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tv   President Franklin Roosevelt and the Four Freedoms  CSPAN  January 10, 2016 10:24pm-10:35pm EST

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manslaughter. this was done to people at the high court to free people. americanue jurisprudence in most of the colonies until the beginning of the 19th century, then it gradually faded out. say, -- the ultimate lesson we would like people to take away from this building is that human nature has not changed. perhaps a means of expressing it has, but the people of the 18th human, were as fully real, and argumentative as we are today. announcer: you can watch this and other american artifacts programs by visiting our website at c-span.org/history. takes on the road to the
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white house and into the classroom. cam year, our student documentary contest asks students to tell us what issues they want to hear from the presidential candidates. i'll is c-span's road to the white house coverage and get all of the details about the contest at c-span.org. >> this year marks the 75th anniversary of president franklin d roosevelt's four freedoms speech. his state of of the union on january 6, 1941. we're joined of the direct to presidentialr library and museum, paul sparrow. mr. sparrow: it was an opportunity for him to tell about why america should care about the war that was raging in europe and the weather was racing and -- raging in asia.
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the four freedoms, freedom of ofedom of expression, religion, and freedom from fear, these are the things that defined the difference between democracy and dictatorships. the american public was still fairly isolationist. they do not want to get involved in the european war. they were angry they had not been repaid for the loans from world war i. was trying to help them understand it was a global war, a global village and things that happened was directly affecting them and would impact their ability to enjoy the freedoms democracy.erican >> it is called the four freedoms speech and is related the unionte of speech. what was the reaction of congress and the american public? sparrow: it was a delayed reaction. there was some critics who
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planned the speech. it was the last 2.5 minutes of a speech that ran over 35 minutes long. the first part is traditional. the annual address to congress. normal state of a union address. but the rest gained momentum over and became a central rallying cry. norman rockwell created the four paintings several years later that went on to raise $180 million in war bonds. traveled the world, became famous. generated the four freedoms park in roosevelt island. foundation for what the world came to think of as the essential freedoms. it motivated eleanor roosevelt to form the foundation of that seminal document in the postwar world.
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your website mentions fdr went through some seven drafts of this. do youyou think -- what think was his inspiration for these four freedoms? tom's sparrow: the first in from spray should was the first of many men. in addition to his page and religion, and petition and things that were hard for people to understand in contemporary society. he wanted to draw from the strength of the first of been meant that the government could not interfere with these core freedoms. wanted to expand that so you had this freedom from want. people should not starve to death. the government has responsibility. freedom from here in that the government should not just be able to invade countries. people should be able to live
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and a safe and secure world. pending ofe under his thought of global peace and why he created the united nation's comment that when you have a consortium of nations working together can you prevent the horror of world war i that was now unfolding in your -- in europe and asia. >> how does that fit into today's political climate in the united states? tom: everything the roosevelt's fund for his now on the front pages. this idea of religious intolerance is driving the violence in the middle east. free speechon of and expression is underpinning. trying to suppress the rights of people to . in china very recently, they change the laws to make it harder for bloggers and people to comment online. this freedom from want is
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critical. we have seen a genetic increase in the quality of life across the world. fewer people living in abject poverty today than any other point in u.s. history. you think about freedom from fear, americans right now are being in and dated with inse messages that we are danger. in fact, it is a safer world now than it has ever been that there are these terrorist organizations inflicting terror and the way media updates today, relatively small events take on global significance. if you think about in 1941, more than one million people were killed by the nazi's. of physicale level violence, the level of death and destruction happening then was so much greater than today and yet the fear factor today is very high. world inof creating a
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which people are free from fear, you would eliminate things like the syrian refugee crisis. people can stay in their homes and they would be did regardless of their religion and they would have an opportunity to take care of their families. you would not basing the greatest refugee crisis since world war ii. >> paul sparrow is director of the fdr. thank you. paul sparrow: thank you. january 1941he state of the union address. if freedom of speech and is not alone. is theond of freedom it freedom of religion to worship god in his own way everywhere in the world.
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the third is freedom from want. which translated into world terms means economic which would be secured to every nation a healthy, peacetime life. everywhere in the world. from here. freedom termsated into world means a worldwide reduction of and ino such a point such a thorough fashion that no nation would be in a position to commit an act of physical aggression against any neighbor anywhere in the world. [applause]
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this nation has placed its and heads the hands and hearts of its millions of faithen and women and its in freedom under the guidance of law. freedom means the supremacy of human rights everywhere. all of our support does to those who troubled to dream those rights and keep them. our safety is our unity of purpose. that high concept. there can be no and save victory. end savecan be no victory. [applause]
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announcer: monday night, john lansing, ceo of the board of governors discusses how media organizations are operating in today's media environment and how he would like these agencies to retool in order to address propaganda. he is joined by ron nixon, new york times washington correspondent. reality is we started 70 years ago as a radio enterprise. we still do some radio, but our shift and put more resources behind it is really no different than every other media company that you and i know about that of had to do the same things. the new york times has done a fantastic job. that is our mission, to shift

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