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tv   American History TV  CSPAN  October 31, 2015 7:44pm-8:01pm EDT

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saturday every 6:00 and 10:00 p.m. eastern time. to watch more of our civil war programming visit our website, you're watching american television tv all weekend every weekend on c pan 3. -- c-span 3. >> why should my husband's job being prevent us from ourselves? i do not believe that being first lady should prevent me from expresses my ideas. [applause] >> bet yes ford spoke other mind was pro-choice and was a supporter of the equal rights amendment. for much of her family's public like she struggled with alcohol and drug dependency.
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betty ford, this sunday night at 8:00 p.m. eastern on c-span's original series, first lady's influence and image examining the public and private life of e women who positioned themselves as first lady. sunday at 8:00 p.m. eastern on american history on c-span 3. >> each week, american history tv "reel america" bring you archival films that help tell the story of the 20th century.
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>> hut, two, three, four. that's the sound all over the nation, uncle sam's fighting me. these were americans with japanese face and japanese names. they're members of the japanese erican combat team in 1943 made up entirely of volunteers. some of these select groups are from hawaii. the rest is from the mainland. they had been moved in 1942 soon after the outbreak of the war. they volunteered to fight for the land of their birth, the adopted land of their parents. the hawaiian boys gave the team a motto, go for broke. it's a gambling term. it means
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sthoot win, go all out. do or die. go for broke. these figures show the japanese american combat team in training. some of them only after a few days in uniform. but they had the spirit of go for broke. these boys looked like tough fighters. aren't you glad they're on our side? learning how to use the bayonette and a rival is -- rifle is essential. he protected himself in a gas mask. in a gas mask all american soldiers look alike. millimeter gun37 entails teamwork, instant responds to command.
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drills, drills, drills. and every move is as instinctive as breathing and every piece of equipment is as familiar to each man as familiar as the picture of his best girl. these men are getting acquainted with the machine gun. they start on an older model but it uses real bullets and makes plenty of noise. one crew takes the gun while the rest of the company watches. every man knows every job in the crew. unner, number two man. advancing across an open field, field training is one step until actual combat. the artillery too moves out. in trucks. ng
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those holsters are full of destruction and these men are learning how to use them. the engineers are learning about camouflage and they resort to the piggyback. the anti-aircraft gun too. this is nonl practice. but one of these times these american soldiers may be bringing their guns abarrel. digging their replacement and doing it in a hurry. and still more camouflage so the gun will be concealed. and then the gun goes into position ready for you. every man knows his job and all the other positions too. and he's learned it by pulling out just a little more than he had to. and then the gunners have graduated to a big ..50 caliber
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machine gun. powerful. thrown into action in a hurry. the engineers start out for a field training. in this case a river crossing. that's why they use the amphibious jeep which travels on the water as well as on land. and it can will be do anything but swim. they are the first to arrive and the last to leave any scene of battle. and the combat team has oints set of engineers. and there's the amphibious team. they study the river. the speed of the current, the depth of the water and to locate it spot on where the anchor can be established. the recon santas true returns now thanks to the equipment they had available to use. they make their report. the crews are already organized. the orders are given. and now watch these boys.
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there's no time wasted and no loss motion. they establish an anchor for the bridge on the opposite shore. even for a civil bridge it takes engineering and some husky man power. the detail unloads the guns while another detail can assemble them quickly. that takes planning, organization, training. the piece is assembled. it goes into the weamplet and section by sections they go across the river. the men work the shallow near the shore. and they make a sturdy crossing. only few minutes it reaches the opposite shomplet and when it's
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done, the fighting engineers ake up their rivals. they move at dead run. up the hill and going through the woodland if they are ever have occasion, they'll be ready for as a result of their training in shelby, mississippi. the officer receiving the officer here is one of the highest ranking officers in the combat team. he's the captain demanding officer of the engineers. he's a good engineer and a good soldier. just in case of the counter attack it's the engineer's job to stop them. one way to stop them is to drop frees -- trees. one way to blast it down is using a belt of t.n.t. under the
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instruction of a sergeant. and then a wire to connect. one for the money and down it goes. it's important to know how to destroy a roadway that the enemy might want to use. and a big charge. then they withdraw and go tashed instruction. watch the man at the instructor's feet. he sets off the charge. ready and there it goes. another means of slowing down the end. and now down in the crater for a full view of what the slotion did and that's the way it happened. -- explosion did and that's the way it happened. the engineers use old-fashioned trouble and modern quim to do their training. and then the obstacle over the
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pole and down into the big ditch and up on the opposite side. if anything gets in the way, jump over or go under it but don't slack in speed. through the long tunnel. that's a helmet not a steel one. but he'll keep his head down because that might as long have been a bullet. both feet ahead of the clocking run. this is recommended. and then the eight-foot wall. over. he almost didn't make that one. down on to the opposite side and on to the next obstacle. they fly through the air with the greatest of ease. and now up and on to the finish line. hat's the obstacle course. and another important part is marking. long, hard force marches at a fast paste and little rest in
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hot sultry weather. these rookies have hiked 20 miles in less than four miles in 100-degree feet. more of the spirit of go for broke. on sunday, services are held outdoors. the men in the combat teams represent a large number of religions and denominations. many are buddhists. me are catholic and some are protestants. one of the rights they fight for is man's right to worship his own god in his own way. it's the end of the day at camp shelby and the combat team forms for retreat with the colors present bd if honor company. they will review the entire unit. kanazawa, the the
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stockholm numbering into the thousands with japanese names and japanese faces with the mind, heart, spirit that are enthusiastically, earnestly american. their contribution for vick toy for democracy and all of what democracy means, power, freedom, an equal opportunity regardless of race or ancestors. their training in the many combat action which they may see motto,they live with the o for broke.
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♪ >> you're watching american history tv, all weekend every weekend on c-span 3. to join the conversation, like us on facebook on c-span history. >> each week american history tv's american artifacts visits museums and historic places. >> hello, my name is keith hudson and i am samuel murray stone senior director of research and director of the world war ii museum in new orleans. we're standing in the road to berlin, permanent gallery exhibits which opened in december of 2014 after several years of development. our mission here at the national world war ii museum is to tell the american experience in world war ii why it was fought, how it was won and whate means today. and the building we're in tells
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what i call the war part of the story, how it was won. in the museum we try to build this environmental challenges that the u.s. faced our forces faced in world war ii. so in north africa, the deser is as big of a challenge as the enemy at times. and so what we have here in the gallery is an environmental treatment that not only shows the rocky desert that we're going to be fighting in but also the past. february 1943 where the united states is unfortunately going to very, very batly whipped by the germans in the desert. many of our viewers will remember the movie "patton" where george pat top is brought in to try to reorganize american
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forces to beat if germans. this map introduces visitors to the situation when the allies landed in north africa in november of 1942. you can see on the map that the allies are represented in blue, but the access powers and the territories they control are represented in read. you get a sense of the scale of adolf hitler's power where he and mussolini have an empire really more german but have an empire that stretches all the way across europe and north africa. a sea of red, we have a long way to go in this war.
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>> each week, american history tv sits in on a lecture with one of the nation's college professors. you can watch the classes here every sad evening at 8:00 p.m. and midnight eastern. >> next stanford university professor claiborne carson talks about martin luther king's career as a reverent. -- reverend. like his father, he was a pastor. an hour.bout who is martin luther king --


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