tv George Wallace Campaign Film CSPAN May 8, 2016 10:00am-10:41am EDT
>> you are watching american history tv. all they get every weekend on c-span3. each week until the 2015 election, road to the white house rewind major archival coverage of presidential races. coming up, a 1968 campaign film by george wallace. governor andabama senator. he tries to run for president under the banner of the newly created party. eventually, governor wallace succeeded in getting on the ballot. in all 50 states. he came in third in the general election. he received 13.5% of the vote.
he won five states. republican richard nixon won the presidency that year in a tight race over democrat hubert humphrey. courtesy hour film is of the alabama film history archives. announce thatd to more than 100 thousand californians have registered as members of the american independent party in order to give us a assistance in getting a place on the california ballot next year's general election. i want to thank the countless thousands of californians who have done so much to assist us. i point out that these people are representative of millions of americans who are generally concerned about the current direction being followed by our national leadership. ♪
>> the wallace victory in california did not come easy. where george wallace brought his southern styled campaign to california, he baffled many by dot seemed to be too much to not directly relate to california. southern traditions and national issues have, in the past, appeared to much at opposite poles. apparently, wallace wasn't bothered that his down-home campaign, complete with gospel singing, he will did some people. it worked. national newsmagazine uniformly agreed that by obtaining enough signatures to get on the california primary, wallace had aoven for sure, that he had
national, political movement that must be reckoned with. so, while political observers try to predict his next move, wallace kept on moving. he talked with people in all parts of california. it gained new strength and support everyday. here was a strong, new leadership that excited and pull that you. here was a national voice that californians and millions of americans could rally behind. wallace, a new c political force in america. >> everything said about 48-year-old george wallace would fill volumes. one constant comment heard,
whether pro or con, is that i admire his courage. courage is certainly one basis of his appeal. but there's another part, too. who hasis a southerner universal support an appeal that is not clearly obvious at first glance. he communicates. he talks in a language that people can understand. politicians can match his uncanny ability to grasp the real issues and concerns of the american people in any area. he is truly a man of the people. it is because of these talents that he caught a legal observers outbound in 1964 when he captured more than 250,000 votes in the wisconsin primary. the, but it percent of democratic preferential vote in indiana. and 43% of the primary vote in maryland. some, iterestimated by is not because he sidesteps an
issue. he gets right down to cases. >> last year you voted on the matter of homeownership and property ownership. but you voted wrong. they struck it down. both national parties are themmending a lot today on congressional memo that will put you in jail without a trial by jury if you didn't want to sell or lease your property to someone. that has been thought up by this intellectual crowd, pseudo-intellectual crowd, who doesn't think yes it's enough to know who you want to salvage your property to. people are concerned in this nation over the threat to internal security by the breakdown of law and order. it is a sad commentary when you cannot walk in the streets or in the parks in the large cities of our country. we go out of his building tonight and some of the not soon the head, the person who lacks in the head is out of jail
before you get to the hospital. they will trying, the policeman, not the person who knock you in the head. we will have to start trying criminals on monday instead of the policeman. en. [applause] >> the supreme court of our country has rendered decisions that are absolutely ludicrous and asinine. , thepeople lose every day confessed murderers of people. your vet about ncm. -- some so many lives pseudo-intellectual tells up he was not to blame. society is to blame. because his pop-up didn't care to see the losses -- the los angeles rams to play while he was a boy.
recently, we had a case in our decision thate a the supreme court is going to destroy every neighborhood school in california next year. they already started destroying them last year in detroit, chicago, and in new york. in washington, they ruled that you have to transport little children across state lines. ais decision arising from case in alabama is going to take your children and transport them across the other side of the the los angeles county and the other counties. if you california folks want to do that, if you want to put your children on a bus every day and center all the way to northern california to school and back that night, it is all right with the folks of elemental. you do just that. you do whatever you want to do. but you decide to do it yourself. but what somebody 3000 miles away sit down and write every guideline for the education of your child. that is all we are talking about. we had a case last year that arose in alabama.
we have freedom of choice in our state. in which you can choose to go to any school you want to regardless of your race. last year, the justice apartment filed a suit that said not alabamao go the side of chose to go to that side. not enough people and all the, alabama chose to go across town to school and vice versa. we said they could have chosen that they wanted to. what we can do about it, make them go? their answers that is your problem. you work it out. that is your palm. if you don't work it out, we will take the federal funds away from you. those are taxpayers funds. i'm tired of folks in the state of alabama gave you some money. you gave the state of alabama money. you gave the state of california money. you gave the government of washington money, and when they send it back to you, we they say we will take how you spend it. they want domestic institution that you've got.
we can attach a lot of strings to my that you paid into the treasury. in that decision, they wrote that we could keep the freedom of choice if it worked. they said if it works, these people got to choose over there and vice versa. if they don't choose, will choose for them. you have to assign them yourself and make them go. now, the part we are 10 arrays is you are to run schools and run them anyway you want to. now it is another matter that faces are people that everybody is talked about in there are no civil solutions to. involvement in southeast asia. we can talk all night in this auditorium about the matter of and17th parallel and china the geneva accord, but suffice it to say, we are in vietnam whether you think we are on a be there or not. and 500,000 american servicemen are totally committed at this moment between life and death. some of them are being killed at
this very moment. in fact, i just left a motel with a daughter of the motel owner. she came by the shake my hand. eight months ago her husband was killed in vietnam. she had two children. they've been killed on this night. we ought to reappraise our attitude towards western europe and our attitude towards some of our non-communist nations. they are doing so much better than are some of those in western europe. western europe was rehabilitated after world war ii by the money of the people of california and alabama. including those nations that we fought. i'm glad that we do have a europe andbilitated so far as our economy is concerned. that has been a barrier to further communist encroachment in that part of the world. even though we sold out the eastern european nations evidently, we still have a strong viable western europe. they need us and we need them.
i'm not talking about kicking our allies out. i'm just talking about having some oddball to eyeball talk with them. to make them respect us more. tell them that it is a your interest to be in southeast asia as it is for us. if you don't go and help us, and you don't stop trading those -- treating those that do as our -- enemies, written in a cut on foreign aid. [applause] the average man in our country paying ofderstand the his money continuously to nations who not only won't help us, but even trade with the north vietnamese. we have defended europe twice. mr. de gaulle in europe today wants to the value of a dollar by taking gold of the country which would impair the monetary system of the free world.
,t has been devalued enough because inflationary processes in our own country. we know what happened to the pound over in england. because of socialistic overspending, money that brought no return to the english people, and we dedicate our house in order to live or to face that same problem here in these united states. we had a thomas of the call that -- re not going to by taking gold out of our country. if you continue to an parent dollar when you don't have to, we are going to put back on the books some of those billions of dollars that you os after world war one and world war ii. wig and ask you to pay back. they always billions of dollars. i think that is a common sense approach. ♪
thank you very much. >> wallace is the toys california campaign was unique. nothing like it had ever been account was before. although countless groups and interests have tried to gain itut position, and found impossible. because it had never been a commerce, unorthodox methods had to be used. for example, small groups of alabama volunteers commuting to and from california to direct and encourage volunteers. the wallace campaign started small and grew. more than enough signatures were obtained. the special way of running a campaign was brought about are the unusual nature of california politics. , while, while college all political parties in all states, is rampant in sunny california. two california politicians, one
a republican and one a democrat, simultaneously describe each other's party members as 2 million shares in search of indians. in search of indians. there are two objectives of the campaign. wallaceoters know what stood for, and secondly, getting voters to sign registration blanks. this unique part of the law, making third parties get a certain number of votes to reregister, as a political fact of life because california has closed primaries. this means that in order to vote in a party primary, you can do so only in that party in which changing your mind means. changing your party. and the wallace campaign, it all had to be done in less than a two-month. . this objective has been the
target of special legislation throughout the history of california politics. frawley, a phd g teaching political science at the university of california in los angeles, comments on extreme difficulties of getting on a california ballot in the first place, and the special roadblocks encountered by the wallace campaign because of time and circumstance. getting 56,000 people to sign up for a new party is a difficult task. it's up to the legislature of the state to determine the minimum size of a party. i guess it could be argued that california's laws make it very difficult to have a third party going. november and december are not the most political active months. people are thing about christmas, thanks giving and so on. this is one obstacle. secondly is the strong tradition
of a two-party system that we had in the u.s.. this is true also in california. third, certainly, then try to get people to change in the registration from republican and democratic to a third-party. there are many obstacles that are faced by third-party candidates in california. problems, thee wallace campaign has decided that the only way to get voters to sign registration blanks was to have the whole problem of doing so explained to them. quickly and honestly by the only means, individually. >> come on folks come over and say hello to george c wallace. you can shake hands if you like to do so. it only take you a minute to register. put him on the ballot in california. >> california law in effect in 9 voterstes that 66,05
much agree register to qualify a candidate on the ballot. when the campaign kicked off, many political experts said wallace didn't have the appeal. as weeks passed, and the crowds grew, and enthusiasm was obvious, these same experts began reversing their earlier predictions. cap moving. it was propelled along by the indomitable wallace spirit. because of the very unique solutions found to the many complex problems by the small but effective wallace campaign staff. money is important to any campaign. to get money, you first must get people willing to give, and believe in what they are getting too. the wallace california campaign started in a political off-season. 1968 presidential race was far off in the minds of voters. timing is impossible to
manipulate. then, approaching the january deadline, one of the coldest winter blasts in history hit sunny california. unseasonal weather or enough, there was a physical problems of working in southern california itself. home base from somewhere to anywhere takes one half hour to an hour and a half, depending on the freeways. then, the wallace campaign staff faced the problems of political traditions. swing voters away from the longtime party affiliations, and doing it with a skeleton staff. it was a maze of problems. one problem triggered forth four. bad weather, no people, no people, no registrations, then no new followers and no new day nations. the net total of one bible they lost. these are the risks inherent to
the very nature of politics. politics itself is a serious, strategic content. the born politician relishes both the risks and the strategy. was in the staff have it wasn't -- have weathered both. every politician has. what makes it appealing on the convictions in the high-stakes. people rarely get to see the other side of george wallace. george wallace, the man. right after she finished high school when she was only 16 years of age. she was very pretty, for one thing. of course i didn't realize how young she was then as i do now. after i have acquired the agent that i am. she was very pretty and just some little twist or sparkle about her that is hard to explain.
it's just like any man who meets his white for the first time. there's something about her. she made me get my start in political life. running for the legislature and she was too young to about three. she didn't even get to vote for me when i was elected to the legislature and 1946. of course in public service, that is holding legislative office, under the executive office in the state of alabama that i had for four years, you are in a position to do things that you thought ought to have been done or should be done for the people of your state. i also like to go down to the county seat in our country , and also to a little town that i was born and raised in and finish high school. doubt, alabama. -- cloud, alabama. to see friends and reminisce. i do go to the county courthouse
and clayton, alabama and set custom, and ithe enjoy this immensely. and aery stimulating rich, warm experience to go back to the country with your hometown friends. and smallple, large across sydney. i enjoy being with people. campaignthe wallace gathers its momentum, the great majority of support is near home base. southern california, with 50% of the state's total population. the loss and was greater metropolitan area is the home of 7 million persons. it provides the greatest number of registrations. it is, according to wallace campaign staff, the one thing working for them. a small staff precludes blanketing the state completely. it can be done.
while there are bad about registrations from the northern area, it is impossible to cover the entire state as the southern area could be covered. even with the major difficulties region. to the statistically speaking, the campaign based disaster. it can be done polls and predictions caps on. statistics are merely reflections of hard facts, not the whole human story. one part of the real story can be found in the areas dissected statistically. nreas in which the working me live. bell gardens, within the county of los angeles, population 30,000. democrat. for the one. by the end of the campaign, wallace claims more registered voters than the republican and democrat parties. huntington park. a residential section boarding an industrial area.
wallace workers opened an office and the area swings to wallace. response is two-sided. republicansts and go for wallace. for example, in the city of maywood, december, 1966, there are over 4000 democrats. nearly 2000 republicans. by the end of the campaign, democrats lose nearly 2000 of the faithful, while republicans lose nearly a thousand. the reasons to change appear much alike. >> i give my support to governor george c wallace. i feel governor wallace really means what he says when he says int he will keep government the hands of the individual states. statey helping each decide for itself its role in
local government. of thein favor nomination of george c wallace for the presidential candidate in 1968 because i believe that he is the only man in the political arena today who will men in vietname to win the war by letting the joint chief of staff handle the situation instead of the political intellectuals in washington. groups, the minority from refugees to first and second generation. all minority people -- i support governor wallace because i think he's a good man to save this country from the communism. >> reregistration continues. strategy from the main office keeps the names coming in constantly.
that's what the strategy boils down to is canvassing an area, set up, as many registrations as possible, then moved to the next area. according to some workers, it is very close to try and to being two places in what time. there remains one visit from. there's only one george wallace. the physical problems of distance and traffic precludes your rallies than wallace wants. where wallace does appear, returned to gather momentum. tripling and often quadrupling. each day becomes a race within itself to cover as much ground as possible. all the while, their problems in established areas. new areas. phone calls. meetings. business from alabama. all important, and each taking valuable time. enthusiasm, a constant problem in any campaign. california was no different. higher load, it can and i anyway
in the campaign -- hot or low, it can ignite anywhere in the campaign. two primary factors used in wallace workers in the golden state. the realization that the 1968 presidential race is going to be a close one. and the ever-increasing waves of support for governor wallace. california law aimed at keeping new parties out of california prove that not enough to stop the wallace grass moods movement -- grassroots movement. victory in california clearly pointed the way to new successes in other parts of the nation. some political experts were ready to openly state that governor george c wallace could indeed be elected president and 1968. mathematically speaking, the recognized wallace strength in southern and border states, added up to 150 electoral votes.
a giant steppingstone towards the 270 electoral votes needed to put george wallace in the white house. strong grassroots wallace support in states outside the south, coupled by the fact that only cited more than one third of the popular vote is needed in a three-way race to give the stand it -- the candidate a state, they predicted -- projected george wallace to the forefront of the 1968 presidential race. boulder uphill in states such as wisconsin, california, ohio, pennsylvania, indiana, and marilyn, the number of electoral votes needed to elect george c 1968 wasresident in clearly within reach. stillo-called experts remained to be convinced. but one lesson learned by the loss campaigners in california was that they shouldn't mind being underestimated.
not when you consider the results. george wallace is in touch with the people. he knows the depth and sincerity of their convictions. that there must be a change in our national governments foreign and domestic policies. george wallace doesn't take time to try and convince the experts. he's too busy talking with the people. , and a new national political movement by the people goes with him. step-by-step. growing stronger every day. happyare naturally most with the results of our california campaign. with the developments of other parts of the country, also. the great groundswell of individual citizen interest that we tapped in 1964 in our campaigns in indiana, maryland, and wisconsin, has continued to
rise. the registration victory in california in 1968 dramatically illustrates that this is a national movement which can no longer be denied or brushed under the rug. given the facts, the people will speak, and with your help, we intend to continue to carry on the fight for local government. for individual liberty and freedom. and for the free enterprise in the private property systems. however, requires money. i hope that you will join with us in this great effort. any amount you can afford what help. the wallace campaign had caters 10 high bidder -- building handles all kind of vision. yourck processing, contributions should be sent directly to the wallace campaign. way that you can voice is that your
heard. and that you have a candidate in a platform that you can support in the presidential race in november. today there is not a dimes with the difference in the national republican party and the national democratic party. it is a true grassroots determination by millions of americans who like you, are thed of false promises and ever growing centralization of governmental powers in washington. now is the time you can stand up for america. together, we will carry this fight for it with renewed energy and dedication. sunshine.ittle but there is nothing wrong. i said a long time ago. walking in the sunshine.
we travel to san bernardino, california to explore its history. the first mcdonald's opened in 17 of 1940. themuseum was created at original location. learn more about san bernardino this weekend here on american history tv. in 1972, u.s. environmental protection agency banned most ddt due to its harmful effect on plants and animals, including large bird populations. we visited the san bernardino county museum to learn how their large collection of bird eggs played into the study and the eventual ban of ddt. at the san bernardino county museum in redlands, california, and we are in our water bird exhibits. one of our main bird collectors is eugene cardiff. he is still a curator at the san
bernardino museum. wilson's ae collection started in the late 1800s and early 1900s. our collection is the third largest in the united states and the fifth largest in the world. i think the fact we have such a large a collection -- egg theection was known in valid you world. when researchers were looking at pre-ddt, sans bernardino county museum would be a natural place to ask their -- has to study their eggs because of our large collection, plus the fact it spans many, many years before ddt was introduced into the environment. >> they have lived since -- he
lived in southern california 1890. mid- he started very young in life and most of the eggs were collected in southern california. ddtr the second world war, was actually used for some back in a germany particular time. and it was so effective on killing insects and things, agricultural people and health people in this country decided to try it here. it was very effective in controlling flies and insects and pests like that. i remember when they sprayed a lot of the rivers in southern with ddt to remove --
not of the farming communities use it for lots of different insect pests. it was so effective in getting rid of mosquitoes. realize whatidn't it was doing to themselves until we started seeing effects of wildlife starting to decline. no one really knew why the wildlife was declining. when was one instance of hanna was working with the california river, they found a , which was the .ntire food
it collapsed, so the food collapsed. this was an example of what can when it directly affects the food supply. peregrined the falcons. they started looking at why the peregrine falcons collapsed. and started investigating they found one of the reasons the eggs were thin and would crash under the bird's weight when they were sitting on the eggs, therefore, the eggs were failing. ddt was the cause. the osprey was one of the
hardest hit birds. their eggs are very beautiful. everyone is different. they are really great. they were a work of art, kind of thing. but they disappeared from the southwest. they persisted in baja, california where you did not have a lot of agriculture, but a lot of problems with ddt. they survived down there. it has taken several decades for them to go back into the southwest in places like san diego along the coast. worked with wilson investigating all that you see on the table.
it was cleaned out completely. thickness measure the of the egg. it is a pb staab. it had to be -- it is a tedious job that had to be done carefully. a number of things occurred after 1962. the environmental defense fund was formed as was the epa. once those were developed through the u.s. government, there were congress congressional hearings held for about eight months with over 100 and20 -- over 120 witnesses with evident cheery pieces --
120 witnesses and over 300 pieces of evidence. those hearings -- the hearing started in 1971. in december 31 of 1972, the epa pretty much band ddt except for emergency uses. they would get a permission and emergency situations to control insect populations within the united states, but as an overall , december 31, 1972, the epa ddt.anned the fact that we are able to maintain this in pristine and for anyone to come
and and look at it again, that is really amazing to have that kind of access. i think any scientific research that can give conclusive results helps the general public to understand the long-lasting effects of pesticides or anything we are using in our environment. this a collection, which was collected before the use of ddt, was instrumental in giving a sample of eggs to study to compare to eggs post ddt. cities tour recently travel to san bernardino, california to learn about its rich history. learn more about san bernardino and other stops on our tour at www.c-span.org/citiestour. you are watching american