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tv   Depictions of Historical Women  CSPAN  October 3, 2015 5:05pm-5:50pm EDT

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diverse agricultural base, and i see that continuing and most likely flourishing with the advent of our agricultural tourism that has evolved here in our local county economy. >> american history tv is featuring santa rosa, california, our cities tour staff traveled there to learn about its rich history. learn about santa rosa and other stops at c-span.org/cities tour. watching american history tv, all we can, every weekend on c-span3. ,> on american history tv president lynette long talks about the scarcity of women in historical figures on stamps, money, and memorials.
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she spoke at an event celebrating women's equality today. was hose it by the county of dade, miami, florida. this is about 45 minutes. >> i am excited to introduce dr. lynette long, equal visibility .verywhere, annan' she has spent her entire career fighting for in doing research on women's issues, sexism, and television programming. the impact of toy selection, and doodles,as, google memorials, some of the things we overlook and take for granted. she has done extensive work. on as currently working merely a air art -- on amelia ehrhardt. statueld like to see a
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representing the state of florida in the collection. dr. long is also interested in the sexism that impacts the self-esteem of women and girls, and the election of women candidates at every level. dr. long has a bachelor of science, biology, history. a doctorate in education and counseling psychology, university of illinois. she has done a lot of other things, published books, has psychological titles. best known for a handbook, latchkey children and working parents. a warm welcome for dr. lynette long. [applause]
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it is honornk you to be here and address you. my notes. a cheat sheet. i we ready? history 101,men's american history 101 we will learn today about american history. day. s women's equality and slide, the capital monument represents national holidays.
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we do not have any national holidays named after women. we have never had a national holiday in honor of a woman. there are 10 national u.s. holidays, women have been omitted. here is the u.s. passport. this is the biometric passport issued in 2005, december 31. it is a wonderful passport. we have decorated it with quotes . we are so proud of our country. nine quotes by men. woman, and julia cooper. this is not an ancient document. this is a new document. we are only did. next, we see stamps. i love stamps. i can talk for an hour about stamps. we make stamps to honor dogs, cartoons,s, flowers,
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and people. 2000-2009, the u.s. government honored 206 people with a stamp. 163 men, 43 women, 4-1 ratio, 21% of the stamps. 2010,look more recently, here are the stamp issues from 2010-2015. if you look at 2013, we had equality. and we go back to 2014 2015, three men, three women. stamps are history. we put people on the who belong in history. millions of billions, of stamps
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are sold every year. we are saying that these are the people who we think are important in our country. take a look. we are absent. when i complain to the postal service, and i do, they say, men collect stamps and when men by stamps, we make money. that is why we put more stamps of men. i said, i don't care. we need to have more stamps of women. this is a typical stamp series. the u.s. postal service in an effort to some more stamps does baseball heroes, football heroes, cowboys, all different kinds of patterns. if we look at the next slide, you will see a cartoon series from 2010. women?re no
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this fivel men in stamp series. this is 2010, no women, ok? go to 2012, pixar, great stamps, beautiful. i love them. all male characters. are up what we against. women are invisible and our stamps. this is 2015. we have three men and three women. these are the three women honored. beautiful stamps, and i encourage you that when you go to the post office to ask for stamps of women and to buy stamps of women. how i got interested in stamps was i went to the post office and but stamps, and i said, don't you have any stamps of women? no. i have communicated on a regular best with the committee to fix the stamps. you can recommend people to them. money, i love money. [laughter]
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lynette: everybody loves money. children handle money from birth. handle money. my grandson once coins in his pocket. pennies, nickels, and dimes all have mail presidents. what is the subliminal message there? men are presidents. then we say, why can't we elect a woman president. we are training children from birth that men are presidents. if you ask young girls that they can be president, many will say saybecause in psychology we the visual overrides the verbal. we tell you over and over that you can be president, you can be anything you want to be, but visually we teach them that no, you can't. now we go to the quarter. i love the quarter. in 1999, the government decided to issue the state quarters.
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does everybody remember that? every state got a quarter. they could put whatever they wanted on the back of those quarters. 56 quarters. well, let's look at the back of those quarters. ok. what do you think happened with the quarters? 10 quarters had a male figure. here is california and washington dc. andt with d.c. city council said what to put a woman on the quarter. aren'tid that a woman there short list or long list. do have any famous women who live here?
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we didn't have any women,. 10 states put people. the rest of them did not put people. two put itffalo -- buffalo, historical things, mount rushmore. montana has a buffalo. one state put a woman. i have to take my hat off to them. it is alabama. helen keller. and they have her name in braille. out of 56 quarters minted, this is the fifth least produce. the prisoners -- produce by state population.
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from the greatan state of alabama. thank you, alabama. ok. i thought you would want to see florida. and some palmtle trees. there was not a woman they could think of. let's go to the next slide. here is the half in circulation, another man. go the two dollar coins. ,his is susan b anthony 1979-1981. it did not go over well. it was, what you call it, looked too much like the quarter. this isn't the anthony coin
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looked too much like the quarter, so it did not go over well. ,hen they made sacagawea 2000-present, and they made it gold. the idea was that it would stand out. it is really not in circulation either. you can get it at the bank, but it is not usual that you get it. ,hen you look at coins, pennies nickels, dimes, and quarters, those of the four coins you will find in your wallet, all men. interestingly in history, the united states did have a woman n a coin early in our history, queen isabella. paper currency, a big battle over paper currency, and just a backup, i wrote my first article , i have been
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pushing these. quote, i'veers i done my arsenal research. them one by one. i am a counter. here is the money. there is a big push to get women on money, and we hear from the treasury department that they will put a woman on the $10 bill. what is interesting is that when i talk to women about the money, the first thing they tell me is that they are all presidents. two are not presidents. the $10 bill and the $100 bill. the u.s. government is saying that they will put a woman on the $10 bill to share the bill. i know there is a movement, women on the 20. they want the 20. why do they want to 20?
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that tells you how many of each bill is in circulation. , 11 billion.r bill there are 10 billion $100 bills. 8 billionover $ $20 bills. hardly any five dollar bills. hardly any two dollar bills. you can see that the three main bills, the one dollar bill, the $20 bill, and $100 bill. there are two polls taken to determine who should be on our $10 bill, and these polls do not determine who is on the money. that will be determined by the treasury department. i'm sure they have a committee of which we are not members. [laughter] eleanor a poll take
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roosevelt. women on the 20's did an online poll with a kick. tubman. where they picked harriet totman. tubman.o she was from the great state of maryland. she did 13 trips on the underground railroad. google, i love google. google teaches history. you never thought that it teaches history. your money teaches history, coins teach history, stamps teach history, and google teaches history. google is my favorite.
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why? day,illion searches per 40,000 searches per second, per second. when you talk about disability and you talk about how we can communicate women's history, google, love google. in 1998, andrmed atwas formed in a dorm room stanford by two graduate students. when they went to the burning tree festival -- burning man made their first google doodle. that is it. this was a couple of weeks before they incorporated. in the year, and i painstakingly counted google doodles from
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1990-2000, when i first decided did,unt the doodles, they i want to get this exactly right , 285 google doodles worldwide 43 that honored people. , theyhey publish doodles can say were just going to publish this when in korea. or which is going to publish this one in russia. or we're just going to publish in england or south america. published 285 worldwide over that 12 year time span. everybody got that? people.ose honored 43 of those honored people. , theyar's day, google might put out holidays, christmas, just holidays, ok? let's see.
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1998-2010, 42 men, one woman on a google doodle. millions,lking billions, of hits and a 24 hour time span. woman? the it was an american woman. there you see it. the word google. you can see it in that painting. it is beautiful. i did write them. i did write blogs on this. when you write a blog, it is interesting, every other feminist blogger picks it up. before you know it, you have gone viral, and google has now made a big effort. had 26 doodles of
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, 26le globally, three women men. .n 2012, five women we are making progress. they have come out with articles that say that they appreciated that they were insensitive to diversity and are making a big effort. half of the artists were women, and half men, and i would like them, hello, let's get something going here. here is a millionaire heart, one of my -- here is a mealy error heart -- one of my favorite. she was a spy for the u.s. government, julia child's. s.
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here is sally ride. as you can see, they have gotten very sophisticated. you have to look at a map. they now show a publication map until the history of the woman. if you click on it, there is a biography, so google is the history book. it behooves us to get them to put more women up there. there is no other history book that has 3.5 billion in one day. it is a history book. next, we will talk about my favorite street names. when i call a city and say, how many street names are there after women? you can count that. this is what we call a ceremonial street name. on means he probably lived vstreet or performed on street.
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nobody knows how many ceremonial street names they are -- there are. this is an actual street name versus the other, which was ceremonial. back up and we will see the ceremonial street name. i think we should be looking up miami,oman who lived in coconut grove, miami beach, and getting that ceremonial street name right outside of their house. [applause] lynette: let's go. research the addresses of all these women, and i hope after this, some people come up and say that they will take that on. we did do that for washington dc it is on the website. these are say, well, ,ongresswomen, jackie kennedy
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people who lived in washington dc, but they're not saying they are not native washington dc people. i am like, ok. now we look at central park. i love central park. everybody does. there are 22 statues in central park that are non-allegorical. 22 men, no women. move to put a statue of a woman in central park, and there is a group working on it. -- thes also a group fire where the women jumped out the windows because they were locked in, that group is trying to get new york to put a statue there. this is a washington dc statue because central park has 22 statues, no women. new york city has over 100 statues of men, five women, the
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first of which is joan of arc. chicago in their parks have 48 statues, no women. 48 statues of people. i am saying is that when you take your daughters or walk through you are getting a very powerful history lesson. there were lesson is clear, women have done nothing, nothing. dc, and thisngton is traffic circle. we have lots of traffic circles. we have over 100 statues. i'm going to take you a little secret about a statue in washington dc. do you see the statue has one foot on the horse? the horse has one foot up. it means the rider was wounded in battle. up,he horse has two feet
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the writer was killed in battle. if the horse has all four feet on the ground, it means the writer was not injured in battle. and you see those horses, you now know that they tell a story. so, washington, dc has over 100 statues and probably six or women. here is one of them. this is at a memorial, eleanor roosevelt. there she is with united nations symbol. here we are in miami. [applause] goodness for the commission for women who fought hard to get the statue. one of the only women in the country who founded a city. there she is. it is a beautiful statue down one -- done by one of the finest
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sculptors in the country. they know how hard it is. [applause] lynette: congratulations. famous, famous, it is so far, but it is our capital. it is famous for the memorials. they are huge. people visit them. there are almost 50. this is one. this is another, very famous memorial. imagine 50 of these -- i think it is 48, 40 9 -- it could change tomorrow. this is a new one. let's keep going. this is a very famous memorial, the vietnam veterans memorial. it is a sad story and a happy story. this memorial was designed by maya lin.
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a 21-year-old college student. she wrote her idea on a proposal. the proposals were handed in line. they did not know who did them, and they put them on a wall in a giant room, and she won this competition, and everyone who died in the the it now more -- war, their name is there. it is in order of their death. it is the most touching place in the sea every night -- in thd.d. c. every night, people go into rubbings of the names. it is a very touching place. the veterans did not like it. they said it looked like a stain on the earth, a black marker, a giant tombstone, so they said we want a statue of soldiers, so they put this statue near it,
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looking at it, so the memorial women in 1982 -- this statue went in in 1984, all paid by the u.s. government. they consider someone white, hispanic, and african-american to portray the diversity of the military, and that is a beautiful sculpture. i cannot say anything about it. i love the sculpture, but the women said, "what about us?" women died. vietnam,rses were in and we got nothing. well, they did not want to give a statue for women. thencame a big fight, and 10 years later, 11 years later, we get this sculpture by goodacre, and guess to pay for this one? women? who paid for the others? the government.
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constantly we fight, we pay, we fight, we pay. all right, so this is an amazing story of the memorial, and i am so proud of maya lin. an undergrad,d, it is amazing. next, we're going to go to my favorite, where i battle constantly. the u.s. capitol. you see it there in all its capitold the capita dome, you know when it is in session or not in session, so we're going to turn, and the dome inside, it is the rotunda. freeze is going around, which is the history of our country, and it starts at the with landing, and it ends
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the first flights, first and first. there are 19 images in the freeze. here is the first one. the landing. and then goes the last one, first flights and of the 19 freezes, 13 do not have any women in it. not a commoner, not a beggar, not a wife -- no women. but we do have in the 19 freezes one, just one recognizable woman -- pocahontas. our presentation of history, pocahontas. here is the rotunda, and it no longer looks like this. a headset, and your
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guide has a speaker, and i'll would get lots, i cannot find my guide because there are so many people in there, you do not know who is talking, but you have eight paintings. eight paintings that depict american history, and you have statues of the important people in american history. , again, noaintings women in this painting. there we are up in the balcony where we belong. [laughter] a few girls there. and here again, the only recognizable woman in all eight of those, pocahontas on her knees before god and man. so she is our representative. -- and sinceotunda this is women's equality day -- this is alice paul's group, the national women's party, who took
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a more aggressive stance for suffrage, and they protested outside the white house six days a week for over two years, day and night, to get women the right to vote. now, these women were arrested, a prisonwere sent to where they were trying to do an exhibit. now these women and another statue -- these women, i believe, really close the deal because it was so embarrassing to the president during this time while we were at war that people through things that these women and were very hostile toward them. so here is the headquarters. so when the women finally got the right to vote because the nation was so embarrassed by the publicity these women got overseas, the women were so excited that we got the right to
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in 1921, on, february 14, susan b anthony's birthday -- and you had better remember, this is decades of struggle. this is not a few years -- this was decades. they make a statue to get to the rotunda, a beautiful -- what they think is a beautiful statue to get to the rotunda, to the all-male capital, all male representatives and senators, and they give the statue to honor our right to vote. you will see it now, there they are, susan b anthony, elizabeth -- stanton, and now the man who ran the capital had a ceremony, put flowers on the statue, loved it. the next day, they put in the
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basement in a broom closet. this statue is eight tons. you can see the next picture of it. they called it three women in the bathtub. they said we hate the statue, it is ugly, we do not want them. the women were supposed to show that they were in case, in andon, that it cannot move, the last one was supposed to represent -- wait, wait, the last head was supposed to represent everybody else p are they put this statue in the broom closet, and we cannot get it out, and they tried to get legislation to get this literally out of the broom closet in the basement. by, resolutions are passed, they cannot move the statue.
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1996, a finally in group of d.c. women said we are , connie fromtatue maryland health get the statue, and the government said, who will pay to move it up? i am like -- you paid to move it down! it was $75,000 to move it back up. so women donated the money to move it up. also, the statue had an inscription, i will redo the inscription which the government felt and claimed was blasphemous and had to be taken off the statue. it was too radical to be on the statue that these women paid for, moved, built to honor. soul,, first denied a then called mindless, now our
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risen, declared herself an entity to be reckoned with." first we were not human 11 we were too stupid to vote, now we .ot franchised that is too radical. so this is the portrait statue. it was called the portrait monument before it was called the women monument. they change the name. that was a little too radical, to the three women in the bathtub, here we go, this is a beautiful statue in the capital, and you see this girl on the she moved toe, washington, d.c. and worked in the office at 15 years old, she met someone and said i want to be a sculptor, can i sculpt the president?
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the president, having a soft spot for her, sat for her for five months, and she made that bust on the left. she was 16. theythe president died, asked her to create this marvel,, solid one piece, career marble, to put in the capital. she was 18 years old. the youngest person ever to receive a commission in the u.s. capitol, and it is an amazing -- you can see -- piece of work. her name is jenny ream, r- e-a-m. tributeo give a little to her. that is in the rotunda that i like. here is my favorite. government,in the
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gets to territories, statue, absolutely two, no more, no less, two. i took a tour, which i have many times, and i looked around, and i said to the guide, "how many women?" she said -- we are so proud, we got a new woman, we have nine. nine? nine women. women, 91 mennine in the u.s. capital. this is our history. now, if you look at the u.s. 4 million, 5 get million visitors a year -- a year. it is one of the top 20 museums in the world. this capital is our depiction of history. if you look at the capital, we
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are not changing the freeze, correct? they are not going to redo the freeze for us. let's be clear. they're not going to change that -- forget it. but as of the year 2000, we are allowed to change the statue. before then, we could not change the statues. those statues were fixed, and most have been there a century. this is a statue in the capital, there is this hall, the old congress, and when the congress grew, they said what are you going to do with this congress? it is a semicircle. they made a statuary hall. the 100e 35 statues of in this hall. they cannot put all 100 in here -- too heavy. the statues are 10 feet with the base. the basis three, the statue is seven, together 10 feet, and a
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cost half $1 million each. they are marble or bronze. now, there is one woman here -- frances willard. she is from illinois. temperance was her issue. woman's temperance. [laughter] ok? statuarynother huge hall. now remember, try not to confuse statuary hall, which is a room, with the nationals -- lori hall collection, many of who -- with the national statuary collection, many of whom are in the rotunda. of the nine women, none are in the rotunda except the portrait monument, that massive statue which they are afraid to move. [laughter] all right, now here are the women that are in there. that is frances willard, our
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temperance movement, maria stanford with education, founded the pta, adult education, education for blacks. there is florence sabin. oh, we skipped one. that is hobart morris on the left, suffers leader, mother joseph, she did a lot of and here ishanages, jeannette rankin, the first woman in congress, getting a little more modern. now we have sacagawea, -- and helen keller. the mostler is one of popular statues because she is put there as a child, and everybody knows who she is. she is a replacement statue, meaning -- remember i told you in 2000, you can replace your old statue? this is a replacement.
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who replaced their old statue with helen keller? the great state of alabama. [laughter] ok. now, we will look. here are the total statues replace afar -- eight. women. and two the two women are helen keller and a millionaire heart. ehrhardt. amelia it is bronzed and ready forecasting. for casting. these are the people who love gone in, and there is amelia ehrhardt. we have a then working on since 2010.re the picture has not been
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released to the press, so i thought it would be inappropriate to show it now, but it hais magnificent. here is our candidate from florida. we would like to replace confederate general edmund kirby smith. get him out, and get the champion of the environment, margaret thurman douglas, in his place. she wrote "river of grass" and recognizes everybody is not a swamp but a river and saved it from developments, 108 right here in coconut grove. now, this is a picture of statuary hall. it looks exactly the same. it looks exactly the same. what i want -- one of our
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missions of courses to replace the statues in statuary hall. all right, that is my presentation. i hope you realize that history is being taught to you every day. it is very biased. women are over method, and we need to get american history into our coins, our money, our our doodles come out statues come our street names, and in the u.s. capital because we are influencing the minds of girls, we are influencing the minds of ways, of men, and of women themselves. so if you would like to help, i am open to have volunteers, helpers. everybody, i am a counter, i count everything -- how many people in this room, how many ceiling tiles -- and i would love your help. [laughter] thank you very much. [applause] [captions copyright national cable satellite corp. 2015] [captioning performed by the national captioning institute,
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which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org] sunday on "q&a," supreme court correspondent and author of the companion book of c-span upcoming series "landmark mauro. tony tony: one of the judges did not get his position, his office because of the suit, and the supreme court dealt with it, marbury versus madison, marbury was one of those judges, and the court said basically he probably deserves some remedy, but the remedy that congress has provided for this goes beyond the power of

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