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tv   The Presidency  CSPAN  September 19, 2015 3:49pm-4:01pm EDT

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his schemes but i think aaron burr was one of them. >> ultimately, his judgment, you quoted at the beginning, wilkinson is the greatest of villains is really the truth. jo ann: yes. i am not trying to excuse burr because i -- yeah. sacrifice texas, maybe, for the louisiana, and start his own little empire. i think that idea came from wilkinson, and wilkinson turned on burr when he realized this idea was not going to work. burr did not see it was not going to work. questions, lives in general and? thank you very much -- ladies and gentlemen? thank you very much. [applause]
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[indiscernible] >> with live coverage of u.s. house on c-span in the senate on c-span 2, here on c-span3 we complement that covered by showing you the most relevant congressional hearings and public affairs events. on weekends, c-span 3 is the home to american history tv with programs that show our nation's story. the civil war's 150th anniversary, visiting battlefields and key events. discovering what artifacts reveal about america's past. history bookshelf, the best-known american history writers. the presidency, looking at the legacy of commanders in chief. lessons in history, with college
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professors delving into the america, reel featuring archival government film through the 1930's-19 70's. us onus on hd, follow twitter. >> all weekend, american history tv is featuring cincinnati, ohio. the cincinnati observatory center, known as the birthplace of american astronomy, is home to one of the oldest working telescopes and was one of the first working telescopes in the western hemisphere. learn more about cincinnati all weekend here on american history tv.
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nicolas: union terminal was built to replace five different railroad stations in cincinnati. a lot of the train stations in cincinnati where line stops. ohio come in baltimore to and you would be connecting with the southern railroad. you would have to run from one station to another. it would make it ethical for people not familiar with cincinnati to get from one train station -- difficult for people not familiar with cincinnati to get from one train station to another. notseven railways could agree on a new station or location. businessmen around cincinnati wanted a new train station, so ultimately it was a group of business leaders in cincinnati that brought the railroad together and raised $3 million to make project happen.
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union terminal is located in the queen gate neighborhood. in the 1920'sted as the terminal base and the fact there was already a large railyard and railroad tracks in this area. it was easier to do it here as host to downtown -- opposed to downtown were getting the necessary infrastructure would have been difficult. the building opened in march of 1933. it only took them a few years to build this very large facility. union terminal was proposed as a neoclassical structure. the architect had a lot of experience in that style. heimer had been wielheimer -- alfred had helped build grand central station in new york. the city wanted a modern
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architectural style. because cincinnati had been a lease to avoid previously, the idea was to have a modern, up-to-date railroad station that would give them sort of an advertising piece, showing cincinnati was current. they moved it into the art deco style. a fellow,ne, who was helped re-update the building art deco. union terminal is located at the end of a quarter long mile drive, located at what used to be lincoln park in the west end. are two wings on either side of a half dome. the wings are were vehicles originally entered the building. they would pass under the main rotunda and go out the other side to pick up passengers.
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passengers would enter into the main rotunda where they would be greeted by an 80 foot wide, 106 foot tall arch that contained food services and other amenities for them before they headed back towards the train. terminal's dome was the largest in the world. it is a half dome. if it was a full dome, it would be a good 40 feet wider than the capital building in washington dc. when you walk into the return that you are greeted by two large mosaic tile murals on the left featuring history of the united states, and on the right featuring the history of cincinnati. the cincinnati mural features interesting characters, including the gentleman in the military uniform from the early settlement. general arthur sinclair was one of the first people settling in
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responsible for changing the name to cincinnati in honor of these society of cincinnati, and early military organization. in silver highlights are different forms of transportation. you seecincinnati mural different forms of river transportation, from the early steamboat to the modern steamboat. by the u.s. mural you see different parts of intercontinental transportation. then you see airplanes and airships. the heyday of the union terminal was during the 1940's. through the 1930's it had not seen much use. the depression hit rail travel very hard, as had the emergence of the automobile. during world war ii this was a major transportation of troops traveling to the coast. it was seeing up to 34,000
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people per day. coming through union terminal was a memorable experience. it stuck with them for the rest of their lives. primarilythat they remember is the rotunda space with the large mural. an impression. coming from training camp or a rural area, this was quite an experience on the way to europe. people very vividly remember their time here. usore was a uso girl union -- in union terminal. it opened in 1941 and it served men and women who were traveling between the coast to give them a place to relax, write letters. if they had family or relatives visiting in cincinnati, there was a place for infants as well as a bunk room for them to grab a little sleep before they had to catch a train. union terminal had its fair
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share of famous people who had come through. there have been several presidents who came through the terminal. my favorite story is when harry truman came through. he went to buy a paper and the woman selling it did not recognize him. he actually signed the dollar and he bought the paper with hoping he would jog your memory. traffic began a steady decline after will or two. several factors -- after world war ii. several factors led to this. automobile, introduction of the highway system, faster air travel across the country made train travel largely unnecessary. there was already talk about leaving union terminal and adapting it to new uses cousin because the decline of rail usage. union terminal shut down in 1972. amtrak took over in 1971 and the station was far larger than anything they needed. they only had two trains per day and they moved to a smaller
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building along the riverfront of cincinnati and the terminal remained empty for many years. today, union terminal is home to the museum center, which is also for hub -- an important hub activities for the wider community. we host very different events here connected to the different museums. living history events, science events, and so on. a lot of schools come here. it is a very important piece of the city's history. people talk about the iconic skyline of cincinnati. union terminal is included in one of the buildings that people recognize. it is very much the visible face of this city. >> throughout the weekend,
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american history tv is featuring cincinnati, ohio. recentlytour's staff traveled there to learn about its rich history. learn more about cincinnati and other stops on the tour at /citiestour.rg you're watching american history tv all pope john paul ii served from 1978 to 2005. wei hadg unlimitedel the -- the cathedral


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