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tv   1943 U.S. Navy Documentary December 7th  CSPAN  December 6, 2015 8:00am-9:25am EST

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>> you are watching american history tv. all weekend every weekend on c-span3. to join the conversation, like us on facebook at c-span history. >> each week, american history tv railamerica brings us archival film that helped tell united states.e after the japanese attack on pearl harbor, president franklin roosevelt asked the navy to create a motion picture that would document the historic event. the 82 minute film you are about to see is a result of that order. completed in 1943, it was not what the president or navy brass
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were hoping for. the director, greg toland, an accomplished cinematographer, hoped this would be his hollywood directorial debut. he filled the film with fictionalized scenes, criticisms of navy security in hawaii, racially insensitive views of japanese hawaiians, and reenactments of the japanese attack, some done with miniature models in hollywood. producer john ford took over the product, and created a simpler, 34 minute version that was approved by the navy, and later won an academy award for best short subject. this longer version of december 7 wasn't released until many years after world war ii, and was recently restored by the national archives. ♪ >> your war and navy departments present, december 7. ♪ >> would you please repeat the
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last paragraph i gave you, ms. kim? >> for tropical beauty, this little island of oahu has not been as a vacationland. >> fine, imagine the transition, jonathan.
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in less than 24 hours, you are in paradise. silenced is the endless ringing of the telephone. banished are hurry, scary, and worry. gone the nervewracking feeling, that america can make up its mind which way it wants to spend. in, if at all. yes sir, jonathan. when you're almost begin taken bites, there's only one thing to do. take your shoes off, and that's just exactly what i have done. on a flower covered hilltop in honolulu, territory of heaven. hawaii. romantic, mystical, hawaii, where the air is choked with the fragrance of a million flowers. >> air choked with the fragrance of a million flowers. >> yes, i got carried away.
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we will continue. yes, jonathan. nature has been most generous. but there is more on the sun gilded islands than flowers and trees. >> i'll say there is. >> yes, you. i might have known. miss kim, we will continue with this later. the mood has gone. >> go on with your letter. i might suggest a few things to add to it. they won't be as lyrical as the air choked with the fragrance of a million flowers, but they will be essential. >> you're not only an intruding gent, but a mule-eared eavesdropper. thank you, miss kim. >> good morning. >> good morning, miss kim. you are a strange fellow. one look at me, and up goes your dander. that's no ways to treat an old business partner.
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let's say associate for many years. >> too many years. >> a good long time. you were a youngster in knee pants will we first locked horns. you were tearing yourself up over a book of rules you were getting up called the constitution. as i remember, it was one solid hunk of oak. then again, when you were a lanky, cocky adolescent, you chose upsides and started knocking the blocks of each other. >> you have been reminding me of it ever since. >> that's my job. >> what is it you want? >> i've come to go over the books with you. the year 1941 is almost over, and there is some balancing that needs to be done. >> can it wait? i'm on vacation. >> you've done a lot of vacationing this year. your
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heart hasn't been in it. >> of course, certainly. >> you can't fool me with that star-studded front of yours. you're not hitting on all 12. something is eating you inside. >> yes. you. >> thank god for that. thank god my small voice is able to reach you. that's what makes you a pretty decent fellow. deep down underneath. >> you are a wily old scalawag. but you can't hoodwink me with your flattery. no sir. i'm on to your ways, and i'll be darned if i will let you spoil my fun. >> you're not going to let me, but i will. since i had to be settled with a conscience, why did you have to hogtie me to such an irascible, determined parasite like this one. >> only a few minutes, and i have you praying already. >> what's the use. let's take a look at the books.
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>> where should we start? now let's say, hawaii. i wonder how much you know about sugarcane and pineapples? >> i don't know exactly what is behind that lawyer approach of yours, but i know a good deal about sugarcane and pineapples. yes, i do. it's a pioneering story that compares favorably with the opening of the west. it's the story of a miracle in a desert created by a handful of adroit men with indomitable courage. they and their descendents putting the cultivation of 244 acres of vigorous wheat, chock-full of sweet sand. an annual crop of two tons a century ago. a million tons today. over $50 million for the year. big business. on soil less favorable for growing cane, they planted pineapples.
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90,000 acres under cultivation in half a century. about 13 million cases of canned fruit shipped yearly. big business, too. where once was a village of grass huts, a modern american city arose. honolulu. the pearl of the pacific. a modern, up-to-the-minute city. the territorial building. the municipal building. library with many branches. the university of white. the king kamehameha school. over 300 public and private schools. honolulu academy of arts with its priceless collection of art and paintings. lovely streets and homes.
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beautiful houses of worship representing all denominations. luxurious hotels. the royal hawaiian, and the moana on legendary waikiki beach. a bustling port, a haven for ships of all nations. castle and five. cook, alexander and baldwin, seaburr and company, american factors. the big five, the backbone, the nerve center, the brain of the territory. grandsons, ants, uncles, in-laws, held together by blood ties and interacting
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locking directorates. that is what was accomplished with a sweet reed and a pineapple. that's what i know about sugarcane and pineapples. >> as usual, you are very well informed. you have covered the subject perfectly, with one exception -- labor. its acumen human hands to plow and cede that soil. to harvest and gather the crop. >> they've done a good job. the natives. >> you know as well as i do that the majority of laborers were and are japanese. >> what about it? >> nothing. but let's not overlook the majority of these populations here. the japanese. they too have their pioneers. they didn't come here to spread the gospel or to venture in trade. they were brought here as contract laborers to supply the needed manpower for those yankee
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pioneers who got here first. back in the 1860's, they came in dribbles. later in bucketfuls. some saved their money and went back to the man -- the land of their fathers. others went on to the pacific coast. most of them sank their roots, raised their families, buried their loved ones, and settled permanently. there are a lot of them now. 157,000. 37% of the population of the islands. that's the 1941 telephone book, published for them in japanese. and that's the newspaper, published by them. him him they have several daily newspapers of their own. a few semiweeklies and weeklies. they have their own magazines, too. a goodly share still work in the sugarcane plantations.
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a goodly share still work in the pineapple fields. but they develop their big fires too, not as financial. potent and powerful, but very solid indeed. their uncles and cousins begin to penetrate into the island. the numbers were growing. fishing, storekeepers, doctors, manufacturers, dentists, servants, truck farmers, nurses ad infinitum. yep, there are a lot of them. ♪
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yep, there are a lot of them. 157,000. they conduct themselves accordingly. listen to what the doctor, chairman of the oahu citizens committee for home defense had to say at a patriotic rally. >> we are not assembled here this evening to put on an act or a show. we want to carry our full share of the burden of national defense. we are here to re-pledge one with another, our unreserved loyalty to the united states of america. this we do freely, gladly, proudly. there are those who question our sincerity, who doubt our loyalty. but if they would only pause and
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reflect, they would realize there is no justification for such an attitude. after all, we were born here. our homes, our friends, our livelihood, our future, are all deeply bound up with this native land of ours. we realize how fortunate we are to be living in this, of all the lands of the earth. and we cherish our heritage as americans. these are not mere words spoken for effect. with tongue in cheek. and we wish to add in unmistakable language that if and when war comes, no matter with what other country, we will give our lives if necessary in defense of those democratic principles for which other
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americans have lived and fought and have died. >> i pledge allegiance to the united states of america, and to the republic for which it stands, one nation, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all. >> 1, 2, ♪ god bless america ♪ land that i love ♪ stand beside her and guide her ♪ ♪ through the night with a light from above ♪ ♪ from the mountains ♪ to the prairies ♪ to the oceans white with foam ♪ ♪ god bless america
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♪ my home sweet home ♪ god bless america ♪ my home sweet home >> as american a spirit that exists in any newly when community, by god's. >> a hyphenated spirit. they send their children to american public schools, where they pledge allegiance to the flag and sing patriotic american songs. but they also send them to their own language schools, 175 of them. where they are taught japanese loyalties, culture, and morals. >>[speaking japanese] >> ♪ [singing japanese]
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>> in addition to their buddhist and christian churches, they brought with them their so-called religion, shintoism, and devoutly follow its teachings. ♪
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>> pardon me, sir. would you please tell us who you recognize as a supreme being, as deity? >> in shintoism, we worship the first japanese emperor, whose creation started the world of mankind. >> doesn't that imply worship of his descendents, the current son of heaven? emperor hirohito? >> he is the mortal image of our immortal deity. >> do you mind telling us what are some of the basic precepts of your religion? >> not at all. shintoism embraces many doctrines. it preaches honor of the ancestors, thereby keeping alive the fires of nationalism, and preserving a racial and social bond with the unbroken and divinely descended imperial dynasty. to be a shintoist is to be
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japanese. this is not, nor can it be, a matter of choice. it is a duty. >> and they obey their duty. >> you are forgetting the guaranteed freedom of religion. isn't it infringement of those rights to prohibit american citizens from worshiping the head of a foreign government? what i ask you would tokyo think if the emperors subjects openly worshiped george washington as a god? >> are you implying that all these people are disloyal americans? >> indeed not. i would not attempt to separate the loyal from the disloyal. i'm only presenting the facts. what is commonly known as the japanese exclusion act, there were about 66,000 american japanese here. in that same year, japan passed a law giving these 66,000 americans the right to expatriate themselves from japan.
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yet up to 1933, only about 5500 did. true, the expatriation procedure was made complicated and cumbersome by the japanese government. nevertheless, during the same period between 1924 and 1933, 39,000 children were born in hawaii. 17,800 of the parents went to the japanese consulate here and registered their two week old sons and daughters so they wouldn't lose their japanese citizenship. if that's americanism, it's very hyphenated. >> all right, so there are many japanese here. and they have their language schools and shinto temples. and many are hyphenated, and some perhaps disloyal. but don't go getting the impression that i'm entirely unaware of their presence here. my police forces federal and local are constantly vigilant. backing them up is the largest naval fortress in the world. as long as the american flag flies over these bastions of
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military strength, no one need sleep uneasily. it's a bastion that i am very fond of. >> i haven't forgotten, neither have the japanese. i mean the imperial government, through its consulate general and his 250 vice consuls. they are diplomatically protected by the flag of the rising sun. ♪ >>[speaking japanese] ♪ >> [speaking japanese] >> all 32 days, and we really
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gave her the work. >> she made 31 the last test, she'll make 33 easy like. >> sure. she won't take it. i'm telling you, it will run circles around you. they tell me these new cruisers will do 35. >> maybe so. you know the old theory, put on more armor, and you get a few knots slower. it's a lot safer. you ought to see the burn i got. >> snap into it. i'm in a hurry. >> what's the rush, got a date? >> a date with the sergeant. detail at the other end of the island. we are laying in a new landing
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field, over 9000 feet long. >>[whistles] >> i hope we don't miss that shore boat. >> we will make it all right. we always have. >> there goes one of those new army bombers. >> that base has all that firepower. >> her tail's as blind as a bat. ♪ >> let's go, cutie pie.
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>> [speaking japanese] >> yes? >> mr. heinemann to see you. >> have him come in. >> good work. >> good morning. you seem in very good spirits today. >> of course i am. haven't you seen the papers? an american destroyer was sunk
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in the north atlantic by one of our submarines. my office can take credit for that. the information was picked up right here in honolulu. by one of my best men. >> at 10:00, the phone line, long-distance, and guess who? ralph. he didn't say so in so many words. but we had a little code fixed up. and he's been transferred to a cruiser, and is leaving on friday for iceland. imagine, ralph in a cold country like that. why, he's a regular old beach boy. the poor darling will probably freeze to death. remember, not a word to a single soul, i really shouldn't have told you. it's a military secret. >> it certainly was a military secret. unfortunately, we didn't get the cruiser. but we did get one of the destroyers. >> my congratulations.
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>> you owe me more than congratulations. surely you are not forgetting the fine work we are doing, telling the world what incompetent, stupid little children of the orient you japanese are. >> you have been playing around too much with the officers, stop it. they are too smart for you. tell your stories elsewhere, beauty shops, card games, civilian workers, talk to the public. >> yes, carl. this officer told me he came through here on the way back, he says the reason they're so secretive is that it's no good, and they know it. all that scrap metal we didn't a friend of mine knows marine just back from china. lying,t have a flair for i guess. and they have got it.
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this insurance fellow has been tokyo for more than 10 years. he said they were flying over tokyo, not anything like ours. a newspaper fellow in tokyo said they are shipping a lot of junk. he said some of them rollover and sink the first time the guns go off. spies offmerican their chests. i have something highly confidential to discuss with you. >> really? excuse us. >> our san francisco office informs us washington has sent here many f.b.i. agents and military and labor intelligence men are practically everywhere. >> oh, they are? >> surprised? >> not very. i have information one of the
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high monetary officers in the hawaiian department has cautioned everyone not to do anything to offend the imperial command of japan or create unnecessary hardship on the japanese population. no hardship will be taken. >> and no action has been taken. >> how do you know this? >> they have been aware of the japanese activities for years. they even have a black book of all suspicion -- suspicious persons if and when trouble starts. >> why isn't something being done before trouble starts? >> i was going to ask you that. i tell you. it is bad judgment to take a unless a fellow's chin you are prepared to make a real scrap. washington has its hands full trying to keep the isolationists from the spending the army. it is just a case of letting the japanese push us around until
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provides them with good-sized clubs to back up their words with actions. >> that would get us into war. >> as i have said many times, you are a strange fellow. you want peace, but you want it to easy way. want to go on leading your own way of life but you don't want to fight for it. if anyone suggests doing something about it, economy war hawk. watch out. one of these days, one of these stupid little children of the orient will choose you. when they get ready to square off, they won't worry about offending you. they will pick their time and method, and they will come over here and blow that bastion of military might behind which you sleep so easily into smithereens. >> now you are hysterical talking like a schoolboy.
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it is 3400 miles from tokyo to hawaii. they may get cocky and try to play fast one in the philippines or be crazy enough to grapple with the british in singapore, but it cannot happen here. if they are as active as you say, they must have found out pearl harbor -- it all adds up to two words -- stay away. and they will. >> they may. in the meantime, no matter the hour or place, there is an ear and i to observe. patiently, information is collected. ♪ >> patiently, bit by bit, it is sent out. >> [speaking japanese]
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>> the ever-present diesel powered san fran is used for other purposes besides fishing. japanese]ng >> the diplomatic pouch illuminates the need for secrecy. by shortwave and diplomatic outcome of tokyo is kept informed of all of our ship movements and military activity. by patriotic subscription, they support the war in china. tourists go back to the homeland. in return, tokyo since over shinto priests, educators, writers who go up and down the island with monotonous regularity. for 2.5 hours daily, tokyo broadcast in japanese featuring news reports and governmental happenings. [broadcast in japanese]
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allowte often, they tourists and relatives to send greetings back. >> [speaking japanese] [laughter] speaks, theyokyo all listen. rich and poor alike. it is plainly a two-way proposition. put them both together, and it spells tokyo i love you. you may see nothing but intrigue and conspiracy behind every closed door. i see islands of wondrous beauty. sky-piercing mountains.
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the, driven gorgeous. dashing surf and miles of colorful coastlines. tropical skies. the world famous landmarks. diamondhead, the upside down .alls by manylands inhabited towns, of many lands, living side-by-side in neighborliness and friendship. >> the islands are of many races, many mixtures. 423,000. population is >> there are 7000 of us. i am korea. >> portuguese. >> 8000. >> chinese, 29,000. >> filipinos, 53,000.
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>> 66,000. >> caucasian, 103,000. >> japanese, 157,000. >> a melting pot, yes. but one in which everything literally melts. ♪
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♪ to which people from the world over have brought their colorful traditions and customs and adapted them to our american way of life. [hawaiian music] ♪
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>> islands which say a la jolla to thousands of vacation tourists yearly. >> aloha. >> aloha. >> aloha >> ♪ until we meet again ♪ ♪
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>> islands once ruled by the now ining and over which dignified splendor flies the flag of the united states. it is all down there if you will only take time to look. it is amazing how much you can see with your head buried in the sand. so long. >> so long. [suspenseful music] >> sleeping peacefully, uncle sam? no problems, no worries? >> go away. i am tired. >> i am tired, too. the whole world is tired. e so?y must you plague m i am tired.
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[dramatic music] early sunday morning on the , on a hilltop,oo uncle sam lay fast asleep, warned of the fire looking across the oceans from without, warned of the dangers threatening from within. hisd of friendly with conscience and fatigued after long, dark night full of disturbing events as the year 1941 was, he slept in the early sabbath calm.
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safe and secure behind its military ramparts, the city of honolulu, like many other unsuspected american communities was also asleep. at all of the establishments on the island after warnings, it had been secretly in effect for 11 days bid this alert provided suitable defense against possible acts of sabotage and uprising on the island itself but made no provisions against attack or invasion. at hickam field, the army's bomber base, safeguards were taken to protect the equipment against sabotage. on this sunday morning, the planes were concentrated in up robe i wrote on the open field. immediately adjacent to the field is pearl harbor, the navy's $100 million fist. on this tragic day of reckoning, ships and cruisers lay at
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anchor. destroyers, minesweepers, and repair ships. 86 vessels in all. by 7:00, the city began to stir. part, thest atmosphere was serene and quiet. at hickam field, ground crews were at work. on a darkened pearl harbor, a few blue jackets island the way afew minutes -- idled away few minutes as a field mass was held. is the third today sunday of advent, seventh of december, which means christmas is not far ahead. i don't have to remind you fellows it is about to shove off carrying christmas gifts to the home side. why not buy them a few presents? tacky lei,mother a
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little sister a hula skirt. i think they would rather have something from little johnny in hawaii. this is the time when you're going to be missed, so send them a present for christmas. that letter is so important. don't put that off. >> a few minutes past 7:00, an incident occurred at the warning station. the station had officially closed at 7:00 but the private who had been receiving treatment was granted permission to remain at the station. he discovered something that alarmed him. certain of his findings, he called the central information center. and expressed lieutenant answered the phone. >> i believe a large flight of planes are approaching slightly north a distance of 130 miles.
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>> we are expecting some b-17s. >> thank you, sir. >> this incident it acted upon would have given our forces briefly precious time for defense action and may have considerably affected the events of this fateful day. regrettably, the private's warning went unheeded. 7:50 when the drone of planes was faintly heard. [hum of engines] >> out of the misty pacific skies like tiny locusts, they swarmed in from the sea.
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from the south. from the southeast. and from the north. at this very moment on a quiet sunday afternoon in washington, envoys smooth talking were blandly delivering a lengthy protestation of japan's peace intentions. at this very deceitful moment, about 200 of japan's messengers of death swooped in over our pacific paradise. on they came, wave after wave, boldly, fearlessly.
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they had little to fear. they knew our task forces were at sea, and they knew their disposition. they knew long -- no long-distance reconnaissance or patrol was being maintained. they knew from detailed maps the exact location of vital airfields and other structures. each was given a specific objective, and street toward that objective he came. over the cool range. past the poly. past diamondhead.
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over waikiki beach, the treachery of an empire was on the wing. planned for months with brilliant coming, favored by our lack of readiness with the sky and see all their own, at 7:55 a.m., hell broke loose. man-made hell, made in japan. [explosions]
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[rapid gunfire] >> man u battle stations -- manual battle stations!
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[bugle blowing] >> [siren sounding] [rapid gunfire]
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>> all hands, take your battle stations! [whistleblowing]
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blowing] [rapid gunfire]
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[sounds of explosions] ship! hands, abandon
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all hands, abandon ship! >> the ferocity of the attack momentarily subsided. in the city, the people awakened by the month argument believe the army and navy worse -- were staging large-scale maneuvers. the in sender's machine-gun fire changed their minds -- the incendiaries and machine-gun fire changed their minds. gentleman, when interviewed by a reporter, was stubborn and refused to change his mind. >> i don't think it is an attack by japan. >> you must have seen the japanese planes. >> i did not. >> what about the gunfire? >> i thought the army and navy
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were having maneuvers. >> you and i know this is an attack by japan. >> i have nothing to say. >> judging by the smoke coming out of her chimney, there will be nothing left to show. >> i have nothing to say. >> the second phase of the attack began.
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>> by 9:45, the attack was over. one hour and 50 minutes of adversity. the last wave of the invaders whobeaten off by our men heroically and magnificently gave notice to the world we had only begun to fight. when they sneaked in, they were about 200 strong. only about 150 when they departed. behind them, they left about 50 of their planes. most of them were scattered on the airfield in mangled wreckage. a few crashed into the sea and washed up on the short. somerset out of the sky and plunged headlong into the harbor. grim evidence of the list of dead japs might have been larger
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and the list of our casualties smaller if we had been sufficiently on the alert. submarines, three accounted for, were specially built to operate in shallow waters found in and around pearl harbor. this, as the whole diabolical plan of the attack, was conceived and aimed toward achieving one objective and one objective only. to catch us off guard, smash our fleet, cripple our standing as a seapower, and put us out of business. they failed. but tragic and terrible is the scene of destruction. heartbreaking the site of ships built to fight and die probably now left burning in shallow graves. painful and lamentable the scenes with barracks, hangers, and equipment a massive debris.
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always, said president roosevelt, will our nation remember the character of the onslaught against us. ♪ a date that will live in infamy. a record for all history to read in amazement, sorrow, and disgust. horror and disgust. amazement and sorrow. sorrow, yes. bitter grievance. mortifying sorrow.
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this sabbath day, 2343 officers and enlisted men of our army, navy, and marine corps gave their young lives in the service of our country. who were these young americans? let us pause for a few minutes at their hallowed graves and ask a few of them to make themselves known. who are you, boys? -- come on, speak up, some of you. >> i am robert r kelly, united states army. i came from findlay, ohio. i am alford aaron rosenthal. united states navy. in brooklyn, new york. my hometown is iowa. those are my parents.
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i am moses anderson allen, united states navy. i lived on a farm in cold north carolina. my mother is mrs. annie allen. i'm james webster late, united states navy. i am from huntington park, california. my folks are mr. and mrs. william late. i am antonio defolla, u.s. army. i live just outside albuquerque, new mexico. i'm lieutenant william schick, united states medical corps. my home was chicago, illinois. my parents were mr. and mrs. william h schick. my wife's name is lois. >> you have a baby now, lieutenant. he was born three months after
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pearl harbor. he is named after you -- billy. you may be pleased to know that he was born on your birthday. >> that's swell. thanks. >> how does it happen that all of you sound and talk alike? >> we are all alike. we are all americans. ♪ ["my country tis of thee"]
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♪ ["taps"]
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♪ >> tokyo is calling nagasaki, over. his excellency, premier tojo will report to the nation.
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the united states has threatened to enslave the life of our peaceloving nation. i have the honor to report that we have struck an annihilating blow at the united states people. here are the facts. >> almost immediately, the crowing began. just listen to the facts. >> the battleship arizona, sunk and lost. >> regrettably, that is correct. >> the aircraft carrier enterprise, capsized and lost. >> incorrect. that is the old target ship, utah. >> battleship oklahoma, lost. >> capsized, but not lost.
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plans are underway for righting her. >> battleships california, nevada, and west virginia -- damaged beyond repair. >> temporarily damaged but , before you go further, meet captain boldon of the navy. he is an expert on salvage and repair. together with hundreds of civilian technicians welders, , mechanics, and engineers, many working in complete harmony with navy personnel he began a 24 , hour job of salvage and repair that will stand forever as one of the great achievements in maritime history. ♪ >> above and below the water's surface, this epic of masterful engineering went on.
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captain woolen has proved to be -- has proved you to be a mighty tall storyteller. , by a richur facts navy word, scuttlebutt. he set out to scuttle your kind of scuttlebutt. ♪ >> the 23-year-old california, known affectionately as the barge, with her ugly wounds temporarily bound was , re-floated and towed to drydock. similar attention was given to the 28-year-old nevada in the 21-year-old west virginia. in drydock, in record-breaking time, they were overhauled from
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stem to stern. from hull to peak. dressed in up-to-the-minute fighting garb and raring to go, these mighty warships send out with speed. godspeed. ♪ ["anchors aweigh"] >> wait a minute. who is this saucy little gal? by george, it looks like -- yes, it is. the mine layer, ogala. a 4000 tons surprise package. given up and reported as lost, this former passenger ship was righted and refloated. taken to drydock, this small craft was repaired. now spanking new, this veteran of world war i now picks up her battle station.
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so you see mr. tojo how poorly stand up. >> what is left of the pacific is seeking shelter in the panama canal. >> before, you are lying. now you are fishing. and now you're wishing. no phantom ships, mr. tojo, but a huge convoy from the mainland. three dozen ships. quite a number for blockade runners. they are loaded to the gun holes with reinforcements and supplies. here is a tip -- more of these convoys are on the way. convoy after convoy. men in ever-increasing numbers. supplies in ever-increasing
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quantity. thanks to washington's farsighted program, we did manage before december 7, despite many internal difficulties and disagreements, to build up the strength of our armed forces and start our factories humming. so that today, behind a military curtain of censorship, hawaii stands as the greatest military and naval fortress in the world. yes, virtually overnight the island seems changed. war had come to america's tropical suburb. the axis brand of war. the stab in the back on sunday morning. the din of the last bomb had barely faded before governor poindexter declared martial law for the civilian population. what kind of garrison material do these people make? here is the vivid answer to japan's sneak punch. the defense committee, 4000 men and women organized and trained before the seventh and working in cooperation with military and
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red cross officials. this is civilian army and its neighbors went to war. windows were taped in order to reduce the dangers from flying glass. vital installations were camouflaged and protected by sandbags and barbed wire. barbed wire -- mountains of it. strung along every foot of oahu's coast, its highways, around its schools and public buildings. yes, war had come to the people in our island paradise and the people dug in. everywhere the earth was tunneled to provide cover from shrapnel. public squares, parks, and playgrounds were uprooted. concrete shelters were built and distributed throughout the city. efficient air raid warning systems were put into operation , and for the first time in history, american schoolchildren
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were brought face-to-face with the grim reality of war. [siren] >> even tiny little tots, confused and bewildered were , taught to march into trenches. difficult to explain to them the why or where for of the strange game. this is a war of survival. people's war. even a little people's war. right down to infants. for this child, and karen memory of your treachery.
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where to the mothers of hawaii remember the gas attacks in china? they knew that what you were capable of trying in china, you were capable of trying in here. but hawaii is prepared now. even against this possibility. everyone has a rubber gas mask and carries it with him. from children as they go from to and from school, to grown-ups, civilian and military alike. the people of hawaii needed no pep talks on the value of rubber. this pile proves that. all the people pitched in. the japanese, too. they volunteered in great numbers as blood donors.
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they liberally supported the war bond drive, and everywhere this scene was commonplace. >> [speaking japanese] >> $25 war bond. >> name? >> kajiwara. >> the younger generation did its share and justified the doctor's faith in his japanese. -- his fellow japanese. known to be disloyal undercover agents were immediately taken into custody. many were forced out of business and in turn, but despite the tokyo-inspired rumor, not one solitary act of sabotage was committed on the seventh. your bombs, mr. tojo, brought many changes. in no small measure, it will further complicate the already complex life of the japanese in hawaii.
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to permanently erase their relationship of the homeland, they wiped out or removed every vestige of the japanese word. closed are the language schools. empty and boarded up, the shinto temples. gone, the flag of the rising sun. this young american japanese gave the best illustration that over hawaii, the rising sun had begun to set. thus, war came to hawaii, usa. the aloha tower, now the symbol of welcome and hospitality, now stands clad in warpaint. no longer do luxurious liners tong vacation-bend tourists these once-happy isles. the liners, too have gone to war. no longer is waikiki beach the sun-kissed playground of the
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pacific. barbed wire has changed its face. now at twilight, the city streets are empty and deserted. blackouts start each day promptly at dusk. you may crow, mr. tojo. you have done a good job of stabbing in the back. you have darkened our cities, you have destroyed our property, you have spilled our blood. our faith tells us that to all this treachery, there can be but one answer -- a time-honored answer. for all they that take the sword shall perish with the sword. >> that is the story of pearl harbor before, during, and after the infamous attack on december 7. it is all true. you can take my word for it because i know. i was there. i died there. >> who are you talking with, buddy? >> talking with some of our fellow americans. >> up here are down there?
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>> down there. >> don't waste your time. >> oh, they are all right. >> i have been watching up for 24 years. >> where did you get yours? >> on the marne. >> oh, you're a veteran. >> over there are men who fought the redcoats with george washington. i saw the general the other day. over there, the boys of 1812, the indian fighters. up there is regiment after regiment of blues and grays. my outfit is appear in the new sector. reckon they will be opening up some more sectors now. plenty of room for all of you. for you boys from this war and the next. >> there isn't going to be any next. >> where have i heard that before?
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>> it was said when the bible was in its first edition. but this time we are going to make the world -- >> safe for democracy. >> safe, period. safe for us to continue our mocker see. safe for any nation that lives under a democracy or any other rules no matter the , name, as long as i call a fair ball fair and a foul ball foul. any nation is a lie, if they are worthy of being called a ball club. >> i've heard it all before. it was said better by a man who is up here with us now woodrow , wilson. and what happened? america decided they did not want to play ball with the international league, so they left wilson on third base and walked off the field. he tried to tell them that there are big leagues left now and they are no longer playing sandlot ball.
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they sold him and his hope down the river. >> that was 1918 -- 500 years ago. you can bet your last lincoln penny that uncle sam will be right in there, pitching. >> are you taking any bets? when the last shot is fired, they will take all the speeches and pack them away in my fault. they will climb in the bleachers and eat hot dogs. they will watch the other club slug it out. six will get you 12. 15 years to 20 years from now, they will be opening up new sectors. >> better cut down on the odds, soldier. because when this ballgame is over, a lot of guys to going to be struck out, that's true. but a lot of guys are going to be coming back to home plate and they are going to ask a lot of questions, and they are going to have a lot to say about who does what, and when. a whole flank of contracts and promissory notes are being dished out to them, and they are coming back to collect. my money is on them and the
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roosevelts, the churchill's, the -- on -- i'mg my dell on reason, augh picture called common sense on , an outfield called decency. brotherhood, religion. teams like that are warming up all over the globe. they are in spring training now, but when the season starts they are going to be all out there, slugging, pitching, fielding their way to a world series pennant called peace. yes, all over the world. >> in australia, belgium, brazil, canada, china, costa
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rica, cuba, czechoslovakia, the dominican republic, the free danish movement, england, ethiopia, the fighting free french, greece, guatemala, haiti, honduras, india, yugoslavia, luxembourg, mexico, the netherlands, new zealand, nicaragua, norway, panama, the philippines, poland, russia, el salvador, south africa, and the
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united states of america. ♪ [captions copyright national cable satellite corp. 2014] all weekend, american history tv is featuring monterey, where california's 1st constitution was drafted. we recently visited many sites showcasing the history. learn more about monterey all weekend on american history tv. this is my cia wall.
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a lot of metals, a lot of coins that are distributed among everyone there. , the most important thing about this wall is this brick, which is entitled "geronimo." it is a brick that was brought back to me by those who conducted the operation that went after osama bin laden. announcer: we spoke with the former secretary of defense leon panetta about the leon panetta attitute for public policy the california state university in monterey bay. sec. panetta: it was an institute that my wife and i found it. it has been almost 18 years since we establish the institute. it happened when we came back


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