tv Politics and Public Policy Today CSPAN3 September 5, 2016 5:59pm-6:11pm EDT
the american story through events, interviews and visiting historic locations. our features include lectures in history, visits to college classrooms across the country to hear lectures by top history professors. american art i facts takes a look at the treasures at u.s. historic sites, museums and archives. reel america" revealing the 20th century through archival films and news reels, the civil war where you hear about the people who shaped the civil war and reconstruction, and the presidency focuses on u.s. presidents and first ladies to learn about their politics, policies and legacies. "american history tv," every weekend on c-span3. all weekend, "american history tv" features denver, colorado, the 13th stamp on denver's state capitol building is exactly one mile above sea level giving it the nickname the mile high city. hosted by c-span cities tour staff recently visited sites
showcasing the city's history. learn more about denver all weekend here on "american history tv." people in denver drive past the denver mint all of the time. it's right in dwrount downtown denver. it's on a major thoroughfare, but people don't know very much about its history. and it has a fascinating history and it was a story that needed to be told. colorado experienced a gold rush in 1859 when gold was discovered in the mountains. 1859 is when denver was founded. it was just a wild west town. it basically consisted of a tent city with lots of saloons and bore del lows. the miners would come down from the mountains with their bags of gold dust and go into the saloons. and in the saloons, the bartenders would reach their hands into the gold dust bags and take out a pinch of gold to
pay for the miner's whiskey. so clearly having fat fingers was a major job requirement for a bartender in early denver. but a city can't really survive on a pinch of gold dust economy. so denver needed a mint. an assay office that could mint reliable measures of gold for both commerce and for shipment back east. we are in front of the denver mint which was built in 19049. coinage began in 1906. and it has been the pride and joy of denver ever since. by the 1880s, denver itself had gotten rich from mining. and it wanted to become the queen city of the plains. the center of commerce, the leader in the western united states. and the city fathers at that
point decided that a mint they could be proud of was going to be part of that process. there wasn't a federal facility. denver was just the frontier. it was the wild west. so private strit, private banks stepped in to fill that void. clark and grouper were bankers out of eleven worth, kansas, and they came to denver and set up an assay office and private mint. the federal government did not appreciate private bankers ming coins. but it was not illegal. so they couldn't do anything about it. so they bought clark and grubber in 1862 and took over the assay office and began manufacturing gold bars at the first denver mint facility. oh in 1895, congress passed an
act to form a mint at denver. and than language will become very important in years later. the mint was modeled on a florentine villa that was owned by the madici family, a prominent banking family in florence in europe for centuries. and the opulence and the expense and the grandeur of the facility was expensive even in its day. having such a facility, such a beautiful grand facility that was also a u.s. federal mint put denver on the map of western commerce and industry. the denver mint has been robbed twice. the first time, it was an inside job. orville harrington worked in the mint for many years. he was a trusted worker. so in 1920, orville had been working at the mint for many, many years handling gold, every
single day. but he knew he would never make more than about $4 a month. and it frustrated him. orrville hatched a plan. he planned to steal one gold bar a day from the denver mint. and he was going to do it between inventory periods so that no one would be really aware of the embezzlement. to dispose of the gold, he planned on renting or leasing a gold claim in victor, colorado, melting the gold down, and selling it back to the mint claiming that he had mined it himself. and it's a great ingenious plan and it just might have worked. unfortunately, orrville stole one too many bars. one day, a co-worker noticed him behaving suspiciously. and alerted authorities. in this case, the secret service. and they watched orrville, they
watched him steal a gold bar. and they confronted him at a bus stop right outside of the mint. and orrville confessed. he did in fact, have a gold bar on him. he was sentenced to prison and spent years in eleven worth, kansas, in the federal prison there. in the 1930s, the federal government decided to move the gold reserves that were stored in san francisco to denver. they did it for a couple of reasons. probably first and foremost was the fact that they wanted to put a thousand miles of desert and mountain terrain between our gold reserves and the coast. while fort knox was under construction, virtually all of the country's gold reserves were stored at the denver mint. there has never been a greater assemble blanch gold ever in the
history of the planet than there was at denver in this facility during the great depression. during world war ii, the denver mint went to war just like every other factory in the country. the man who had been operating the presses went off to fight and women filled their places. now, this was always a manufacturing job that was considered a man's work. they didn't think that women could do this kind of work. however, women excelled at it and denver mint's production of koibs actually rose in world war ii. and, of course, after warld wore ii the men came home and they came back to their jobs at the denver mint and the women went home. over the years, there have been several superintendents of the denver mint who were women. so while women were not working on the manufacturing floor, they were running the place.
in the 1960s, the federal government thought they needed a new mint facility and they wanted to move this mint, the denver mint away from downtown denver. well, you can imagine that congressmen from all over the country were clamoring to get the mint in their district. so there was a move anfoot to take the mint out of denver. denver's leaders decided they didn't want to lose the mint. they wanted to the keep the mint right here. so they played a card from the 1895 deck lag ration which called for a mint at denver. not a mint at texas or a mint at unincorporated jefferson county, but a mint at denver. a huge fight erupted as denver's leaders tried to keep the mint right here in denver. and over the course of that fight, congress ultimately decide it didn't need a new mint facility at all.
but that the mint could stay right here and be upgraded. >> and this weekend, we're featuring the history of denver, colorado. together with our comcast cable partners. learn more about denver and the other stops on our cities tour at c-span.org/citiestour. you're watching "american history tv" all weekend every weekend on c-span3. at c-span.org, you can watch our public affairs and political programming anytime at your convenience on your desktop, laptop or mobile device. go to our homepage c-span.org and click on the video blare search bar. here you can type in the name of a speaker, the sponsor of a bill or the event topic. review the list of search results and click on the program you'd like to watch or refine your search. if you're looking for our most current programs and you don't want to search the video
library, our homepage has many current programs ready for your immediate viewing such as the "washington journal" or events we covered that day. a public service of your cable or satellite provider. if you're a c-span watcher check it out at c-span.org. monday on the communicators, university of north carolina professor daniel crease and author of the book "prototype politics how tool has been used in political campaigns since 2004 and how it's being used this election year." >> in this world of much more trag meanted media attention in, a world of dual screening, in a world of multiple different platforms where people consume media and time shifting, campaigns really need data and anlit ticks and technology to figure out which voters do we need to to reach, what messages are most likely going to tale to them and how best do we reach them? how do we get our message to
people and help them realize what the stakes of an election are. >> how do we make them care about politics? how do we get interested in our candidates. >> watch monday night at 8:00 eastern and c-span2. next on "american history tv," a panel of scholars examines the history covered by the musical "hamilton" and discusses its significance in modern popular culture and talk about the relationship between academic history and entertainment that portrays history and they look at "hamilton" in the larger context of theater and film productions about the founding fathers. this hour and 45 minute event was tart of the society for is historians of the early american republic annual conference. >> it's 2:00 p.m. we should get started. i have a feeling like the subject of this panel, a great many people here