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tv   Politics and Public Policy Today  CSPAN  October 27, 2015 1:00pm-3:01pm EDT

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stand like a rock." [ cheers and applause ] in these fast and rapidly changing times, america needs a president who will stand like a rock, a weathervane shifts positions every time the wind changes. effective leaders do not. i know who i am. i know what i believe, and i am willing to fight for it [ cheers and applause ] think about it yourselves. think about it yourselves. we can not move beyond today's gridlock politics by returning to the divisions of our past. i'm not about that. i believe we're all in this together. i believe that to solve our problem we must face tomorrow. we need new leadership, new
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ideas, someone with the courage to stand up for what's right even when it's not yet popular. none of us has all the answers to all of the problems we face. none of us can predict the future. but i can promise you this -- i can govern. i can lead. and i can do so with heart and with skill. a lot of people tell me in this race, they say, man, you're up against tough odds, this is a tough fight. and there are also a lot of people who would look you eye n the eyes and would tell you that you've got a tough fight being able to pass on to your churn a better quality of life than what you've enjoyed. well, you know what? i kind of like the tough fights, i've always been drawn to the tough fights. [ cheers and applause ] and perhaps it's the toughness of the fight that's the way the hidden god has of telling us that we are worth fighting for something worth save.
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the american dream is worth saving. our country is worth saving. our planet is worth saving. it is time to stand up. it is time to join the fight. i am in this to win this. i need your help and together we can and together we will rebuild the american dream. may god bless iowa and may god bless the united states of america on this journey we take forward together. thank you very much. [ cheers and applause ] [ crowd chanting "o'malley" ]
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>> thank you, governor o'malley! you know, i know these candidates. they're firing you up, so make sure you fill out those caucus cards. weapon need you. hillary clinton has been listening to people all over iowa. [ cheers and applause ] she has made iowans' concerns the heart and soul of her
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campaign. she heard from middle-class families worried that the deck is stacked in favor of those at the top so she created a plan to raise middle-class wages and help working parents get ahead. she heard from people suffering from substance abuse so she came up with a plan to tackle it. she heard from judge people struggling with student debt so she created a plan to make college more affordable and student debt easier to pay off. hillary clinton has spent her life fighting for others. as first lady she helped start the children's health insurance program. as senator she worked across the aisle to get 9/11 first
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responders the health care they deserved. and as secretary of state she led the sanctions coalition against iran and the brokering of the cease-fire between israel and hamas while championing human rights, women's rights, and lgbt rights around the world. [ cheers and applause ] now she's fighting for all of us. for our families, for our children, for our future. she's fighting the stop the republicans from making their out-of-touch agenda a reality. she's tough, she's determined, and she's in our corner. please join me in welcoming hillary clinton. [ cheers and applause ]
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[ cheers and applause ] ♪ you helped me down but i got up ♪ get ready cause i've had enough ♪ >> thank you! [ cheers and applause ] thank you so much. iowa democrats! [ cheers and applause ] it is great to be back. [ cheers and applause ] i want to thank andy and everyone who's working so hard
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to rebuild the iowa democratic party from the ground up. i want to acknowledge and thank my friends tom and ruth harkin, tom and christie vilsack, leonard and dodi boswell and your congressman for iowa dave lobesack. [ cheers and applause ] and i have to give a special shoutout to somebody really special. somebody whose birthday is tomorrow. someone who reminds us that sometimes you just have to let them hear you roar. katy perry, thank you for being here! [ cheers and applause ]
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did any of you see our debate in las vegas? [ cheers and applause ] you know, when republicans debate they compete to insult each other, demean women and they double down on trickle down. actually, it is reality tv with a cast of characters who don't care much about actual reality. but there's a big difference. when we democrats debate you see something. you see us tacking the hard issues, looking for solutions to our biggest challenges facing our families and our countries.
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how are we going to raise wages and create more good jobs? how will we respond to climate change and lift up our economy by investing in clean energy? how will we make college affordable and get parents the paid leave they need? how will we, working with our teachers and our families help our kids get ready to succeed in school? [ cheers and applause ] and how are we going to rein in wall street and lift up main street and how much longer can we wait to stand up to the gun lobby and keep our kids and our communities safe in america?
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[ cheers and applause ] you see, we democrats are offering real solutions. like president obama has done for the past six and a half yea years. and by his side every step of the way has been vice president joe biden. [ cheers and applause ] he has fought passionately for middle-class families and middle-class values. let's show him how much we appreciate vice president voebd and all he's done for our country! let's give it up for the vice president! [ cheers and applause ]
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you know, i think it's really important in this election to remember when president obama inherited. the republicans would like us all to forget, but he inherited the worst financial crisis since the great depression. we were losing 800,000 jobs a month. right after that election, he called me, asked me to come see anymore chicago. i didn't know why. it turned out he wanted me to be secretary of state but when we got there -- [ cheers and applause ] it was just the two of us and we were just talking and he was talking about what he was facing. he said, you know, it's so much worse than they told us. we were losing 800,000 jobs a
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month, nine million americans ended up losing their jobs and five million lost their homes. and listen to this -- $13 trillion of family wealth was wiped away. i don't think president obama gets the credit he deserves for rescuing our economy from falling into a great depression. [ cheers and applause ] he saved the auto industry, he imposed tough new rules on wall street and he extended health care to 18 million americans. [ cheers and applause ]
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that's what you can expect when you vote for democrats. [ cheers and applause ] when there's a democrat in the white house, america creates more jobs, the economy grows faster, and deficits are smaller. and even though they hate it when i say this, recessions happen four times more frequently under republican presidents. [ cheers and applause ] so we can not afford to go back to the republicans' failed policies. now i'm not running for my husband's third term, and i'm not running for barack obama's third term, i'm running for my first term. [ cheers and applause ]
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and i'm running as a proud democrat! [ cheers and applause ] we need to defend the progress we've made under president obama and build on it until the recovery is secure and all americans have a chance to raise their incomes. and to believe once again in the basic bargain of america. you know what it is -- if you work hard and you do your part you should be able to get ahead and stay ahead [ cheers and applause ] but for far too long, republicans and their allies have stacked the deck for those
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at the top. there is something wrong when the top 25 hedge fund managers earn more in a year than all 2 kund garten teachers in america combined [ cheers and applause ] or when top ceos make 300 times what a typical worker does or when corporate profits soar but employees don't share in those profits. when it's easy for a big corporation to get a tax break but it's still too hard for a small business to get a loan. when the ceo of a drug company jacks up the price of life-saving medicine by 5,000%
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overnight. [ cheers and applause ] and when the governor of this state vetoes a bipartisan compromise to fund schools and keep mental health facilities open. [ cheers and applause ] and now your governor is threatening to privatize medicaid. [ boos ] and the hawkeye children's health insurance program, something i helped to start the 1990s. [ cheers and applause ] and thousands of iowans are standing up and saying enough and i'm standing with you!
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[ cheers and applause ] now i've got to tell you -- [ crowd chanting ] you know that the republican candidates can't help themselves. they're pushing the same failed policies that crashed our economy before. you know what they are. cutting taxes on the super wealthy, letting big corporations write their own rules, busting unions, ignoring the middle-class. we've heard all that before and we know what it does. and, of course, none of them is serious about climate change.
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i love it. when they're asked about it, you know what their answer is "i'm not a scientist." well, why don't they start listening to those who are scientists and understanding what we're up against around the world? [ cheers and applause ] and republicans in congress have now voted more than 50 times to repeal or weaken the affordable care act. they want the force americans -- [ boos ] yeah, that is worthy of a big bunch of boos because they want to force americans to start a contentious health care debate all over again. now, i believe we can improve the affordable care act but we're not going to let them take
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us back to insurance companies writing their own rules again! [ cheers and applause ] you know what that was like. they even charged women more for our coverage than men. [ boos ] and we sure can't let them take us back to the wild west on wall street, repeal dodd-frank, destroy the consumer financial protection board. we are going to stand firm, that's why i proposed tough actions to end the abuses by the big gangs and the excessive risk in the so-called shadow banking system. we are going to stop wall street hurting main street. [ applause ]
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and here we are, everyone here is here because you know what's at stake in this election, no matter who you're for and that's pretty clear standing up here to see who's sitting where. but we all agree on this -- we can't let republicans keep rigging our elections with secret unaccountable dark money! [ cheers and applause ] we need a supreme court that protects the right of every citizen to vote not the right of every corporation to buy elections. [ cheers and applause ] and i said from the very beginning of my campaign, even if it takes a constitutional amendment we will overturn citizens united once and for
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all! [ cheers and applause ] and you know i sometimes wonder whether you sign up to be a republican candidate for president they put you into some kind of time machine. [ laughter ] and they take you back, 50, 70, 100 years because they keep saying the same out-of-date out-of-touch things. we will never let the republicans cut or privatize social security or end medicare as some are now promising. [ cheers and applause ] a and i'll tell you something else. i am going to back and support
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what president obama has done to protect dreamers and their families, to use executive action to prevent deportation. and i have said if we can not get comprehensive immigration reform as we need and as we should with a real path to citizenship that will actually grow our economy then i will go as far as i can, even beyond president obama, to make sure law-abiding, decent, hard-working people in this country are not ripped away from their families. [ cheers and applause ]
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and don't you wonder, for people who claim they hate big government, republicans sure love using government to step in and make decisions for women about our bodies and our rights. [ cheers and applause ] well, i'll tell you. i will go everything i can to protect a woman's right to choose and to defend planned parenthood! [ cheers and applause ]
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[ crowd chanting "i'm with her" ] now, i know when i talk about these things republicans say i'm playing the gender card. i know. well, if talking about equal pay, paid family leave, affordable child care and women's health is playing the gender card, deal me in! [ cheers and applause ]
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[ crowd chanting "deal me in" ] but i know and you know it's not enough just to rail against the republicans or the billionaires. we actually have to win this election in order to rebuild the middle-class and make a positive difference in people's lives. we have to build an america again. our success is measured by how many people work their way into the middle-class, not how many ceos get bonuses. by how many children climb out of poverty, how many families can afford health care, how many young people can go to college without taking on years of debt. [ cheers and applause ] that's how we should measure
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success? this country. as i said at the debate in las vegas, i'm a progressive who likes to get things done. [ cheers and applause ] and i till believe as a smart man once said, there's nothing wrong with america that can't be fixed by what is right with america. [ cheers and applause ] so i hear donald trump when he says we have to make america great again. well, here's what i say -- america is great, we just have to make it fair and just. we have to make america work for everyone, not just those at the top. because i know that when americans come together, come up with smart solutions and fight
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to get result there is's no challenge we can't meet and at the top of my list of fights we have to wage and win it's this -- americans need a rise. that's why we must raise the minimum wage. no one who works full time should live in poverty. and i want companies to have incentives to share more of their profits with their employees who help make those profits in the first place. and companies that ship jobs and profits overseas shouldn't get tax breaks, you should get tax breaks again! [ cheers and applause ] i said i want to be the small business president and i mean it. because small businesses will create most of the good new jobs of the future and they should have less red tape, easier access to credit and tax relief and to create those new
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good-paying jobs we have to get back to investing in science and medical research. we should establish an infrastructure bank to put americans to work building our roads, our bridges, our airports, our rails our broadband networks. and i believe we can make america the world's clean energy superpower by setting and reaching big goals again. how about this? half a billion solar panels installed in four years and if you have renewable energy produced to power every home in america in ten years? [ cheers and applause ] i know this can be done because iowa is already leading the way. you're producing roughly a third of your total electricity from wind and other renewables. i want the rest of the country to follow your lead.
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[ cheers and applause ] and if we want our economy to grow like it should, then we have to make sure women who still earn less than men on the job and women of color who earn least of all finally get equal pay for equal work! is [ cheers and applause ] because when you shortchange women you shortchange families and you shortchange america. and my new college compact will help students and graduates refinance their debt, just like you can with a mortgage or car loan and no one will have to borrow a cent to attend community college or pay tuition at a public college or university. [ cheers and applause ]
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but let my say this. while we fight far growth and fairness economy that works for everyone, we can't forget the quieter problems that often don't make the headlines. i'm also fighting for the grandmother who told me she's raising her grandchild because of her daughter's struggle with drug addiction. for the mom who asked me what she's going do when her child with autism gets older. for every family trying to cope with untreated mental illness. i'm fighting for man i met whose mother has alzheimer's. he can't afford a full-time tear cake so -- caretaker so you know what he does? he's a teacher, willie, and he takes his mother to work with him. for lgbt meshes who, despite all
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our progress, can get married on saturday and fired on monday in many states because of who they are and who they love. for veterans of all ages who served our country with honor and courage and deserve the benefits they've earned without delays or abuses -- [ cheers and applause ] i am fighting if-to-reform criminal justice for every mother and father who worry everyday that their child will be stopped by the police just for being african-american but, yes, black lives matter. [ cheers and applause ] and i am fighting to protect our kids in communities from the plague of gun violence. you should be safe when you go to school, when you go to the movies, when you go to church.
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[ cheers and applause ] that's why i'm proposing common sense gun safety measures like universal background checks, closing the loopholes that let guns fall into the hands of those who shouldn't have them and repealing the law that shields gun makers and sellers from accountability. [ cheers and applause ] now i've been told to stop shouting about ending gun violence. well, i haven't been shouting but sometimes when a woman speaks out some people think it's shouting. [ cheers and applause ] but i won't be silenced and i hope you won't be, either. how many more people have to die before we take action? now, folks, i've been at this effort to change and reform our country for a long time and i
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haven't won every battle but i've learned from each one. i know how to stand my ground and how to find common ground. [ cheers and applause ] that's how i worked with a republican congress to help create the children's health insurance program which covers eight million kids. that's why as a senator i worked with republicans to expand health benefits for our national guard and reserves and for the firefighters and police officers who rushed toward danger on 9/11 and later grew sick from their time at ground zero. and as your secretary of state i fought for human rights, women's rights, lgbt rights, internet freedom, american jobs and security. [ cheers and applause ] but i also found common ground, persuading russia and china to join on imposing the
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sanctions in history on iran and working with republicans and democrats to get the 67 vote wes needed to ratify a landmark nuclear arms control treaty. i've spent my life working for children, women, families and our country from the kitchen table to the peace table trying to even the odds for people who have the odds stacked against them and i'm just getting warmed up. [ cheers and applause ] so i want you to know i'm listening to you, i'm fighting for you and with your support i'm going to deliver. and i didn't learn about fairness, justice, opportunity and the american dream from politics. i learned about it from my own family. my dad, who ran a small business in chicago printed drapery fabric taught me that anything
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good in life is worth working for. and my mom who had a hard life, abandoned, mistreated and working as a maid at the age of 14 told me that at crucial moments people showed her kindness like that first grade teacher who made sure she had enough to eat when her parents didn't even care enough to make sure of that. that's one of the many reasons i'm grateful if our educators. instead of becoming bitter or broken she became resilient. she taught me that everybody gets knocked down in life but that doesn't mean you stay down, get back up, face your challenges, solve your problems, don't just complain about them. so let me tell you i'm the granddaughter of a factory worker and the grandmother of the most wonderful little girl in the world.
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and bill and i will do everything we can to ensure she has every opportunity to succeed in life. but i don't think you should have to be the granddaughter of a former president to share in the promise of america. the granddaughters and grandsons of factory workers and truck drivers and nurses and farmers should have that same chance, too. [ cheers and applause ] every one of america's children and grandchildren should have the opportunity to live up to their god-given potential. that's what i'm fighting for. for the struggling, the striving and successful. i'm fighting for everyone who's ever been knocked down but refused to be knocked out and together we're going to build an america where there are no ceilings for anyone. where no one gets left behind or left out. and, yes, where a father can
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tell his daughter "you can be anything you want to be, including president of the united states of america!" thank you and god bless you! [ cheers and applause ] [ cheers and applause ] [ crowd chanting "i'm with her" ] >> thank you, secretary clinton! you know what a night and what an amazing group of democrats we have running for president. are you fired up, iowa?
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[ cheers and applause ] iowa democrats, let's welcome back all of our amazing presidential candidates to the stage and their families! [ cheers and applause ] ♪ ♪ ♪ heaven knocking on the door, there's holes are thrown ♪ i've been looking for the map that leads me home ♪ i've been stumbling on good hearts turned to stone ♪ the road of good intentions is going dry as a bone
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♪ we take care of our own, we take care of our own ♪ wherever this life's flown we take care of our own ♪ from chicago to new orleans, from the muscle to the bone ♪ from the shotgun shack to the superdome ♪ there ain't no help, the calvary stays home ♪ there ain't no one hearing the bugle blown ♪ we take care of our own, we take care of our own ♪ wherever this flag's flown we take care of our own ♪
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♪ we're the eyes, the eyes with the will to see ♪ we're the hearts that run with mercy ♪ where's the love that's not for saken ♪ where's the work >> so thank you, everyone, and remember, it all starts with the iowa caucuses on february 1 so please make sure to drop off your commit to caucus cards at the boxes on your way out. we're going to turn iowa blue next november. get home safely and good night. ♪ wherever this flag is flown we take care of our own ♪ we take care of our own ♪ wherever this flag is flown we
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take care of our own ♪ we take care of our own ♪ wherever this flag's flown, we take care of our own ♪
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♪ ♪
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>> thank you! >> hi, how are you? you want to get a picture? >> yes, please. >> are you together? >> yes. >> oh, everybody!
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>> it's his birthday today. >> another october baby. >> for sure. >> look at you. >> how are you?
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>> have you seen houma? >> where is houma? can you have houma be sure to say hello? here she comes. look who i found. >> hello! >>ái guys, how are you? thank you. >> i'd love to have you for an
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event some time. >> thank you, i hope we will. >> you know, you're rocking the red. it's beautiful on you. thank you so much. i loved everything you said. >> thank you. thank you. >> can i get a picture? >> are you guys together? sure. thank you! >> thank you so much. >> thank you. >> long time no see. >> it's great to see you. thank you so much.
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>> where was this? oh, my gosh. i'm so sorry. how old was he? >> he was five. thank you so much for coming. >> i'm wearing the wrong shirt but can i take a selfie? >> you bet. absolutely. we're all on the same team at the end of the day. >> yes. we are. >> first time caucus go here. first time caucus goer. >> i'm from puerto rico. i remember when you went there. i loved it. you were wonderful because you're talking about it so -- >> now are you -- you're
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currently in classes? >> yes. >> so how would you do an internship? >> we have a space especially for an internship from january to march. >> okay. >> so be sure to follow up. i'd love to have her. we'll need a lot of help. >> can i take a picture? >> yeah. >> first time caucus go rear height. >> where's your phone? oh, here it is! >> thank you. >> thank you! >> we'll be doing a fund-raiser. >> okay, great. we'll be in touch. >> we'll get a photo right here. >> thank you. thank you.
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oh, my goodness, hi! >> hello! great, great job there. >> this is an honor. i'm so excited to have you run for president. thank you. >> by the methodist church. >> yes, yes. >> i drive by. >> i think of you. >> oh, my gosh, right next door. >> right around the corner every chance we get. >> terrific. i know, a wonderful stirring version of it. thank you. >> can we have a photo? >> sure. >> i'm a huge fan of yours. wonderful. thank you.
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>> we'd love one. >> thank you. >> thank you so much. >> if you give it to me. >> oh, we've got one. here we go. you know how to do this. it's my camera. it's my camera. you're not going to get it. >> thank you so much. thanks a lot. >> to die for. >> oh, thank you. >> hi! nice to see you! great. great. thanks. >> glad to see you. >> i love steak.
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>> thank you so much! here we go. >> what's your name? gabe ortiz? hi, gabe. i'm here with one of your friends. in des moines. and i just want to wish you the very best as you begin your treatment. and stay strong. god bless you. >> thank you. >> you can do this, you can do this. >> hi, guys. >> can we get a picture? >> sure you can. who's in your picture? >> okay. >> thank you!
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thank you! >> lester downey. >> oh, my gosh. >> thank you. thank you, baby. we're going to do it this time. >> whoa! a pioneer! don't forget me. >> i won't forget, i won't forget. >> thank you for everything that you do. for this country. >> oh, wow. >> can we get a picture? >> super.
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>> it was a great night tonight. >> thank you so much. >> thank you. >> these are important gifts today. >> they've become incredibly more intense, don't they? >> i have two daughters. >> thank you. >> you see barbara lee there? >> yeah, i saw barbara lee. >> how are you doing? >> thanks for being here with
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me. >> i know david. >> here we go. >> thank you. >> oh, my god, i love your sign. >> i would love that. i've got to tell matt. got to remember this. we've got an invite. we've got an invite. a high school. who here is 18 and can register to vote? >> i'll be 18. >> yea! contact matt and see if you can work that out. we'll get you connected up with what we're doing.
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i'm going to give this back to you. >> great job. >> i will take you up on it. >> thank you, guys. >> thank you all. there you go. >> hi! are you from kiota?
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excellent! hello. she's beautiful. >> yes, she stayed up all night! >> what's your name? >> esther. >> it's wonderful to meet you. >> very nice to meet you. >> look at that beautiful child. >> is beautiful. >> a little tired. >> thank you. >> that's okay.
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>> it's the best. want to get a picture? >> oh, my gosh! >> you guys want to get a picture together? come up next to me.
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>> she's going to support you. >> tell her hi for me. >> get everybody in.
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>> other, i'm so glad! let's take a picture. >> hey! >> a picture? >> here you go. >> thank you.
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>> hey! let's hear it! sure. sure. >> are you going to new york for your birthday? >> yeah, i am. thank you! want to get a picture? >> yeah! >> of all of us. >> great, get everybody in. >> there you go. >> thank you! >> thank you so much. >> can we get a picture of you, please? >> well, hurry up.
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where's your camera? all right! >> thank you so much. >> hi, how are you? >> such a beautiful, beautiful setting. >> i like that. >> thank you, thank you. >> all right. >> right in the middle. >> move over. >> thank you. >> thank you. >> thank you for your record on
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lgbt rights. >> thank you. >> there you go. >> my neighbors and my wife. >> such a wonderful job. >> one of the best speeches you gave ever. >> thank you so much. >> thank you. >> thank you much.
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>> we're going to do this together. >> yes, we will. >> i hope i have the honor of speaking to you again. >> thank you. and you know matt paul. where's matt? he was the first person to endorse me, literally when i came to the steak fry in "the des moines register." >> contact him. >> there we go! >> i'm one of your fellows. >> great. and you make us proud. >> sure. >> this is perfect. >> i am thrilled by that. >> you are such an inspiration.
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>>. >> that one is a better camera. >> i was undecided. your line about the person who's -- my mom takes care of him every day. but thank you. >> there are so many people like your family. we're not doing enough. i'm going to do everything i can to provide you support that you need to be able to do what you want to do. thank you so much. >> thank you so much. your debate performance. you decide so great. thank you so much. can you get a picture?
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>> thank you so much. >> first generation. chinese-american. excellent. here we are live on capitol hill waiting for a hearing to get started on syrian refugees. the house foreign affairs subcommittee on the middle east and north africa holding the hearing. right now a series of votes on the floor of the house, so we're going to wait for that to end and we expect this hearing to get started fairly shortly.
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so we're waiting for this hearing to get under way on syrian refugees. meanwhile, on the floor of the house, a vote going on right now on one of the bills today which would delay a part of the dodd frank regulation dealing with investment advisers. we expect that's going to take a few minutes for the members of this committee to make their way over to the hearing room. also today, the house continuing work on a bill that would reopen the import or the export/import bank. yesterday for the first time in 13 years, members approved a
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discharge petition, which bypasses the committee process, and would bring the xm measure to the floor. we had a discussion about debt -- republicans had a discussion about debt earlier today. let's show you that now. good morning, everybody. having listened to our members and listened to the american people, we have a budget agreement. this will protect our economy, and reduces the deficit. it secures more long-term entitlement reforms, it strengthens our national security, it brings more certainty to next year's appropriations process, protects more americans from obamacare,
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and rejects all of the tax increases proposed by the administration. the agreement isn't perfect by any means, but the alternative was a debt increase without any additional support for our troops and without any entitlement reforms. so this is a good deal, for our troops and for our taxpayers and for the american people. >> before i talk about this bipartisan budget agreement, i want to thank the speaker. i want to thank the speaker for his career. i want to highlight a few points. we put a little video together, put this poster up of the gang of seven. we're in the minority. the last man standing. but what was the gang of seven? the gang of seven was the very beginning to change washington and clean it up. i look around this room, i wasn't around at the time either, but there was a house
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bank scandal. the predecessors probably wrote about it, but they would have never known about it if it wasn't for john boehner. it never would have been shut down. he fought and was able to be a part and a big part of winning the first majority for republicans in 1994. he served in leadership to do it. everybody has stumbles, but it's the character of an individual is how you handle it. john left leadership, never complained, but continued to fight for the american people. came back as a committee chairman, focused on education, watched it every day of his life. just last week, we passed the bill dealing with the scholarships for low income. he has never forgotten why he ran and he's never stopped fighting for them. very few people in their career could ever say they fought to win two majorities and john has. now, as we go to depart, john
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has not given up. yeah, we've come to a bipartisan budget agreement, it probably wouldn't be the final agreement if we could write it by ourselves. somebody different is in the white house. we have strived in this majority within our first four months to write a budget. a budget that would put us on a new path, and lots of times people don't write about what we've been able to achieve. the very first budget, a lot of people criticized, said we went too far. if you take those budget numbers for 2011 where we'd be today, with this budget agreement, we're below them. we've been able to achieve even with barack obama president. so we've dealt with what's happening around the world, with the foreign policy, it's lacking, but our military needs, we've got more than 100 members signing a letter. we've been able to fund the military in a much stronger position that needs to when we look at the way the world goes.
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but we've been able to do it in a fiscal manner to keep us under the limit. that's an accomplishment. i think history will be kind to this man. because he kept the word he'd always said. continue to do what's right. and that's what he's done. so i want to thank the speaker for his service. >> well, it is a big day. so next week is the anniversary, the five-year anniversary of when the republicans took the majority. and when john boehner became speaker of the house. and we have a lot to celebrate because of his leadership in the house, and you think about the path that we were on before he was speaker, and the important reforms, and legislation that he has led on for people across this country, it's quite an impressive record. he's always been committed to
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fiscal responsibility, and since he's been speaker, we have reduced spending, overall spending by over $2 trillion. the most significant spending reductions in modern history. we passed the first ten-year house senate balance budget plan since 2001. and there's the opportunity scholarship. he's led on so many issues. it was under his leadership that earmarks were banned in the house and the senate. i'm proud of the work that we've accomplished together. and i have been thankful for his leadership, not just for the house of representatives, but for america and for every person in this country. later this week, we will be electing a new speaker. we're going to continue to make the people's priorities our priorities. we are committed, we are determined to expand opportunities, to empower the innovators and make the american dream an attainable goal for
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every person in this country. >> just a week ago, president obama was insisting upon a clean debt ceiling that would have been destructive to our economy and to this country. when you fast forward to today, what the speaker laid out, a plan that not only denies the president, that clean debt ceiling increase, but actually implements some important reforms for our country, and some of the things in our conferences for a long time. if you start with the social security reforms, congress hasn't passed a reform to the social security program since ronald reagan was president. there's a reason it's taken over 30 years to get reforms programmed. the reforms in this program, especially as it relates to disability, a program that's headed for direct bankruptcy, are very important to make sure that seniors are protected from the kind of cuts that could come
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from bankruptcy as well as people with disabilities that have been clamoring for reforms to prevent people from abusing that program, from the double dipping and the fraud involved in that program. the fact that it's taken over 30 years to get those kind of reforms to social security are very significant to strengthening the program for people who use it and rely upon it. the other thing is there has been a big fight within our conference between fiscal hawks and defense hawks, to get budget numbers that work, but in a fiscally responsible way. some people said you couldn't accomplish both. in this budget agreement, we actually saw that in a way where both fiscal conservatives and defense hawks can come together and get an agreement that provides for a strong national defense that meets the challenges that our country is facing all around the world. threats from isis, threats from russia. threats in the middle east. finally getting the kind of defense numbers we need for a strong military. and setting the stage to be able
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to get a real appropriations process done, both this year and next year as well. the kind of regular order that our members have been asking for for a long time. so i want to thank the speaker for his work in a big agreement like this, both sides of the negotiating table can find things they like and don't like. but when you look at the significant reforms, reforms to save social security from an imminent bankruptcy and the disability program, something that doesn't happen for 30 years, that's quite significant. >> the last time i get to do this. a bipartisan agreement in a town bipartisanship. alliance from those two don't like the fact that there's a bipartisan agreement. but there is. it's a solid agreement and i told my colleagues there isn't
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any reason why any member should vote against this. >> this is a fourth and 15 touchdown to end the game. >> no, in your view. ye of little faith over the last couple weeks, i found rather interesting amongst all of the skeptics sitting in the room. i frankly never had any doubt that we'd get to an agreement. sometimes the clock works against you. sometimes the clock works in your favor. >> made it clear a month ago when i announced i was leaving that i wanted to do my best to clean the barn. i didn't want him to walk in with a dirty barn full of you know what. so i've done my best to try to clean it up. >> spoke with paul ryan about it. he said the process stinks, his word. >> totally agree. totally agree. >> other members are very upset.
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can you defend this process? >> no, i'm in full agreement. it stinks. this is not the way to run a railroad. but when you've got a situation that we're dealing with today, it's any choice. it certainly is not the process i would want. remember what the alternative was. the alternative was a clean debt ceiling or a default on our debt. it also means we got to december 11th, facing another government shutdown. when you look at the alternative, it starts to look a whole lot better. i would hope that the process in the future would have a little more length to it. >> it's caused you a lot of problems obviously. hearing your final act, can you describe the thought process there? >> i wouldn't quite describe it that way.
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with a bipartisan agreement. make sure the debt ceiling is increased, and we make good on our debt and our debt service. and it paves the way to fund the government this year and next. and the fact is that this will make it easier for the entire congress for the balance of this year. it will make this year a whole lot smoother for the congress as well. >> i don't feel any differently than i did last week. or for that matter two months ago. i get up day and go to work and try to do my best. some days are harder than others. when you sign up for the job, you have to pay everything that
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comes after. i feel good about where i am. i like the fact that i see a light at the end of the tunnel. >> got a gift today. >> yeah, a member gave me a golf course and a license plate. the ohio members gave me a golf bag and a new set of golf clubs. obviously it's going to be part of it. >> paul ryan is in the process -- he's going to have to very soon make some tough decisions. does he have it in him to be able to cut these deals? and even if he is ultrapatly against this particular agreement, what does that say on the final mark of your speakership if he's against it? >> listen, paul knows how to do this. we had the ryan murray budget
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agreement. he knows how to do this. he knows the players. he has the respect of the players that make these decisions. i don't think he has any problem at all. [ inaudible question ] it's irrelevant. it's going to pass with a bipartisan agreement and i'll be really happy. you're making assumptions that you shouldn't make. >> you said you know what gets thrown around when you do that. one of your colleagues on his way out went a little bit further with that analogy and said he and his colleagues are getting a lot of manure on them with what they're doing. >> may god bless him. >> other colleagues have
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wondered, whether it's ryan and anybody else. >> we'll know soon enough. paul, last one. >> what was your best day in the majority? best day in the last five years? >> best day in the last five years? probably last wednesday, when we authorized the opportunity scholarships for the kids here in d.c. and also happened to be that evening, the annual boehner-williams dinner raising money for another group of kids in the scholarship program. listen, i was meeting with the mayor of cleveland a couple of months ago. he was talking about challenges. i said, you know, mr. mayor, if you could find a way to educate all of your kids, all your other problems would go away. most of you know i get pretty wound up talking about education. but when you only educate half of your kids, it's a disgrace.
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that's basically what they do. last wednesday was a pretty big day. and i enjoyed it. and my friend lou holtz showed up at the dinner to surprise me. and i was surprised. bye.
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the house still voting and we're waiting for that series of events to finish up before we get to this hearing on syrian refugees. this will be a hearing of the house foreign affairs subcommittee on the middle east and north africa. in the meantime, let's take a look at a discussion about highway funding from this morning's "washington journal."
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we wanted to bring you a portion of this morning's "washington journal," but they're having a little technical trouble. we'll work on that. take a quick look at what's going on today. this hearing is scheduled to get under way after this series of votes. congress working on a bill that would reopen the export/import bank. also a bill that deals with a dodd frank regulation on
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investment advisers. also, temporary bill to extend highway mass transit funding through november 20th. and then on thursday, they expect to work some more on the extension of the federal debt limit. the senate working on cyber security today, and president obama today in chicago speaking to the international association of chiefs of police. and on friday, the president and the first lady back in washington greeting children of military families for trick or treating at the white house. should get this hearing under way in a few minutes.
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as we wait for this hearing to get under way, we'll show you a portion of this morning's "washington journal" talking about the house speaker election.
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>> well, it's halloween week. there are gremlins in the system, so we're going to just wait for this hearing to start. and then we'll have live coverage right here on c-span3.
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we're waiting for this hearing on syrian refugees to get under way. we're going to try and show you one more time a discussion on the house speaker election. >> the republican for oklahoma
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serves the first district and serves as a member of both the appropriations and budget committees. >> could you tell us what we're hearing about this deal? >> basically ast two-year deal, it will raise the debt ceiling to march of 2017. it's about roughly $80 billion of additional spending. 50 in the first year. 30 in the second. the additional money is actually paid for in a series of offsets, some of it involves reform to social security disability system, which is about the go bankrupt. others would be things like some sales of oil from the strategic petroleum reserve. some changes in crop insurance, which actually would save the federal government about $3 billion. the whole series of relatively minor things like that. but again, first social security
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reform, about 30 years. there's also, by the way, a medicare component of this. which will help offset the additional spending costs as well. nobody is going to be popping champagne corks at either end of pennsylvania avenue. it's like most of these things. it's a deal. we have to look at it in terms of the alternative. absent this deal, we'll have a default within the next couple weeks, which would -- not only would the united states in the first time in its history not pay its bills, you'd see an immediate impact on the stock market. second, if you don't reach a deal like this and do the subsequent appropriations bill by december 11th, you're looking at about a $40 billion cut in the american military at a really dangerous time through the sequester process. this saves us from that. so again, a lot of hard bargaining. a lot of compromises. there will be plenty of people. you've got to show me what the alternative is. >> we heard from many about the deal. particularly those who get disability insurance.
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as far as these reforms that happen, is it current people? new disability insurance? >> for the most part, they should be for this. absent this, there would be 20% cut in disability payments next year. so this saves the system. one of the things i do like about it is it decreases penalties on people who commit fraud in the is. it sets up a new unit to go after an investigative unit to go after people that do that systematically. and we have quite a bit of it, sadly, in this area. and you're committing fraud. you're really stealing money from people with disability. that's what it amounts to. i think those things are good. i think we'll sort of cap the payments and link them to the federal poverty programs opposed to the escalator that they're on now. but overall, still, it's much better than the alternative. not perfect, but it's better. >> do you expect support from the house freedom caucus? >> i would be surprised. i would hope they would, but again -- they have concerns
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about a whole variety of things here. and that's legitimate. the real question to me on the republican side is can you get a majority of the majority at least? and that will be the real struggle. i always say there's really three groups in the republican congress. there's freedom caucus. and that's 40 to 60 people counting folks that are sympathetic, but perhaps not members. what i'd call a group of governing republicans. pretty reliable votes for leadership. and voting for the continuing resolution that kept government funded. and there's about a same size group, 70 to 90. the vote no and hope yes crowd. they want to be able to vote no, but they don't want the consequences of it actually failing. we need a lot of those people to step up. if you think it's a good deal and the best deal we can get under the circumstances, you ought to vote for it. if not, i certainly understand it. please don't expect a minority of republicans to get the ball across to protect the military and keep the government from being shut down, to actually get
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some real reforms and social security disability. there are enough things you can go home and talk to people about that are good, that they will like. there are other things this they won't. if you're from an agricultural state, you're not going to like the fact that there's $3 billion less in federal subsidies. i am from an ag state. if you're from an energy producing state like oklahoma, the idea that we're going to take oil out of the strategic petroleum reserve in a period we have oil prices, and we won't do that immediately, it's over many years. but, you know, more oil on the market is not necessarily good news if you're from texas, louisiana, or oklahoma. so everybody has to give some things up here. but the point is you keep the government functioning. you make sure that people on social security disability get paid. make sure that people on medicare part b don't have a 50% increase in their premiums. and most of all, to me, you make sure in a dangerous time the american military doesn't sustain tens of billions of dollars worth of cuts while
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you've got the chinese rattling cages in the south pacific, the russians relitigating the borders of eastern europe and sending force into the middle east for the first time in two generations, iran sponsoring terrorism, and obviously a functioning terrorist state, not a time to be cutting the american military. >> our guest with us to talk about this deal and other things going on this week in congress. our first call for you comes from jay. jay is in oklahoma. gary, oklahoma. republican line. jay, good morning. >> caller: good morning, how are you this morning? >> doing good, how are you? >> caller: just fine. you know, i think as americans, we need to realize that there has to be some type of physical responsibility. we elect officials to govern
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their paychecks in a responsible way. every year, the same situation arises. you can't keep spending more. you just can't do it. at what point -- and what is it going to take for that to sink in in david beckham? -- in d.c.? >> i agree with your basic point very much. honestly, when the republican majority came in in 2011, the annual deficit was $1.4 trillion. this year, it's still too high. it will be $439 billion. that's a trillion dollars in about a four and a half year period. it's the fastest decline for the deficit ever. it's not going to be good enough. those are the real drivers of debt. as a matter of fact, those three programs plus food stamps and interest amount to over 70% of all federal spending. if you don't make reforms there,
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you'll never balance the budget. spending on the discretionary side. that's what most people think of with government. the defense department, nasa, national institute of health. about $150 billion less than when george bush was president in 2008. and we're spending less than our own first budget call in 2011. so again, spending -- there's been some progress there. but until you get to entitlement reform, you're exactly right. and that's something honestly this white house has avoided. we've tried to engage them on that. the ryan budget, and now the price budgets both have significant reforms in medicare and medicaid. i've got a bill that offers -- it's modelled after what we did in '83 on social security to set up a commission for congress to actually vote on the issue. those are tough decisions we need to do. they're very hard to get in divided government. the other side is not interested in titlement reform. the deficit has come down fairly
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dramatically and republicans have fought hard to do that. >> from miami, florida, billy, you're on. >> caller: good morning, gentlemen. >> good morning. >> caller: one comment i'd like to make. when two gay men or two gay women live together monogamously for 20, 30 years, they pay in a lot of social security taxes. they pay a lot of taxes in general. when one dies, the other one is not entitled to that social security benefit. so that money goes into like a government slush fund. in our community now, there is a lot of comment with our local leaders that we want that money. it is our money, and we want that money. the fact that the government said oh, no, you can't get married, but then again, we're going to take the money that you paid in. how convenient that is for the government. when we come after that money,
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social security is going to get kicked in the leg. i just wanted to let you people know that gay people are now legislating with their senators and the congressmen that that money should go back to us, and i'd like to listen to your comment offline. thank you, gentlemen, i think you do a great credit to the country. >> thank you for calling. look, i think you have a valid point. i think marriage laws are changing pretty rapidly, but that doesn't necessarily rectify what's happened in the past. we have other groups, too, by the way, that pay in and don't necessarily get back. statistically, that's not a huge problem for social security. it's a huge problem for the individuals that are impacted. in terms of the health of the fund itself, the basic problem is a simple one. it's the downside of a good problem. people living a lot longer. when social security was designed back in the '30s, the average american didn't make it to 65.
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the life span was 63. only the government would have a government like that. you'll be dead two years, and give you a check. the average person stayed about five years. today, frankly, you get to 65 and your chances of getting to 85 are a little bit better than 50%. your chances of getting into the early '90s are about 25%, 30%. those are good things, by the way. i'm 66. i think this is a really good thing. but it has changed, the nature of the system. so beginning about three years ago, more money is going out of social security than coming in. now, as the caller rightly says, there are some people that have put money in that aren't able to get everything out. that's true, be, if somebody happens to die. they don't get to take the money that they had out and they've got to go to their family or somebody else. there are a lot of groups here. that's an equity issue that you have to look at. but statistically, the main problem is simply we're going to double the number of people on social security in the next
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generation, because baby boomer generations retiring is very large. and again, thanks to modern medicine, we live a lot longer. so we're going to have really look at the system and see how to sustain it. once it goes bankrupt, and it will in about 2033, according to the latest projections, we don't stop paying social security, but we only pay the money that comes in. so you'd have an immediate 22% cut in benefits for people in their 70s and 80s. i wish we would get serious about this. my friend john delaney, a democrat from maryland and i have a pretty serious proposal, bipartisan that we've introduced in the last two congresses. we've not been able to get the congressional leadership on either side or the administration. not particularly interested in it. we're going to keep at it. sooner or later, the math forces you to sit down and deal with medicare, medicaid, and particularly social security. >> republican line. this is frank in west virginia. >> caller: good morning. before i get to what i told the
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screener, i would like to suggest everybody read tom coburn's book on waste. i'm sure you know tom. >> he was my client for when he was in the house for three terms. know him very well. great guy. >> caller: i think he's done a better job of pointed out waste to anyone up there. before obama got in, he was pointing out how much he could save on fraud and waste and abuse, but certain things were done. and i've heard this for years and years and years. if we just pass this bill, we can save so much on fraud, waste, and abuse. why do we have to pass a bill to do it? why isn't that done all the time? >> it should be done all the time. some actually do try and do it. it's cumbersome. it's hard to get at it. tom did some terrific things, by the way, on fraud and medicare, medicaid. we literally have some units that go after fraud now in a way
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that we didn't before. i've actually seen several of them work. and they've saved the federal government tens of millions of dollars. so again, your point is well-taken. partly, though, these are supercharge issues. when you touch social security, medicare, medicaid, that's the third rail of american politics. everybody thinks the waste is always someplace else than a program that they're interested in. but frankly, there's a great deal of it, and it's the entitlement programs that honestly are the worst. they get less scrutiny, because the programs like defense, where there's certainly waste, are at least under review every year. they have to go through the appropriations process. we very seldom stop and get things like medicare, medicaid, social security, a really hard look. frankly, they have organize ed special interest groups that defend them. they'll say my goodness, they're throwing granny over the cliff, or they're taking away the benefit that you've earned. congress is too gun shy in my
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view about actually confronting both of those groups. if you don't, you'll never balance the federal budget. >> did you have any direct involvement in the creation of this deal? >> no, i didn't, really. this is negotiated at the highest levels. basically between the speaker, the majority leader, the president, and the two minority leaders. so it was those individuals and their respective staff. there's a lot of support done by other committees that will answer this question for us and what can we do here. but the main deal has really been negotiated by the leadership, the house, the senate, and the president. >> did you know it was forthcoming or did you just find out about it last night? >> pretty sure it was coming. the negotiations have been going on for a while. you try and determine what you can on the edges. i've got some good friends on all sides in this negotiation, so what can you tell me, what can you tell me? >> what did they tell you? >> basically, it's ended up about where they thought it would. on wednesday and thursday of last week, i think they went
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through. they weren't sure it was going to make it, but looked like 60/40 it might. you've got different perspectives from different sides. but at the end of the day, nobody's going to be 100% happy with this thing. but you have to look at it in terms of what the consequences are if it doesn't pass. do you really want financial disruptions on default? do you really want massive cuts in the american military? i think the answer to both those questions is no. and are these cuts -- excuse me, is this additional spending paid for? yeah, it is. some of it's paid for. there will be plenty of people that are upset with it. i think they spread the sacrifice fairly evenly across the board. so that no one group will say they were particularly singled out. >> how much of a lift then do you have going to members and getting support for this? >> quite a lift. i think there will be a lot of resistance to this. i would think the more conservative elements will very strongly oppose it.
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i've already read some of the things they've said in this morning's papers. >> have they contacted you directly? >> we all had a chance to hear one another's initial thoughts. we didn't have all the detailings of the deal, but they had the broad outline. it's pretty easy to see where the fault lines are. but i do think it's possible to get a majority of republicans. i think that will be a lift. we're pretty certain to have 70 to 90 to start off. would like to grow that to 140 or 150. and then, i think the same thing will happen on the democratic side. probably a little bit better honestly, although there will be some heartburn on the democratic side over changes in social security disability and over extending the cuts for medicare providers that already were implemented under the budget control act. they'll be extended out longer to help pay for this thing. there's plenty of reason for people not to like it. what i would ask, giving the alternative that you can
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actually get past. a republican house will pass, a closely divided senate where the democrats can pull a filibuster will get passed. if you have that kind of checks and balances, everybody is going to have to give something up. nobody can force what they would consider the ideal solution on the other party and that's been the case around here for about five or six years. >> noel from new hampshire, democrats line, go ahead. >> caller: hi, yes, good morning. this is pretty much in the same vein abuse of different programs and i'd like to point out some of the abuses that i know of personally in corporate welfare. i do golf course work and i'm a greenskeeper and i've worked in south carolina and here in new hampshire and when the assistants and superintendents go to their meetings and conventions and trade shows they always call the escort services in those cities and towns and
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the conventions are the lifeblood of escort services. and they'll come back, oh, boy, we had some girls, thousand dollars a night and we had three of them. that's just with this restricted group of people and this happens repeatedly over and over. all their liquor is paid for. the women is entertainment. that's all corporate welfare. these guys come down when the auto industry was in trouble there in detroit and they stepped off their corporate jets, taxpayers paid for them, 30, $35 million corporate jets, they step off these jets and they got their hand out, give me some more. give me some more. and i realize the politicians in washington they take advantage of these programs. so, when you want to start cutting abuse and waste, maybe you and your colleagues should find a mirror. >> well, first of all, what you described is not just corporate welfare it's criminal activity
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quite frankly and you ought to be talking to the police if you got some specific examples like that, that's prostitution -- >> -- will read from the prepared statement. is that okay with you? or what -- is that good? your own statement. i did not know. in his own words. sorry about that. for our opening statements i will then recognize any other members seeking recognition for one minute. we will then hear from our witnesses. thank you, ladies and gentlemen, and without objection the prepared statements of all of our witnesses will be made a part of the record and members may have five days to insert statements and questions for the record subject to the length and limitation in the rules. the chair now recognizes herself for five minutes. we're in the fifth year of the syrian humanitarian crisis. the united states has contributed over $4.5 billion in both direct assistance and
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through three u.n. crisis appeals with nearly 75,000 -- 75% going through the latter. the crisis appeals. yet there seems to be no end in sight in this tunnel. russia's recent intervention is causing serious security concerns for not only the people of syria but the ngos and the aid workers on the ground trying to bring assistance to those in desperate need. the front lines are shifting and the battle lines are fluid, causing uncertainty and making it increasingly dangerous to deliver aid to certain areas and making it increasingly dangerous for syrians who remain in their homeland. the situation has gotten so bad that we're now seeing europe struggle to deal with its greatest migration and refugee crisis since world war ii. as many fleeing the syrian conflict are trying to make their way into europe. but while the european crisis may be grabbing the headlines at the moment, let's remember that this crisis was not created
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yesterday. for years the people of syria have been impacted and the syrian refugee crisis has also impacted countries like jordan, like lebanon, turkey and egypt and yet many in the international community ignored these countries' pleas for assistance. these countries are more vulnerable because they have less capacity and less resources to deal with the crisis. let's take jordan, for example. about 630 syrians have been registered by unhcr plus hundreds of thousands more that have already assimilated in jordan, all of which pays an incredible burden on the kingdom to provide basic services to over a million new people. but with more and more refugees seeking to reach europe from syria and its neighbors, there will, of course, be those seeking to take advantage. we're now seeing smuggling networks popping up in turkey, lebanon, libya and elsewhere,
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turning trafficking and syrian refugees into a billion dollar industry and also creating security concerns as we have no way of knowing who is being smuggled into europe and elsewhere. and with president obama's announcement that the u.s. will take in 10,000 syrians, this also raises concerns for many in the u.s. especially in light of the fbi director's testimony to congress last week that the u.s. may not be able to properly vet all of those seeking to come to our nation. as a legislative body this is something that we must take seriously. if we cannot guarantee the proper vetting of these refugees, it would be irresponsible for us to promote it. we must protect our country first and ensure that all security measures are in place to properly screen these individuals before they come into the united states. we cannot compromise the well-being of the american people or our national security. unfortunately it has taken europe's worst migration crisis
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to awaken the europeans now that the syrian conflict is knocking on their borders. the united states has been the largest single contributor to the syrian humanitarian crisis response. dwarfing the contributions made by any other nation and by the european nations as a whole. there's no way to tell how things may have turned out differently had other nations stepped up to the call like the united states did. earlier this month committee staffers traveled to geneva to meet with many of the organizations that receive our assistance for the syrian humanitarian crisis, and from their trip one thing was clear, the response to the crisis has been dreadfully underfunded with a nearly two/thirds funding gap. of course, the problems we need to address are many and they are difficult and it's true that they can never be a solution to the refugee crisis until the underlying root causes are addressed. and that means finding an end to the fighting, an end to the terror, and the removal of assad
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from power. but we need to be less reactive and start being more proactive. we need to start thinking of ways not just to address the refugees' most immediate needs but the needs they face in the years to come and we can't do it alone. we need to press our european friends and partners in the middle east and africa to step up and do more. we need to do a lot more to ensure the needs of the host communities and syria's neighbors are being met as well, because this has taken a very big toll on their resources and it is leading to increased tension between the communities. there's a pervasive feeling of hopelessness and despair that will have long-term impact on the region and beyond. syrians for the most part want to eventually return home. according to some ngo implementing partners on the ground that have conducted surveys on this, some 90% of syrian refugees reportedly state that they do have a desire to return home.
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but that desire may fade if the international community does not step up and do more to ensure that there is a safe home for them to return to and to demonstrate that we are working toward a better future for those who have been impacted so severely by the syrian conflict. and with that i'm pleased to yield to the ranking member of our subcommittee. >> thank you, madam chairman. i was anticipating having a conflict with today's hearing. i'm proud to yield my time to the leader on the issue of refugees and organized the first letter suggesting the cap be lifted in the wake of the crisis in europe and i'm proud to yield to him. >> thank you, madam chairman and ranking member deutsch for calling this hearing today and for your leadership on these issues and thank you, ranking member deutsch, for yielding to me. as we discussed at the first part of this hearing earlier
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this month the crisis inside syria and the region is escalating and it has led to the largest movement of refugees through europe and the middle east wins world war ii. 12.2 million people inside syria, more than half the population, are in need of humanitarian assistance. of these more than 7.6 million are displaced inside the country. in addition more than 4.1 million syrians have registered as refugees abroad with most fleeing to countries in the immediate surrounding region including turkey, lebanon, jordan, iraq, egypt and other parts of north africa. as we've seen in recent months as the neighboring countries reach maximum capacity more are risking dangerous journeys across land and sea into europe. the united nations has declared the situation a level three emergency in order to help facilitate mobilization of resources for the humanitarian response but the distribution of relief supplies within the country remains dependent on guarantees from all parties to the conflict of safe and unhindered access of
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humanitarian staff. the international committee of the red cross estimates 5 million people in syria are located in places that they categorize as difficult to reach by relief workers. i'm extremely concerned about how the new russian bombing campaign is contributing to violence in syria with reports that tens of thousands of people have been displaced in the past few weeks. syrian human rights organizations have documented cases of russian strikes on hospitals and medical facilities and the hugh man rights watch report said russian strikes killed 69 civilians on october 19th. with this renewed fighting it will only increase. as the weather turns colder the situation for refugees on the move will get more perilous. many host communities are overwhelmed. overcrowded schools, inadequate hospital services, impacts on resources such as water all contribute to the burden of neighboring countries. the large is the largest donor of humanitarian assistance to syria and the region. from fiscal year 2012


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