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tv   History Bookshelf  CSPAN  January 17, 2016 8:45am-9:01am EST

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we have featured programs on all three c-span networks. on c-span at 11:30, live coverage of the house of commons debate on whether to ban donald trump. our coverage will re-air at 8:00 eastern. eastern,v at 6:30 william t jones and his book -- william p jones. this march here called off in 1941, everybody said, you need to get martin luther king's support. martin luther king says, i will support you but let's expand the goals of the march. the march is not just about winning equal access to jobs, it is also about winning the right to vote in the south. >> georgia representative john lewis recalls his involvement in the civil rights movement in his book two.":
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,t 2:00 p.m. eastern international history professor at the london school of economics and political science on iran's cold war partnership with the united states. >> iran had to look to a third power to preserve sovereignty against the imperial ambitions of britain and russia. in the 1930's iran looked to germany to play that role and after the second world war, a -- a countryion that had no history of colonialism in the region. >> at 8:00 on real america, an interview with dr. martin luther king jr. on his nonviolent approach to civil rights. his comments on how mahatma gandhi influenced his work. for the complete holiday schedule, go to c-span.org.
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all weekend, american history tv is featuring hartford, connecticut. during the civil war, samuel colt supplied firearms to both the north and south from his hartford factory. posted by our comcast cable partners, c-span cities to her staff visited many sites showcasing the city's rich history. learn more about home for -- more about hartford all weekend. >> when mark twain moved to hartford, it is a very wealthy town. supposedly at that time the richest city in the nation per capita. mark twain's legacy attracts people from everywhere. they get to come inside this house and sort of time travel back to a different time. clemens we know today as mark twain.
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samuel clemens was born in florida, missouri. grew up along the banks of the mississippi river. when his father died he was 12 years old. sam had to be apprenticed as a typesetter. it certainly influenced a lot of things later in his life. mark twain began looking into hartford as a place to sell -- a place to settle with his young wife and their family. withublisher was here american publishing. he fell in love with the city. wrote letters back to his own family. saying this place was beautiful. inheritance.ajor she would use her money to till the house and decorate it. when they moved in the carpenters were not quite done but they were done enough that the family could come in and
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take residence. they were mainly on the second floor for a while but ultimately they continued to work on the home. they traveled to europe, may purchases -- made purchases to furnish it. is handcarveded of black walnut. it was made in italy. the family paid $200 for it, which was a lot of money in those days. a lot of unique features. specifically the headboard. sam clemens and his wife slept facing the headboard. it is that spectacular that you would want to wake up looking at it. probably the best feature is that the little cherubs are removable on each side of the bed. the three daughters were allowed to come in and remove these
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cherubs. i have to wear my clubs here. gloves here.club they were able to be an powder and dress them and just enjoy having these areas sam clemens insisted at the end of the day they be put back. play with them all day but he wanted them back at that time when he went to bed. he said he thought that was the closest he would come to be surrounded by the angels. we have guessed lighting -- gas lighting in this house. sam clemens read and wrote and smoked in bed. an extension cord from the gas line. it would be right here by his bed. a lot of people worry when they say, didn't he smoke in bed. yes he did.
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luckily at the time it was low-density gas. he was not endangering the family. we have sam clemens' mother here. there are no photographs of his father. his dad died in 1847. photography was not affordable for a family like that at the time. on the wall we have the four children. baby langdon in the lower right corner did not live in the hartford house but we have his photograph. he died at 19 months of diphtheria. the other three daughters are here on the wall. it is fun to imagine this as a family home with the little girls running and playing. growing up to become young ladies in this home. the girls have a lot of adventures in this home. the family dined in this beautiful dining room. it would come into the library and this was a special spot.
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the paintings across the top on the walls here and knickknacks mantle, they would ask for story. they had certain rules. from there he had to continue across the mantle and incorporate each knickknack and he could not go out of order or repeat himself. he would have to end with the painting of emmaline. the stories here in the house, the girls would recount as young adult women that that was one of their favorite things. they could have this wonderful storytime with their father. the conservatory, a bit of a jungle. the daughters called it the jungle. sam clemens would get down on all fours, george griffin, the butler would get down on all fours and the girls would jump on their backs and go hunting for tigers in the jungle and have big adventures in here.
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it was a busy place. very famous guests would come to visit. dancing dinners in the evening. the family would be around the table themselves. sam clemens was known to get up between courses and pace. almost try out his material. he was often on the road lecturing so he would tell the stories again and again. the girls said they would sneak down some nights and they could tell from where pop a was in his story what course was being served. family.the feel of the we are on the third floor. this is the billiard room. we like to call out -- to call it the original man cave. this is a great room because his friends would come here. they could play into the
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evening, into the late hours. sam clemens was a big fan of cats. he would have to go around and check all the pockets to make sure there were no critters sleeping in them. this was another fun space because george griffin, the butler, would come upstairs from time to time to announce a guest. the guests in those days would bring little calling card. same with take one look at the calling card and he might say, send them up or he might say, i will be right down. he might say something different and that was when he did not want to see the person. would gonot lie but he over to the little porch on the side, open the door and step out onto the porch and tell george, tell him i just stepped out. that became known as the stepping out porch. this room is where he did his writing. he would work summers in a my
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elmira. is a favorite room because of the writing that happened here. we have his writing desk in the corner. sam had to face the wall to pay attention to his work and not be distracted so he sat in the corner to do his writing. most of mark twain's rate books were written while the family lived in this house. when we come into the space we can imagine him up here having his 40 cigars a day. maybe shooting a game here with george griffin, the butler who was also a close friend. we imagine him piling up manuscripts. he wrote the adventures of tom sawyer. connecticut yankee in king arthur's court. life on the mississippi. adventures of huckleberry finn. sort of sacred ground for a lot of people. this is where he would put the
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finishing touches and get it ready for the publisher. a traveled from this house frequently while he lived here but they would ultimately leave in 1891. they lived here for 17 years. they continued to own the home for quite some time. the economy was starting to go south. at onered a lot of money particular investment. the compositor that took a toll on the family's finances. the panic of 1893 put everyone against the wall. not dissimilar from what we experienced in this country in 2008. in 1895 they set out on a round the world lecture tour. by now the girls were young adults. suzy and jean stayed in elmira with their answer's and.
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year.ecture tour took a when it ended they sailed from south africa to england thinking they would rent quarters, be reunited and decide where to go from there. at that point, they did send word to the girls, come over. we are off the road. they received a cablegram back that said cindy was ill -- that said susie was ill. , everyday waiting for news. the cablegram did come. it was while his wife was halfway across the atlantic ocean. it described suzy and being peacefully released. suzy clemens died in his home at the age of 24. . very sad occasion the family had a hard time recovering from that. they did recover from their financial struggles, but at what
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price? to be away from those daughters for an entire year and to lose susie took quite a toll. after susie's death, i think the family aspired to come back and live in hartford. they were so crushed and devastated, mark twain wrote to libby and said the calamity that comes is never the one we prepare ourselves for. he began referring not to the city of hartford but to the city of heartbreak. they could no longer live here. they wanted to but could not bring themselves to come back. when people come here they hear the story of family, a rising star in our literary world. i think people leave your understanding he was just like the rest of us. just a guy wanting to raise his family, give them the best he could while making a difference in the world. he knew his writing was widely read. the more famous he became and the more he commented on
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problems around the world, the more his opinion was sought. it is still valid. when we hear tragedies in the world today, we can pull up not just a quote, but entire passages and volumes he wrote about the challenges we continue to face today. i want people to leave here feeling they know him a little better. that he is more family to them than they might think. >> our cities tour staff recently traveled to hartford, connecticut. learn more about hartford and the other stops on our tour at c-span.org/cities tour. you are watching american history tv all weekend, every weekend on c-span 3. c-span takes you on the road to the white house and into the classroom. this year, our student cam documentary contest asks
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students to tell us what issue they want to hear from the presidential candidates. throw to the's white house coverage and get all the details about our student cam contest at c-span.org. on american history tv, we hear from world war ii veterans and a real-life rosie the riveter about their trailblazing wartime experiences and the compliments. -- accomplishment. ong program was part of the american veterans of thatr's annual conference was held at the u.s. navy memorial in washington, d.c. >> to our first sesion. sion. as moderate, i would like to welcome the honorable greg korn, legislator from the great state of north carolina where he is a budget chairman.

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