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tv   Showcase for the Nation  CSPAN  April 16, 2016 10:00pm-10:31pm EDT

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announcer: on october 22, 1965, president lyndon johnson signed a highway unification act which called for removing outdoor advertising signs and encourage enhancement on the interstate highway system. the effort was championed by lady bird johnson, who also worked with private organizations and government offices to clean up the nation's capital. next, showcase for the nation, the story of mrs. lyndon b. johnson's beautiful -- beautification program. the 23 minute film details the first lady's effort to plant trees and flowers and improve parks and playgrounds in the
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district of columbia, with the hope that other cities would follow the example. ♪ ms. johnson: beautification, to my mind, is far more than a matter of cosmetics. to me, it describes the effort to bring the natural world and man-made world and harmony, -- into harmony, to bring youthfulness to life to our poll environment. -- hole in bierman. wholele in
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environment. ♪ narrator: after the presidential elections in 1964, mrs. lyndon johnson felt it would be most effective is the nation's first lady to concentrate her efforts in a few major areas of concern.
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during a meeting at the lbj ranch, mrs. johnson was urged by the secretary of the interior to share her lifelong interest in one of these areas -- con certification and beautification. putting this into practice would require organization and hard work. d to make herwante adopted hometown an example for others to follow. washington, d.c. would be a showcase for the nation. and so, the community for a more beautiful capital was born. mrs. johnson assembled her committee for the first time on february 11, 1965, at the white house. members were public officials, businessmen, architects, philanthropist, a cross-section of many americans.
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ideas and inspiration began flowing at once. an overwhelming number would be funded by the more than $2 million given by private donors. among the first proposals was a plan to adopt countless traffic circles and grassy triangles that dot washington intersections. they would be adorned with bright and colorful planters. johnson 9, 1965, miss -- mrs. johnson laid out the first phase of the beautification program. committee1965, the met aboard the uss sequoia for a cruise and two were of the potomac river. tours andd short -- short trips would be a regular
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part of the activities. this highlighted the potomac's waterfront, and highlighted some of the problems connected with the river. the first lady had challenged her committee to find ways of implementing those jectsification pro already underway, boosting those that should be underway, and being catalysts for new undertakings. n program was devised for tackling washington's beautification programs. from the beginning, mrs. johnson received mail and support from all over the country, and all eyes were on washington for the inspiration that would stimulate similar projects in cities and towns across the land. the many donations of money and plans were handled by a supplemental committe. committee. some of the grants included $10,000 from the rockefeller foundation, and 4000 cherry
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trees from the people of japan. with the magnificent statues and monuments, the delicate japanese cherry trees have always been provocative attractions to washington visitors. ♪ on a drizzly april afternoon in 1966, mrs. johnson attended the commemorative planting of a cherry tree at hains point, on the tip of these potomac park. this was the first of 1800 such trees that would give a scenic five around the peninsula. ofns point was the location further activity when mrs. johnson received a gift for the children of washington from the first lady of mexico. ms. johnson: it is one of the
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universal linkages that brings a of mankinde face everywhere. it underlies the imaginative spirits that lead on the human condition. ♪ ♪ project tonother enliven hains point was a towering jet of water, donated in honor of president and mrs. johnson.
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on a crisp fall day, mrs. johnson and the committee on a trip to a bold-planning festival on columbia island. located on the potomac, this isnspiring patch of earth crossed by more than 150 thousand commuters and visitors every day. to brighten the way of these travelers, the committee decided to transform this approach to the nation's capital. the national parks service by members of area garden clubs implanting the first of 800,000 bs provided by an anonymous donor. ♪
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announcer: the improvements of school grounds was also high on the committee's list of priorities, especially when it would involve the children themselves. in a ceremony at a high school, mrs. johnson dedicated the schoolping on the complex in the center of an urban renewal district. pta's ofipals and these schools were eager to establish a program of nature education in the classroom. this effort would insure student involvement and active participation. a major endeavor of the committee, a project aimed at providing a stimulus for the entire neighborhood. ♪
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narrator: a different plan, involving recreational facilities, was devised for buchanan's group. had beend, this school a depressing, window broken eyesore, a sad place to send youngsters for an education. but thanks to a generous donation, all of that has been changed. you can in plaza has an -- buchanan plaza has now become most exciting playgrounds in washington. here, the committee gathered for the dedication ceremonies. ms. johnson: buchanan plaza belongs first and foremost to this school. it also belongs to everyone in the neighborhood. it is a place where all ages can come together and find when they get there that there is lots to do. who can put a price tag on board on?
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oredom? who can put a cost on unchallenged energy? this kind of playground is a constructive answer to the urban problem. narrator: in 1967, the committee trailblazers, a work-study program for ghetto teenagers. ms. johnson paid a visit to one activities atazer a park. the park is located next to the smithsonian neighborhood museum, where trailblazers have also worked. during the summer, these teenagers laid out nature trails , cleared picnic areas, and built shelters. each trailblazer was provided with a camera and film to report
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the group's accomplishments. record the group's accomplishments. ♪ northor: further to the lies in watts branch park, a good example of how even the most blighted area can be reclaimed from this act. ravine, once been a neglected and abused. however, with the aid of a donation, it has been made into an attractive and inviting park. this border-line neighborhood are proud of their park, and pitch in to keep it lovely. another problem of concern to the committee involved the downtown business district.
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in many metropolitan communities, washington's central city was becoming choked and unsightly. the committee's activities to improve washington, local officials and businessmen decided to counteract this deterioration with two beautifully planned and landscaped malls. first, the median strip of f street, the main shopping district, was transformed to a pedestrian walkway with kiosks, maple trees, and a bright post office pagoda. on new york avenue, a busy traffic are quite flanked by bus terminals and shops. with myrtle and holly trees. these, combined with the elms, freshened and enlightened the whole area. nlivened the whole area.
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winningy as a result of white house recognition, and partly on persuasiveness of the first lady, is this and commercial establishments -- business and commercial establishments throughout washington were becoming conscious of their appearance. they knew that a peeling would have an appealing return on the dollar. -- appealing surroundings would have an appealing return on the dollar. , theohnson: obviously great need for our attractive environment exists in our urban centers, where most americans spend most of their lives, and we are doing something about it. each year,n june of mrs. johnson welcomed to the white house people who were doing something about their environment. the winners of the community's annual beautification awards.
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establishments from all over the district had representatives at these ceremonies. ♪ ms. johnson: you are the doers. you do not dream i delete or give up in despair. you are showing all of us how each person can contribute something a positive value. -- yourpliments accomplishments point two your amilies and neighbors -- compliments are important to your families and neighbors, and to me.
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in addition to award ceremonies at the white house, there were many conferences, like the first national youth conference on national beauty, with more than 500 young people around the country. and the white house conference on national beauty, and which more than 1000 experts in environmental planning met for intensive discussions. ceremonies,pecial such as the arbor day planting on the white house lawn with schoolchildren, and the monthly meetings of the beautification committee itself. at this meeting, after welcoming committee members, the first lady reported on the signing of an act establishing redwood national park in california. ms. johnson: at last, it is ,chieved, so things do get done
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and we also have a feeling that it is another check on the list. narrator: the mayor then presented a report on the summer employment program in the district. had this summer something that was beyond our expectations. about 18,500 children, youth working in this city in a by the of projects government as well as private. in fact, we were the only city in the nation to meet the president's goal for the national alliance. i might say that you would be that they to know streams were kept clean up by 100 kids who cleaned the streams so you could enjoy the water as ,ell as the banks on the side
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and also have gainful employment. it was this stuff that we kind of call "hard stuff." ♪ but the first lady's attention was not limited to washington alone. to salute the accomplishments of theirns in communities, ms. johnson crisscrossed the nation, giving speeches, dedicating parks and , opening recreation , inspiring further progress, seeing and hearing firsthand the contagious affect her endeavors were having across the land.
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♪ after the many dedication ceremonies she attended for others, mrs. johnson returned to washington -- to washington to dedicate one of her favorite projects. ms. johnson: columbia island is a gift of nature and man. i am so pleased that this piece of land challenged this committee, and we have concentrated much of our efforts in preparing it as a magnificent day way to the capitol. -- a magnificent gateway to the capital. having been there when the flowers were planted, having watched almost everyone of those trees go into the ground, and envisioned how that pink
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starwood will look next spring, you can be sure that i shall return. [laughter] [applause] as a surprise to mrs. johnson, secretary udall announced that columbia island would have a new name. udall: we have given that the name lady bird johnson park. [applause] ♪ narrator: the washington mrs. johnson shall be returning to in the coming years has been end of therom one and ban > city to another. the evidence of change is
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abundant. pershing square. ferritin square. way. rock creek park of 3rd streete and independence avenue, where it all began. in neighborhood parks like these. at twining square. by the washington monument. mall.the at haines point. done, but this has
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really been only the beginning. the activities of mrs. johnson and her committee were a jumping thepoint for washington and rest of the nation. they show that in a time of complex, driven crisis, functional surroundings can provide new opportunities for city dwellers. in the words of her husband, maintaining a livable environment has now become one of america's greatest challenges. president johnson: mrs. johnson, and mrs. lassiter, and there are many other hard-working colleagues, put some playground equipment and the schoolyards, and improved the neighborhood parks. i think their shovels date deep
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dig deep into the future of this land. those shovels, while digging deep, are changing the lives of our children. are what history will remember us by. ♪ announcer: this weekend, the ur, hostedies to by comcast, takes you to tuscaloosa, alabama to showcase the literary culture of the city , which is home to the university of alabama. we will visit archaeological sites and learn how the native american culture lived from the 11th century to the 15th century. >> welcome to mount dale
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archaeological park. this was the largest city north of mexico and contains the flat-topf about 30 mounds. we are standing at mt. b, the largest amount in alabama, containing about 112,000 cubic years of dirt, and this would have been worthy structure for the highest-ranking leader of the highest-ranking klan would have been. clan would have been. research indicates that the base of the amount was initially hollowed rock, which was filled in with clay. this would give more stability to the structure as they were building it. we know that periodically, after the mound was built, it would be
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soered with different clade, when you sliced into the mound, it would resemble a layer cake. announcer: watch on c-span3. the c-span cities tour, working with our cable affiliates and visiting cities across the country. anniversary ofth the pulitzer prizes, the poynter institute paid tribute to prizewinners who were focused on social justice and civil rights. a preview. >> good evening, everyone. my name is jean louise fitch. actually, my name is charlie barely. i live next door to mr. roy peter clark. [laughter] >> who is the best neighbor and the whole world. in the whole world. he told me to say that. [laughter] >> but at least for tonight, you
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can call me scout. you all know me as 10-year-old girl, if you read the novel "to kill the mockingbird." by the way, in 1961, harper lee won the pulitzer prize for fiction. go ahead, you can clap. [applause] we were all sad to hear about her passing. something strange happened last year, another book about me was published. it was called "go set a watchman." it was about me as a young woman, but also about my father, atticus. you know, atticus finch, played in the movie by gregory pac? a lot of people loved my daddy in "mockingbird." he was kind, fair, and loving. i don't know what happened to him in watchmen.
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grumpy. like someone let's not forget about that old atticus, the one who inspire us all. ladies and gentlemen, he is about to give you his closing statements. >> gentleman, i will be brief. i would like to remind you that this case is not a difficult one. it does not require understanding complicated facts, but it requires you to be certain beyond all reasonable doubt. we begin with this case that has never come to trial. this case is as simple as black and white. , a humble, quiet,
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respectable negro who had the unmitigated humility to feel , and who a white woman had to pit himself against two white people. and they want him to go along with confidence that you would go along with the evil assumption that all negroes nine, that all negroes are basically immoral beings, that all negro men are basically not to be trusted with women, assumptions associated with their caliber. one more thing, gentlemen, before i quit. thomas jefferson once said that all men are created equal. there is one way in which all men are created equal. there is one human institution that makes one equal of a rockefeller, a stupid man the equal of an einstein.
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it makes an ignorant man the equal of any college president. that institution, gentlemen, is the court. it can be the supreme court, or in humblest piece justice the land, or this court. all courts have their faults, as with any human institution, but in this country, our courts are the great levelers, and in this country, all men are created equal. now, i don't firmly hold onto the idea that all courts are what they are supposed to be. that is not ideal to me, but they are representative of our people. en, you have heard all the evidence given, you have heard the testimony, and i would like you to release the defendant to his family.
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in the name of god, do your duty . watch the you can entire event sunday at 6:30 p.m. and 10:30 p.m. eastern. this is "american history >> history professor and author elizabeth schmidt talked about how more influenced africa during the cold war. she talks about how colonial powers dealt with these countries as they gained independence. tensions within the u.s. government over how to respond to africa's decolonization. the wilson center and the africa history center cohosted this event which is about an hour and a half. >> thank you for coming out this afternoon.

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