tv Victory Over Japan Day Anniversary CSPAN September 25, 2016 5:17pm-5:50pm EDT
all night long, never before in history has there been greater reason to be excited for peace. the worlds free people are united in the determination that the world peace shall never be endangered again. >> on september 2, 1945, japan formally surrendered to the allegations ending world war ii. up next, a ceremony at the national world war ii memorial in washington dc. marking the 71st anniversary of victory over japan day. world war ii army veteran, will james rizzi delivers marks along with representatives of the national park service and
friends of the national report to memorial. -- world war ii memorial. the program is earning minutes. >> -- 30 minutes. >> welcome to the memorial as we commemorate and celebrate vj day. victory in world war ii. ladies and gentlemen, our ceremony for today's event includes my cai deck. he has been a journalist for and is a weekday morning news anchor here in washington dc. you can see him monday through friday on wake up washington from 4:30 a.m. to 7:00 a.m.. mike was honored with the local emmy nomination for his prime time special, cool schools, the future is now. please welcome our masters or moneys come a great american, hideck.e >> hello.
good morning and thank you for joining us for such an amazing experience here at the world war ii memorial. this is your world war ii memorial. i'm honored to be a masters of ceremony as we commemorate and remember the allied victory in the pacific and in the end of world war ii. can everybody here ok? i just want to make sure the microphone is close enough. as citizens of a grateful nation, we salute those of the greatest generation who helped to preserve the freedom around the globe. we offer a special salute to the men and women of the armed forces who continue to serve and ofrifice in our ongoing war terrorism around the world. and their service is deeply appreciated. [applause] all of these warriors and
veterans, past and present pay a debt of gratitude and our lasting appreciation to the service of our country. ladies and gentlemen, it is now my pleasure to introduce our speaker fornote today's ceremony, world war ii veteran, colonel james l rizzi. united states army, retired. [applause] the superintendent of the national mall and memorial zky.s, ms. vit [applause] states maritime administration administrator an.l jennig [applause] the chairman of the board for
>> let us pray. holy, almighty god, we give you thanks for those noble men and women who have fought for our nation in her time of need. let us ever recognized that we are made in your image. the prophet jeremiah likens you to a mighty warrior. because of this eternal truth, our very well and determination to stand against evil is a reflection of your character. may our country always be blessed with heroes such as those we honor here today. may we never forget, and may
your blessing remain upon the united states and those who serve to keep her free. i pray this in your holy name, amen. >> please be seated. ladies and gentlemen, our cohost are today's ceremony is the national park service caretaker of the memorial. we are honored to have us if you y,day, ms. vitzk superintendent of the national mall and memorial parks. [applause] >> thank you very much. good morning, everyone. what a glorious morning you have brought us here on the national mall. on behalf of the national park service, it is my absolute pleasure to welcome you to the world war ii memorial.
as we mark the 71st anniversary of the victory over japan, which effectively brought to a close the costliest conflict in history.-- human the world war ii memorial recognizes those who served in all theaters of the war, honors those who fell, and recognizes the victory they achieved to restore freedom and end tyranny around the globe. ceremony, itoday's would like to thank the friends of the world war ii memorial, and greatrs collaborators in the care for this memorial and cosponsors of today's ceremony. the national park service thanks you very much for your partnership and we share in your mission to ensure the legacy of remembering the sacrifices of report to veterans.
i also want to take this moment to thank the national park service to interpret and care for this magnificent memorial as well as our national park service volunteers who help educate more than 4 million visitors who visit the memorial each year. of our armedmbers forces and veterans who are here with us, thank you so much for your service. we are honored to have you with us today. of course, there is no tribute, no commemoration that can truly honor and fully recognize the magnitude of your service and your sacrifice, thank you. ceremony,render aboard the uss missouri on september 2, 1945, general douglas macarthur said, it is my earnest hope, the hope of all
mankind that from this solemn occasion, a better world shall emerge out of the blood and carnage of the past. andrld found upon faith understanding, a world dedicated to the dignity of man and the fulfillment of his most cherished wish for freedom, tolerance and justice. world, still struggling to achieve universal peace and understanding, herein lies the relevance of history and the power of our nation's sacred memorials. just places are not granite and marble reminders of those historic deeds, of the men and women who fought and struggled and ultimately work the tories. these places are a reminder of the extraordinary things that
come from people who otherwise would have perhaps ordinary lives. help us understand the monumental trials and sacrifices that have shaped our nation, our government, our society. they remind us of what we all can achieve when we work together as a nation. the national park service is remarkably proud to be the stewards of this place and the other national memorials here on the national mall. i can promise you, we will be d --every day of every year watching over these places, protecting them and passing on the stories that they represent andair was in, sacrifice the stories of our nation. thank you and welcome. [applause] thank you for all that you do for one of the most beautiful
memorials and all of washington dc. stunning. this is a stunning place for a stunning place to remember all the sacrifices. ladies and gentlemen, we are very fortunate to have mr. josiah bunting the third here as the chairman. a rhodes scholar, vietnam veteran, former professor of the naval war college, former superintendent of his alma mater, virginia military institute. he brings a great wealth of knowledge and appreciation for our military and its veterans. it gives me great pleasure to announce mr. josiah bunting. [applause] thank you, ladies and gentlemen. downis as close to figure -- sacred ground as we have in our country. the midpoint of the washington monument and the lincoln
memorial. , itsounder of our country honorple sustainer, we the more than 16 million americans who served in uniform and the greatest war in our history and in particular, those veterans and the survivors of the great for in the pacific, the surrender of which was received by general macarthur on september 2, 1945. in one of our great national beautiful, we the honor heroes proved in thanating strife, who more show their country loved and mercy more than life. him, one of the later
verses, we hear the line, mend by america, god every flaw. confirm our hearts in self-control, liberty in law. that is to say, the experiment , youberty which you are soldiers and airmen and marines are the sustainers. experimentgoes on -- goes on and those of us who wish to serve that experiment to not do so -- do not do so by failing to stand up for the national man anthem.national for me and most of us, that pledge toresents a
those who have given their lives and given their all to sustain that experiment in liberty. nation, have flaws as a what basin does not -- nation does not? our mission is to work as citizens to contribute in positive ways on its behalf. glory is no way to do that. it is a double pleasure for all of us and a privilege to honor , who who are with us today survived the second world war through to the pledge on the deck of the uss missouri on september 2, 1945. god bless america. thank you. [applause]
patriotic celebration we have to remember all of us who have given their lives here. i monitor to introduce our final speaker today, colonel james rizzi, purple heart veteran, 95 years old. he entered the army as a private in august of 1942 and retired as a kernel in september of 1972. during his 30 years in the military, he enjoyed a variety of interesting challenging assignments or more to her he participated in the battle of okinawa as a leader of an infantry posting -- platoon. commander of a rifle company and intelligence officer. he was a staff sergeant with the 80th infantry leverage division where he was selected to attend officer training. includingany degrees i military side from the university of maryland. degree, enter a,
master of science from george washington, is a graduate of the army command and general staff college and army war college. ladies and gentlemen, the distinguished colonel james rizzi. [applause] >> thank you very much. [japanese] an expression i learned in japan during the eight months of occupation to take with that ofntry from the fifth september, 1945 until the 28th day of april, 1946.
joday, we observed bj day -- v day, september 2, 1945. on that day, 71 years ago, theral was macarthur with support of the supreme allied commander -- was appointed supreme allied commander, assembled representatives of the nine nations aboard the battleship missouri in tokyo bay to witness the foreign minister of japan and the senior general from internal headquarters to find the surrender document. this marked the formal end of the war with japan that began on december the seventh, 1941 with the japanese attack on pearl harbor and other military installations in that area. the eighth, 1941, president roosevelt addressed a joint session of congress, i
shall never forget his opening therk, yesterday, december seventh, 1941, a date that will live in infamy. these words are engraved in the walls of this memorial. from pearlng road harbor to tokyo. miles, three years and eight months for us to reach the final destination. we were not alone. the armed forces of australia, armed forces of new zealand and the british airborne task force supported us throughout the war in the pacific. i would like to summarize a few events that occur
during march 1945 and august 1945. ofing a two-week period march, 300 b-29 bombers operated in bases in the marianas, an island 1500 ocean miles from japan, dropped 10,000 tons of napalm loaded bombs on that country. 16 square miles of tokyo were 80,000-100,000 were killed. over one million were left homeless. during five firebombing raids in march of 1845, 29 square miles of japan's main industrial center was destroyed. 40% of its principal cities were damaged and about 330,000 civilians were killed. this was not the first nor the
last time that we had targeted japan. it was significantly different. it represented a change in strategy from specific target bombing to incendiary woman. -- bombing. bombingpalm and carpet that wiped out cities, shops, and military installations. island 400 miles from japan was attacked on the first of april, 1945, easter sunday by the 10th u.s. army consisting of four army divisions -- armored divisions into marine division. open apple is the last battle of was ther ii -- okinawa last battle of world war ii and the bloodiest battle in the
pacific. of personneles accomplishments, claims were the greatest that we had ever suffered during the war in the pacific. the 10th u.s. army commander was also killed during the battle of okinawa. okinawa, mores on than 110,000 were killed, unknown number into and in case ntombed in case, many prisoners taken, about half of the number after the war had ended. 7830 of itso lost warplanes. when my unit, the 27th division landed on okinawa, i was the first lieutenant -- a first
lieutenant leading the effort. platoon of 29 men. most of whom were 18 and 19 years old. during the first three weeks of combat, seven of these rape young americans gave their lives young americans gave their lives. 14 others were seriously wounded and evacuated. they were my life and i think of them almost every day. i was also wounded when the shrapnel was removed from my back and dressings applied, i was allowed to remain with my unit. to --actors leaving leading to vj day. president truman, prime minister churchill and sign kai-shek of china, after a conference in germany, issued a statement that
as the pot stand declaration. this declaration outlined the conditions under which japan's unconditional surrender would be accepted. the sixth, 1945, a b 29 palmer, the enola gay -- gay, bond theola japanese city of hiroshima. at that time, there were different estimates as to the number of casualties. japan estimated the casualties as 240,000. u.s. estimate was between 66000 and 78,000. i received a report from the japanese embassy in washington on the 18th of august, it showed a casualty of approximately 140,000 at hiroshima. in early april of this year, i received a telephone call from
an individual who identified japaneses a member of television. my name andain telephone number, she replied from the archives of the world war ii memorial. assuming they wanted to talk about the war in the pacific, i agree to an interview. on the eighth of april, a crew of three., including a television camerag came to my home. -- camera came to my company i was surprised when the first question concerned secretary of state carry first visit to japan and whether he should visit hiroshima. i phrased it candid response and 25 words. they ask about president obama's visit to japan and well there if he should visit hiroshima. i expect to them in some details
why i thought it was not appropriate. explained to them and some details why i thought it was not appropriate. to do so, the people of japan may consider his visit as an apology for our dropping the bombs on hiroshima and nagasaki. president obama and secretary of state carry did visit hiroshima. president obama was the first sitting president to do so. on august the eighth, 1945, the soviet union declared war on japan and invaded manchuria which japan had occupied since 1937. ninth, 1945, as the bombing of hiroshima failed to bring about the immediate surrender of japan, a second atomic bomb dropped that day on
the city of nagasaki. major charlesby sweeney. the instance of casualties varied ranging from 35,000-70,000. the report i received from the japanese embassy stated that casualties were 73,000 fatalities. 1945, thethe 10th, cabinet of the governor of japan approved the emperor's decision to accept the terms of the pot stand declaration with the understanding that the emperor would remain the country's first -- sovereign ruler. statese day, the united and allies were notified of japan's decision. the united states sought to make it clear that after the surrender, the emperor would have to renounce his identity, however, he would be allowed to
retain his title of emperor as a function of a symbolic head of state. 1945, japane 14th, finally agreed to accept the terms of the pot stand with the u.s. assurance that the emperor would be permitted to retain his title and function as a symbolic head of state. the 15th, 1945, in a radio address to the nation, the emperor stated, the enemy has then to employ a new and -- power of which we have never known before and to continue to fight would result in the ultimate collapse and obliteration of the japanese nation. general macarthur, with the approval of washington, became the virtual ruler of japan.
supervisee hand to the writing and of limitation of a new constitution for that -- implementation of a new constitution for the country. japan adopted the new constitution in 1947. on january the first, that he 1946,er hear he told -- the emperor announced -- it has been a great honor to be with a ceremony today. i want to thank the other members of the friends of the world war ii memorial for this opportunity. and maybless all of you god bless our beautiful, wonderful country, the united states of america. [applause] thank you, colonel rizzi. at this time, we will now prepare for the replay and ceremony at the freedom wall.