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tv   American History TV  CSPAN  February 27, 2016 9:44am-10:01am EST

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this is our exhibit called the forgotten war korea from 1950 to 1953 and highlighting through art lent to us from the department of the navy and art i haves who are mostly present during the korean war and to really highlight the conflicts that were going on there and really show that even though korea sort of is this forgotten war it deserves to be remembered and the men who fought there and lost their lives deserve some recognition similar to those from the world wars as well as the vietnam conflict. this is an introduction to the exhibit itself. we give a little bit of background information about the beginnings of what's going on in korea and how it was under occupation in world war ii and the soviet union and the united states and the aftermath
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along the 38th parallel. just giving you an introduction. we have artwork by herbert hawn who was in korea. he wasn't a painter. he was more involved in photography but some of his superior officers heard he was an excellent doodler so they really encouraged him to be like you're going to become a new painter for the u.s. navy. for the duration of the war. it was a navy cruiser. we have a year book here on loan from the navy. they were given out at the end of deployment about life about the ships and a sayilor's swimsuit who would wear in korea and this to give you a taste
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what's to come throughout the rest of the exhibit as you go through it. and highlight some of the other artists that we have included. we have a lot of art featuring helicopters and fighter jets. so they really do move quickly to catch up with the red army and here we've got a lot of images to focus on some of the new planes that were invented particularly the f 86 saber which makes its debut in korea and helicopters are used wildly as well. and also a lot of great famous people who fought in korea including a lot of the original astronauts, kneel armstrong and
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buzz and john glenn. ted williams. you have these amazing men both known and unknown other than to their families. this is my favorite portion of the exhibit. we highlight jesse brown. he was from mississippi and one of the first african-americans to join the united states navy. one of their first pilots who struggled when he joined the pilot program. he had to pass a swim test. they kept trying to say he couldn't swim. he outlasted him. so he goes to korea and by december 1950 his plane is shot down and died of explease poser.
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his body remains in north korea. work has been made to try to recover it for the family and this picture in particular painting is based off a photograph. it was painted by clifford lee. while he doesn't fight in korea he saw this imman and decided to make a portrait of it because it was inspiring to him. it does highlight not only how important korea is and overall race relations is, his main goal really was racial integration and one of the first to really embrace this idea of civil rights. he issues an executive order forcing immigration of the military and really tired of waiting for the government to do it. so he uses his constitutional
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power to get it done. we have a lot of art. he gets started in the korean campaign. here's a lot of work exploring day-to-day life and what it's like in the combat field. we discuss a lot about the mash unit when the korean campaign broke out. they realized there were a lot of fatalities because the hospital areas weren't close to the front lines. mash units were set up so you could take triage people and give them the care they need until they can get to more permanent facilities. it takes place in korean war although it's much more closely associated with the vietnam war.
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most of the fighting is srofltd in the first year a ping pong between the north korean army and us supporting south korea and the clash between communism and capitalists. this eternal struggle throughout the cold war between the east and west. this is the first conflict the cold war and first real military action twaepb by the united nations and truman's first real
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foray to make sure communism doesn't spread elsewhere. 1951 and 1953 is the struggle to end the war as quickly as possible. one of the people end ridgeway is this man. this is a colored pencil from herbert hawn and highlights how talented he is. incredibly life like. in 1952 stalin dies and the chinese can't fight without the soviets using their machinery. so they decide to finally make progress towards the cease fire and this is the painting by russell connor depicting the
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signing. primarily those soviet north korean and chinese troops because obviously the west doesn't want them to go back to the communist regime. so neutral third party has to be set up to talk to all pow's and ask them essentially where would you like to return to and then they'll be returned to that location. this is a great imman of a north korean pow. it really sort of highlights this struggle that is about pow's and that's the core of the korean war. what do do you with all these
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people. so there is a demillion rised zone and then south korea with its capital in seoul. riley riley it really has got the nickname the forgotten war and that it's sandwiched between two of the biggest conflicts as far as we're concerned. but people went and fought and died. 35,000 soldiers died in korea from america and 3.5 million in total and mostly civilians. to get the history and the scope, look at some fabulous american art depicting the war and get inside as to what was going on in the 1950's.
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>> welearn more about greenville and others stops at c-span.ago/citiestour. american history tv all weekend and every weekend on c-span3. american history tv on c-span3 features programs that tell the american story. some of the highlights for this weekend include tonight at 8:00 eastern on lectures and history. cornell university professor maria christina garcia on the suts hef few gee policy since world war ii and how that's changed over the years. on real america, our final program in our three part series on senator jay william fullbright's hearings investigating the united states's policies in vietnam. dean russ testifies on the administration in vietnam.
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sunday morning at 10:00 on road to the white house rewind, the 1960 west virginia deckcrattic primary debate between senator's john f. kennedy and hubert humphrey of minnesota. this was only the second televised presidential primary debate in history. >> the next president must arouse this nation to heroic deeds and justice and freedom and he must understand the complexities of disarmament negotiations and working of diplomacy. >> because i believe strongly in my country and its destiny and because i believe the power and influence of the next president, and his vitality and force will be the great factor in meeting the responsibilities that we're going to face. >> at 6:00, on american artifacts, we'll tour louisiana's whitney plantation slavery museum.
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>> the story of slavery is integral to the history of the united states. we don't talk enough about the inequality of african-americans and what they have faced in this country and we don't talk enough about our roles today in perpetuating that inequality. it's really, really significant and a lot historic sites address it and i think it's important for people to come here and kind of get a more complete understanding of slavery. >> for the complete american history tv weekend schedule go to c-span got.org. >> how can we best get people to pay attention to spending. we tend to find things that are interesting, little different and easy to understand because the government is so large and organization has to through a lot of the noise and a lot of other things that are going on.
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members of congress talking about wonderful things that they're doing and trying to get people to be more involved and make it a little more personal so they understand the impact on them and their families and their children and grandchildren. >> sunday night on q & a, thomas shapp talk about his attention to wasteful federal spending. would went to all the appropriation bills and started the book ask the went all wait up to $29 million in 2006.
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every time we can find ear marks in the bills we release a congressional book. >> sunday night at 8:00 eastern q & a. the bush vgoer u.s. supreme case. they debate whether the ruling was driven by par partisan poll seubgz. >> how bad a decision do you think bush against gore is? i said it's a bad decision. but it hedick poser did something that shocked me then. i don't think it was such a bad decision either. it kind of staggered me. i do not think that we were near
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a constitutional crisis. i don't think -- one of the things i thought was quite interesting about what happened after the supreme court ruled is it was very different than the first two super close elections in u.s. presidential history. the election of 1800 and the election of 1876. neither of those are decided by the supreme court. and if the supreme court had tried to decide either of those elections they would have been ignored. what was interesting to me was the power and capital that the supreme court built up was such that once it ruled vice president gore saw no way to challenge the ruling even if he saw it was wrong. the supreme court building i think on its decisions in brown against board of education and in the reapportion revolution built up such capital. once it said this election is over, everybody snapped to and
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said this election is over. and i think that's the reason in part that we didn't have a constitutional crisis. the supreme court should have waited until all the ballots were counted to issue an opinion to say this election is over. i don't think we needed this to be decided by december 12th so people will have a full two weeks of christmas shopping before christmas day. each week american history tv american's artifacts gives museums and historic places. the collection includes an estimated 400,000 items left at the memorial since it opened in

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