tv 2014 Congressional Gold Medal Presentation Ceremony CSPAN January 1, 2016 10:40am-11:26am EST
established in 1948. in december of 2014, leaders of the u.s. house and senate presented the congressional gold medal to world war ii members of the civil air patrol in recognition of their mim telita service. this took place in the u.s. capitol visitor center. ladies and gentlemen, the speaker of the united states house of representatives, the honorable john a. boehner. [ applause ] >> ladies and gentlemen, good afternoon and welcome to the united states capitol. thank you for being here to continue a great tradition, one that dates back before our country was even a country. the congressional gold medal represents the highest expression of the people's appreciation for distinguished achievements and contributions. the first recipient was general
george washington in march of 1776. today, pursuant to senate bill 309 we will present a gold medal to members of the civil air patrol whose valor and dedication saved countless lives during world war ii. the civil air patrol was organized some six days before the bombing of pearl harbor. its members flew more than 24 million miles on coastal patrol. they summoned help for ships and survivors in distress, they spotted enemy submarines, dropped bombs, depth charges and some 64 americans died during these operations. those who lived have quite the stories to tell. many of them are with us today. please join me in welcoming these american heros to our capitol. [ applause ]
>> please remain standing as the chaplain of the united states senate, dr. barry black, gives the invocation. >> let us pray. god and father of all, we praise you for your infinite love that provides us with help when we need it most. we thank you for this congressional gold medal ceremony in honor of world war ii members of the civil air
patrol. we're grateful that this organization, as speaker boehner has pointed out, was created six days before the bombing of pearl harbor. it provided civilian air support that helped us win world war ii. thank you for its members who more than self their country loved and died so that this nation might live. inspire us from this legacy of service and sacrifice to give our lives for causes greater than ourselves so that we shall leave this world better than we found it. we pray in your holy name, amen.
>> please be seated. ladies and gentlemen, the united states representative from the tenth district of texas, the honorable michael t. mccaul. [ applause ] >> thank you. what a great day. 73 years ago this week america was attacked at pearl harbor leading us into a war that would define who we are as a nation. today we honor the world war ii members of the civil air patrol with the congressional gold medal, the highest expression of national appreciation. we remember the over 400,000 servicemen and women who made the ultimate sacrifice so that we might be free. many of these brave americans were the unpaid volunteers of the civil air patrol who
provided extraordinary humanitarian and combat services during a critical time of need for the nation. and without their service, many more would have perished. as a son of a b-17 bomber and a world war ii veteran, i am especially proud to be here to honor the veterans with us here today. my dad was my hero. and so, too, are all of you. many of you flew dangerous missions using your own aircraft to attack enemy submarines, nighttime tracking missions, cargo transport, search and rescue, fire patrols, disaster relief anded ed mmedevac. the civil air patrol was a pioneering opportunity for our nation's women to serve in uniform, including one of way r want to notice today, jane pace, a 92-year-old civil air patrol pilot from my community in texas
who is with us here today and conducted surveillance flights over the gulf of mexico to spot enemy submarines. at this time, i would like to take a moment to recognize jane and ask her to please stand. [ applause ] jane actually went to high school with my father, believe it or not. and while we were at the world war two memorial this more than, jane and i read a quote in the shown that said, women who stepped up were measured as citizens of the nation not as women. this was a people's war and
everyone was in it. and how true that is. though it has been nearly 70 years since the end of world war ii, the memory and sacrifice of the civil air patrol world war it was never moren sidelined in our hearts and on this day. my friend and colleague and i were humbled to have led the effort in the house to bestow the nation's top honor. words cannot express the pride and gratitude we feel standing here in the company of heroes past and present. we pause, in debted forever, to the greatest generation. may we honor them by carrying the torch of freedom kept glowing. you the greatest generation handed down to mine a better america and a better world.
let us embrace ourselves to our duties to for 1,000 years men many stay this was their finest hour. we say thank you. well done. good and faithful servants. may god bless you. may god bless the united states of america. and may he hold you in the palm of his hand. thank you. [ applause ]. >> ladies and gentlemen, the united states air force band brass quintette. ♪
>> good afternoon. thank you for that beautiful rendition of "america the beautiful." my favorite verse is the one that begins, o, beautiful for patriots's dreams that sees beyond the years. that's what our civilian air patrolmen did. major general vazquez, former congressman lester wolf. so honored to be with you here, as well as our speaker who made this possible. congressman mcdonnell. thank you to you and henry quay arnold for introducing this legislation. time and time again across our history at the darkest and most desperate hours of national need, evident citizens have stepped forward to confront the enemy and defend our country. our nation, months following our
surprise entry into world world war as has been mentioned this week, marks the observance of pearl harbor. even after president roosevelt's efforts to arm the nation, our military was not as prepared or equipped and unable to access the machine. taking a brim and terrible toll on ships and tankers with the view of american beaches and cities. once more at this time of national emergency, thousands of americans across the country took it upon themselves to buy time for the cavalry. the minutemen marched to the revolutionary war to protect our towns and win our liberty so too did the civil kwraps of the civil air patrol rush into the skies to guard our shores and drive back the forces of
tyranny. some were even too young, some too old, some too in firm for the military. these men and women would not be denied to use their aviation skills in the service of our country. many of you and others who were with you then left jobs and shut erred businesses, traveled to ram shackled air bases, slept in converted chickencoops they tell me to risk their lives to scan the wave for ships, survivors and submarines. air patrol planes were the guardian angels of our shipping, flying even when weather grounded the military. your constant presence in the skies spotting, harassing and attacking submarines gave the nation time to mobilize and play
a critical role in restoring security to our coast and pushing back to sea. reflecting on this part of the contribution to the war effort, the then commanding general of the air force said if it had done nothing beyond that the civil air patrol would have earned app honorable place in the history of american air power. that you did do much more as representative mccullough said, watching the forest fighters, leading search and rescue, delivering essential parts and medicine, towing targets in dangerous live fire anti-aircraft exercises. by the end of the war, the civilian men and women of the civil air patrol had flown 750,000 hours of missions.
65 volunteers had given their lives on active duty. then as now. always diligent. ever ready to rush to the rescue of our country. your service honored the finest traditions of our military. your legacy inspires the civilian air patrol continuing commitment to our country. your sacrifice and body and in d dom tphabl. it is is our honor and privilege joining with the house and senate leadership and so many i to present the congressional gold medal for world war ii veterans of civil is air patrol and to recognize the flying minutemen and women of the 20th
century. thank you. [ applause ]. >> ladies and gentlemen, the republican leader of the republican states senate, the honorable mitch mcconnell. [ applause ]. >> we often think of world war ii as an "over there" war, the kind of conflict our soldiers deployed overseas to fight. of course millions of americans did do just that. many of us know a veteran who served. of course we honor them. the reality is the second world war become more of a "right here" war. for a time, german boats stalked our coast. we often forget it. but those submarines actually sank american ships.
and if we left them unchecked, they could have threatened to funnel more of europe's conflict across the atlantic. the point is, world war ii could have turned out a lot differently if not for the men and women of the civil air patrol. they served selflessly, often at their own expense. they used their own aircraft. first to spot german boats and lastly to attack them. emergency equipment, if they had any, might have consisted of a vest or innertube. some were housed in chicken co-ops. others lay their heads in a barn. they did this for their country.
not for riches because they received few. not for fame because little was forthcoming. but out of a sense of duty and service. yet today few americans have even heard of the civil air patrol. it's a shame. it continues now as auxiliary in the air force with humanitarian missions. they perform ava right of reconnaissance and seven and rescue operations. when point st. hellens erupted the civil air patrol was there. when katrina hit, the civil air patrol was there. sandy too. and the civil air patrol was on the scene when terrorists attacked our country on 9/11. the good news is the patrol has advocates in high places. that's why we're here today.
members of congress worked hard to pass the hrez that made this possible. and i was proud to join others and co-sponsor them. the is highest civilian honor we can bestow. and we are all pleased to help bestow it. thank you. [ applause ]. >> ladies and gentlemen, the majority leader of the united states senate, the honorable harry reid. [ applause ]. >> mccarron was 20 years old when news came of the attacks in pearl harbor. at first he wasn't sure what to do. but he knew he wanted to do something. many years later when asked how he felt in the aftermath of the pearl harbor attack he said i
just think we all got mad. it changed everything. so virgil skwroepbd the civil air patrol serving as a coastal base named 12. fancy name, but that's what it was called, in brownsville, texas. he was an airplane mechanic and a good one. sometimes if the base was shorthanded, and it was lots of times, virgil went up in the aircraft as an opener looking mainly for submarines. he spent that day scanning the waters of the gulf of mexico for boats and other aircraft that showed up. so why would he do that? there was no compulsary service. no promise of college tuition
reimbursement or a promise to see the world. but this was a chance to serve. a chance to do something for the war effort. founded west coast airlines and settled in las vegas. he sadly passed away three months ago. it's a shame that he and so many other brave volunteers are not with us today to be receiving this honor. alexander hamilton said there is a certain enthusiasm and liberty that makes human nature rise above itself in acts of heroism. that's true.
to those of you here today, thank you for this service. this honor is overdue. to those no longer with us, their acts of bravery and heroism will never be forgotten. thank you very much. [ applause ]. >> ladies and gentlemen, the speaker of the united states house of representatives, the honorable john boehner. [ applause ]. >> let me thank my colleagues for their words and of course all of their efforts that have made this day possible. in listening to the stories, it's easy to forget, these were just private citizens who wanted to lend a hand. they also lent their planes, two-way radios, even their own spare parts. they came in fits and starts and they nearly lost their housing. it's easy to forget that back
then flying 100 miles offshore was a pretty daunting task. but there was and these pilots braved the elements and the u boats with only a tin can to stay afloat should they go down. one said if we could see half the runway, we'd fly. and they down right insisted on doing these things. they weren't pressed into service. the government was pressed in letting them serve. well, thank god it was. it's easy to forget. and some day someone skimming the manifest of gold medals may ask just who were these men and women? but really who weren't they? they were clerks, they were bus drivers, they were doctors, they were mechanics, they were salesman. even a plumber. they came from more than 1,000
cities and whistle straps across the city. they flew with unbound determination in america. and we were lucky to have them up there. and so world war ii members of the civil air patrol, the united states has struck a congressional gold medal which we will present with full hearts and no small amount of wonder. to receive the medal, please join me to welcoming lester wolf, former member of congress and a member of the civil air patrol and major general vazquez. [ applause ].
am mindful that these brave and heroic citizen volunteers from america's greatest generation. they served valiantly on the home front and along the coast helping save lives and preserve our nation's freedom. i want to thank them and their families for their service, along with the members of congress who honor them today, our event sponsors and the many distinguished guests who are here for this historic occasion. it is my pleasure to present to you one of our world war ii veterans who later served 16 years in the house of representatives. please join me in welcoming the honorable lester wolf. [ applause ].
>> thank you. speaker boehner, leader reid, and leader mcconnell and speaker pelosi and chairman mccall, i'm honored today as a world war ii cap veteran to join general vazquez in accepting the congressional gold medal on behalf of the men and woman of the civil air patrol who gallantly served during world war ii. we accept this award for those who particularly did not come home. our service began in the early
dark days following pearl harbor. and you have heard little about our exploits. days when german u boats prowling our east coast were threatening our energy life line and the sinking oil tankers at a high rate right within the sight of land. we were a rag tag group of rejects in the military service. too old. some of those even served in world war i. i remember my commanding officer was a pilot in the lafayette espadrille. we were volunteers in the true sense of the american tradition of wanting to serve our country in time of need. in a sense, cap was as -- were
our forefathers flying minutemen. the situation was so dire at the time that nearly the army corp.or the navy had resources. organized as a civil defense group led by gillrod wilson, cap, volunteered to take on the job. for 18 months initially with, as you have heard, innertubes a as makeshift life preservers, a single compass, cap patrolled the atlantic and gulf coasts hunting submarines and escorting hundreds of ships and searching for struggling survivors in the water. known as the coastal patrol, these missions were a little more hazardous than the name implies. we flew, as you heard too, in
all kinds of weather. up to 60 miles off our shore at low altitude in very flimsy aircraft. nothing but our willingness to do the job. we started out as spotters, volunteering our own planes. but the situation became so critical we were later armed with small bombs. the wolf that we were armed at all indicates how serious the threat was. this was not a mission for the faint of heart. 24 million miles were flown, 173 submarines reported, 82 bombs were dropped, and 90 aircraft were lost. our efforts help push the submarine threat away from the critical shopping lanes, protected essential cargos and
lives and located hundreds in distress. it was noted by one admiral that cap members performed this mission displaying all the skill, energy and resourcefulness and disregard for danger, which are in the highest tradition of the american armed forces. after the war, a german navy commander gave us credit for being one of the reasons why they abandoned their tasks. nationwide we told targets, conducted seven and rescue missions, patrolled the southern border, and flew many critical missions. we also managed hundreds of airports, trained thousands to fly, and prepared tens of thousands for military service. to say our service was unusual to our leaders, cap members were unpaid civilians.
many using their own aircraft. now, i must say that cap members are still paying for their own way. we couldn't serve in the military. we flew all missions for the military. we trained many who later became the first female army pilots. by 1943, the auxiliary of the army air force. today we are the proud auxiliary of the united states air force. and we are still performing a myriad of missions for the nation that we love so much. 65 members of the c.a.p. died serving their country. 26 of them on coastal patrol. every one of those lives were given to defend this great nation. and served in congress some eight terms, i fully appreciate
the high honor that the congressional gold medal really bestows. from george washington to the tuskeegee airmen, veterans are so honored. i speak for all of us with deep respect and thanks, speaker boehner, leader reid, leader pelosi, leader mcconnell, senator harkin, john mccall and others in the civil air patrol as well as the bill's co-spore sponsor and staff of this high honor and national recognition. [ applause ].
[ applause ]. >> ladies and gentlemen, please remain standing as the chaplain, the reverend patrick conroy, gives the benediction. >> let us pray. as we close this celebration of great american ancestors and elders, we give you thanks, oh, god, for having made us and given to each of us and to us as a people potential for greatness beyond our limitations.
from the beginning of our shared consciousness, the citizen soldier has been integral to our existence as a nation. militias of minutemen, farmers, millers, merchants, neighbors, who were ready to drop what they were doing when danger approached and come to the defense of one another. at the time of our last attack by a belligerent state, it was the civil air patrol that picked up that mantle and brought their personal tal skpepbts possessions to the task of defending america from a common threatening enemy. may their great example of service communicate to all generations of americans the
valor, generosity, and sacrifice of self-interest for the common good that ennobles us as neighbors and countrymen. may we all be inspired to seb our respective communities and our nation if called upon by tragedy, disaster, or danger. bless all the women and men of the civil air patrol and let our descendants know for their service and sacrifice. and, dear god, bless america, and grant us peace both in the present and with you forever. amen. >> amen. >> ladies and gentlemen, please remain in your seats for the departure of the official party. ♪
eastern, pioneer girl. it compares and cons the book series and tv show to the real life of laura ingalls wilder. >> she chose things that would resonate with adult readers in the early 1930s. so as reviewers have pointed out, pioneer girl" has domestic abuse, love triangles gone awry. >> on saturday evening at 6:00, author and historian james swanson compares the assassinations on of presidents lincoln and john f. kennedy, highlighting the similarities and differences between both tragedies. at 10:00, the 1965 nbc's "meet the press" interview with damage p. moynahan who, as assistant labor secretary, authored a report on the causes of black poverty in the united states.
>> i believe that -- i believe what president johnson said in his howard university speech. you cannot keep a man in chains for three centuries and then take the chains off and say you are free to run life with everybody else. people have to be given the chance to compete with effective resources. and i believe we should make a special effort. >> sunday night at 9:30, a visit to pershing park in washington, d.c. to hear about proposed designs for a new national world war i memorial for its upcoming 100th anniversary. for a complete schedule go to c-span.org. >> this sunday night on q&a, two-time pulitzer prize winner
ramirez. >> i have a conglomeration of extremist israeli settlers and a palestinian figure. if you notice he's on a prayer rug. but he has his shoes on. both these figures are sort of utilizing a false religion for a political purpose. so it just proves once again i am an equal opportunity offender. >> sunday night at 8:00 eastern and pacific on c-span's q&a. >> c-span has your best access to congress in 2016. the house and senate will reconvene on january 4th to mark the second session of the 114th congress. on tuesday, january 5th, the house is back for legislative work and first votes with paul ryan as speaker of the house. monday, january 11th, the senate returns at 2:00 p.m. eastern.
be sure to follow capitol hill producer greg caplan for daily congressional updates. c-span. live coverage of congress on tv, on the road is and online at c-span.org. >> next on american history tv, a gold medal to the monuments men. this u.s. capitol visitor ceremony is about a half an hour. [ applause ]. >> mr. speaker, member