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tv   Victory Over Japan Day Anniversary  CSPAN  October 1, 2016 9:21am-9:56am EDT

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market the 71st anniversary of victory over japan day. world war ii army veteran delivers remarks along with representatives of the national park service and friend of the national world war ii memorial. the program is 30 minutes. >> welcome to the world war ii memorial as we commemorate and day victory in world war ii. ceremonies has been a journalist for nearly 25 years and is a weekday morning use -- news anchor. you can see monday through friday on wake-up washington mike was on her with a local emmy nomination for his please welcomeal
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our master of ceremonies a great american. [applause] >> good morning and thank you for joining us for such an amazing experience. this is your world war ii memorial. i'm honored to be a master of ceremonies. i'm trying to make sure the microphone is close enough. we salute those of the greatest generation who helped to preserve the freedom to run the globe. we offer a special salute to the men and women in the armed forces who continue to serve and sacrifice in our ongoing war right now of terrorism around
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the world. their service is deeply appreciated. [applause] >> all of his warriors and veterans past and present data debt and everlasting appreciation to our country. it is now my pleasure to introduce our official party for today's commemoration, our keynote speaker for today ceremony world war ii veteran colonel james rickey. yet army, retired. the superintendent of the .ational mall at moyle park
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the honorable paul -- the chairman of the board for the national world war ii memorial. our chaplain for today from the military district's chaplain joe plan out. [applause] >> please rise for the presentation of colors. in the singing of our national anthem.
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>> let us pray. precious, holy, almighty god, we give you thanks for those noble men and women who have fought for our nation in her time of need. let us ever recognized that we are made in your image. the prophet jeremiah likens you to a mighty warrior. because of this eternal truth,
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our very well and determination to stand against evil is a reflection of your character. may our country always be blessed with heroes such as those we honor here today. may we never forget, and may your blessing remain upon the united states and those who serve to keep her free. i pray this in your holy name, amen. >> please be seated. ladies and gentlemen, our cohost for today's ceremony is the national park service caretaker of the memorial. we are honored to have us if you today, ms. vitzky, superintendent of the national mall and memorial parks. [applause] >> thank you very much. good morning, everyone. what a glorious morning you have
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brought us here on the national mall. on behalf of the national park service, it is my absolute pleasure to welcome you to the world war ii memorial. as we mark the 71st anniversary of the victory over japan, which effectively brought to a close the costliest conflict in human history. the world war ii memorial recognizes those who served in all theaters of the war, honors those who fell, and recognizes the victory they achieved to restore freedom and end tyranny around the globe. as we begin today's ceremony, i would like to thank the friends of the world war ii memorial, our partners and great collaborators in the care for this memorial and cosponsors of today's ceremony. the national park service thanks you very much for your
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partnership and we share in your mission to ensure the legacy of remembering the sacrifices of report to veterans. i also want to take this moment to thank the national park service to interpret and care for this magnificent memorial as well as our national park service volunteers who help educate more than 4 million visitors who visit the memorial each year. to all the members of our armed forces and veterans who are here with us, thank you so much for your service. we are honored to have you with us today. of course, there is no tribute, no commemoration that can truly honor and fully recognize the magnitude of your service and your sacrifice, thank you. at the surrender ceremony,
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aboard the uss missouri on september 2, 1945, general douglas macarthur said, it is my earnest hope, the hope of all mankind that from this solemn occasion, a better world shall emerge out of the blood and carnage of the past. a world found upon faith and understanding, a world dedicated to the dignity of man and the fulfillment of his most cherished wish for freedom, tolerance and justice. in our world which is still struggling to achieve universal peace and understanding, here in lies the relevance of history and the power of our nation's sacred memorials. these places are not just granite and marble reminders of those historic deeds of the men
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and women who fought and struggled and ultimately were victorious. these places are reminders of the extraordinary things that come from people with otherwise perhaps ordinary lives. understand the monumental trials and sacrifices that have shaped our nation, government, societies and remind us of what we all can achieve when we work together as a nation. the national park service is remarkably proud to be the stewards of this place and the other national memorials on the national mall. i can promise you we will be yearevery day of every watching over these places, protecting them, and passing on these stories they represent of and the sacrifice,
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stories of our nation. thank you. and welcome. [applause] >> thank you and for all you do for one of the most beautiful memorials in all of washington, d.c. this is a stunning place to remember all the sacrifices. ladies and gentlemen. we are fortunate to have mr. josiah bunting, iii, here as its chairman of the friends of the world war ii memorial, a rhodes scholar, a vietnam veteran, a former professor of the naval war college, former superintendent of the -- alma mater of the institute. he brings a great wealth of knowledge of the institutes and veterans. he gives me great pleasure to once again announce mr. josiah bunting. [applause] >> thank you, ladies and gentlemen.
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this is as close to sacred ground as we have in our country. it is the midpoint between the washington monument and the lincoln memorial. ,he founder of our country its principle sustainer. today, we are the more than 16 million americans who served in uniform in the greatest war in our history, and in particular, those veterans and survivors of the great war in the pacific, the surrender of which was oneived by general macarthur september 2, 1945. -- december 2, 1945. in one of our great national hymns, "america the beautiful," we honor heroes proved in liberating strife, who more than
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and their country loved, mercy more than life. n, in one ofhym the later verses, we hear the line, "america, america, god .end thy every flaw confirm our heart in self-control, our liberty in law." that is to say, the experiment you are,y, of which you soldiers, airmen, and marines, are the sustainers. the experiment goes on. and those of us who wish to serve that experiment do not do up forailing to stand the national anthem. [applause]
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>> for me and for most of us, that anthem represents a pledge to those who have given their lives and given their all to sustain that experiment in liberty. and if we do have flaws as a nation, what nation does not, our mission is to work ceaselessly as citizens to contribute in positive ways on its behalf. is not to honor old glory way to do that. so it is a double pleasure for all of us and a privilege to honor those who are with us the secondurvived world war through to the pledge
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on the deck of the uss missouri september 2, 1945. god bless america. thank you. [applause] >> ladies and gentlemen, we are very privileged to have with us the united states army band and brass quintet, who will now perform a tribute to our veterans. >> ♪ ["god bless america"] ♪
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[applause] >> thank you so much for the patriotic celebration we have to remember all of us who have given their lives here. i am honored to introduce our final speaker today, 95 years old, purple heart veteran of world war ii. he answered the best into the army as a private in 1942 and retired as a colonel in september of 1972. during his 30 years of military service, he enjoyed a variety of interesting, challenging assignments. during world war ii, he participated in the battle of okinawa as the leader of an infantry platoon, the commander of a rifle company. and as an intelligence officer, in an infantry battalion. he was a staff sergeant with the 80th infantry blue ridge division where he was selected to attend officers candidate school at fort benning georgia.
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colonel riffey holds many militaryncluding science from the university of agrees inmaster arts international affairs, master of science degree in administration from george washington university. he is a graduate of the army command and general staff college and the army war college. ladies and gentlemen, the distinguished colonel james griffey. [applause] >> thank you very much. this is an expression i learned in japan during eight months of occupation duty with that
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country. september 1945of of april,28th day 1946. ,oday, we have served v-j day september 2, 1945. on that day, 71 years ago, general douglas macarthur, who had been appointed supreme allied commander of the allied forces in the pacific, assembled representatives of the nine nations aboard the battleship witness in tokyo bay to the foreign minister of japan and the senior general from the imperial headquarters to sign the surrender document. end ofrked the formal the war with japan that began december 7, 1941, when the japanese attacked pearl harbor
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and other military installations in that area. on december 8, 1941, president roosevelt addressed a joint session of congress. i shall never forget his opening remarks. 7, 1941, adecember date that will live in infamy. these words are engraved on the walls of this memorial. from pearlng road harbor to tokyo. miles, requiring three years and eight months for u.s. forces to reach their final destination. that we were not alone. australia,orces of new zealand, and a british airborne task force supported us
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throughout the war in the pacific. i would like to summarize a few things that occurred during march 1945 and august 1945. ining a two-week period bombers 1945, b-29 operating from an island 1500 ocean miles from japan dropped 10,000 tons of napalm-loaded bombs on that country. 16 square miles of tokyo were consumed. 80 to 100,000 of its civilians were killed. and over one million were left homeless. during five firebombing raids in march of 1945, 29 square miles of japan's main industrial
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centers were destroyed. 40% of its cities were damaged. and about 330,000 civilians were killed. this was not the first nor the last time we had targeted japan. but it was significantly different because it represented a change in strategy from specific target bombing to incendiary bombing using napalm and carpet bombing that wiped out cities, shops, factories, and military installations. inawa, an island less than 400 miles from japan, was attacked on the first of april, 1945, easter sunday, by 10 -- the 10th u.s. army consisting of four army divisions and two marine
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divisions. okinawa was the last battle of world war ii. it was also the bloodiest battle in the pacific. combat,3 days of american losses of personnel, ships, and planes were the had during had ever the war in the pacific. the lieutenant general, the 10th u.s. army commander, was also killed during the battle of okinawa. japanese losses, more than 110,000 were killed. unknown number entombed. 16,346 prisoners were taken. about half of that number, after the war ended. the japanese also lost in the
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7830e of okinawa warplanes. when my unit, the 27th division, landed on okinawa, i was a first lieutenant leading an infantry rifle platoon of 29 men. most of whom were 18 and 19 years old. during the first three weeks of brave, seven of these young americans gave their life for the country. 14 others were seriously wounded and evacuated. they were my life, and i think of them almost every day. i was also wounded. when the shrapnel was removed from my back and dressings were applied, i was allowed to remain with my unit. other actions leading to vj day.
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1945, president truman, prime minister churchill, and the leader of china at the conference in germany issued a statement known as the potsdam declaration. this declaration outlined the conditions under which japan's unconditional surrender would be accepted. 1945, a b-29 bomber, the enola gay, flown by edlonel paul tibbetts, bomb the japanese city of hiroshima. at that time, there were different estimates as to the number of casualties. japan estimated the casualties as 240,000. the u.s. estimate was somewhere and 78,000.00 i received a report from the japanese embassy in washington
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on the 18th of august. it showed a casualty of approximately 140,000 at hiroshima. year, i april of this received a telephone call from an individual who identified of japanese member fuji television. i inquired as to how they received my name and telephone number. she replied, from the archives of the world war ii memorial. assuming they wanted to talk about the war in the pacific, i agreed to an interview. on the eighth of april, a crew of three, including a television camera, arrived at my home. i was surprised when the first question concerned secretary of state kerry's forthcoming visit to japan, and while there, should he visit hiroshima? i phrased a candid response in about 25 words.
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next, they asked about president obama's visit to japan in may. and while there, should he visit hiroshima? i explained to them in some why it was not appropriate for the president of the united states to visit hiroshima. to do so, i thought, the people of japan may consider his visit as an apology for our dropping the bombs on hiroshima and nagasaki. both president obama and secretary of state, both did visit hiroshima. president obama was the first sitting president to do so. 1945, the soviet union declared war on japan and invaded manchuria, which japan had occupied since 1937. 9, 1945, as the
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bombing of hiroshima failed to bring about the immediate surrender of japan, a second atomic bomb dropped that day on the city of nagasaki from a beat 29 -- b-29 flown by major charles sweeney. the estimate of casualties varied ranging from 25,000 to 75,000. the report i received from the japanese embassy on august 18 stated casualties in nagasaki were 73,000 fatalities. 1945, the cabinet of the government of japan approved the emperor's decision to accept the terms of the potsdam declaration, with the understanding the emperor would remain the country's sovereign ruler. the same day, august 10, the united states and her allies were notified of japan's
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decision. the united states sought to make it clear that after the surrender, the emperor would have to renounce his identity. however, he would be allowed to retain his title of emperor and function as a symbolic head of state. 1945, japan, finally agreed to accept the terms of the potsdam declaration with the u.s. insurance the emperor would be permitted to retain his title and function as a symbolic head of state. on august 15, 1945, in a radio address to the nation, the emperor stated the enemy had begun to employ a new and cruel bomb the power of which we have never known before and to continue to fight would result in the ultimate collapse and
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obliteration of the japanese nation. general macarthur, with the approval of washington, became the virtual ruler of japan with a free hand to supervise the riding in implication of a new constitution for that country. japan adopted the new constitution in 1947. 1946, it were he hirohitomperor renounced his divinity. it has been a great honor and privilege to be with the ceremonies today. and theo thank holly other members of the friends of the world war ii memorial for this opportunity. may god bless all of you, and may god bless our beautiful, wonderful country, the united states of america. [applause]
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thank you, colonel riffe. at this time, ladies and gentlemen, we will prepare for the wreathlaying ceremony at the freedom walk. please remain seated as we prepare. >> this weekend, tonight at 8:00 eastern, the criminal justice professor describes the relationship between the extreme right subculture and current politics. >> at first, trump said he did not know enough to categorically reject the support. a couple of days later, he publicly disavowed any support from duke and related parties. be that as it may, that has not stopped the media is characterizing trump and his supporters as racists and
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bigots. >> sunday morning, the 1988 vice presidential debate between republican indiana senator dan quayle and democratic texas senator lloyd bentsen. >> we would be pushing very hard to open those markets and stand andor the american farmer see that we recapture those foreign markets. i think we can do it. >> to come in and tell our farmers not to grow corn, not to grow soybeans, that is the kind of farm policy will get under a dukakis administration and one i think the american farmer will rightfully reject. >> and on the presidency. >> henry kissinger to make sure no agency had particular entre to president-elect nixon. kissinger wanted to control all of the intelligence flow and did not want the agency trying to sell itself as the premier actor in the intelligence community. >> with the recent release by
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the cra at 2500 presidential daily brief of richard nixon and gerald ford, historians at the library and museum discuss the changes president's have made to the daily briefs. for our complete american schedule, go to c-span.org. each week, american history brings youamerica" archival films that help tell the story of the 20th century. [sound of

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