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tv   George Wallace Campaign Film  CSPAN  May 7, 2016 4:09am-4:41am EDT

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>> don't we have any other choice, jim? >> well, there are quite a few choices. are you a true johnson democrat? >> all the way. i think that he's handling things as well as they can be handled. >> 74, 67. >> the democrats who were supporting the president had organized an intensive write-in campaign, urging voters tone doris the administration by writing president johnson's name on the democratic ballot. in effect asking him to run again. >> i'd say some more work has to be done on election day to better this. >> be sure to write in the name of president johnson. >> senator mccarthy was a newcomer to presidential politics. and since many democrats were supporting the president, ron
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and dottie began work on the mccarthy campaign with few assets. there was little popular support for the senator, a sparse organization, and even less money. every vote was important. >> we're glad you stopped in this morning. send some more of your friends in. >> the mccarthy campaign did have one great asset. young people. many of them students too young to vote. they flocked to new hampshire to support the senator's cause. >> at first it was called the children's crusade, and no one thought they could compete with the professionals in the hard work of organizing a presidential campaign. but leaders of both political parties were to describe the sudden involvement by thousands of young people in the political process as one of the most important benefits of the election year. >> he's a good candidate i
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think. >> senator mccarthy also got some support from another unorthodox source. actors and actresses lent their energy to the cause. and paul newman -- >> if you have areas where you feel your own rumblings and your own dissension and your own questioning, then i think it's necessary to get behind the senator now, early in the game, and not sit around and wait till you feel that you're ready to make a political commitment that's convenient to you. >> a few weeks before primary day the republican race lost a challenger. george romney withdrew. >> the cbs news poll of republicans in new hampshire last night shows that george romney's withdrawal has helped richard nixon much as nelson rockefeller. the romney supporters now say they will vote for another candidate. about half favor nixon and half favor rockefeller. >> people like you might write
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rockefeller's name in. >> some people including ann nelson thought nelson rockefeller might take romney's place. >> i will vote for any republican candidate that wins in miami at the convention. it will either be nixon or rockefeller. >> but no one could really compete with richard nixon in new hampshire. >> by the time nixon made his last campaign speech, he had most of the state's republican votes. and according to all predictions he was already a winner. >> having traveled through this state, having met hundreds of you personally and thousands of you that i've spoken to, having heard your questions, having looked into your faces, you have given me new hope about america.
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is it your ballot going to indicate a change is going to come in november or -- and i say turn out. let's get the biggest vote we've ever had. and with that vote you'll not only see to it that we will win tomorrow but that new hampshire will vote for the leadership in november and america will get a new president in january. thank you. >> primary day in new hampshire was quiet. a sharp contrast to the intensity of the campaigns. >> are you ready to go down and vote? i've got plenty to watch the store right now and it seems a good time we can get there without too many crowds or anything. >> but each voter went to the
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polls with the obligation to make his choice in this first test as carefully as he would in november. the voting procedure was simple. >> wilson james r. >> republican or democrat? >> republican. >> registered voters received their party's ballot. >> matthew callahan, democrat. >> clair livingston. >> moved to a booth to mark it in private. returned it to a sealed ballot box. and had their names recorded to prevent voter fraud. >> james r. wilson. >> james r. wilson. >> ron and dottie voted for mccarthy. but they also had a personal interest in this election. ron was on the ballot as a mccarthy delegate. if elected he would go to chicago in august to vote for the senator as a representative of his state. the polls would close at 6:00. but until then campaign workers for all the candidates were busy
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urging their neighbors to vote. >> have you voted in the primaries for president? >> no, sir. but that's my boy right there. >> thank you. >> this is mrs. kirby at nixon headquarters. we wanted to be sure to remind you to vote today. >> at nixon headquarters voters were offered rides to the polls. a common practice in both political parties. it began to snow in laconia. but that did not stop the voters from going to the polls. it looked so easy. a mark on a piece of paper. it was simple as picking out a new hat or selecting fresh vegetables for dinner. and it was done as casually. but in each voter's 3450i7bd there was the feeling that his vote, his personal choice of a presidential candidate could
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make a difference. >> i declare the polls closed. while ron went to mccarthy headquarters in manchester, dottie stayed in laconia. and she was finding it hard to wait for the final vote count. >> 316. over 50% of the vote. >> it was an upset. mccarthy made a surprisingly
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strong showing, and the young people who had worked for him suddenly had proof they could influence the national election by working for change within the framework of the democratic process. ron was amazed and delighted when he found out he had scored a personal upset victory. and he'd been elected as a delegate. dottie of course was thrilled. ♪ jim and ann stayed home on primary night with their children to celebrate nixon's overwhelming victory in the republican race. and they were convinced that their candidate would win more victories in the future. as the campaign moved out of new
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hampshire and into other states, ron traveled to nearby vermont to work for mccarthy at that state's democratic convention, which was held instead of a primary to pick the state's delegates and presidential choices. and now mccarthy was facing competition from a new candidate, senator robert kennedy had decided to run. >> with the decisions made by this convention today -- >> there were other unexpected events. >> with our hopes and the world's hopes for peace in the balance every day, i do not -- >> jim and ann did not realize at first as they listened to the president's speech, but he was about to tell the nation he would not run for the presidency again. >> partisan causes. accordi accordingly, i shall not seek and i will not accept the nomination of my party for
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another term as your president. ♪ >> vice president of the united states. >> and vice president humphrey became the last democratic candidate to enter the race. as heir to the support that had been given to the president, humphrey acquired a substantial number of delegate votes before the national convention. >> thank you very much. hello there. >> senator robert kennedy ended most of his campaign speeches with the phrase "some men see things as they are and ask why. i dream of things that never were and ask why not."
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before those dreams would ever become reality senator kennedy was killed. shot by an assassin in the kitchen of a los angeles hotel. the nation mourned. and for a time politics were forgotten. although the country had lost a man that many loved, his death could not destroy the essential stability of the democratic process. the nation still had to choose a leader, and in time the campaigns began again. >> do we have a nixon poster? >> jim wilson, working for nixon in laconia, was looking forward to the republican national
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convention. the choices at the miami beach convention were richard nixon, governor nelson rockefeller of new york, who was now working hard for the nomination, and california's governor, ronald reagan. as the republican delegates gathered in this resort city, it soon became clear that nixon was also their choice by an overwhelming mandate. >> the next president of the united states, richard nixon. and i again proudly accept that
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nomination for president of the united states. tonight i see the face of a child. he lives in a great city. he's black. or he's white. he's mexican, italian, polish. none of that matters. what matters, he's an american child. he sleeps the sleep of childhood and he dreams the dreams of a chi child. that child in that great city is more important than any politician's promise. he is america. i see another child tonight. he hears the train go by. at night he dreams of faraway places where he'd like to go. seems like an impossible dream. but he is helped on his journey through life. a father who had to go to work before he finished the sixth grade, sacrificed everything he had so his sons could go to college. and tonight he stands before you, nominated for president of
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the united states of america. [ cheers and applause ] ♪ >> nixon selected maryland's governor spiro agnew as his running mate for the office of vice president. it was now time for the democratic convention. and mccarthy and vice president humphrey were the leaders in the democratic race. ron and dottie went to chicago
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as part of the new hampshire delegation. there they continued their protests along with many other delegates who also wanted to see a more detailed plan for peace as the party's campaign theme. ♪ we shall overcome ♪ we shall overcome ♪ we shall overcome one day >> other demonstrators protested against war in the city's streets. and these protests erupted tone a confrontation with police that drew the concerned attention of many americans. the delegates shared that concern. but first they had to fulfill their obligation to nominate a democrat for the presidency. as the balloting went on, it became clear that vice president humphrey had the support of the convention. ron and most of the new hampshire delegates were pledged
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to vote for mccarthy, and they honored that pledge. >> i cast 20 votes for senator eugene j. mccarthy and 6 votes for vice president humphrey. >> and vice president humphrey won the nomination. ron and dottie went back to laconia and talked about the convention with their friends. >> it is the differences of individual groups and everything else that saved this whole damn thing for us. we all thought the same, we wouldn't be able to -- if you believe in democracy you believe in two things, ration and reason. the other thing su realize all people don't look at what is right for human society the same way. it's a matter of degree.
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so somehow you have to -- politics are never 100%. you'll probably end up with 60% of what you really want. >> it is never easy to accept defeat, but ron endorsed the decision in chicago and supported the democratic nominee, realizing that humphrey had been nominated by the will of the majority. and before long a large humphrey poster appeared on the side of ron's house. as the campaign moved into its final weeks, the nation considered its choices. vice president humphrey. george wallace, the former governor of alabama, representing the third party movement. and richard nixon.
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♪ campaigns are always flamboyant, and as the candidates moved across the country they were surrounded by all the traditional vote-getting glitter. >> good to see you. >> but there was a series purpose behind the banners and balloons. each candidate was meeting the people, giving them a chance to evaluate his thoughts as a potential president and to look closely at him as a man.
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lacon laconia's people in the fall are part of one of nature's most impressive pageants. as the leaves turn and the ducks drop in briefly on their way to the south there's a stillness and grandeur interrupted only by the sounds of children returning to school. the people of the united states went to the polls to elect their president. confrontped ed by a decision th could hold the key to the nation's place in the world. but they knew that whoever the knew president would be he would receive the support of the entire nation as he was given the awesome responsibility of leading the country. and in this election year the nation chose richard nixon, bringing to its final conclusion a democratic process that had
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started months before in new hampshire. >> i received a very gracious message from the vice president. i know exactly how he felt. having lost a close one eight years ago and having won a close one this year, i can say this. winning's a lot more fun. >> did nixon win? >> yes, he did. >> he made a great speech. >> it was very, very close. >> i'm sure you'll be able to watch it. >> nixon won and everybody said -- >> were they happy? >> yes. >> they were? well, i'm really glad that i voted for nixon because i believe he can really get things started again. the country wanted a clean sweep, and this is what nixon is going to do. he's going to get in a whole new bunch of people who will have a new outlook on things. this is what they needed. >> it's just overwhelming. i couldn't -- i've never been so
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pleased at a political outcome. >> naturally as a democrat i'm unhappy he won but in a sense i think there's a certain amount of justice there. i think that what the american people have done is told nixon, johnson, humphrey, anyone who might be president now in the future that they're accountable for their actions, they're accountable for their policy. ♪ >> each week until the 2016
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election road to the white house rewind brings you archival coverage of the election races. coming up a 1968 presidential campaign film by george wallace, a democrat in favor of staunch segregation. he chose to run for president in the banner of the newly formed american independent party. this kroing lds his push to get on the california ballot. eventually governor wallace succeeded in getting on the ballot in all 50 states. he came in third in the general election receiving 13 1/2% of the rote and winning five states. republican richard nixon won the presidency that year in a tight race over democrat hubert humphrey. this half hour film is courtesy of the alabama department of archives and history. >> i am pleased to announce this morning that more than 100,000 californians have registered as members of the american independent party in order to give us assistance in gaining a place on the california ballot
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in next year's general election. i want to thank the thousands of californians who have done so much to safety us. i point out these people are representative of millions of americans who are genuinely concerned about the current direction being followed by our national leadership. ♪ walking in the sunshine ♪ sing a little sunshine song ♪ put a smile upon your face ♪ as if there's nothing wrong ♪ think about a good time ♪ had a long time ago ♪ think about forgetting about your worries ♪ >> the wallace victory in california did not come easy. when george wallace brought his southern style campaign to california, he baffled many by what seemed to be too much that did not relate directly to california. southern traditions and national
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issues have in the past appeared too much at opposite poles. apparently wallace wasn't bothered that his down home campaign complete with gospel singing bewildered some people. it worked. national news magazines uniformly agreed that by obtaining enough signatures to get on the california primary wallace had proven more surely that he headed a significant national political movement, which must be reckoned with. so while political observers tried to predict his next moves, wallace kept on moving, talking with people in all parts of california, gaining new strength and support every day. here was a strong new leadership that excited and pulled at you. here was a national voice that californians and millions of americans could rally behind. here was george c. wallace, a
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new political force in america. everything said about 48-year-old george corley wallace would fill volumes. one constant comment heard, however, whether it be pro or con, is that i admire his courage. courage is certainly one basis of his appeal. but there's another part, too. wallace is a southerner who has universal support and appeal that is not clearly obvious at first glance. he communicates. he talks in a language that people can understand. and few politicians can match his uncanny ability to grasp the real issues and concerns of the american people in any area.
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he is truly a man of the people. it is because of these talents that he caught political observers off balance in 1964 when he captured more than a quarter million votes in the wisconsin primary. then 30% of the democratic preferential primary vote in indiana indiana. and 43% of the primary vote in maryland. but if he is underestimated by some, it's not because he sidesteps any issues. he gets right down to cases. >> last year you voted on the matter of home ownership and property ownership, didn't you? but you voted wrong, according to the pseudo -- on the court. they struck it down. and both national parties are recommending a law today on the congressional level that would put you in jail without a trial by jury if you didn't want to sell or lease your property to someone. that's been thought up by this intellectual crowd, pseudointellectual crowd who
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doesn't think you've got sense enough to know who you want to sell or lease your own property to. another thing they're going to have to be strong about and which people are concerned over this nation is the threat to the internal security of our country by the breakdown of law and order. and it's a sad commentary when you cannot walk on the streets or in the parks in the large cities of our country. and if you go out of this building tonight and somebody knocks you in the head, the person who knocks you in the head is out of jail before you get to the hospital, and on monday morning they will try the policeman. they won't try the person that knocked you in the head. we're going to have to start trying criminals on monday instead of the policeman in los angeles or the policeman anywhere in the country. [ applause ] and the supreme court of our country has handcuffed the police. they have rendered decisions today that are absolutely ludicrous and asinine.
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turn people loose every day who are self-proven and confessed murderers of five or more people. you read about it. you've seen it. and when they turn somebody loose who's a self-proven murderer, five or more people, some pseudointellectual tells us that really he's not to blame. society's to blame. because his papa didn't take him to see the los angeles rams play when he was a little boy. and he's mad. >> and recently we had a case that arose in our state that just culminated in a decision in the supreme court that's going to destroy every neighborhood school in california next year. they already started destroying them this last year in detroit, chicago, and in new york and in washington they ruled that you've got to transport little children across state lines. now this decision arising from a case in alabama is going to take your children and transport them across torrance to the other side of the city and across the los angeles county and the other counties. now, if you folks in california
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want to do that, if you want to put your children on a bus every day and send them all the way to northern california to school and back that night, it is all right with the folks of alabama. you do just that. you do whatever you want to do. but you decide to do it yourself. don't let somebody 3,000 miles away sit down and write every guideline for the education of your child. that's all we're talking about. and we had a case last year in alabama and we have freedom of choice in our state in which you can choose to go to any school you wanted to regardless of your race. but last year the justice department filed a suit and said not enough people on this side of torrance chose to go to school on this side and not enough people on this side chose to go to this side of town. not enough people in northern alabama chose to go across town to school and vice versa. and we said to the justice department, but they could have chosen if they wanted to. what are we going to do about it? make them go? and their answer was that's your problem, you work it out. that's your problem.
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and if you don't work it out we're going to take the money away from you, which is your money, federal funds they call it. not any such thing as federal funds. they're taxpayers' funds. i'm tired of saying the state of alabama gives you some money. you gave the state of alabama money. you gave the state of california money. you give the government in washington money. and then when they send it back to you they say we're going to tell you how you can spend, it we're going to control every domestic institution that you've got and we're going to send foreign aid without any strings attached. we're going to attach a lot of strings to the money you paid into the treasury when you get it back. well, in that decision they wrote that we could keep freedom of choice if it worked. and they said if it works these people have got to choose to go over here and vice versa. and if they don't choose we'll choose for them, you have to assign them yourselves and make them go. the point we're trying to raise is you ought to run schools and run them any way you want to. now there's another matter that faces our people that
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everybody's talked about and there are no simple solutions to. and that's our involvement in southeast asia. and we could talk all night here in this auditorium about the 3459er of the 17th parallel and old french indo-china and the geneva accord. but suffice it to say we are in vietnam, whether you think we ought to be there or not. and 500,000 american servicemen are totally committed at this moment between life and death. and some of them are being killed at this very moment. in fact, i just left a motel where the daughter of the motel owner came by to shake my hand and eight months ago her husband was killed in vietnam and she had two children and they'd been killed on this night. and one of the first things that we ought to do is reappraise our attitude toward western europe and our attitude toward some of our non-communist asian nations. and by the way, they are doing so much better than are some of those in western

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