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tv   Afghanistan Ambassador Discusses Countrys Future  CSPAN  May 25, 2016 2:34am-3:45am EDT

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our spotlight on magazines, we feature reason magazine. it states that since 2001, the war on terror has cost $4 trillion. watch c-span washington journal beginning live at 7:00 eastern wednesday morning. join the discussion. from the world affairs council this is 1:10. >> good evening, ladies and gentlemen. any name is tony culley-foster. i'm the president and ceo of the world affairs council washington, d.c. our institution is committed to global education, international affairs and global
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communications. we're an institution where learning happens. our goal tonight in our public program is to provide our distinguished guests an opportunity, all of you, after this presentation facilitated by the distinguished ambassador ron neumann. to ask questions, please listen carefully. to listen doesn't mean to hear. we have got an opportunity tonight to listen to and hear from two experts representing a region of the world, afghanistan, a sovereign nation that is a participating member in our global community. a country in transition thanks to the efforts of ambassador
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mohib, others in the u.s. and world community. working together in harmony towards a common goal. the transition of a country that is known too much violence, too much conflict, too much separation to be embraced by the world community as a peaceful merging lee i emerging leader for the world dp low mat -- diplomatic community. appreciate very much indeed in 1919. timing is everything. first diplomatic ties with the united states 1921. that relationship has opinion maintained. population now is almost 32
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million. 50% under the age of 18. only 27% of this population lives in urban areas. two official languages. afghanistan is a land linked, not a land locked. it's land linked nation. it's almost as big as the state of texas. i don't know if that's a back handed compliment or not, ambassador, but take it as a compliment. education is critical to afghanistan's future. the demographics they have of this youth population unless it receives equally boys and girls, young men, young woman. the future will not be as bright as everyone wants it to be.
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in may 2012, u.s. and afghanistan find the enduring partnership agreement. it reflects the shared commitment to combatting terrorism and promoting peace, democratic values and economic opportunity in afghanistan and the region. they are banded together by a common goal, protecting and helping to develop a new afghanistan. numerous challenges stand in the way. threatens to supercede al qaeda. afghan use and patience for economic development and
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employment aren't too enthusiastic. threatening national policies for eradication and differences and partisan affiliations, electoral reform and government corruption mired national community. through the efforts of the individuals like ambassador mohib, afghanistan has made strides toward a prosperous and peaceful nation. on saturday, i think the prospect of peace was enhanced. i hope the reports are true.
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i hope whoever replaces him see there is path to the future that should not involve conflict. the next election plan will align afghanistan with international accords and promote article 22 of the afghan institution. man and woman have equal rights before the law.
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ambassador mohib, in the short time i have known him, six months where i have followed day by day the activities that he and the leaders of the country have committed to in the quest for peace. he's a man of tiring thought diplomacy, terms of appealing to hearts and mind educating people to the new afghanistan. he served as ambassador to the united states in september 2015. he founded the afghan students association in the uk, think
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tank discourse and has initiated multiple community service programs for afghan woman and orpha orphans. moderating today's discussions is one of diplomacy's great rascals, ambassador ron neumann. a mischiefovous fellow with a sense of humor. a son has followed a father in their diplomatic posting. we have hear tonight one of those individuals. the first one's name was adam. ambassador neumann and i are
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friends. we're professional colleagues. we share the same space and the same point in space and time in terms of our commitment to doing anything that we can to mobilize whatever networks that we have or that question in support of your nation's quest for long term peace and economic development and success in the global community. i'm very honored to ask two am bo bass dors bassdors to come to our table tonight. i want to thank them for our kindness and being our strategic partner in terms of the work that we do to our public programs. i also want to thank miss stephanie, our director of international affairs and our director of global communications and the interns who work with us for their
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commitment to our cause. stomp your feet and clap your hand, welcome to ambassador mohib and ambassador neumann. >> thank you. thank you. [ applause ] >> i guess ambassador neumann will have something to say about that. >> i've been called many things. i've had my name called in the streets in protest but rascal is new. thank you, i think for that interesting introduction.
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>> such a pleasure to be with council. i met some of the members at the embassy. it was a great experience. we decided to do it twice. it's an interesting evening. a couple of interesting days in the news. before we go to the hard stuff, you're still emblemmatic of this new generation that comes from a very different background but also has lived through a lot of tragedy of afghanistan.
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if you want take a moment to talk about your background. >> as a child no one would believe that child would produce something successful. through hard work and dedication and people who believed in that potential gave me the opportunity to be able to serve my country and have the honor to serve my country in one of the most diplomatic postings. i think that's also a showing of where afghanistan is. we've had over 30 years of extremely difficult period, but the afghan, the resilient afghan
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people have turned the table around today, and it's a functioning democracy. it has opportunities for our youth, for our population. the opportunities we didn't have. a democracy that we can't to build on. >> you and your family went through a lot through the process of getting here. >> absolutely. it's not just me. the vast majority of afghans suffered through. we had to live in refugee camps or our homes being destroyed.
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we went through a difficult time and we survived it. that's where the afghan resilience comes in. the people were so proud. they wanted to go and welcome our football team, our heroes. that morning, a bomb exploded outside the airport. there were threats of a second one. that didn't stop thousands of
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afghans to still go and receive our heroes with greatst joy. that was the message from the afghan people saying nothing will stop us. we will rebuild there country. >> i know that in the years i've been dealing with afghanistan, i can hardly think of an afghan friend, colleague or associate who has not had either themselves or in their family death, torture, imprisonment and yet keeps going. this last year was another violent year. i think it's important to understand that afghan security forces had more people killed last year alone than america had
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lost in its 15 years of warfare in afghanistan. what would you say, how do you think could the security forces of afghanistan will do this year. it's very dangerous to predict battle. how do you foresee the ability of the afghan forces to make out this year? >> our president last year military was 12 years old. in one year it's now 20 years old. we've made huge leaps of progress but to come back to that determination we have seen
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so much that despite all those upsets last year i know many people were predicting that we would fail. despite a very difficult security force is not only made sure that the enemy doesn't make the strategic objectsive with holding land, capturing and holding land that we also improve coordination. the number of attacks or the amount of attacks that were expected or predicted to be a report suggest 75% more than last year. every attack apg majority it's all about defeated. this same place, a much more intense attack. we were able to do that. we were able to do that because for a nation among those security forces became better, we have a mump more offensive
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plan and how to defend our territory. also what's important to understand is the role of transition. last year was the first year where our security forces had the responsibility for securing afghanistan or territory for the first time ever. we have to rely on international security forces about 600,000 security personnel. the official military since we left afghanistan. it was a very difficult time.
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>> the united states seems to have made a rather critical attack in this last couple of days. how do you evaluate what is happening? we haven't heard much from the pakist pakistanis about this attack which was in part of pakistan where we have never attacked before. it's very significant blow of killing the taliban leader. speculation is dangerous and diplomatic speculate in way of getting in trouble. how much would you like to speculate on what happens as a result of it. >> we welcome president obama's decision and his bold actions to eliminate a person who was preventing other taliban elements and the cause for government for peace process.
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it's not about that action. >> you said speculation is difficult. we know it. it has created a sense of hope in the afghan community. knowing that the sanctuaries that were provided to the taliban are no longer safe and they will be eliminated no matter where they are.
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>> it's not clear from president's obama comments whether we actually have a change of american policy that will put the sanctuaries under pressure. i'm sure that's a big question for the taliban leadership as well. i hope you're right. we have lost a lot of people because of the sanctuaries that provide place for taliban to find medical care and keep their families and their leaders while their send their soldiers to battle. i don't know whether the american policies really changed or not. >> speculation is difficult.
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what we are hopeful what this event brings to create peace in afghanistan. to all those who might want to take the opportunity now. >> you have an interesting possible reenforcement of that with all the talk about a peace settlement. i know a lot of people are wondering will that settlement seems to be there, almost there or sort of there. is that going to have an effect on things like the progress women have made or the afghan constitution. >> absolutely not. we don't make compromises on our constitution and that has been very clear right from the
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beginning that this process is to make, to provide an opportunity for those who may have legitimate grievances toward afghanistan and if they're willing the drop their guns and come to negotiate that the government would be open to negotiate a peace deal with them. not at the price of the progress we have made. >> we often, i'm sure you get questioned, i get it occasion occasionally. i'm sure you get it all the time about whether this holds out a threat to the progress women have made. >> absolutely not. that's been very clear message that we have always put on the peace process. we're not ready to compromise on the progresses we have made and the constitution.
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this has been a message we've always given but also to the taliban and those who are willing to. i don't think anyone has a problem with the constitution. this is the most islamic institution a country can have. we're confidence that would not be an issue for the progress made. it's not just the progress that we have made. you may remember from this p where the man came out to the street to protest for for rights. that is an extremely positive
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change that cannot be turned back. >> i'm happy to hear that. one of the pictures from the last election, it must have been 50 women all in burka holding up a long piece of blue plastic covering those long lines standing in the rain all helping to hold up this plastic to keep the rain off them waiting to get into the polling place to vote. i thought that was such a powerful picture of their determination. when you look at this evolving democracy of afghanistan, it's pictured so on the one hand and the other hand. people get very carried away talking about which ever hand
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they want to shake. it's all about corruption. it's all failed. that i me they came out despite being warned they could be killed. there's an appetite for democracy. not more corrupt. it's got much more competition. how do you see this balance between old politics and corruption on the one hand and
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democracy on the other. where do you see that balance tilting in the future? >> i paint the picture. i work at the american university of afghanistan. it was a difficult period because we were just building. this is before it has its first graduate. we have invited people. findi inin ining those professo would come. they have the internet to connect to their family. we knew how difficult it was building that. you ask the american university
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of afghanistan. to many people that was a headline. it was an emotional moment. i knew how much difficulty we went to get to that stage. it's the same with hospitals. when you had to go agree the border just to treat malaria. you have hospitals that treat, that separate conjoined twins and the heart transplant. that progress is very difficult to get and cover in a headline. one of the reasons we have so much is it only covers the war. the progress afghanistan has made over the past 15 years. we are making progress. we will continue to do that. we now have the institution to maintain that progress.
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we have more educated use than we ever had before. we have more opportunity, more frustrate that we have ever had before. we're building on the legal infrastructure to make sure that everybody has their rights preserved. this would have not been possible if we didn't have the basis to do that. having revolutions and the lead rs changing and all the loyalty switching to a new leader.
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a lot of institutions had trouble adjusting themselves to their loyalties. the person who left office. it was made even more complicated by it being a national unity government. they had a difficult period going through that adjustment but it happened. over the past few months noticed a lot more progress in afghanistan. you don't see the same questions. it was a question of survival for a while whether we would with able to survive and we passed that test. there's a lot more confidence and every day that confidence
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grows. we're determined to preserve the progress we have made and build on it. we're also confident because we can see it's all relative. the media may only see the war that's covered. people's angle to afghanistan is only through the media. it's an abstract. >> it's been a difficult year. i think it's time to go to audience questions here.
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it has no real policy differences. it has a lot of other issues. what do you see look out at this next year? are we going to continue to see this endless fussing and squabbling or can they play better together. >> for the first time we shared
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power. it took them 11 months. it took germany six months and australia struggled with it for a long time. p it's part of the phase that's into trust build iing. also our population was not accustomed to this sort of rule. they wanted the difference. the leaders may have been able to get along. the teams took time to trust each other. i think the trust will continue to be built. not saying we're there yet. it will take time before it's
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fully established. in a better place. >> having lived through, i think, nine transitions in my career, i can say it should be immediately employed. it's not only in afghanistan. i think we should go to the audience here. when we recognize you to please give your name. if you have an affiliation, give your affiliation. please try to make them questions instead of statements and not of too great length. we have one back here already with a mike. there you are.
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>> here in the united states we have representative, congressman and senators on both sides of the aisle that support a long term afghanistan policy. we're about to go through a very interesting presidential election. as an ambassador, what are the two or three u.s. policies that you would like to see continued into the next administration no matter who is elected? >> we're lucky to have bipartisan support in the united states. we hope to see that through the campaign teams. we start working with the candidate and their teams.
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so far we don't have any conversations. i think we're, like you mentioned, there's a lot of support for afghanistan. we're an extremely fortunate position. to have made so much success. afghanistan is going through a decade of what we call the confirmation decade toward self-reliance. we have received a lot of support for that for our policies. i'm not ignoring this side of
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the crowd. >> i have to ask people who want to ask questions to go to the mike so you can have a quick stampede. i haven't heard either candidate say one word about afghanistan in the presidential election. everybody talks about iraq and syria. we have twice as many trips in afghanistan as we have in syria. >> you made a statement that was a little troublesome to me. you made reference to the fact that afghanistan has the most islamic of constitutions. how do you interpret that? does that mean should ria law?
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how do you interpret that? >> it may be the version that it's not the strictest interpretation perhaps an extremist want. you've signed international rights agreements and laws. >> absolutely. it has some careful wording but it doesn't make it the only source of law. no law can be in contradiction
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to shria law but leaves room for a broad base. >> where there's doubt, we refer to sheria for that matter. that's what is acceptable to the afghan population. we have been able to include all of the afghan population. my reference is we're negotiating a peace process we already have sheria law in afghanistan. our constitution is based on it. we don't see that being a problem. the question is whether we would put us in a position where we
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have to make compromise. we don't have to make any compromise because we are already compliant. it's already acceptable and implemented by our government and accepted by the population. we have not had any issues with although there's been no substantive remarks about what needs to be -- what the taliban would want, for example, we have not had those but unofficially there's been discussions there's been no questions. that's what makes us even more confident that we don't have to make compromises on the gains we have made and it's strictly
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adraft and communicated. >> thank you so much. i'm a psychiatrist with george washington university. i'm interested in the psychology of conflict. my question is, is it possible to negotiate with the taliban how that process has gone so far and how do we proceed in that direction? >> you're talking about is a logically possible. >> understanding psychology of the taliban and what do they want and who are they as a group? are there elements of the taliban that's more cognitively flexible, if you will, than others there can be some. it can only be dealt with drone
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strikes. >> a piece of the process. it's not one deal. i'm studying what's been going on in other places. it's not a one time event. when a conflict drags this long it becomes part of it and they become invested. we see a lot of people who are involved in the drug trade that have become part of this insurgency. it begs to question whether it's the drug trade that is fueling the insurgency. the insurgency fueling the drug trade. the question here would be those who have legitimate grievances with the government and if there is any way of we've not been able to include we're open to
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negotiate with. >> my name is ronald wilson. i'm with the united states government. my question is do you think that democratic principles as they are known in the western society, particularly united states, are truly viable than islamic state? >> we're very democratic. all our decisions have always been made in a council. to this day most of our biggest decisions that we cannot make that are not allowed within the constitution or about the constitution are made by a grand council.
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it's enshrined in the afghan culture. we're democratic by design. >> good evening. my name is sarah. i'm not affiliated. i'm very interested to see your technology background and your comments about surgery. i was wondering if you could tell us a bit about how the intersection of technology and development perhaps in the education and health sectors. thank you. >> well, i have to say afghanistan made great strides in technology. we now have about 90% of all population that has access to cell phones. we have coverage through 90% of territory. with the availability of 3g
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because our country was not connected to wireless communication, we jumped a generation went straight into wireless communication. almost every one that has access to 3g has been keked. it's been a very part of society. they continue to be very active through social media. we're working, the government is looking into how we can bank on that accessibility and that interest to deliver services such as education. there are institutions that have been looking into this.
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we're lucky to see it has gained a lot of interest in afghanistan. >> it's also a free market success. we had three different contracts and they didn't talk to each other. if you were in northern iraq, you couldn't talk to south. i use my phone when ever i go to afghanistan all over the country. it's one of the perks that's paying the government pretty well. congratulations. >> it is our second largest income for the government, the telecom sector. things like e payments where they are being paid through electronic payments, mobile
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payments. >> thank you. my name is john banks. i'm not affiliated with anybody. my question is this, a couple of times today, tonight, you've mentioned cutting back on the international drug trade or eradicating it. eventually, america will pull back militarily and financially and without the opium trade, what do you see as the economic gap filler for those two influx of cash? >> afghanistan has many riches including mine. we have over $3 trillion worth of mines alone in afghanistan.
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we're working on the legal infrastructure to make that accessible. we're also building infrastructure to be able to physically deliver it, but we're also working on the legal infrastructure to make sure afghanistan doesn't get into what happens in africa, for example, as the resources situation. we're also its afghanistan is at the cross roads of what the president mentioned. a linkage point between south and central asia. we're already working on proj t projects where gas is being transported from the resource rich central asia to south asia. we're working on electricity projects that are regional but we're also a land base for transport of goods. our idea for hafafghanistan or
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vision is the roundabout of south and central asia where people in goods flow freely. that's an afghanistan we're working on building. we're also increasing our revenue through different entities. last year, alone, despite the very difficult year we were able to increase our revenue by 22%. now, making a security improved in our legal infrastructure is much more attractive to investors. we'll be able to invest, to attract more investments into afghanistan. >> time for the media.
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>> thank you. we are very worried about achievement in afghanistan. do you think any from the united states that woman's achievement will be safe. >> let me repeat we will not make any compromises on the achievement and our society in general has made.
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a deadline or a time line for the security forces, international security forces leaving. we're working on a self-reliant. we're not counting on afghanistan to always have the acquired assistance. as you're aware the afghanistan security forces are now in full control and taking, their the ones responsible for protecting our territory at the international security forces. >> we dropped 300 bombs this year in iraq. i think it's a very strange approach. taliban seems to think they are in a world with us.
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>> thank you very much. i'm doing my feed work with international security institute. before i came to my question i want to clarify something for the gentleman that was sitting over here. the minute you mentioned sheria law in america, you think of something very extreme and something like the saudi government. in saudi arabia there's no constitution. the source of information like legal, social, political, economic all derive from the holy koran and that's based on the sheria law. for the gentleman not to worry. not everything is based on that.
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we do have a constitution which is aligned with international human rights. we have our parliament. 28% are women. that will not be taken back if everything was based on the sheria law. >> you had a question. >> just for the gentleman, i think pe left but ho-- hopefulle later. i've been here for the past eight months. i'm doing my coming from a very poor background but if it was not for the 15 years of the recent government and for the international community, i wouldn't be standing here so just one example, what has been achieved in the past 15 years. i know you have done some amazing work in the last 20 years. one thing that i was very impressed and it is my first week in washington, d.c. is that opportunity for full bright scholars, when they are done here in the u.s., they go back
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and i think it will be some opportunities for them and thank you so much for that because they didn't have that opportunity before. you finish and you go back and look for work and some of them would just leave afghanistan again. so not a full bright student but i am studying in the u.k. when i finish my master degree and my hope and goal is to go back to afghanistan and serve my country in any way i can just like you. and what would be some of the -- the innocecentive for me, when back, but how hopeful i could be when i go back to afghanistan. >> it is a great opportunity for announcing that we have a jobs fair this friday at the embassy. and that is meant to address the very questions that you have. and in the past with many ngos and contracting companies that work in afghanistan, it is easy
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to find a job from abroad. as with the drawn down, it has not been easy for many people to find jobs and we notice that there was that very same question for many people so we have organized a job fair. we'll have recruiters in afghanistan connected with their technology, video conferencing and phones to be able to provide the information and direct question on what could be expected in the current market in afghanistan and where the jobs are and how are to find them and, again, what has -- how to adjust yourself to be able to get that job. i think we're -- afghanistan is looking forward to people like you returning back to us, to our country and contributing. and sometimes with your education and with the opportunities that -- that were at your disposal, it means you could create jobs in
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afghanistan. we are trying or trying to attract more investment and small businesses who would not only provide jobs for themselves but be able to provide jobs for others. so those are some of the discussions that you would hear when you -- on friday, i think it is this friday. this friday at the embassy. it starts at 8:00. 8:00 a.m. >> thanks so much, ambassador. >> thank you. >> all right. >> i'm john rothenberg, currently unaffiliated but i was part of the civilian surge, i worked for the u.s. aid at that time and i was wondering do you think the civilian surge was successful or unsuccessful and in what ways. >> the civilian surge? >> when obama sent americans to work on -- to work in the provinces on prts.
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>> so, again, to say, well, afghanistan has made a lot of progress and it would not have been possible without the support from the united states. the institutions that we have managed to build, the infrastructure that we've managed to build -- the credit goes to the united states and i have to mention the other international partners as well. there are -- i think we focus on challenges and this is point earlier to ambassador neumann, we focus on the challenges and we don't want to hide and every government has its challenges and we may have more than other but we don't want to undermine the progress that was made in the last, what, 15 years. and with the surge, too, that was -- we built over 7,000
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kilometers of paved -- paved over 7,000 kilometers of road in afghanistan and built hospitals and schools, over 8 million children that attend school in all of the districts in afghanistan would not have been possible without the support of those -- with those individuals who served there and we thank them. and i think we owe it to the service of americans and afghans who made those possible that we continue on that path and build on it. >> the civilian surge was a little bit like a roller coaster it took quite a bit to crank it up to the top and it peaked quickly and then went down and i don't know that there is any academic work -- there is an enormous amount of anecdotal -- that it doesn't -- every district is different. and i don't think there is any significant academic work yet, or study to actually do any cross comparison. >> you have a question. >> not so much a question but i
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want to let you know i had a friend or i have a friend and she and her husband spent a year in 2000 in afghanistan volunteering doing medical work there and i want to tell her that i had an opportunity to tell you how she really found the afghan people so wonderful and what they needed was just an opportunity to explode and do their thing. and it sounds like they are doing it. and i'm sure she will be delighted to hear the progress that they've made. so i congratulate you and your country and i wish you all the best. >> well, thank you. it is wonderful to hear that i've been able to convey that, first of all. >> we'll let you go right now: >> i would like to thank all of those who served. i think -- i feel that we are lucky as a diplomatic mission compared to other countries, we have so many friends in the united states, over a million
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americans served in afghanistan and i think afghanistan is the type of country where if you are engauged with it, and even if you are not there -- have not been there, it captivates you. and i think it is to do with the opportunities. because you suddenly see that potential, you see that there is -- there is great opportunities to be able to build on. and we're thankful to those people who served in our country and we thank you for the opportunity that we can to do that and we call them friends, of course. and i think they can continue helping the country by advocating for the cause that is afghanistan and i think the people that they, themselves, put their lives at risk to help rebuild our country. thank you. >> thank you. >> thank your friend for me. sorry. >> i wanted to be explicit, for
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sure. >> hussein insurance with [ inaudible ] and embassy affairs. your excellency, congratulations on the baby. [ speaking in a foreign language ] in arabic, that means god willing with blessings. i'm a united states citizen and i've learned over the years that any states two most vital assets are youth and education. i think we said in the beginning of the discussion today that there is about 50% of afghanistan's population under the age of 27. can you tell us very briefly what the international community can do to further the progress of -- of education and in the youth of afghanistan, just furthering over what it has accomplished over the past 15 years. >> more investments. we're working, like i said, on a decade that want to get to self-reliance. and it would not be possible
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without us being able to build an economy that is self-sustainable. now there are a number of things that the afghan government is doing to achieve that, that is by making sure that we sort our produce locally and our imports -- it is an agricultural country but sadly we import a large quantity of agriculture produce from outside. and the government has set a rule where for our own security forces and our own purchasing that those be produced locally so we can create more jobs, we can also create a sustainable economy. we're also working on attracting more investment. so one of the things that we have been working on over the past 18 months is putting in the legal infrastructure in place so that we could attract investments. talking to many investors, including american ambassadors who work in afghanistan, they
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didn't leave afghanistan because of in security, they left because they didn't find the legal infrastructure there supporting their investment to protect them. and we've been busy passing laws to be able to create that opportunity. and if we want to attract investors, we need to have the ground not just -- not just the physical infrastructure in place, we need to have the laws in place to be able to -- for them to be able to feel safe and be able to feel secure. we find -- we joined the world trade organization so there is the -- the availability of international court if there is arbitration required. we're also passing laws to be able to protect, let's say if you had a technology business, if amazon was to invest in afghanistan and wanted to put a data center there, while their immediate needs may be making sure they have internet
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connectivity and a safe location, the other is privacy laws to make sure that the government is not going to one day show up and say i want to look into all of your data. so we're preparing afghanistan for that investment while we're attracting smaller businesses meanwhile. >> thank you. >> okay. >> thank you so much, ambassador. i come from the spanish embassy. and i read in an interview in "the washington post" that you were a representative two times, i think in pakistan. so my question is, what is your opinion about the european union's behavior with the refugee crisis? seeing your example that a refugee can become an ambassador of his country. >> okay. right to the point. you know, it is not easy to be -- to be a refugee.
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having gone through it several times, not just two times. i am -- the first time when we were escaping the ussr or the soviet invasion in afghanistan and the second time when -- due to civil war. and each time brought its own challenges. and the third time because we had lost hope. and that is the most important part. we don't want our people to lose hope. we want to be able to create opportunities. and that is where the international community's role is so important. because the afghan public has seen so much turmoil over time. we have seen different factions come and take over and we have seen them -- they, themselves, have witnessed in our generation, losing their entire wealth and houses and everything they owned. so it makes the afghans a little concerned when we see we're
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headed toward insecurity and the international community supports because there was a period when we lost support and so much tragedy happened. so the international community is continuing to assure us that afghanistan -- they will continue to stand by afghanistan as we develop. and it is extremely important at giving the afghans who were maybe thinking about leaving and those who have left to be able to return because they feel there are opportunities for them in their own country. you would know and everybody knows that there is no better place than home. that is where you feel comfortable. that is where your family is. that is where your friends are and that is where you feel you are not a foreigner. you belong at home. and we want to make sure that afghanistan has those opportunities for our people so they could come back. that is why we are negotiating peace deals so those not in afghanistan or worried about the security there or the lack of opportunities to come back from
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the larger refugee populations in pakistan and iran as well as those who may be outside. and also those are -- those are the people who are going to build our country, people who have study aded -- studied abro or in the united states or europe where they had the opportunity to learn skills that we need to rebuild. and thank you for your support for afghanistan. when we are in the united states, we attack the united states and sometimes -- [ inaudible ]. >> on behalf of the world affairs council in washington, d.c. and the ronald reagan center and ambassador thank you for sharing your time and expertise with us. [ applause ] >> thank you. >> we hope to see you back here again.
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thank you. [ proceedings concluded ]
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[ proceedings concluded ] thursday the house hearing on the tsa airport screening and the long security lines at many u.s. airports and tsa staffing. tsa administrator peter nessinger will testify. he recently announced the head of security in reaction to the
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long waits at airports. we'll have live coverage of the homeland security committee at 10:00 a.m. here on c-span 3. this sunday night on q&a, u.s. senate historian betty coed talked about various events in history and the work her office does. >> i came in june of 1998 as a newly minted historian. my colleagues said to me, oh, it is going to be nice and quiet. we have an election coming up. you have a lot of time to settle in and read and get comfortable in your job. and within a few weeks the house had decided to impeach bill clinton and we got busy quickly and we had to do research on impeachment trials. we had not had a impeeve -- impeachment since 1868 and they wanted to follow historical precedent as much a

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