tv Politics and Public Policy Today CSPAN May 30, 2016 12:50pm-1:01pm EDT
three-day vietnam war summit from the lip done b. johnson presidential library, a retrospective on the conflict. the first major engagement of the war and theidrang. then the soldiers battle after the war with physical and psychological trauma and a conversation with henry kissinger. >> as the administration went on, all of his life it was known as concerned primarily with domestic policy was engulfed in a division of the country that in a way has lasted to this day. >> tuesday authors and historians on how america was divided over the war and then a conversation with film makers ken burns and lynn novak. >> by the time we got four, five decades away where the historical triangulation can actually take place, when you can have the kind of distance and perspective necessary not
just to make a reactive or simply journal lis stick response but something that is floepfully greater than the sum of its parts, you begin to realize that almost everything you thought you knew was not true. >> and wednesday, a look at the war from the perspective of those who fought it and u.s. foreign relations after the war and those with vietnam. thursday at 8:00 p.m. eastern, our real america series looks at the 1975 church committee hearings convened to look at the activities of the cia, irs, fbi and nsa. and with the african-american history and culture opening friday 8:00 p.m. eastern all day conference with talks on african-american religion, politics, culture and religion. >> i couldn't get that out of my mind, that my students were thinking that somehow this african-american history wasn't real because it -- there was no textbook textbook as there was in all of these american history
courses taught in the department of history. and so i decided to write a real textbook. >> for the complete american history tv schedule go to cspan.org. this year cspan is touring cities across the country exploring american history. next a look at how a recent visit to hattiesburg, mississippi. you're watching american history tv all week on cspan 3. >> this building opened march 22nd, 1942, as a historic u.s. store for african-american soldiers stationed at camp shelby during that time. camp shelby is a training base and it's located just a few miles outside of hattiesburg. in 1941 president franklin d. roosevelt wanted soldiers to
have a home away from home, and so that was the purpose of the united service organization. they were all over, and this was a place where they could go and just not think about either the war that they were training for or being out in war in combat, when they would get a much-needed break have some good, whole some fun, relax, and not think about world war ii. there were only a few african-american centers built worldwide, so it's really unique for hattiesburg to have had a uso that was specifically for african-americans. today this base houses the african-american military history museum. as we enter i would like to start with this quote that we have and it says there has been no war fought by or within the united states in which african-americans did not participate. there was a time when as far as civil rights, african-americans were not treated equally, and there's a lot of sur row gags. there was a misconception that
african-americans have not always fought in american conflicts and that's not true, starting with the american revolutionary war. we talk about one of the first people to say, hey, i want to fight in my country. that's always been the case. here we have our buffalo soldier exhibit. buffalo soldier was the first african-american regiment during peace time. behind me we have cafe williams, the first female to enlist in the u.s. army. women were not allowed to be in the army at this time. she changed her name to women yam cafe. this is a significant story because she is the first female to enlist in the u.s. army documented. we have a story unique to hattiesburg. we have barry neil that lived here for quite some time and he
participated in the spanish american war and we have a complete set of his medals and that's very rare. we have entered into world war ii and world war ii is where you start to see many changes. you actually have women in the military, which you have the women army corps and we have our breaking barriers panel that i always like to highlight because you have more leadership positions for african-americans. you have general benjamin o. davis sr. and for the tuskegee airmen you have general benjamin o. davis jr. who is the first african-american general for the air force. i'm standing next to our ruth baylor earle exhibit. she is a native of hattiesburg. she enlisted in the military. she was a nurse during world war ii. she was sent to care for german prisoners of war. she was not always treated
kindly, but she was very determined how she was treated she would do her job and she would do it well. she took a photograph which is one of the reasons why we have her standing with her hands planted on her hips. she became the symbol of the african-american female, just females, period, that sayings do as you will but you will not break my spirit. the red ball express drove through the conflict. 75% were african-americans and they were charged with supplying troops on the front line. the red ball express ran through portions of france. they delivered over 400,000 tons of supplies, and it was a three-month operation but it was very effective. around the corner from our world war ii area we go into the korean war conflict where we tell the story of jesse leroy
brown. he was born and raised in hattiesburg, and he wrote at a very young age that he wanted to one day fly a plane. as you can imagine, growing up in the 1930s, 1940s, that was not a realistic dream for an african-american boy. he was discouraged a lot. adam makos and his book "devotion" says jesse brown said they don't want you to fly a plane. what in the world makes you think that you can fly a plane. he didn't let those comments deter him. he graduated top of his class at eureka high school. he went on to ohio state university. he became the first african-american naval aviator. his story is very tragic. he was unfortunately killed in action during the korean conflict. this portion of the museum we highlight more recent conflicts and you can see how the military has evolved over time.
we focus on operation desert storm and the global war on terrorism and we end with the hattiesburg hall of honor and we show those who have fought honorably in the united states military forces. it's very important to tell the story of soldiers not always granted equal rights but they still stood tall and said, no, i want to fight for my country. this is my country. they saw the bigger picture. really appreciate the fact that we can see how the military has evolved over time, although those soldiers at that time, they didn't know what the end result would be, they showed what they were and equal opportunity in the military for these soldiers. so their sacrifices were not in vein. our cities tour staff recently traveled to hattiesburg, mississippi, to
learn about its rich history. learn more about hattiesburg and other stops on the tour at cspan.org/citiestour. you're watching american history tv all weekend every weekend on cspan 3. on wednesday and thursday, june 1st and 2nd, cspan's washington journal will be live in loredo, texas, on the u.s./mexican border to talk about trade issues affecting the region. we'll talk to brandon darby. he talks about the flow of illegal immigration in the area, the players involved as well as efforts to cover the humanitarian aspect. and then nelly beoma, local immigration lawyer, will discuss practicing immigration law, who she represents and the laws on the books and who she protects. and alfredo corchada.
he examines the cartels and the smuggling of humans and narcotics. on thursday our focus will be trade. lynn brazoski, trade reporter with the san antonio express will discuss the flow of trade across the loor raid doe bored jefrmt henry quear will talk about low trade affects the country. bob cash, state director for the texas fair trade commission and nafta critic looks at how trade took jobs and how it hurts mexicans as well. make sure to watch beginning live at 7:00 p.m. eastern wednesday and thursday june 1st and 2nd from loredo, texas. join the discussion. welcome to real america on cspan 3's real american history