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tv   Governor George Wallace Collection  CSPAN  August 12, 2016 10:29pm-10:49pm EDT

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george wallace does not take time to try to convince the experts. he's too busy talking with the people. he's running and a few national political movement by the people goes with him, step by step. growing stronger every day. >> we are happy with results of the california campaign and development of our country also. the great round of citizen interests that we tap in 1964 and our campaigns and indiana, maryland and wisconsin has continued to rise and the registration victory in california here in 1968 dramatically illustrate that this is a national movement that can no longer be denied or brushed under the rug. given the facts that people will speak and with your help, we
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intend to carry on the fight and local government for liberty of freedom and for the free enterprise and private property systems. to do so, requires money and i hope that you will join with us in this great effort of any amount that you can afford will help. the wallace campaign head quarters of governor alabama handles all contributions but for quick process, your contributions should be sent to the wallace campaign po box 1968 montgomery alabama, 36103. this is one way that you can make sure that your voice is heard and that you have a candidate and a platform that you will can support the president's race in november. today there is not a difference in the national republican friday and the national party approaching the problems of our nation. this is not a personal campaign
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for george wallace. our campaign against anyone. it is a true grass roots of determination who like you are tired of false promises and the ever growing centralization of government policies and washington. now is the time that you can stand up for america. together we'll carry this fight forward with new energy and dedication. ♪
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our c-span asking elected infomercials what's important to you for your states. i am here at the ncls convention, the number one issue that i believe is going to face is the potential expansion of medicaid. governor dugard seems to want this expanded. it will be an interesting session. >> my name is briana do, i am here to talk about the important issues for the residents of district. this year, you will be voting on state hood and self determination. we want to be the 51st state
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because just like everybody else, we pay taxes and we fight in war and we serve our communities and we want the same equality and reputation as all of the united states. >> my name is alex. so that we can lift the floor and dprgrow our economy. >> hi, it is kate, i am excited to be at the convention today, this federal election has been a really exciting one to follow. as a female, i am excited that we have a viable female in the candidate. i cannot wait to see how she does. >> i am ronnie, i am state representative of louisiana. what's important to me is education. education and critical services. we did a wonderful ex papansion medicaid and we helped over 200,000 people in my state, it is graeeat. america is great. louisiana is growing.
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thank you very much. >> voices from the road on c-span. coming up this weekend on c-span 3. saturday evening on the civil war barbara talks about history of both before and after the emancipation and about the power of self reputation. and wrote about the power for african-americans to be able to present themselves as they saw themselves. as they experience to themselves and each other. and sunday morning at 10 eastern on road to the white house rewind, the first of the three 2,000 debates between vice president al gore and george w. bush. >> step one is to make sure we
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reform the system and have the system in place that leaves no child behind and stop this business about asking god, how old you are? if you are ten we'll put you here yand put you here. if you don't know what you are supposed to know, we'll make sure that you know. i think we need to make education the number one priority in our state. that's why i made it the number one priority in my budget. >> 8:00 p.m. eastern, c-span series "the contenders." >> saturday, the 1972 dwemocratc nominee. george mcgovern.
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>> not simply because we where are born here but because you and i want to be and together we have made it. that's my hope and my reason for seeking the presidency of the united states. and sunday former texas businessman ross perot who ran as an independent nominee in both 1992 and 1996 races. >> we must set high ethical and moral standards for the people who serve in our government and all of that has got to be changed to rules and laws of the next four years. we have to stand at the gate and keep the pressure off. and, we will. >> for our tv schedule, go to c-span.org. up next, our tour of the george washington collection at the alabama department of archives and history. this is part of our c-span tour of montgomery, alabama.
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today we are here at the department of archive of history of the institution. today we'll look at materials from our george wallace collection and material tavars wallace. >> george wallace is one of the most flun sinfluential and well politicians out of the state. he's involved in a lot of what's happening in the early '60s. he also makes two very influential runs for president in 1968 and 1962. he made additional runs in 1964 and 1966. the two that shaped american politics were the 1968 and 1962 campaigns. first thing is governor
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wallace's inaugural address. this is his first inaugural address that he presented on january 14, 1963. >> we see his first stand as a hard line segregation and where we start to see this rhetoric that's going to make him a notable figure and not only an alabama politics but national politics. >> we will not sacrifice your children. >> wlhen we look at his 1958 inaugural camcampaign, we see a interesting shift that happens after 1958. in 1958, he runs for governor against john patterson. in this first gubernatorial
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election, george wallace, runs as a racial novel. he's arguing against this hard and trenched segregation that's holding the state back. he says in one of his films and paraphrase that if i am not a man that can treat a man fairly because of his color. so it is different rhetoric of what we have seen later on. so what happens is wallace really does try to reach this racial and really try to campaign progressive improvements. and gets the support of the naacp. unfortuna unfortunately, he loses by a
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significant margin to john patterson. he completely is devastated by this loss. wallace, you know, hall he want to be is governor and he was upset by this loss and he considers it a failing. when people asked part-tihim whe take away from the 1958 campaign is, he said i try to talk about progressive improvements and good roads and schools and no one would listen. >> but, when i started talking about segregation, everybody stopped and started listening to me. what you see is he decides that he's going become this hard line segregation. so we see that coming out in his inaugural speech. this presented on january 14th, 1963. what happens in the inaugural speech, george wallace hires a new speech writer and carter is a very hard line segregationist.
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he's a man that has ties to violent organizations. he has ties to the clan and he's very extreme and hard line when it comes to segregation. >> so, this was the moment where george wallace makes his statement that it is mostly well known for. >> let us rise and of our practice team. in the name of the greatest people that ever thought this earth, i draw the line in the dust. lets face segregation now and tomorrow and segregation forever. [ applause ] >> just a few months after he gives is inaugural address, things begin to heat up as far
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as civil rights in alabama in spring of 1963 and moving into the summer. so george wallace finds sort of a natural person to have the state's national rights debate with. and so what's happening is the kennedy's becoming involved in conversations with george wallace beginning of april of 1963. they're very concerned of what's going to happen with the integration of schools and alabama because they're trying to prevent what happened in earlier in mississippi from happening again. so they're really trying to avoid another pattern cake and mob scene happening at southern university. they know there are students applying to the university of alabama and challenges that are happening in alabama. they have seen from conditions
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decaying in birmingham and the spring of 1963 that there is a potential for violence if immigration of the schools does not go successfully. >> what we see here are our selections of telegrams that were exchanged between kennedy and wallace and also others who were interested in what was happening in birmingham, april and may of 1963. the conversation between kennedy and wallace is contentious and wallace is looking for a way to set him up as a national figure. he uses the immigration of alabama is a way to bring himself to a national table. so he makes a statement that he's going to go and physically stand in the glass door and bar the student who is are seeking admission from the university of alabama. what you see in this telegram in june 10th, 1963, wallace argued
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that he is the candidate of, you know, maintaining peace in alabama. that's his sole purpose for going down in the university. john f. kennedy says the only announced threat to orderly compliance of the law, however, is your plan of -- and in violation of acceptan acceptance standards of public conduct. he's still determined to make this public stand at the university of alabama in order, you know, presumably for law and order but also to advance his candidacy as potentially a national figure. the university of alabama campus is under a security guard as governor george lost the field. the federal officers are on the
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front urging the government to end this and negros voting in the university. >> in this photograph, you see nicholas, who's the assistant attorney general of the united states. he's the kennedy's representative making federal government argument for the immigration of university. then standing in the door, as he promised governor wallace who stands here and make a statement and states that he's not going to leave and he's going to physically bar the admission of james hood and of the two african-american students that are there of the yununiversity alabama. at the event, nicholas reads his statement and you know saying that the governor needs to
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comply with the federal regulations that have been set forth for integration. he's defining this intrusion of federal government into state law and into the immigration of state universities. what you see here is wallace's reading copy that he read from on june 11th, 1963. wallace really sets up this debate between states rights and federal rights. as we see here on the second pa page, he makes a powerful stance against federal involvement. he says i am standing here today as governor of this sovereign state and refuse to willingly submit to power by the central government 67 government. the lasting impact of the speech is not necessarily, you know,
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that he made a successful stance against desegregation of the university. it is actually where he sets himself up to become a national political figure that is pursuing the desires of this population that feels like they have not been heard and this group of white southerners but also other middle class working americans that feel like their views have been, you know, over shadowed by the federal government. once the state troops arrived about two hours later, about 12:00, wallace sees the federal troops arrived and he steps out and walks away. that's the end of the confrontation. it is interesting to know the contrast of what happened in june 11th when he arrived to make his stand at the
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schoolhouse door. so what you see here is a mathematics student and employed at nasa who's working into this opened doors to des-segregate te university. >> it is a dark contrast between what happened just a few days before before. >> he sorts of move on the national political spears. >> i am pleased to announce this morning that more than 100,000 californians have registered of the party in order to give us a

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