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tv   Colonial Williamsburg Governors Palace  CSPAN  December 12, 2015 9:55am-10:16am EST

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>> next on american artifacts, we'd tour colonial williamsburg. a historical interpreter brings us through the house and gives us the story of the governor and his family who fled on the eve of the american revolution. >> i one of the curators of textiles and historic interiors here at colonial williamsburg foundation. i work with not only our textile and quilts and needlework exhibition. right now we are at the governor's palace. it would have been the symbol of power and authority for the british crown and it would have represented power to the columnists of virginia. -- the colonists of virginia. the building was the home of seven royal governors including alexander foxwood.
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the first royal governor who took office in 1710. it was all it was also the home of our first state governors. patrick henry and thomas jefferson. and have a very orderly design. it was the third-largest building in town. it consisted not only of the building we are standing in, but there was a can now, a scullery, a laundry, kitchen.
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we know that one governor actually had 5000 models in his cellar. the house today is a reconstructed building on an architectural site. it was open to the public in 1934. since then it has undergone refurbishing and interpretations. one governor arrived in 1774. at the end of that year, lady dunmore gave birth to a daughter. unfortunately, things went sour between the relationship of the governor and the virginians, and in 1775, the governor and his family fled in darkness, never to return again. today, we have furnished the building as accurately as we can. we used primary documents such as inventory taken when the governor died, when an inventory would be taken of personal possessions.
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we had a letter, also a floor plan. they remodeled the palace into a very detailed floor plan. the capital moved to richmond, virginia, and thomas jefferson never had the opportunity to do the remodeling. it was also a fashion statement. it was here that the columnists a good come to discover the latest fashions from england. what we're going to do now is give you a tour of the palace with our costumed interpreters.
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>> welcome, welcome. i imagine you are impressed. that is what this century hall is for, to impress anyone coming to see the governor, and to impress them with virginia, the best of these colonies. we do not want to forget that anytime soon. the weapons. i know that you are looking at them. all of the men do. these are -- i suppose, a tradition for our governors here. just like with the big castles over in england, i am told, there are veteran -- there are weapons on the wall. these are all part of virginia's store. they are maintained by our militia. that way they can come here, take these down, and use them in virginia's defense, and they have, several times.
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actually our governor, lord dunmore, took the weapons off the wall just last year when he went out west. he went to the ohio territories, part of virginia. he returned to hear to his house with a few, young shawnee warriors. who are living here, awaiting their peace treaty, which might give very interesting, seeing as, well, i'm not sure you have heard the news yet. our royal governor, lord dunmore ran out that door last night. interesting times. you would think he would be in this house, but normally not.
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normally he would attend to his business right here in the palace, a good bit in the parlor over here. there is a desk here in the parlor. that is for his secretary. although apparently he and his wife left last night as well. i think he has taken some of the servants with him as well. mrs. scott, the professional english housekeeper. she never would have left the pantry door open like that. all of the valuable things in that pantry. why, of course, the governor will be coming back. why would they leave all of these things behind in here? especially, all of these, 540
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weapons in the display. and they are virginia's weapons. i just mean -- i do not think the governor wants you having them right now. considering we do not have an official militia at the moment. our governor dissolve the government here before the new militia bill was signed. but now we have something different. our representatives decide to meet anyway, without the governor's approval. apparently mr. patrick henry made quite the speech in richmond, something about liberty and death? but now, now, we have
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independent companies. because of that speech, virginia is angry at england. that may have something to do with the governor leaving town last night. but seeing as they are not here, what do you say we go upstairs and see the private chambers of the family? right this way. here we are. it's quite a few stairs. i guess that is the trouble with high ceilings. so many stairs. this chamber belongs to lady catherine and lady augusta. they are the oldest of the children. they are 15 and 14. things they left in a hurry last
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night. it seems these young ladies have a large bedchamber -- that bed over there is for their governess. we may not like the french, but we do like their style. their father has a seat in parliament. now the governor has taken his entire family off to his ship. they are sailing of the york river at the moment. they are sharing cabins on the ship. seven children. and the governor. and learners made. and the servants. oh, my. -- and the nursemaid. i'm sure they are wishing they
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had this much room again. lord and lady dunmore's chambers are this way. we will pass through a guest room on our way. i know. i knew you would like it. oh, lord and lady dunmore share the bedchamber right over here. if you want to take a look, it's not like they will no different. oh, yes, they do share. it's not unheard of, you know.
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but they actually have an entire suite of rooms. lord dunmore has his own breakfast room through the door, where you see the chamber stool -- the chair with the whole -- [clears throat] right. here we have lady dunmore's dressing room, much bigger, of course. and of course, the latest fashions. it matches the furniture. it is all built -- he see the covers are on the chairs right now because of the summertime. it is to protect the furniture from the dust, from the insects, from her children. then pour lady dunmore, she only
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arrived here last year, she arrives here to join her husband from england, brought six of her children with her. she arrived here in february of of 74, and then 10 months later, a new member of the family, their new baby daughter, their name to lady virginia. yes, like the colony. she is about to turn 60 months old. imagine that. actually this room here used to be the governor's office. it's a nice big room for an office, but then -- well, his desk is now in the dining room downstairs.
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so, we will see that dining room on our way to the ballroom. our last governor paid out of his own pocket to update these rooms in the latest style. he was a bachelor, you know. he loved to throw balls. he even had these machines put in the back of the room -- coal burning, you know. not many about here burning coal, except for lord dunmore. but lord dunmore owns his own coal mines. that does help. but you see, it is expected of our governors here that they will have a large celebration, these balls, in honor that there majesties, king george iii and queen charlotte -- our last ball
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was in january for the queen's birth night. i doubt we will be seeing a ball in her honor anytime soon. you know what i mean. it has everyone's so angry at the governor these days. you know what happened back in a april. group of british sailors went to our magazine and made off in the middle of the night with gunpowder. well, everyone here was certainly outraged. the governor has not given back that powder yet. apparently he has ran out in fear of his life.
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they ran out of the house at 2:00 in the morning, through the back door, which is right through here in the supper room. much better than that dining room you saw. this is much better suited to the grand occasions. of course, dinner is the largest meal of the day. it is served at about 2:00, 3:00. so your largest meal is in the afternoon and you have a light supper in the evening area -- in the evening. so, we serve supper on china.
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oh, that china even has the dunmore crest on it. it seems we've gotten quite a bit behind in this house. the governor has a very large staff on this property. over 20 paid servants, a dozen indentured servants, and slaves on the property. he hired servants of gone off with the family, but the rest of those servants and slaves -- they are still here. i do not know about you, but if i were one of the governor's slaves right now and did not know if he were ever coming back, well, i might just take the opportunity of the governor's being out of town. well, if the governor does not come back to this house, what are they going to do? all of this gold and find furniture? hmm. you might want to remember your favorite pieces in the house here, just in case.
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and of course, there are the gardens here as well. i hope you enjoyed seeing the governor's palace. >> today our visitors see a combination of objects and antiques in the governor's palace. these are researched with all of the details our curators can provide. this is just one of the exhibition buildings available for the modern day visitor in colonial williamsburg. >> every weekend on american , 48 hours on c-span3 of programs and events that tell
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our nation's story. this afternoon, historians and authors on the life and legacy of stokely carmichael, a voice for equal rights and an equal people'she party. called the sit in movement and apprenticeship in struggle, and i think he's about right in that no matter where you come out five years later, stokely eventually most to africa, embraces pan african socialism. other people embrace the democratic party. >> at 8:00, professor elizabeth gray on the use of opium and lot number in the 19th century and public opinion of its abuse by men and women. >> the attitude toward women during at the time was that this inappropriate at the time. why would this be something she
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could look to as an alternative? >> sunday morning at 10:00, we the 2000 campaign of al gore as he tours the state of new hampshire. >> for the last six and a half years, you have seen new hampshire change from a time when you were losing 10,000 jobs a year to a time now where you are gaining 12,000 jobs a year, and that is partly because we've responsibility. president clinton and i put in plan.an economic >> al gore went on to win the democratic nomination but lost to george bush in one of america's most highly contested presidential elections. american history tv all weekend, every weekend, only on c-span3. on wednesday, president obama
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joined congressional leaders in the u.s. capitol to commemorate the 150th anniversary of the 13th amendment's ratification. 1860 five,first, congress passed the amendment, formally abolishing slavery in the united states. it was ratified into summer six -- it was ratified on december 6 of that year. this program is about an hour and 15 minutes. >> ladies and gentlemen, please stand for the presentation of the colors by the united states armed forces colorguard, the performance of our national anthem, and a retiring of our colors. ♪

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