relieved. they have a beautiful baby girl and baby boy. some of them are growing up healthy. >> [speaking japanese] >> still i live with the fear my sons and grandchildren are living with the damaged dna that i passed on to them. >> [speaking japanese]
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a debtor another sake medical that therescovered doing an experiment on body parts who suffered from the a-bomb. they found the plutonium is still giving out radiation. it was 60 years after the bombing. this was widely reported in japan and the media. >> [speaking japanese]
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even those doctors and researchers know about atomic bombing and atomic bombing illness. know 4% ofey only that nuclearmage radiation does to human beings. >> [speaking japanese]
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in march 11 that was the great earthquake in eastern japan. the tsunami struck the coast and fukushima power plant was destroyed. there was a hydrogen explosion. fell intoof radiation the air. at that time i realized how ignorant i was. i am in a-bomb survivor. >> [speaking japanese]
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>> after the fukushima accident i heard a female high school student was saying -- was asking, can i get married, can i have children? i thoughtked because she was feeling exactly the same way i felt after the bombing. embarrassed about my ignorance,
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-- as much as i did for the atomic bombing. >> [speaking japanese] >> speaking about the nuclear reactors, there hasn't been a final solution to get rid of nuclear reactors. it will take as long as 100,000 to restore the area to be
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a safe livable place. when i think about that i think about we have been speaking we had spokenish about nuclear reactors and expressed strongly that we are against it. >> [speaking japanese]
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>> even when my life and the damage and fear of radiation will live on, because i passed my jeans on to my sons and my grandsons and granddaughters. because there are still nuclear reactors in japan and around the world there is possibility new hibakusha will be born in this world. to prevent anymore disasters from happening in the future, i would like to do my best to pass on my story too many people around the world so that we can truly work for a nuclear free and nuclear power free world. thank you so much for whistling -- for listening. [applause] thank you very much.
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>> we're looking back 70 years to the august 1940 five atomic bombings of hiroshima and nagasaki, japan. the decision to surrender to allied forces. this -- this hour-long program at the institute for study and politics. >> our next speaker

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