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tv   American History TV  CSPAN  September 3, 2016 9:49pm-10:01pm EDT

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strength to want to carry on with the work i am doing. and other want this american artifacts programs by visiting our website. our comcast cable partners work with c-span cities tour staff when we travel to denver, colorado to explore its history. learn more about denver all weekend here on american history tv. >> the colorado state capital was built by 19 one. -- 1901. construction started 10 years after colorado joined the union. the capitol building took 15 years to build on a site that
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was donated by a local businessman named henry brown in all tourist. he donated 10 acres of land in the middle of his property so he would make a fortune selling the rest of it to people who wanted to build their houses near capital and it took almost 20 years to resolve who owned this property in large part because the state didn't build on it for a long time. so he sued twice and it made it all the way to the u.s. capital battles infore two the supreme court. the colorado state capitol stands at exactly one mile above sea level. denver is known as the mile high city and there are three mile high markers on the west steps. the original was on the 15th step and was a brass marker that was the ultimate souvenir of
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denver. in 1947, they just carved one mile above sea level. you 69, a group of students from colorado university remeasured and said we were off by three steps. plug is a blast -- brass on the 18th step that declares one mile above sea level and in 2003, we got our third mile high marker because the federal government redefined sea level and how we judge altitude in the united states. all of that aside, the mile marker actually dropped and now it is on the 13th step. there is a little brass plug installed but governor below in 2003. we are on the second floor of the colorado state capitol. this is the legislative state floor and the house and senate chambers were the 100 members of
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the assembly me from early january to early may. the capital was scheduled to be built out of as many native materials in colorado as possible. most of the stone from the capital came from local quarries but decorative materials came from other states, including white oak. all of the door frames, window frames are made out of that. the brass came from foundries and since he -- cincinnati, ohio. the capital building has over 33 sting glass windows and represent various figures in colorado history, historical individuals. the window behind me honors emily griffith, a schoolteacher in denver in the early 1900s and she founded in 1916 the emily
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griffith opportunity school, which operates as a vocational training school and her intention was to provide free education on any practical issue that children or adults might want to learn if you wanted to find a better job, get skills that would help you run more for your family, she would invent classes as the school year went on. there was no set structure or schedule. she would ask students what things are you interested in, what topics do you want to know about and would find people who knew that and hire them to teach a class. it was a very open-ended school and the motto was always opportunity. it remains in operation today celebrating its centennial.
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he was one of the few politicians to speak out in support of japanese-americans in pearl harbor. it was a great political risk. the japanese internment camp that was built in southeastern colorado was undoubtedly the most open and had the best interaction with the local communities. in the 1960's, colorado's governor was john love.
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they really want any categories that were limited or constraint. the bill was written by a denver politician named dickie lamb who eventually served 12 years as governor. it was a democratic bill signed by a relatively conservative governor in the 1960's and that was 60 years before the roe versus wade decision. there is an ongoing historic preservation and restoration effort at the state capital. we have been working on trying to reclaim the building to the way it looked a century earlier when it opened at the beginning of the 20th century. lance shepherd can offer some information about all the projects trying to restore it to its original condition.
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>> there are two domes in the capital. we are inside the outer dome. kind of an architectural feature to make it look larger than it actually is. the gilder's are considered the artist who gilded the capital and we always used gold from colorado to gilded. 1901, it was around 200 ounces. part of the dome restoration project, there is copper and 120 years of hail storms had damaged the copper quite a bit. there were micro fractures.
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we replace that. we put a layer of black paper and a layer of metal and sheet-metal and the copper on top of that. three layers of waterproofing for hopefully the last 100 years. >> currently in the house chambers under restoration. the first year, we did the lower ornateestoring the steps. the second year, we did the upper levels and this third year , we were doing the galleys. ceiling tile for all the wall surfaces, all the ceilings. and they glued not ceiling tile there as well supposedly lead for sound. we're taking it back to the ofginal 1903, our time
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significance. the lower level, we just touched up the original but on the upper levels, we actually re-created it on top of an acoustic material. andopened up the copper restored the chandelier. are the extra, it bolts to the chandelier. this chandelier was both gas and electrical at one time and if you look at the upper section, the gas jets are still there. here hadthe painting been kind of build with 100 years of cigar smoke, cigarette smoke. the green is for the house of
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commons in the house. it is red for the house of lords. >> the colorado state capitol serves as the heart of its community. there isn't necessarily a reason for the state to exist. it's a giant rectangle to bring together cultures and environments and cultures. yet this is the place where people gather to decide what we want and what we need and what us coloradans. the building itself has a great deal of symbolic and historical power. it is a place where colorado's history is preserved, political history. there are staying glass windows that celebrate and educate the people of colorado and anyone who comes to see the state. what do we want to commemorate out of our shared existence.
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>> this weekend, we are featuring the history of denver, colorado together with our comcast cable partners. learn more about denver and the other stops on our cities tour at c-span.org. >> each week, american history tv is real america and you archival films. now, a film for the labor day a 1936, master hands is chevrolet motor company film produced by the jam handy organization. the film was selected in 1999 by the library of congress national film

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