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tv   American History TV  CSPAN  May 8, 2016 5:50pm-6:01pm EDT

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when the policy and direction that they want to become the first goal rather than any consideration of any for agility or any kind of break or development of consensus, then you wind up with what we have today. there is little interest of bringing my opinions on board, and you are going to find that i'm less likely of being supportive. announcer: watch "the communicators" on monday night on c-span2. announcer: all weekend, iserican history tv" featuring san bernardino, california. mountain, which is located in the san bernardino mountains, is southern california's highest peak. learn more about san bernardino all weekend here on "american history tv."
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>> we are inside the santa fe depot in san bernardino. local historyhe of the valley. this was constructed in 1916. this replace the wooden structure that burned in 1916. why it was built a lot larger than it was needed was it was decided to house at the division headquarters at this location at that time. so it was put in an industrial area a cousin of the railroad. there were a number of businesses that supported the railroad, and it had close to 2000 people employed here. in separatewo yours dino, the a -- san bernardino, the a yard and the d yard. the upper part of the map shows the office facilities, and the lower part of the map shows the
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shop facilities. they could rebuild any locomotive and any street car or anything that they needed to maintain the railroad, could be done here. some of the items down here, and old santa fe lincoln pen. some measurement devices that they used in the machine shops. two boiler plates off of locomotives and in the next case, the products that were all reduced at the shopping or. shop here.- atht the there were 26 passenger trains a day that came through san bernardino, 13 eastbound, 13 westbound. the whale rate passenger service was the only way to commute from the east to the west and now, that has sort of been taken over by airports.
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but the bigger the depot, the bigger the trains they had, they could accommodate a lot of people, they have restaurants and other services. houses, thisrvey was a harvey house that could accommodate people 24 hours a day with a u-shaped lunch counter and in the other one, there was a more deluxe dining area that could accommodate dinners.
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depot restaurant in topeka, kansas for the santa fe railway. eventually, he took over and was also responsible for a lot of the food that was served out of the dining cars. we have a lot of different china here from different locations along the harvey routes. we had silverware that has fred harvey on it, we have a milk bottle by fred harvey because they produced milk, and we have some menus and other artifacts here. also in the area, there is a two-story structure that has 12 bedrooms where the harvey girls would stay. the harvey girls, they had their certain uniforms that they used. they weren't waitresses, they were the weaknesses of the harvey house. if you were a harvey girl, we were told, you had to live here and you were not supposed to date. don: well, right now we are in a replica of the wayside station where they had to communicate with the moving trains. all of the stations, were ever there was a major siding, had to comedic it to the depots through the bay window just like this. would sitoperator right here and whatever the dispatcher had to order for them
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for the train it was coming in either direction, he would get a and theyhe operator would copy in order on this form to issue instructions to the train about meeting and passing other trains or other thing respecting track conditions where it was necessary to slow down. before the advent of the telephone, they always -- the train order operator always had to use the morris keep -- morse key, and when the morse was being sent, the operator had to type up the orders for the train. here,lights you see up this was to let the train order operator know when the train was
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approaching. light went out or either light went out, it told the operator that the train was about six miles away and the train order operator would then get a hold of the dispatcher and let the dispatcher know in case the dispatcher had any orders for the train. if the dispatcher had orders, and if the train order operator these handles were at stop and these handles remained at stop unless the dispatcher had an order. if there was no order, then the train order operator would pull this back and give the train a clear signal and then that meant that the train could go without stopping, otherwise they would have to stop and receive orders.
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if the dispatcher had orders for the train, the train order operator would type them up, pull them up, and put them in this hoop. by,then when the train came he would hold it up and the engineer, the brakemen, or the firemen would scoop this up. ctc: this is called a machine, made by union break and signal in the 1950's. used by thee dispatchers in southern california and it would control fresno on dissent and stockton on that end. is you can sees that there is a mainline here all the way through it and it keeps track of where the trains are and it allows the train withtcher to make meets other trains going in the opposite direction or to talk slowerher trains going
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and it is controlled with these levers, these upper and lower, these switches control each end. and the next row are the signals that would work each end, and there are signals on each end. they don't control. they line up in accordance with what these control signals are doing and it is a more efficient way to meet fast trains before they used the telegraph office where there used to be in office like that in each one of these towns along the way. and they would get train orders, a written train order, to tell them where to meet or to pass and give them options and here, the dispatcher just makes an option by aligning the signals and switches and the trains would receive the signal upon indication. don: santa fe moved out on the in the early 90's.
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most of the major diesel repair is in barstow and the switching is done in barstow. this was the switching of the diesel repair facility for santa fe at that time. well, it was a major impact on the community. a loss of jobs. also, the peripheral businesses that supplied the santa fe. announcer: our "cities tour" staff recently went to san bernardino, telephone you to learn about its rich history. learn more about --san california to learn more about its rich history. learn more about san bernardino on "cities tour" recently, our campaign 2016 bus made a visit to pennsylvania during its primary, stopping at
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grove city college, slippery university, washington and jefferson college and harrisburg area community college. professors and local officials learned about the road to the white house coverage. visitors were also able to share he ir thoughts about t upcoming election. in warrington, pennsylvania, schools to honor seven ninth graders in the student cam competition. a special thanks to our cable partners for their help in coordinating these community visits. you can view all the studentcam.org.t >> each week, american artifacts archives, rs into museums, and historic sites around the country. next, we visit the national museum of health and medicine just outside washington d.c. to look at items in their civil war collection. lease note, some viewers may fi i

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