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tv   Remembering President Kennedy  CSPAN  April 10, 2016 2:00pm-3:06pm EDT

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>> you are watching american history tv -- all weekend, every weekend on c-span3. to join the conversation, like us on facebook at c-span history. >> this year marks the 60th anniversary of john f. kennedy's book "profiles in courage" -- the book told the stories of eight u.s. senators who demonstrated great clinical courage. the book on the 1957 pulitzer prize for biography. kennedypanel of former administration officials marked
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a milestone by meeting at the historic decatur house in washington, d c, to recount their white house experiences. bys program was hosted bottoms, and international auction trust. it is about one hour. >> this is an event that has been birthed from a number of sources. it really all started for us with the collection you see against the back wall, the care and archive, which is one of documents and ephemera related to history. the collector who put it together with focused on finding documents and printed matter that bring you as close as you can to the contemporary events described and i encourage you all to have a look at these incredible documents spanning the papal from ambassador from the congo in 1608 who died two days after arriving in rome to the first
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printing of the u.s. constitution and so forth. it is an opportunity to get close through history through interaction with documents and i think what is exciting about this evening is we not only have documentation but we have living witnesses to history as well to deepen our understanding of these events. from the archive, we decided to expand the event from the exhibition following my introduction to a woman who i met on the antiques roadshow and was a member of the kennedy administration. she was on her way here this evening and was instrumental in organizing this event by introducing me to jean, nancy and the other panelists am but unfortunately got stuck in denver in the snowstorm and was unable to join us. part of her collection is on display in the corner which she has gentleness for -- generously ,ent to us to display and
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serendipitously, by chance, i came back to washington and happened to meet mary gallagher, who contacted me and we will hear more about her story in a minute, but she had an incredible collection she has shared with me and has been kind enough to share some of her treasures as well. that, i meto preston bruce. his father was the second longest-serving member of the white house staff in the 20th century. he was the chief norman from the eisenhower to the ford administration. he has also generously offered to bring some of his collection to show here. have a look at the collections and learn about their stories apart from the presentation. kathy who has worked in the white house and his friends with all of these individuals here. we had a wonderful luncheon here to meet everybody and share some of the stories of their days in
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the kennedy administration and we thought it would be a wonderful opportunity to partner with this exhibition by sharing some of their recollections. were iners of the panel the kennedy administration in one way or another and i have asked my great friend, eric motley, and a manuscript man like myself who understands the value of documents at eyewitness history to moderate the panel. i will pass along to you and i look forward to hearing your comments and discussions. [applause] know, i>> just so you was not in the kennedy administration. he got his bruce -- doctorate degree and i think remarkable.e his father was in the white house from eisenhower until ford and there's a wonderful anecdote that perhaps we will get later where eisenhower intervened and helped him realize his
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aspirations. president having a head team to recruit you, dr. bruce. very happy to have you. [applause] great process of the landmark biography on kennedy called kennedy, he made these comments, which i think are quite fitting to start with. cannot single out any one day as the time when i began to understand john kennedy as a human being. gradually, i discovered the come -- the complexity of this man's taste and meaner, while genius and genuine, and the set of as well as disarming. i also learned that this cool, analytical mind was stimulated by a warm and compassionate heart. the more one new john kennedy, the more one liked him. those of us who came to know him well, though we rarely heard him
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discuss his personal feelings, came to know the strength and warmth of this dedicated man and his logic as he himself said about robert frost, his sense of the human tragedy fortified him against self-deception and easy consolation. this evening, we are extremely fortunate to be with six exceptional ladies and men. six individuals whose lives intersected with president kennedy and mrs. kennedy, who were in the kennedy administration, who have unbelievable stories. just two weeks ago, we had lunch together and i assure you this is a most entertaining group. we would have stories all night, but we only have one hour. i hope in our fellowship afterwards, we might be able to continue some of these stories
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and conversations about when they all worked in the kennedy administration. i would like to share two observations. one was there was a brightness on the face of these individuals. a pure gaiety, excitement and recollection of those wonderful years. the second observation i made is everyone spoke his concern and care about the individual, stepping outside his senate office, talking to his secretary and making the assumption or claim that they knew everything, absolutely everything. all the sudden, they started to realize maybe we do know everything. they did know everything. a sense of incursion in their own growth and he tracked them and kept in touch with their kids and the dog stayed at some of the homes of these individuals.
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this is how we are going to proceed. i will ask each of you one or two questions and then i would like to go back to the panel and ask you a question. is there one memory or recollection you have from those years you will forever hold onto? then we will open the floor to q&a. sound like a good plan? senator, our soldiers home and was, senator harris wofford jfk's special assistant for civil rights and helped to found the peace corps. he later served in the united states senate and as a university president at bryn mawr. tell us how instrumental you were in introducing martin luther king to jfk.
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>> martin luther king was skeptical about kennedy. been impressed with nixon when they met in africa, so it was not an easy thing for kennedy to win him over. -- the moment i realized the gift kennedy had that he enjoyed displaying and that counted a lot with his smile and martin luther king liked his smile. .et me tell you one reason why
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the question on the first television debate was what do you think of the questionable language president truman used about his adversary? the smile was beginning but can'tsaying if mr. truman control his language, i'm not going to try. answeringn started and a long pious answer about his heart was broken -- he went on and on about how the mothers of america are in terror because of this terrible language and throughout this whole spiel from nixon, they kept showing kennedy with a careful smile and i
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thought afterwards as well as on the spot that he lost by 120,000 votes. moment was worth a hundred thousand votes. i have two or three other moments i think you might smile -- if you gave you get back to me, i will give you my revolutionary position here it is not the tangible artifacts we can see and touch, but something as in tangible as a real and good smile. you were with president kennedy at the founding of the peace corps. can you tell us how that was
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inspired? late at theas very university of michigan where he's going to spend the night after a television debate with nexen stop it was approaching 2 a.m. and they got there with no plan for a talk and he looked at the 10,000 people who are estimated, mostly students and faculty and he winged it. he had strong feelings coming back from southeast asia about how american diplomacy needed to be very different and started giving a sense of it and i asked several questions such as would you be willing to give 3, 4, 5 years of your life serving in ghana? he asked for five of those questions and got a big roar each time, but there was no press and he went to bed and the
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students went to work and the only thing that sargent shriver who built the peace corps for kennedy and others helping him new came from one of our civil rights agents in michigan and called to say her daughter had heard kennedy and they are all excited and formed a committee and they are taking a stroll around and had almost 1000 ifdents saying we will go you give us a way and they called me because they wanted to find a way to get their scroll to the candidate. fredwas a quick taunt to sutton, whoever arranged it said it was when this phone call came midwestwere touring the
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, when it came, kennedy said this idea is catching hold. let's make a major proposal of it and he did. in san francisco. that was the beginning of the peace corps. of most smile i remember kennedy in the peace corps is as i was leaving the white house to go to the peace corps representative in africa directing a program, he had sworn in on the white house lawn 600 peace corps volunteers in the first wave going to africa or anywhere else. back, having given
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very appropriate remarks, he looked at me with his smile and doubts aboutd his the peace corps often and on but that's another story. thinking ofnger things that were dubious for him. he was thinking of what in two years they had done and here was thiser group and he said will be really serious when it is 100,000 peace corps volunteers a year. that would mean a million in a decade with first-hand experience in asia thenfrica in asia and said , we will have a constituency for a good foreign policy. that came with a big smile.
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>> thank you for the role you played. [applause] lewis at my left. i have to let you know that right before we actually met at lunch, one of your colleagues said that is jean lewis. she's 97 years old and drives a convertible. then i later discovered we have something in common. we are both from alabama. she came to the senate in 1950 -- 1958 in soren's old office and work for larry o'brien who went to the emc. -- the dnc. he was also associated with the watergate reagans. you worked in that office for a long time and all the interesting people would come and go. descriptionysical of what the office was like and
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what you experienced on a day-to-day basis. in 1958, ieported had already heard about what a glamorous person senator kennedy was. i was really looking forward to getting into the office, looking around and being part of this operation. colleagues, the girls would look like models. i expected a very glamorous setting. surprise, here was this office with about seven desks lined up into rows. my desk was at the back of the office facing the wall. my colleagues were nice-looking
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women, but they were not model types. the office was a mess. it was piled high with books and , i foundd later on onion skin copies of profiles in courage all stacked up on a chair. getof the things i did was the files off the chair. we had many visitors. many of them were nuns that would come in. we had a stream of visitors all the time. would be vice president nixon whose office was across the hall. one day someone came in very charming and shook our hands will stop when he left, i said he was that. it was hubert humphrey. we never knew who is going to come in one day or the next.
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sorenson's office, this was a time when kennedy was running for reelection in massachusetts. lotas out of the office a and ted sorensen was with him. i decided it was good to have the -- to have to clean up tents office. overdue and i gathered them up and sent them back to the library of congress in the first thing he did was to --er them all back and stop order them all back. >> did you have any interaction with senator kennedy at the time when you are working with o'brien? >> o'brien came on the scene later. massachusettsn when i worked for ted sorensen. he was writing speeches and i was typing speeches.
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from allwas coming in over the country as well as massachusetts, so my job was to answer all the mail from side massachusetts and you can imagine there was a tremendous quantity of mail. i would see kennedy from time to time and my desk was about 10 feet from his office door. lotas out of town quite a that all. >> thank you so much. [applause] you make alabama proud. , you have theher microphone with you. mrs. gallagher was the chief personal secretary to jackie kennedy. we have some wonderful stories we will share. for senatorwork kennedy when he was in congress, correct?
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ready for was first the senate election in massachusetts as a congressman. >> tell us how you came into the life of mrs. kennedy and took on that role. >> it's a wonderful story because it engaged me to be able to remain in the service of the then senator kennedy when i was forced to leave after three and a half years into the tenure with him in the senate because i had a child due to be born and if i stayed another day longer in the senate , my associates would be having a nervous fit. about two weeks before the birth of my first son, the senator stop my my desk and asked how i was feeling. i was sitting at the typewriter
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instead i feel just great. he said then you will be around a while longer. if you consider two weeks and my longer -- two weeks a while longer. he said you felt fine. i said first things first. fourthere, my son was born days after that an he's standing in the back of the room. there he is in the back of the room. that was 60 years ago. and there is risk. >> now we know how old you are. >> than a year and nine days later, son number two, gregory. i left the senate office, only because of the fact i was forced into it and had the great pleasure of having this new
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, ison in a happy life that i had that urge to serve the senator and they would call me at home every day. he kept asking if mary was able to come back to work. long story short, three months later, when they knew i could not do full time in the senate, i had a call from the senator's mother-in-law, mrs. kennedy's mother who called and said jack suggested she call me and she was calling because she needed a secretary to go to her estate and wanted to know if i had the time. i said if i could get a chris, ir to sit with would be happy to. after i did three or four months
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with her, mrs. kennedy called from georgetown and said i understand you are going today's week. will you alternate the other two days and come to georgetown? suddenly, even though i couldn't work full-time in the senate any part timewas on a basis with mother and daughter. for the years of 57, 58, 59 atil 1960, now it became matter of having to be with mrs. kennedy in georgetown, all day, every day, 24/7. i just thought i would be so happy when this year is over because after that, i had every intention of resuming my domestic life -- motherhood, caring for my husband and all of that. palm beach florida on
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a trip with jackie before the inauguration. three days before we were ready to leave is when they wanted to send out the announcement of this secretaries mrs. kennedy was taking to the white house. prior to that, i heard nothing about being asked to go to the white house. firm belief that when this year is over, i will go back and look. in press secretary, i was palm beach at the time and he came from one of the president's bedroom to mrs. kennedy and she was dictating to me at the typewriter. he said the president wants a press release to go out and she sat up and he said i know you have your social secretary and
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then, he said i'm sitting there, how about mary? without even asking me, she walks over and said yes, mary has to come to the white house. i looked overed, and said are you to buy any chance discussing this mary? [laughter] she came over and said yes, you must. i said this is the first i'm hearing about it, i don't think i can do it. i tried for the next 20 minutes to convince her it would not work because it would not be a part-time job. supposedly, i started with her part-time and i was hoping that this isn't the end, having done this campaign and i fulfilled my obligation. need you again. we won't be working every day. havei'm away, you can
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those days off and go back to part-time like georgetown. understandlet her that it would be more like to secretaries full-time. eric said we only have an hour here. >> i have one more question for you. can i give you one more question? [laughter] >> i have already talked about five minutes. i tried to the ground work there so you can understand it was 12 years later that i was seated -- i was leaving the service of jacqueline kennedy. cards, i wrotemy a book in 1969. youeverything i can tell this evening and enjoy talking
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to you about it, pick up a copy of "my life with jacqueline -- jacquelineap kennedy." [laughter] [applause] part-timeas nothing about your commitment to mrs. kennedy. but she relies on you so much, all the way to the end and i'm hesitant to ask you this -- it's a rich part of this narrative of your life. you were with her that day in dallas. could you give us a bit about what that was like? >> i will try to be as brief as i can because that's one memory that when it comes back always brings chills to my arms and shoulders and all over. but i remember it like yesterday. it was 53 years ago -- could it really be that much? it is.
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where i think i can only talk about how difficult it was to have an right there, but i'm glad i was because for mrs. kennedy's sake, i could embrace her when we got into the plane and we were ready to leave. butn't go into the details it was one of the saddest experiences i have ever been through. when i look back on it now and try to recall it, it is almost too much to do. i'm almost speechless. where do we go from here? it is difficult. [applause] say i go into detail in
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the book. the memory that comes back to my bus andbeing on the vip the president's car and motorcade, seeing this policeman climbing the grassy knoll with his run drawn and that is when i knew something serious happened and i said to the president's secretary, something awful, terrible has happened. look at the policeman climbing the grassy knoll. we went to the luncheon that was scheduled and it was just utter chaos with everyone screaming about the president being shot. from there, i talk about going to parkland hospital and the next few hours, however long it took to go back to washington.
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it is a very sad note and i would rather think about the happy times when his kennedy visited our house. mrs. kennedy and the children visited the day before she left for her big trip to india because she needed a day to get away and caroline wanted to visit tom kitten. this was part of the relationship i had that i enjoyed. it was like family. after we soon got into the white house, mrs. kennedy asked if i would have tom kitten board at -- board at the house. i was not aware of the president was allergic to animals. but caroline's cat, because she was the same a's -- same age as our two sons, they would come to visit and she would come
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periodically, mostly on wednesdays to come and visit, but before mrs. kennedy went on her trip to india, she wanted a day to herself so caroline and she could come visit with tom kitten and that would give her a day of relaxation. was one of the happier moments and there were several others, but there is so much to talk about, it could not cover it in just a few minutes. book and iead the would recommend the book. [applause] nancy hogan dutton worked in the campaign for fred dutton. she worked in his office in the white house and he went on to run robert f kennedy's campaign. your husband was special assistant to jfk. tell us about how you met and what that experience was like.
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he went on to found earth day as well. >> let me tell you a bit about the white house because it is so different today. no kennedy white house had chief of staff. eisenhower was the first president who had a chief of staff. he was military and it kind of fit and he wanted one but when he came time to organize the kennedy white house, bob kennedy was his closest advisor and nobody was ever going to be more important than body. let's get a group of people and make them all equal, which meant they had direct access to the president. throughn't have to go anyone else. in the white house was special assistant to the
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president. now it was right below chief of staff. 95 what i call political appointees in the kennedy white house will stop everyone who works in the white house is a political appointee. the ushers, butler's, switchboard operators, the drivers, they are not civil service. they tend to fit into a category that is a holdover group. the political appointees came from the campaign and other places. of those 95, 41 of us are still living. >> and you know all of them? people withhe direct access to the president who had commissions are gone. us and dantill with
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sims became a special assistant in 1962 or 63 and that is about it for those that were at that level. the rest of us were political appointees. there was no one telling us what to do, which is quite interesting when you think of today's white house. panelist onto be a a show called "to tell the truth " in april 1961. is it ok if i do this? he said yes, but you better check with pierre. here said you better answer all the questions right and not look stupid. [laughter] nobody told me what to do with the money if i want any.
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i gave it to the university of michigan. and by the way, for those of us who did go to michigan, the university of michigan has more peace corps graduates than any other university in the country. i did not work for fred during the campaign. i worked for someone named byron white and how i ended up on the campaign working for byron white. i'm in ohio and came from an irish democratic, pretty well-known family. the chairman of the democratic party, his secretary and my dad secretary were best friends and i worked downtown. i graduated from college in june, i was planning on coming out of the campaign on into thend ran in chairman and he said where are you going to mark i said i'm
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just going to volunteer. he said we can do better than that. he got out his little black book said whod a number and is he talking to? the chairman of the democratic party was a guard for the detroit lions and he was fused your -- future mr. justice byron white. they were roommates and he said he was sending me up and that's how i ended up working for byron and the happy assistant was fred dutton and for me, the rest is history. >> and what a rich history. thank you so much. [applause] thank you so much. she has been our point person on
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this. i want to introduce you to marry white to happens to be a neighbor of mine. a real pleasure. she was a kennedy administration staffer who worked for ted sorensen and you were instrumental. tell us what sorensen was like. >> he was unbelievably intelligent and i wasn't going i was goinghis, but to give you a sample of what it was like. having worked for a speechwriter, i write speeches. a sunday evening in january of 1962 and i shared a large georgetown apartment with
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three other women and two of my roommates were hosting a party. the phone rang and one of the guests answered the phone. it was ted sorensen asking me to come in immediately. i said i was babysitting my three month old nephew. ted said bring the baby and. and i said ok, send the car. by the time i got the baby ready, the driver was there and i placed a note on this door saying if you want your child, come down to the white house. the white house man did help me
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and we placed him in fred dutton's office and after a while, the white house guard ushered in my sister and husband and then i learned they had arrived at the northwest gate in -- that wasid another one. the baby is fine. i was checking on him and he was sleeping. you, drive up to the west gate and someone will take care of you. that point, sorensen came out and i remember he was impressed the babies middle name was emmett.
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out the parte about what ted sargent said to you. he did say i bet your friends were impressed. though they are all republicans, they think i am nuts. [laughter] so, we got right to work. draft of theg on a state of the union address. he wrote, i typed, and the baby slept. [applause] >> may i inject a little note here that brings back memories? it won't take more than a minute. when you mentioned ted would be tedme, it
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sorensen without a secretary and she would be on vacation and he would ask me to fill in for whoever it was. ted sorensen has to be one of the best dictators i've ever taken dictation from in my two careers after my 12 years with the kennedys and my eight years in boston. after 17 years into my second career, all the wonderful executives i work for, none compared with the dictation i took from ted sorensen for senator kennedy. i just have to make that note. >> thank you, mary and mary. you can tell a are inseparable. lili donnelly also work for the kennedy administration and work for dave powers and was extremely close to the president.
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congress --or >> tell us about that relationship and how you came to it. >> i worked in the first campaign office with stephen smith, the brother-in-law, married to jean kennedy and went to the white house and i was fortunate to be assigned to dave powers. he was a wonderful man with a great sense of humor and he was one of the first people to start out with president kennedy. when he was running for congress, president kennedy did not know a great deal of people in boston. he asked who can assist me and they all suggested they powers. returned -- he had been with the flying tigers. he had been working on that. a three decker,
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knocked on the door and said i'm john kennedy and i want to run for the house of representatives. everybody said you would be the perfect person to help me. certainly will be and i'm glad you didn't get tired and stop on the second floor. they were together for every single trip the president took, including the last day in dallas when he was in the car behind him. he was a joy to work for because he was such a delightful man. my three greatest remembrances , we know he house was dedicated in all sincerity and robert kennedy as well. this is a funny little incident, but one day i was going from the east wing to the west wing and the presidential elevator stopped and mrs. kennedy was
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away and out came the president with john john. he had one pajama rolled up and down and there's a little aetrium where the white house pool was that is no longer there where the secret service man said you can go ahead. when i got inside, there was the president of the united states and john was hollering at the top of his lungs. mrs. kennedy used to take him out with macaroni and pull them around in the sleigh during wintertime and he was screaming. here was the president of the united states saying daddy has to go to the office. i can't help you. i went good morning, mr. president and cap right on going. i'm going to tell to stories. .ovember 22 -- i w not there
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everyone came running and said the president has been shot, the president has been shot. secret service, who had a small office upstairs in the east wing, head of secret service said we are going to commandeer your offices. we have to have a lot of people and we only have one line to parkland hospital. you are going to have to hold it. do not put it down, do not do anything. it is the only line until signal corps gets it up. nobody actually knew what was happening. they were filling him in and other agents were there. clint hill came on the line and i remember jerry banes saying to him what's the story with the president? sir.id he is dead,
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i excused myself. then they started calling all the family. sisters werehe saying it's not jack. he's not wounded badly, is everything all right will stop they thought he was wounded but did not know he was dead. robert kennedy, with his courage and straight toward this said the attorney general is on the line and he came on the line in the first question he asked was the last question he wanted to hear and he said is he dead? of all of the people who have in on this line asking and not firstg to ask, you asked what you wanted to hear last and that was amazing. the other thing i'm going to finish up with is as a remembrance, jean and i were last to be part of the white house staff chosen to go to
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ireland on that great trip and it was so wonderful. we got to be in the motorcade going down the street and they were hanging up these big pictures with an irish flag an american flag. 100,000 welcomes. to everyone who knew him and especially dave who said it was like a journey of the heart. speak, butlified to from what everybody said and what we gathered, it was probably the happiest trip of his presidency which was two ofrs, 10 months and two days shining moments and for us, they were shining moments, to. [applause] >> i am now going to ask each of you if you would share one brief
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memory you would like to hold on forever. senator.art with you, these are your last words for tonight. >> i was delivering sargent shriver to a big assembly at at then university national association of students and shriver and i arrived and do you want to read the message from the president read?e it to me to me aside and said do you know anything about it? one and byn get you the time you get to it, he said
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i will read it. i did a very nice speech that was handed in handwriting to sargent shriver. he gave it and there was big applause for it. the head of the student association called me and said i am so happy we are sending that speech which is in president and we's personal hand are sending it out to be framed. he had no idea that it wasn't his pen. sorry,o call and say i'm there's a definite rule that any
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document, the original goes to the president. it stood in the association but not in the same position. be ahere, there may handwritten speech by kennedy in 1961. [applause] this andabout all of gave a very good smile. i don't think he read the speech. senator. you, californiane out to six weeks before the convention to carry out arrangements for the convention for floor communication and i was in the
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convention hall when president kennedy was nominated. you may not number this but he was nominated on the roll call, but not until the last votes for the delegates were counted from the state of wisconsin. delight somene the of the ecstasy we felt at the moment he would actually receive the nomination and i must say, the crowd went wild. [applause] >> in the first two weeks of the administration, the president was showing off the west wing with some frequency. over, andave a guess old congressman friend from , they and after dinner
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would show them the overall -- the oval office. he walked into the office i shared with four other people which was the first floor of a west wing, right hind the door. if u.n. all the way through the window from the front door, it and iout 10:00 at night was working. because i had not been part of the campaign for a long time, i had never had a conversation with them. i introduced myself at his request and he wanted to know something about my background. facti had gotten to the that i had gone to manhattanville college, his eyes let out and this was where his mother went to school and his sister eunice and his sister pat , his sister-in-law, ethel
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that point, it was a single-sex college run by the madams of the sacred heart female jesuits. and hea voting precinct looked at me and said did they vote for me? [laughter] get thating i might question at some point, i had checked and, in fact, the nuns known as the little sisters of not vote for jfk. the second half of our conversation had lasting meaning for me. i had a book on my desk. i had not read it. i had just bought it and the president picked it up and it was a book about marxist
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socialism and he wanted to know what it was about. to have arned never book showing without having read it. are just beinges a part of that new frontier and of that spirit, remembering what we did not get accomplished as well as having pride in what we did get accomplished. i was in the state department during the cuban missile crisis and the nuclear test ban treaty. those are the memories i am so glad i got to work on those projects. totally coincidentally, someone said to me where did you get your appreciation for art? and antiques. i woke up in the middle of the night last night and said jackie
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kennedy had something to do with that but i never thought about it that way. [applause] >> i'm going to pick up on dave powers and start with when you worked for sorenson, every third you would stay as late as he stayed, which was around 9:00. around 4:00, i would get the fresh chocolate hershey delivered to her office and figured that would get me through until 9:00. one time i was there and the cabinet room opened and it was dave powers with this very attractive petite woman all dressed in white. at which time, the door of the hesident's office open and swooped this woman up and took her into the office and i turned
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to dave and said was that marlena dietrich? and it was. [applause] >> mrs. gallagher? i like to look back on the service to mrs. kennedy from the early georgetown days into the white house enabled me to handle all her expenses keeping wise. began in the early 50's when i sat with her in georgetown, the president of the senate was in time due to a tooth abscess. march in the annual st. patrick's day parade and
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when i arrived at the home at georgetown to take care of mrs. , pasty's keeping affairs the bedroom he was in their reading newspapers and said good morning and i said good morning, senator. after several hours of working that after lunchtime, when i had enough time to pile up the checks i had written for him to sign that he came in and his bare feet and said how are you doing? saidd i'm ready and he and what is this and what is that in what is the other thing? what mrs. kennedy was purchasing and where and why and how, it and that he issued the edict
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that from here on out, you furnish me with the book keeping report monthly, report -- quarterly, i want to know all of mrs. kennedy's expenses from here on out. a personal secretary, which i loved, the typing and familyointments and liaison with family and friends, it became double duty. the book keeping took as much time as i would be able to manage. weekends and evenings when the boys were put to bed, i enjoyed every minute of it. [laughter] -- how didleave it you manage that and manage keeping house at the same time? i attribute it to my mother-in-law and has been. i dedicate my books to them and
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to chris and greg. if it wasn't for them, i could not have succeeded in doing what i did. checking out one day, one woman asked me how did you do all of that? she said i could never i said relax, don't let it worry you. i enjoyed doing it. my loyalty never wavered. enter all the years i spent with them, i admired them for one reason exactly. when i first met him as i senator, when he was a tall guy, 12 years
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, when he was president and that awful day occurred, he never changed from being a regular with down-to-earth kind of individual who really was so natural, i cannot raise and at about it. as a president, he never changed , he always remained himself. and i respected that. [applause] >> thing for all of us here, it was one of the most wonderful experiences of our life. everyone who's worked for president kennedy truly loved him, and truly believed in him. they really did care.
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said, to those whom much is given, much is expected. he was raised by that with his family. they gave the last measure. [applause] >> mark twain once said that history does not repeat itself, but perhaps it rhymes. you have given is a wonderful sense of history tonight, all of you. pleasureen an absolute to have six new friends in my life. and your profiles of courage. thank you very much. [applause] >> thank you. [applause] i'm sure we have mary's books
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for sale somewhere in the house. [laughter] i encourage you to meet with individuals, and think them personally. any last words? >> nothing other than i wanted to also introduce sid davis. from thevited tonight member of the press. he was one of the three individuals brought on the plane to witness johnson's inauguration. i wanted to recognize you as well. [applause] thank you all for coming. this wonderful group of people, join them to hear their stories further. [applause] >> you are watching american
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history tv. 48 hours of programming on american history, every weekend on c-span three. follow us on twitter c-span history for information on our schedule and to keep up with the latest history news. monday, on the communicators, federal litigation sure how real his first interview with c-span after being nominated by president obama in 2013. he talks about issues facing sec, including net neutrality, set-top boxes, regulation of the internet and privacy. also discusses the future of the internet. >> when i was fortunate not to involvedo do was to be
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-- fortunate enough to be able to do was bring change to people's lives. but that is what we are doing at the fcc. we are in one of the great network revolutions of all time. watch the communicators, monday night on c-span two. >> georgetown university professor adam rothman teaches a class about the migration in the 19th century. he argues among the factors that contributed to the european exit is war and increase in population and decreasing the cost of transportation. he talks about how many migrants also moved for higher wages or to escape political pressure.

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