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tv   1992 Vice Presidential Candidates Debate  CSPAN  October 2, 2016 6:30pm-8:01pm EDT

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the candidates, who discussed the role of vice president and answer questions on abortion, taxes, and the defense budget. billemocratic ticket of clinton and al gore defeated george bush and dan quayle. independent candidate ross perot and his running mate, admiral stockdale, finished third with 19%. is about an hour and a half. >> good evening from atlanta and welcome to the vice presidential debate sponsored by the nonpartisan commission on presidential debates being held here in the theater of the arts on the campus of georgia tech. i'm how bruno from abc news and i will be moderating tonight's debate. the participants are republican vice president dan quayle. democratic senator al gore.
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[applause] and retired feiss admiral james stockdale, the vice presidential nominee to independent candidate ross perot. now the ground rules for tonight's debate -- each candidate will have two minutes for an opening statement. i will present the issues to be discussed. for each topic, candidates will have one minute and 15 seconds to respond, followed by a five-minute discussion in which they can ask questions of each other if they so choose. the order of response has been determined by a drawing, and we will rotate with each topic. at the end of the debate, each two minutesll have for a closing statement. our radio and tv audience should know the candidates were given an equal allocation of auditorium space for their supporters, so i would like to
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ask the audience in the theater to refrain from applause or partisan demonstration once the debate is under way because it takes attention away from the candidates. with that plea from your let's turn first to senator gore for his opening statement. senator gore: it's great to be here in atlanta where america will be showcased to the world when the 1996 olympics are put on here. it is appropriate because in a real sense, our discussion this evening will be about what kind of nation we want to be four years from now. it is also a pleasure to be with my two opponents this evening. admiral stockdale, may i say it is a special honor to share this stage with you? those of us who served in vietnam looked at you like a national hero even before you one the congressional medal of honor. mr. vice president -- dan, if i may -- it was 16 years ago that
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you and i went to congress on the very first day together. i will make you a deal this evening -- if you don't try to compare george bush to harry truman, i won't compare you to jack kennedy. the last time someone compare themselves to jet kennedy? remember what they said? gore: harry truman assumed the presidency when franklin roosevelt died here in georgia. only one of the many occasions thrust a vices -- president into office, but our real discussion will be about change. bill clinton and i stand for change because we do not believe our nation can stand for more years of what we have had under george bush and dan quayle. when the recession came, they were like a deer caught in headlights, paralyzed into in action, blinded to the suffering people who were unemployed.
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we have a health insurance crisis, substandard education. it is time for a change. bill clinton and i want to get our country moving forward again, put our people back to work, and create a bright future for the united states of america. mr. bruno: the next statement will be from vice president quayle. vice president quayle: thank you for reminding me of my in the 1988 debate. bill clinton will raise your taxes, increased spending, make government bigger. jobs will be lost. second, bill clinton does not have the strength, nor the character to be president of the united states.
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agendas.ok at the president bush wants to hold the line on taxes. bill clinton once to raise taxes. president bush is for a balanced budget amendment. bill clinton is against it. we want to reform the head care system -- the health care system. bill clinton once to empower government. we want to empower people. in st. louis, missouri of this year, bill clinton said this, "america is the mockery of the world." he is wrong. in the next few years, there will be an international crisis. i cannot tell you where it will be or the circumstances, that it will happen. we need a president that has the integrity to handle the crisis. the president has the integrity and the character. the choice is yours. you need to have a president you can trust.
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can you really trust bill clinton? hal: admiral stockdale, your opening statement please? vice admiral stockdale: who am i? why am i here? i'm not a politician. everybody knows that. do not expect me to use the language of a washington insider. 37 years in the navy and only one of them in washington, and now, i'm an academic. the centerpiece of my life was the vietnam war. i was there the day it started. i led the first bombing raid against north vietnam. i was there the day it ended, and i was there for everything in between. 10 years in vietnam. aerial combat and torture.
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i know things about the vietnam war better than anyone in the world. i know some things about the vietnam war that are than anyone in the world. i know how governments -- how american governments can be courageous and how they can be cowards. that is one thing i'm an expert on. i was a leader of the underground american pilots that were shot down in north vietnam. you should know that the american character displayed in those dungeons by those feynman -- fine men was a thing of beauty. i look back on those years as a beginning of wisdom. learning everything a man can learn about vulnerabilities and
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strength that are ours as americans. why am i here tonight? i am here because i have in my brain and in my heart what it takes to lead america through tough times. hal: thank you, admiral. i thought since you are running for vice president. we ought to start talking about the vice presidency itself. the vice president resigns over -- resides over the senate. he cast a deciding vote in case of a tie. your role really does -- your role is really determined by the assignment you are given by the president. if the president is unable to serve or dies in office, the vice president automatically becomes president. that has happened five times in this century. the proposition i put on the table for you to discuss if this -- what role of each of you like
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to play as vice president? what areas interest you? what are your qualifications to serve as president, if necessary? we will start with vice president quayle. i suppose you tell us the role you did play in the first term and what you would like to do in the second. vice president quayle: qualifications, i have been there hal. i have done the job. i have been tested. senator gore referred to as being elected to congress together in 1976. i have done the job, and i have done many things as vice president. even as vice president, you never know what exactly your role is going to be from time to time. let me give you an example of when i was tested under fire. president bush was flying to malta in 1989 to meet with president gorbachev. it was their first meeting. a coup broke out in the philippines.
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i did go to the situation room, a symbol the president advisers, i made a recommendation to the president, and the president made a decision. the coup was suppressed, democracy was reinstated. i have been there. i will to you one of the things that qualifies you to be president. you have to stand up for what you believe in. nobody has ever criticized me for not having strong beliefs. hal: admiral stockdale? vice admiral stockdale: my association with candidate perot is a close one. he has granted me total autonomy. i do not take advantage of it, but i am sure that he would make me a partner in decisions -- in making decisions about the way
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to handle health care and get this economy back on its feet again. i have not had the experiences of these gentlemen. i know i have his trust. i intend to act in a way to keep that situation a lot. -- alive. thank you. hal: senator gore. senator gore: bill clinton and i understand cooperation and partnership. if we are elected, we will work together to put our country on the right side again. the experience that vice president quayle is talking about includes the worst employment numbers since the great recession. unemployment is up.
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personal income is down. bankruptcies are of. housing starts are down. how long can we continue with trickle-down economics when the record of failure is so abundantly clear? discussions of the vice presidency tend to focus on crisis is in which the vice president is thrust into the oval office. indeed, one third of the vice presidents that have served have moved into the white house. the teamwork and partnership before hand -- hopefully the situation never happens, but how you work together never happens. the way we work together in the campaign is one example. in response to vice president quayle, he spoke about malta in the philippines. george bush has concentrated on every other country in the world. when are you going to start worrying about our people here in the united states of america? [applause] hal: again, i will ask the audience not to applause.
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it takes the time away from the candidates. now i will allow time for discussion. vice president quayle: we have a plan to create new jobs. that was not the question though. the question was qualifications. teamwork and partnership may be fine in compromise. congress. however, when you are president of the united states, or when you are vice president and you have to fill in the night of the crisis in the philippines, you have to make decisions and make up your mind. bill clinton running for president of the united states said this about the persian gulf war. he said, "had i been in the senate, i would have voted with the majority, but i agreed with the argument of the minority." you cannot have it both ways. you have to make a decision. you cannot sit there in an international crisis and say, "on the one hand this is ok, and on the other hand this is ok."
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president bush has been tested, he has the experience, he has the integrity to be our president for the next term. hal: admiral stockdale, it is your turn to respond. vice admiral stockdale: i've that this is was desk without this was an open thing, and people could jump in whenever they want -- i thought this was an open thing, and people could jump in whenever they want to. senator gore: i'm happy to jump in any time. hal: i wanted to allow admiral stockdale some time. senator gore: i will let you guys figure out some things here. however, i won an answer to my question about when you are going to start worrying about the american people. we have been listening to trickle-down economics for about
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12 years now. you will still support trickle-down to the very last drop. that point of concentrating on every other country in the world as opposed to the people of our country right here at home -- when george bush took baker out of the state department and put him in charge of the campaign and made him chief of staff in the white house, mr. baker said that for these last four years george bush was working on the problems of the rest of the world. in the next four years, he would target america. we really appreciate that, but bill clinton and i will target america from day one. we will not wait for years before we concentrate on the problems in this country. he went on to say that it is really amazing what george bush can do when he concentrates. it is time we have a president like bill clinton who can
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concentrate and work on the problems of real people in this country. our country has been troubled. we simply cannot continue with this philosophy of giving huge tax cuts to the very wealthy, raising taxes on middle income families, and then waiting for it to work. how much longer will it take for trickle-down economics to work? vice president quayle: we will have plenty of time to talk about trickle down the government, which you are for. the question that you have failed to address is why no clinton is qualified to be -- why bill clinton is qualified to be president of the united states. you have talked about the economy, york talked about trickle-down economics -- senator gore: i would be happy to answer. vice president quayle: i would like to go back and make a point. senator gore: i would like to answer the question, but --
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vice president quayle: let me repeat it for you. here is what he said -- senator gore: are you asking question or making a statement? vice president quayle: i am making a statement and then asking a question. here is what bill clinton said. if it was a close vote, i would vote for the majority. however, i agreed with the minority. i hope the people of america are listening very closely to this debate. vice admiral stockdale: i think the nation right now is seeing why this nation is in gridlock. [applause] vice admiral stockdale: the trickle-down and the tax plans are charge points.
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we cannot get this economy going. over here, we have dan whose president is going to take eight used to balance the budget. on my left, the senator who is going to get halfway balanced in four years. ross perot has a plan to balance the budget five years in length from start to finish. people of the nonprofessional category you are just sick of this -- who are just sick of this terrible thing that has happened to the country, we have a man to fix it. i am working for it. hal: let's move on to the economy. specifically, we spoke about the economy at great length in the presidential debates. let's talk about a very
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particular aspect of the economy. that is getting people back to work. for the average people, they are losing their jobs in the recession. this means the loss of benefits, the loss of home, the destruction of the family's security. specifically, how would your administration go about getting people back to work, and how long is it going to take? we start with admiral stockdale. vice admiral stockdale: the lifeblood of our economy is investment. right now, when you borrow $350 billion a year, it saps the money markets and the private investors are not getting their share. what we do is work on that budget by an aggressive program -- not a painful program -- so we can start borrowing less money and get more money on the streets or entrepreneurs.
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maybe we will then start manufacturing goods in this country again. that is my answer. hal: senator gore? senator gore: bill clinton's top priority is getting americans back to work. we will create good, high wage jobs for our people. the same way that he has done in his state. he has created highway manufacturing jobs at 10 times the national average. according to the statistics from the bush quayle label department -- labor department, bill clinton has been number one among the top 50 in the creation of jobs in the private sector. it is the first time in the presidency since herbert hoover that we have gone for a for -- four-year periods -- for a four year period where we have less jobs at the end of the time that we did at the start. they have even, we learned two
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weeks ago, taken our tax dollars and subsidized the moving of u.s. factories to foreign countries. do not deny it, because 60 minutes and nightline and the nations newspapers have invested this -- investigated this very closely. when are you going to stop using our tax dollars to shut down american factories and move them to foreign countries? hal: vice president quayle? vice president quayle: don't always believe what you see on television. the media has been wrong for. we have never subsidized any company to move from the united states to latin america. you know full well the caribbean-based initiative. you supported that.
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senator gore: i voted against that. vice president quayle: you voted for it. we will have a of interesting debates after this, and our people would be glad to furnish the press with senator gore's voting record. you talk about the trickle-down economics and all this. the worst economy since herbert hoover -- well, it is a tough economy. what are you going to do about it? your proposal is to raise $250 billion in taxes. how is raising taxes going to help small businesses? how's it going to help the farmer? how's it going to help the consumers of america? i submit to you that raising taxes would make matters much, much worse. hal: it is now open for discussion. admiral stockdale, it is your turn to start the discussion. vice admiral stockdale: we have to clean out the barn if i may quote up -- quote my boss.
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we have to start getting this investment money on the streets so that we can encourage entrepreneurs to build factories. the program is out there. it is a put together thing that requires some sacrifice, but not excessive. we are learning to move forward at a five-year clip to put as back where we can start over and get this nation straightened out. hal: senator gore? senator gore: the difference between the perot stockdale plan and the clinton-gore plan is that the ross perot plan focuses exclusively on balancing the budget. the danger is -- if that is the only goal, it could throw our nation back to an even worse
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recession? bill clinton and i have a detailed five-year budget plan to create good jobs, cut the budget deficit by half, and illuminate the investment deficit in order to get our economy moving forward again. we have a $20 billion infrastructure fund to create a nationwide network of high speed rails. what are called, "information superhighway's" which will create a new world of knowledge for our students and companies. we also have tax incentives for investment in job creating activities. not the kind of encouragement for short-term ripoffs like the proposals we have had from george bush. i want to return and say one more time. you have used our tax dollars to subsidize the recruitment of u.s. companies to move overseas and put our americans out of
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work. in decatorsville, tennessee, a factory was shut down. their imports were subsidize coming back into the united states. when are you going to stop that program? vice president quayle: we do not have any program that encourages companies to close down here and go and invest in -- invest on foreign soil. that is outrageous. of course american businesses have is this a broad. we have global competition. we want businesses to expand. do you realize that every job that is overseas means three jobs here to support that? never have we ever supported the idea that we should shut down a
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factory here to move it abroad. senator gore: is going on right now. it happened in tennessee. when george bush went to nashville, the employees that lost their jobs -- i talked with them. amitai what they are feeling. some of them are in their 50's -- let me tell you what they are feeling. some of them are in their 50's and 60's, and they are wondering when they are going to get new jobs after their old jobs were destroyed. there are manufacturing jobs that have been destroyed because of the policies from you and george bush. do you seriously believe that we ought to continue the same policies that have created the worst economy since the great depression? vice president quayle: i hope we spoke with those people that you told him the first thing you and bill clinton are going to do is raise taxes. senator gore: you got that wrong too. vice president quayle: are you going to disavow your plan? you know what you are doing? you are pulling a clinton. a clinton is when you say one
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thing one day and another thing on another day. you are covering both sides of the issue. the fact of the matter is that you are proposing $150 million in new taxes. i hope when you spoke with these people you told them -- senator gore: you can say all you want. it does not make it true. vice president quayle: i'm sure what you did not talk to them about is how we are going to reform the health care system. he wants to go out and reform the health care system so that everyone have affordable health insurance available to them. the other thing i'm sure he did not talk to them about is legal reform. your position on legal reform is the status quo. you talk about american -- you talk about foreign competition, why should american companies have to spend more on insurance costs than a company in japan or germany? that is not right. we have a decision on capitol hill that will create jobs in the democratic side will not
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pass it. hal: i think it is time to move on to our next topic. all three of you gentlemen have some expertise in defense in the armed forces. vice president quayle and senator gore both served in the senate armed services committee. admiral stockdale, of course, as a very distinguished military career. everyone agrees that there will be major cuts, but this history has a long history of neglecting its military needs during peacetime and paying for it with heavy casualties later on. what happens to the people who are forced to leave the military services? if they lose their jobs because they are working in defense industries? senator gore: bill clinton and i support a strong national defense. in the aftermath of the cold
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where, the definition of a strong, national defense has obviously changed somewhat. for example, george bush once to maintain at least 150,000 american soldiers in europe even though world war ii ended 50 years ago. bill clinton and i agree with so many military experts that believe it is time for the europeans, who are so much more wealthy and powerful now than they were at the end of world war ii, to start picking up more of that cap themselves and not rely so exclusively on the united states taxpayer for the defense of your. we believe -- defense of europe. we believe we can make safe cuts in our military spending. the difference is that bill clinton and i have a defense conversion program so that those that won the cold war will not be left out in the cold. we want to put them to work
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building the infrastructure and the economy here in this country. mr. bruno: vice president quayle. senator -- vice president quayle: we won the cold war because we invested in national security. we won the cold war because we invested in our military. we didn't win the cold -- we won the cold war because we invested in national security. we won the cold war because america had the political will and made the right decisions. yes, we can make the cuts in defense and we have. bill clinton wants to cut defense another $60 billion. i'd say to the defense workers in california and elsewhere, a $60 billion defense cut is going to cut a lot of jobs out. yes, we are making a conversion and we can go to a civil space rather than having defense -- or the defense industry. well, let me say this: we would not have won the cold war if we had listened to senator gore and his crowd, and had supported a nuclear freeze. if you would have supported that attitude --
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if you would have supported that attitude, we would not have won the cold war. we won the cold war because we invested and we went forward. [applause] mr. bruno: mr. -- admiral stockdale, please. admiral stockdale: yes, thanks. the numbers, in terms of the dollar cuts, as they stand on our plans now, show us almost the same as the vice president's. but we'd note that mr. -- governor clinton's plan is almost twice as much a cut as either one of us. i've been through the end of world war ii, and the surprise beginning of korea, to see how we -- it cost us more money because we overcut the defense budget in the first place. i don't say that -- [applause]
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so i think that should be eyed with great suspicion, people that are really kicking the props out from under our grand military establishment prematurely. now there's other differences between the perot approach and what we see up here on either side of me, and that has to do with we want to focus our interests, economic and military, more to the pacific. we figure that we are generally going along with any sort of a troop removal from europe. so that's still another face of this puzzle. mr. bruno: senator gore, would you like to start the discussion period on this topic? senator gore: yeah, i'd like to respond first to you, admiral stockdale. under the details of our 5-year budget plan, we do propose more in defense cuts than george bush and dan quayle, but only 5 % more.
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admiral crowe, who i think was one of your classmates in annapolis -- admiral stockdale: oh, yes, i've known him -- senator gore: -- has endorsed -- admiral stockdale: -- 50 years. senator gore: -- the military portions of our plan, even though he was the chairman of the joint chiefs under george bush, and john white has endorsed the economic aspects of our plan, even though i believe he was the architect of ross perot's economic plan. now when i heard george bush say at the convention in houston, that when he heard the phrase "we won the cold war," it made him wonder who the "we" was. well, i want to tell you, president bush, the "we" is the people of the us of america. this wasn't a partisan victory that came suddenly, a few months after you took the oath of office. this started with harry truman and it was a bipartisan effort from the very beginning. george bush taking credit for the berlin wall coming down is like the rooster taking credit for the sunrise. [applause] and i want to, i want to add --
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i want to add one other thing, because in the debate a few nights ago, i think president bush made a very serious misstatement of fact in response to ross perot. it was kind of a little lecture he gave to ross perot when he said those ss-18s are gone, ross, that's done. he -- he reached a deal with boris yeltsin to completely remove them so we can all sleep safely without any fear tonight. but you know what? they thought they were going to get that deal, but when he took the person in charge of the negotiations out of the state dept and put him in charge of the reelection campaign, the deal unraveled and now there is no start ii deal at all. in fact there are serious problems. isn't it a fact, dan, that every single one of those ss-18s is still there, in the silos, and under the start i treaty, only half of the silos are supposed to be dismantled, and there is no deal to get rid of the other half?
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didn't the president make a mistake there? mr. bruno: vice president quayle, please. mr. quayle: the president does have a commitment from boris yeltsin to eliminate the ss-18s. that is a commitment to -- mr. gore: is it an agreement? mr. quayle: it is a commitment. mr. gore: oh. [laughter] mr. quayle: let's talk about, let's talk about -- mr. gore: well, he said he'd -- bruno: let him talk, senator. quayle: lighten up here, al. [laughter] [applause] mr. bruno: go ahead. vice president quayle: let's talk about getting agreements. you know, the president of the us doesn't just negotiate with your friends in congress; the president of the us deals on the international scene. he's got to deal with the president of russia, he's got to deal with the chancellor of germany, the prime minister of britain, the president of france, the prime minister of japan -- he's got to deal with a whole host of leaders around the world. and the leaders sit down and they will negotiate, and they will come to agreements with people that they trust. and this is a fundamental problem with bill clinton, is trust and character. it is not the issue of how he avoided military service 20-some
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years ago; it's the fact -- it's the fact that he does not tell the truth about it. he first said he didn't get an induction notice, then we find out that he did; he said he didn't have an rotc slot, then we find out he did; he said he didn't use senator fulbright's office for special influence, then we find out that he did. these are inconsistencies. bill clinton has trouble telling the truth. and he will have a very difficult time dealing with somebody like president yeltsin or chancellor kohl or prime minister major or president mitterrand, because truth and integrity are prerequisites to being president of the us. [applause] senator gore: i want to respond to that, i want to respond to that. george bush, in case you've forgotten, dan, said "read my lips -- no new taxes." [applause] [laughter] and you know what? vice president quayle: i didn't think i was going to hear that tonight. senator gore: hold on, hold on,
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let me finish. vice president quayle: okay. senator gore: he also said he wanted to be the environmental president; then he went on to say he wanted to be the education president. then he said that he wouldn't raise taxes again -- no, never, ever, ever. then the next day his spokesman, marlin fitzwater, came out and said that's not a pledge. then 2 weeks ago he said that after the election, if you win, then james baker's going to go back to be secretary of state; then a week later, in the debate a few nights ago, he said, no, after the election, if we win, james baker is going to be in charge of domestic policy. which is it, dan? is he going to -- what's your role in this going to be? [applause] [laughter] mr. bruno: well, we'll have to move on to another topic. vice president quayle: let me -- mr. bruno: sorry, mr. vice president. vice president quayle: i don't have time to respond to that? mr. bruno: you'll get plenty of chance to respond, so don't worry. vice president quayle: okay,
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you're the moderator. i was under the assumption that when the thing is like that that you get a chance to respond. mr. bruno: well, we ran out of time; according to the agreement, it's time to move on. and i want to stick to the agreement. vice president quayle: okay. well, you got the last word on that, but we'll come back to it. mr. bruno: but you'll have a chance -- i can see what's happening here: we throw out the topic and then we drift. but that's okay, because i think it's making for a healthy exchange. [laughter] the only thing i would ask of you -- senator gore: i'm enjoying it. mr. bruno: the only thing i would ask of you gentlemen is that when we get to the discussion period, whoever talks first be considerate of the others, because you have a tendency to filibuster. quayle: look over there. mr. bruno: okay, i'm not pointing any fingers. let's talk about the environment -- we'll get away from controversy. everyone wants a safe and clean environment, but there's an ongoing conflict between environmental protection and the need for economic growth and jobs. so the point i throw out on the table is, how do you resolve this conflict between protection of the environment and growth in jobs, and why has it taken so long to deal with basic problems, such as toxic waste dumps, clean air and clean water?
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and, vice president quayle, it's your turn to start first. vice president quayle: hal, that's a false choice. you don't have to have a choice between the environment and jobs -- you can have both. look at the president's record: clean air legislation passed the democratic congress because of the leadership of george bush. it is the most comprehensive clean air act in our history. we are firmly behind preserving our environment, and we have a good record with which to stand. the question comes about: what is going to be their position when it comes to the environment? i say it's a false choice. you ought to ask somebody in michigan, a uaw worker in michigan, if they think increasing the cafe standards, the fuel economy standards, to 45 miles a gallon is a good idea -- 300,000 people out of work. you ought to talk to the timber people in the northwest where they say that, well, we can only save the owl, forget about jobs. you ought to talk to the coal miners. they're talking about putting a coal tax on. they're talking about a tax on utilities, a tax on gasoline and home heating oil -- all sorts of taxes. no, hal, the choice isn't the environment and jobs. with the right policies -- prudent policies -- we can have both. [applause]
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mr. bruno: admiral stockdale. admiral stockdale: i read senator gore's book about the environment and i don't see how he could possibly pay for his proposals in today's economic climate. [applause] you know, the marshall plan of the environment, and so forth. and also, i'm told by some experts that the things that he fears most might not be all that dangerous, according to some scientists. you know, you can overdo, i'm told, environmental cleaning up. if you purify the pond, the water lilies die. you know, i love this planet and i want it to stay here, but i don't like to have it the private property of fanatics that want to overdo this thing. [applause]
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mr. bruno: senator gore. senator gore: bill clinton and i believe we can create millions of new jobs by leading the environmental revolution instead of dragging our feet and bringing up the rear. you know, japan and germany are both opening proclaiming to the world now that the biggest new market in the history of world business is the market for the new products and technologies that foster economic progress without environmental destruction. why is the japanese business organization -- the largest one they have, the ki den ren arguing for tougher environmental standards than those embodied in us law? why is miti -- their trade organization -- calling on all japanese corporations everywhere in the world to exceed by as much as possible the environmental standards of every country in which they're operating? well, maybe they're just dumb about business competition. but maybe they know something that george bush and dan quayle don't know -- that the future will
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call for greater efficiency and greater environmental efficiency. this is a value an issue that touches my basic values. i'm taught in my religious tradition that we are given dominion over the earth, but we're required to be good stewards of the earth, and that means to take care of it. we're not doing that now under the bush-quayle policies. they have gutted the clean air act. they have broken his pledge to be the environmental president. bill clinton and i will change that. [applause] mr. bruno: okay. discussion period now. again, leave time for each other, please. vice president quayle, go ahead. vice president quayle: well, i'm tempted to yield to admiral stockdale on this. but i -- you know, the fact of the matter is that one of the proposals that senator gore has suggested is to have the taxpayers of america spend $100 billion a year on environmental projects in foreign countries --
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senator gore: that's not true -- vice president quayle: foreign aid -- well, senator, it's in your book. on page 304 -- senator gore: no, it's not. vice president quayle: it is there. [applause] it is in your book. you know, hal, i wanted to bring the gore book tonight, because i figured he was going to pull a bill clinton on me and he has. because he's going to disavow what's in his book. it's in your book -- gore: no. vice president quayle: it comes out to $100 billion of foreign aid for environmental projects. mr. bruno: all right. let's give him a chance to answer. vice president quayle: now, how are we going to pay for it? how are we going to pay for an extra $100 billion of the taxpayers' money for this? senator gore: dan, i appreciate you reading my book very much, but you've got it wrong. quayle: no, i've got it right. gore: there's no such proposal. quayle: okay, well, we'll find -- bruno: let him talk, mr vice president. let the senator talk. go ahead. senator gore: there is no such
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proposal. what i have called upon is a cooperative effort by the us and europe and asia to work together in opening up new markets throughout the world for the new technologies that are necessary in order to reconcile the imperatives of economic progress with the imperatives of environmental protection. take mexico city for an example. they are shutting down factories right now, not because of their economy, but because they're choking to death on the air pollution. they're banning automobiles some days of the week. now what they want is not new laser-guided missile systems. what they want are new engines and new factories and new products that don't pollute the air and the water, but nevertheless allow them to have a decent standard of living for their people. last year 35% of our exports went to developing countries, countries where the population is expanding worldwide by as much as one billion people every ten years. we cannot stick our heads in the sand and pretend that we don't face a global environmental crisis, nor should we assume that it's going to cost jobs. quite the contrary. we are going to be able to create jobs as japan and germany are planning
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to do right now, if we have the guts to leave. now earlier we heard about the auto industry and the timber industry. there have been 250,000 jobs lost in the automobile industry during the reagan-bush-quayle years. there have been tens of thousands of jobs lost in the timber industry. what they like to do is point the finger of blame with one hand and hand out pink slips with the other hand. they've done a poor job both with the economy and the environment. [applause] it's time for a change. mr. bruno: admiral stockdale, you had something you wanted to say here? admiral stockdale: i know that -- i read where senator gore's mentor had disagree with some of the scientific data that is in his book. how do you respond to those criticisms of that sort? do you -- vice president quayle: deny it. senator gore: well --
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[laughter] admiral stockdale: do you take this into account? senator gore: no, i -- let me respond. thank you, admiral, for saying that. you're talking about roger revelle. his family wrote a lengthy letter saying how terribly he had been misquoted and had his remarks taken completely out of context just before he died. he believed up until the day he died -- no, it's true, he died last year -- mr. bruno: i'd ask the audience to stop, please. senator gore: -- and just before he died, he co- authored an article which was -- had statements taken completely out of context. in fact the vast majority of the world's scientists -- and they have worked on this extensively -- believe that we must have an effort to face up to the problems we face with the environment. and if we just stick out heads in the sand and pretend that it's not real, we're not doing ourselves a favor. even worse than that, we're telling our children and all future generations that we weren't willing to face up to this obligation. vice president quayle: hal, can
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i -- senator gore: i believe that we have a mandate -- mr. bruno: sure. we've still got time. senator gore: -- to try to solve this problem, particularly when we can do it while we create jobs in the process. mr. bruno: go ahead, mr. vice president, there's still time. not much, though. vice president quayle: i know it. we've got to have a little equal time here now, hal. in the book you also suggest taxes on gasoline, taxes on utilities, taxes on carbon, taxes on timber. there's a whole host of taxes. and i don't just -- i don't believe raising taxes is the way to solve our environmental problems. and you talk about the bad situation in the auto industry. you seem to say that the answer is, well, i'll just make it that much worse by increasing the cafe standards. yes, the auto industry is hurting, it's been hurting for a long time, and increasing the cafe standards to 45 miles per gallon, like you and bill clinton are suggesting, will put, as i said, 300,000 people out of work. mr. bruno: okay, let's move on now. i would like to remind the audience of one thing. trying to stop you from applauding may be a lost cause. i didn't say
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anything about hissing, but i do think it is discourteous, and there's no call for that, and it reflects badly on the candidate you're supporting. so let's knock that off. let's go on to health care. health care protection has become a necessity of life in our society, yet millions of americans are not ensured and the cost of medical treatment is practically out of control. how do you propose to control these costs and how are you going to provide access to health care for every american? let's see, whose turn is it to go now? vice president quayle: i think it's admiral stockdale's. mr. bruno: i think it's admiral stockdale's turn to go first. go ahead, sir. admiral stockdale: well, we have excellent technical health care, but we don't administer it very well, and the escalating costs top any other budget danger in the -- on the horizon, i think. and what mr perot has suggested
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is that we try to re- -to look at the incentives, the incentives that are in our current way of doing business, are what are killing us. there's -- there's no incentive for a hypochondriac not to go to the -- to medicare every day. there is no incentive for a doctor to curtail the expensive tests because he's under threat of malpractice lawyers. and so we -- we just have a web of wrong-way incentives that has to be changed by some people who are in the medical profession and some other crafty people who know how to write contracts to change incentives or get -- get the -- the incentives situation under control. mr. bruno: senator gore.
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senator gore: bill clinton and i believe that if a criminal has the right to a lawyer, every american family ought to have the right to see a doctor of their own choosing when they need to see a doctor. there are almost 40 million americans who work full time today and yet have no health insurance whatsoever. we are proposing to change that, not with a government-run plan, not with new taxes, but with a new approach called managed competition. we are going to provide a standard health insurance package provided by private insurance companies and eliminate the duplication and red tape, and overlap, and we're going to have cost controls to eliminate the unnecessary procedures that are costing so much money today. there was a bipartisan commission evenly divided between republicans and democrats who looked at our plan and the bush-quayle proposal. they said ours will save tens of billions of dollars and cover every american. the bush proposal, by contrast, will cost
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us tens of billions and still leave americans uninsured. but what i want to know is, why has george bush waited for 3 and a half years during this health insurance crisis before finally coming out with a proposal, just before the election, and he still hasn't introduced it in congress. why the long wait, dan? mr. bruno: mr vice president. vice president quayle: hal, president bush has had his health care reform agenda on capitol hill for 8 months. he's had parts of it up there for years. you talk about increasing costs that the president has had on capitol hill- - medical malpractice reform legislation -- for several years. defensive medicine and health care today cost $20.7 billion. defense medicine defined as testing and treatment that is only necessary in case of a law suit. wouldn't that be nice to take $20.7 billion that we're putting into our legal system and put it to
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preventive health care or women's health care or something else besides trial lawyers? but no -- you don't want to reform the health care system to drive down costs through medical malpractice. what you're doing -- you are talking about a government program. your program is to ration health care. you said in your statement to see a doctor when you want to see a doctor. when you start rationing health care there's going to be a waiting line to see a doctor unless it's an emergency. remember when we rationed energy in this country? waiting lines at the gasoline stations. the same thing would happen when you ration health care. the president's proposal deals with tax credits, deductions and purchasing health care in the private sector and making health care affordable and available to every single american. mr. bruno: admiral stockdale, would you like to start the discussion period? admiral stockdale: well, i'm out of ammunition on this -- senator gore: well, let me talk then because i've got a couple of things that i want to say. mr. bruno: go ahead, senator. senator gore: we still didn't
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get an answer to the question of why george bush waited for 3 and a half years -- vice president quayle: he didn't wait 3 and a half years. senator gore: -- during the national -- vice president quayle: i did answer the question. senator gore: -- health insurance crisis before he even made a proposal. and it still hasn't been submitted to congress in the form of legislation. i also want to respond to the question about malpractice. do you know which state has the lowest malpractice premiums in the entire country? bill clinton's arkansas does -- partly because he has passed reform measures limiting the time during which malpractice suits can be filed. in fact, tort claims generally have fallen 10 % under bill clinton there. but you know, that's not the reason for this health insurance crisis. the reason is, we've had absolutely no leadership. let me tell you about a friend of mine named mitch philpot from marietta, georgia -- not far from here -- who tipper and i met with his family in johns hopkins hospital. their son, brett, was in the bed next to our son and they couldn't pay their medical bills. they used to live in atlanta, but they
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lost their house. and while they were there, both mitch and his wife lost their jobs because they could not get unpaid leave. we pass legislation to give family leave under circumstances like that, exempting small business. how can you talk about family values, dan, and twice veto the family medical leave act? [applause] mr. bruno: mr vice president. vice president quayle: pass our family leave act, because it goes to small businesses where the major problem is. your proposal excluded small business. that's the problem. now, let me talk about health care and -- senator gore: did you require it? did you require it? vice president quayle: my turn senator gore: did you require (inaudible) -- vice president quayle: lighten up al. my turn. senator gore: it's a free
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discussion. vice president quayle: take a breath, al. inhale. senator gore: it's a free discussion. did you require family leave in that legislation? yes or no? vice president quayle: we offered incentives to small businesses. yes or no -- senator gore: that's a no, isn't it? vice president quayle: was small business exempted under your proposal? gore: yes. vice president quayle: yes. and that's where the biggest problem is -- senator gore: did you require it of anyone? vice president quayle: i'm going to get back to the topic again -- senator gore: did you require it of anyone? vice president quayle: -- because he obviously doesn't want to talk about health insurance or health care, which you address. i was absolutely -- i shouldn't say that -- another clinton. you pulled another clinton on me because here you go again. medical malpractice legislation has been before the congress of the us and you tried to convince the american people that bill clinton is for tort reform? the biggest campaign
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contributors to your campaign are the trial lawyers of america. we have a letter -- and we're going to release it again to the media, if the media is interested -- where the head of the trial lawyers of arkansas said that bill clinton was basically in their back pocket, that bill clinton has always opposed tort reform of any kind. it's in the letter, we have it, we'll make it available -- because bill clinton is not for tort reform. i'd like to know where bill clinton stands on health insurance. when he was campaigning in new hampshire, he said i am for the pay-or-play health insurance. pay or play, that's a 7 to 9 % payroll tax on every worker in america that participates in this program. and then, all of a sudden, this summer he says, oh, i'm not for a pay or play. here we go again. bill clinton, one day he's for pay or play, the next day he's against pay or play. he does it in education. he writes polly williams, a democrat state legislator in milwaukee, wisconsin, saying i'm for choice in education; then he goes to the nea teachers union and says, sorry, i'm not for choice in education because you won't let me be for choice in education. one time bill clinton says term limits -- we ought to limit terms, it's ridiculous that a member of congress can serve for 30, 40, 50 years, and you limit the terms of the president -- but that's another subject. senator gore: we're fixing to limit one. vice president quayle: it's not going to be mine; it's going to
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be people like you and kennedy and metzenbaum and george mitchell and the rest of that democratic congress on capitol hill -- that's who we're talking about. and that's who the american people -- as you well know, you've got term limits for a president, you don't have term limits for congress, and i think it's absolutely ridiculous that we don't. here goes bill clinton again: he says, well, term limits, that's an interesting idea, i think i might be in favor of that. then his democratic friends in congress say, no, bill, you can't be for that. bill clinton has trouble telling the truth. you have to tell the truth. senator gore: i want to respond, if i might. mr. bruno: go ahead, senator, quickly. senator gore: you know, in response to my question before that long laundry list, he said that they had their own family leave proposal. it was just like the proposal of your party back when social security was first proposed. you said: we're for it as long as it's voluntary. same with medicare. you said: we're for it so long as it's voluntary. civil rights -- we're for it so long as it's voluntary. mr. bruno: senator, i'm going to have to ask you to wrap this one up. senator gore: family leave is important enough to be required.
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mr. bruno: okay, thanks. coming out of health care, again trying to avoid controversy, let's talk about the abortion debate. [laughter] abortion rights has been a bitter controversy in this country for almost 20 years. it's been heightened by the recent supreme court decisions. so i'll make it very simple in this question: where do each of you stand on the issue? what actions will your president's administration take on the abortion question? will it be a factor in the appointment of federal judges, especially to the supreme court? and i believe that senator gore goes first. senator gore: bill clinton and i support the right of a woman to choose. [applause] that doesn't mean we're pro-abortion; in fact, we believe there are way too many abortions in this country. and the way to reduce them is by reducing the number of unwanted pregnancies, not vetoing family planning legislation the way george bush has consistently
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done. the reason we are pro-choice and in favor of a woman's right to privacy is because we believe that during the early stages of a pregnancy the government has no business coming in and ordering a woman to do what the government thinks is best. what dan quayle and george bush and jerry falwell and pat robertson think is the right decision in a given set of circumstances is their privilege -- but don't have the government order a woman to do what they think is the right thing to do. we ought to be able to build more common ground among those who describe themselves as pro-choice and pro-life in efforts to reduce the number of unwanted pregnancies. but, dan, you can clear this up very simply by repeating after me: i support the right of a woman to choose. can you say that? mr. bruno: vice president quayle, your turn. vice president quayle: this
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issue is an issue that divides americans deeply. i happen to be pro-life. i have been pro-life for my 16 years -- [applause] my objective and the president's objective is to try to reduce abortions in this country. we have 1.6 million abortions. we have more abortions in washington, dc, than we do live births. why shouldn't we have more reflection upon the issue before abor -- the decision of abortion is made. i would hope that we would agree upon that. something like a 24-hour waiting period, parental notification. i was in los angeles recently and i talked to a woman who told me that she had an abortion when she was 17 years of age. and looking back on that she said it was a mistake. she said -- she said i wished at that time, that i was going through this difficult time, that i had counseling to talk about the post-abortion trauma, and talk about adoption rather
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than abortion. because if i had had that discussion, i would have had the child. let's not forget that every abortion stops a beating heart. i think we have far too many abortions in this country, in this country of ours. mr. bruno: admiral stockdale. admiral stockdale: i believe that a woman owns her body and what she does with it is her own business, period. [applause] period. mr. bruno: that's it? [laughter] [applause] admiral stockdale: i don't -- i, too, abhor abortions, but i don't think they should be made illegal, and i don't -- and i don't think it's a political issue. i think it's a privacy issue. [applause] mr. bruno: you caught me by surprise. let's go ahead with the discussion of this issue. senator gore. mr. gore: well, you notice in his response, that dan did not say i support the right of a woman to choose.
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that is because he and george bush have turned over their party to pat buchanan and phyllis schlafly, who have ordered them to endorse a platform which makes all abortions illegal under any circumstances, regardless of what has led to that decision by a woman. even in cases of rape and incest, their platform requires that a woman be penalized, that she not be allowed to make a choice, if she believes, in consultation with her family, her doctor, and others, whoever she chooses, that she wants to have an abortion after rape, or incest. they make it completely -- mr. quayle: senator, do you support a 24-hour waiting period? mr. gore: -- illegal under any of those circumstances. now they want to waffle around -- mr. quayle: do you support a 24-hour waiting period? mr. gore: let me finish this, briefly. now -- now you want to waffle around on it and give the impression that maybe you don't
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really mean what you say. but again, you can clear it up by simply repeating i support the right of a woman to choose. say it. mr. bruno: let him say it himself. let him say his own words. go ahead, mr. vice president. mr. quayle: thank you. talk about waffling around. this issue is a very important issue. it has been debated throughout your public life and throughout my public life, and one thing that i don't think that it is wise to do, and that is to change your position. at one time, and most of the time in the house of representatives, you had a pro-life position. mr. gore: that's simply not true. mr. quayle: in 1987, you wrote a letter, and we'll pass this out to the media -- mr. gore: that is simply not true. mr. quayle: you wrote a letter saying that you oppose taxpayer funding of abortion. bill clinton has the same type of a record. mr. gore: in some circumstances. mr. quayle: you're going to qualify it now. mr. gore: and i still do. mr. quayle: and bill clinton, when he was governor of arkansas, also worked with the right to life people and supported right to life positions and now he has changed. talk about waffling around. this is the typical type of clinton response.
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even on the issue like abortion. he's on both sides of the issue. take the nafta agreement -- mr. gore: well, wait -- mr. bruno: let's stick with the question, mr vice president. mr. quayle: how long did he have -- mr. gore: i know you want to change the subject, dan, but let's stay on this one for a while. mr. quayle: how long did he have to wait -- or how quickly did he change his position on education? he changes his position all the time. mr. gore: let's stay with this issue for a while. mr. quayle: bill clinton -- bill clinton has trouble telling the truth. three words he fears most in the english language. mr. bruno: does anybody have any view about the appointment of judges on this? mr. quayle: tell the truth. mr. gore: yeah, i want to talk about this, because the question was not about free trade or education. the question -- mr. quayle: talk about waffling. you're the one who brought up the -- mr. gore: now, i let you talk. mr. quayle: -- issue of waffling. he's waffled on the abortion issue. mr. gore: i let you talk. let me talk now. it's going to be a long evening if you're like this, now. mr. quayle: oh, no, it's not -- mr. gore: don't change the subject -- mr. bruno: let's get on with it. gentlemen, let's get on with it. mr. gore: don't change the subject -- mr. quayle: well, answer my questions, then. mr. gore: what you have done -- mr. quayle: answer my questions. on the 24 hour waiting period -- do you support that? mr. gore: i have had the same position --
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mr. quayle: do you support that? mr. gore: i have had the same position on abortion in favor of a woman's right to choose. do you support a woman's right to choose -- mr. quayle: do you support a 24 hour waiting period to have -- mr. gore: you're still avoiding -- mr. quayle: how about avoiding the question? mr. gore: -- the question. now, wait a minute. let me tell you why this is so important. there are millions of women in this country who passionately believe in the right of a woman to privacy. and they want to stack the supreme court with justices who will take away the right to privacy. make no mistake about it. that is their agenda -- [applause] and if you support them, don't be surprised that that is exactly what they want to do and that is why dan quayle refuses to say this evening that he supports the right of a woman to choose. i agree with admiral stockdale and the vast majority of democrats and republicans in this country. you know, one of the reasons so many republicans are supporting the clinton- gore ticket is because they've turned over the party to this right wing extremist group which takes positions on issues like abortion that don't even allow exceptions for rape and incest. mr. bruno: senator -- mr. gore: again, can't you just say you support the right of a
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woman to choose? mr. bruno: could we give admiral stockdale a chance to jump in here if he wants to, if he dares to. admiral stockdale: i would like to get in -- i feel like i'm an observer at a pingpong game, where they're talking about well, you know, they're expert professional politicians that massage these intricate plots and know every nuance to 'em. and meantime, we're facing a desperate situation in our economy. i've seen the cost of living double in my lifetime. a new granddaughter was born in my family -- my granddaughter- , three weeks ago. and according to the statistics that we have -- that is, the perot group -- the chances of her seeing a doubling of the standard of living are nil. in fact, her children will be dead before another -- this standard of living is doubled. so what the heck! let's get on with talking about something substantive.
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[applause] mr. bruno: all right. mr vice president, you'll have a chance to -- [applause] you'll have a chance in the closing statements. mr. quayle: we need to get on -- mr. bruno: no, let's move on to another topic. mr. quayle: just 15 seconds to respond. mr. gore: well, can i have 15 seconds also? mr. bruno: no, let's move on, gentlemen. mr. quayle: i'll tell you what. if -- mr. bruno: let's not -- we're not horse trading. we're having a debate. let's go on. let's talk about the cities. because that's where a majority of americans live, in urban areas, and they're facing a financial and social crisis. they've lost sources of tax revenue. the aid that once came from the federal and state governments has been drastically cut. there's an epidemic of drugs, crime and violence. their streets, their schools are like war zones. it's becoming increasingly difficult to pay for public education, for transportation, for police and fire protection, the basic services that local government must provide. now, everybody says, talks about enterprise zones, that may be part of the solution, but what else are your administrations really going to be willing to do to help the cities? vice president quayle, it's your turn to go first. mr. quayle: well, hal, enterprise zones are important
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and it's an idea that the president has been pushing, and there's been very strong reluctance on, with the democratic congress. we'll continue to push it. we also want, hal, to have home ownership. i was at a housing sub -- a housing project in san francisco several months ago and met with people that were trying to reclaim their neighborhood. they wanted home ownership. they didn't want handouts. and i was with the democrat mayor of san francisco who was there supporting our idea. but when you look at the cities and you see the problems we have with crime, drugs, lack of jobs, i also want to point out one of the fundamental problems that we have in american cities and throughout america today, and that is the breakdown of the american family. i know some people laugh about it when i talk about the breakdown of the family, but it's true. 60 % of the kids that are born in our major cities today are born out of wedlock. we have too many divorces. we have too many fathers that aren't assuming their responsibility. the breakdown of the family is a contributing factor to the problems that we have in urban
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america. mr. bruno: admiral stockdale. admiral stockdale: i think enterprise zones are good, but i think the problem is deeper than that. i think we are -- you know, when i was -- i ran a civilization for several years, a 300-400tion of wonderful men. we had our own laws. we had our own, practically our own constitution. and i put up -- i was the -- i was the sovereign for a good bit of that. and i tried to analyze human predicaments in that microcosm of life in the -- in the world. and i found out that when i really got down to putting out do's and don'ts, and lots of these included take torture for this and that, and this and
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that, and never take any amnesty, for reasons they all understood and went along with. but one of the -- we had an acronym, backus, and each one of those b-a-c-k was something for which you -- you had to make them hurt you before you did it. bowing in public, making, making -- getting on the radio and so forth. but at the end it was us, backus. you got the double meaning there. but the us could be called the united states, but but it was unity over self, loners make out. somehow we're going to have to get some love in this country between races, and between rich and poor. you have got to have leaders -- and they're out there -- who can do this with their bare hands, with -- working with, with people on the scene. mr. bruno: senator gore, please. mr. gore: george bush's urban policy has been a tale of two cities, the best of times for the very wealthy; the worst of times for everyone else.
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we have seen a decline in urban america under the bush-quayle administration. bill clinton and i want to change that, by creating good jobs, investing in infrastructure, new programs in job training and apprenticeship, welfare reform -- to say to a mother with young children that if she gets a good job, her children are not going to lose their medicaid benefits, incentives for investment in the inner city area, and, yes, enterprise zones. vice president quayle said they're important, but george bush eliminated them from his urban plan, and then -- mr. quayle: well, that's not true. mr. gore: and then, when they were included in a plan that the congress passed, -- mr. quayle: we have been for enterprise zones -- mr. gore: -- george bush vetoed the enterprise zone law, the law that included them, for one reason -- because that same bill raised taxes on those making more than $200,000 a year.
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let's face up to it, dan. your top priority really, isn't it, to make sure that the very wealthy don't have to pay any more taxes. we want to cut taxes on middle-income families and raise them on those making more than $200,000 a year. mr. quayle: what plan is that? mr. gore: and if we can take our approach, the cities will be much better off. mr. bruno: let's start the discussion period right here. go ahead. mr. quayle: what plan is that that's just going to raise taxes on those making over $200,000 a year? you may call that your plan, but everyone knows that you simply can't get $150 billion in new taxes by raising the marginal tax rate to a top rate of 36 % and only tax those making $200,000 a year. it's absolutely ridiculous. the top 2% which you refer to, , that gets you down to $64,000; , then you have about a $40-billion shortfall -- that gets you down to $36,000 a year. everybody making more than $36,000 a year will have their taxes increased if bill clinton is president of the united
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states. and i don't know how you're going to go to urban america and say that raising taxes is good for you. i don't know how you're going to go to urban america and say, well, the best thing that we can offer is simply to raise taxes again. this is nothing more than a tax-and-spend platform. we've seen it before. it doesn't work. let me tell you about a story. mr. gore: can i respond to some of that? mr. quayle: i've got a very good example -- mr. gore: can i respond to some of that? mr. quayle: -- when we talk about families here, because i was meeting with some former gang members in phoenix and los angeles and albuquerque, new mexico. and when i talked to those former gang members, here's what they told me why they joined the gang. they said, well, joining a gang is like joining a family. i said, joining a family? yes, because the gang offered support, it offered leadership, it offered comfort, it was a way to get ahead. where have we come if joining a gang is like being a member of the family? mr. bruno: senator gore, you wanted to respond? mr. quayle: and that's why i think that families have to be
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strengthened, and you don't strengthen the american family by raising taxes. mr. gore: i do want to respond to that. mr. bruno: go ahead, senator, admiral. mr. gore: george bush and dan quayle want to protect the very wealthy. that is the group that has gotten all of the tax cuts under the bush-quayle administration. nobody here who is middle income has gotten a tax cut because middle-income families have had tax increases under bush and quayle in order to finance the cuts for the very wealthy. that's what trickle-down economics is all about. and they want to continue it. we're proposing to also require foreign corporations to pay the same taxes that american corporations do when they do business here in the united states of america. george bush has not been willing to enforce the laws and collect those taxes. we want to close that loophole and raise more money in that way. mr. bruno: senator, can we stick to the cities, sir?
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mr. gore: excuse me? mr. bruno: stick to the cities. mr. gore: all right. well, he, he talked about ways to raise money to help the cities. what we're proposing is to invest in the infrastructure in cities and have targeted tax incentives for investment right in inner city areas. the enterprise zones represent a part of our proposal also, and strengthening the family through welfare reform. and you know the bush administration has cut out -- has vetoed family leave, they have cut childhood immunization and college aid. if you don't support parents and you don't support children, how -- how can you say you support families? mr. quayle: how about supporting parents and the right to choose where their kids go to school, al? [applause] do you support that? mr. gore: we -- mr. quayle: let the parents -- let the parents -- mr. gore: do you want me to answer? mr. quayle: -- public or private schools? mr. gore: want me to answer? mr. bruno: go ahead. mr. gore: we support the public school choice to go to any public school of your choice. what we don't support -- and listen to what they're proposing
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-- to take u.s. taxpayer dollars and subsidize private schools. now i'm all for private schools, but to use taxpayer dollars, when the people who get these little vouchers often won't be able to afford the private school anyway, and the private school is not -- mr. quayle: al, i think, i think it's important -- mr. gore: -- under any obligation to admit them, that is a ripoff of the u.s. taxpayer. mr. quayle: that's important. this is a very important issue. choice in education is a very important issue. mr. bruno: let him respond. mr. quayle: and he said that he was not for choosing -- giving the parents the right to choose to send their children to public schools. but it's okay for the wealthy to choose to send their kids to private schools, but it's not okay for the middle class and the working poor to choose where they want to send their kids to school. i think that it's time that all parents in america have a right to choose where they send their kids to school to get an education. [applause] mr. bruno: admiral stockdale, would you like to have the last word in this period? mr. stockdale: i -- i come down on the side of freedom of school choice. the -- and there's a lot of misunderstandings that i've
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heard here tonight, that i may have the answer to. the -- starting at, you know, for the last, almost a decade, we've worried about our schools officially through washington, and the president had a meeting of all the governors, and then they tried the conventional fixes for schools, that is, to increase the certification of -- requirements for the teachers, to lengthen the school day, to lengthen the school year and nothing -- this is a very brief overview of the thing -- but nothing happened. and it's time to change the school's structure. in schools, bureaucracy is bad and autonomy is good. the only good schools -- [applause] -- we have are those run by talented principals and devoted teachers, and they're running their own show. how many times have i thrived? you know, the best thing i had when i ran that civilization, it succeeded, and it's a landmark. the best thing i had going for me was i had no contact with washington for all those years.
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[applause] mr. gore: could i respond? mr. bruno: we have to go on. what i'm about to say doesn't apply to the debate tonight. it applies to the campaign that's been going on outside this auditorium. with three weeks to go, this campaign has at times been very ugly, with the tone being set by personal negative attacks. as candidates, how does it look from your viewpoint? and are these tactics really necessary? admiral stockdale -- it's your turn to go first. admiral stockdale: you know, i didn't have my hearing aid turned on. tell me again. [laughter] mr. bruno: i'm sorry, sir. i was saying that at times this campaign has been very ugly with personal negative attacks. as a candidate, how does it look from where you are and are these tactics really necessary? admiral stockdale: nasty attacks -- well, i think there is a case to be made for putting emphasis on character over these issues
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that we've been batting back and forth and have a life of their own. sure, you have to know where you're going with your government, but character is the big variable in the success. character of the leaders is the big variable in the success -- long term success -- of an administration. i went to a friend of mine in new york some years ago and he was a president of a major tv network, and he said, you know, i think we have messed up this whole -- this election process -- it was an election year -- by stressing that -- putting out the dogma that issues are the thing to talk about, not character. he said, i felt so strongly about this, i went back and read the lincoln-douglas debates. read those debates. how do they come down? douglas is all character. he knows all of the little stinky numbers these guys do. abraham lincoln had character.
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thank god we got the right president in the civil war. but that is a question that is a valid one, and you know, i would like to brag about the character of my boss. mr. bruno: okay, senator gore. mr. gore: this election is about the future of our country, not about personal attacks against one candidate or another. our nation is in trouble and it is appalling to me that with 10 million americans out of work, with the rest working harder for less money than they did 4 years ago, with the loss of 1.4 million manufacturing jobs in our nation, with the health care crisis, a crisis of crime and drugs and aids, substandard education, that george bush would constantly try to level personal attacks at his opponent. now, this, of course, just reached a new low last week when he resorted to a classic mccarthyite technique of trying to smear bill clinton over a trip that he took as a student along with lots of other rhodes scholars who were invited to go to russia.
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it's a classic mccarthyite smear technique. i think the president of the us -- the u.s. ought to apologize. i think that he insulted the intelligence of the american people, and i'm awful proud that the american people rejected that tactic so overwhelmingly that he decided he had made a mistake. do you think it was a mistake, too, dan? mr. bruno: okay. vice president quayle. mr. quayle: let me answer the question. mr. bruno: go ahead. mr. quayle: hal, you said -- and i wrote it down here -- "personal negative attacks." has anyone been reading my press clippings for the last four years? [applause] but i happen to -- i agree with one thing on -- with senator gore, and that is that we ought to look to the future, and the future is, who's going to be the next president of the u.s.
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and is it a negative attack and a personal attack to point out that bill clinton simply has trouble telling the truth? he said that he didn't even demonstrate -- he told the people in arkansas in 1978. then we find out he organized demonstrations. you know, i don't care whether he demonstrated or didn't demonstrate. the fact -- the question is, tell the truth. just tell us the truth. today, bill clinton -- excuse me -- yesterday in philadelphia on a radio show, just yesterday on a radio show, he attacked -- admiral, he attacks ross perot saying the media is giving ross perot a free ride. the press asked him when the klieg lights are on, said what do you mean by ross perot getting a free ride? he says i didn't say that at all. i mean, you can't have it both ways. no, i don't think that is a personal attack. what i find troubling with bill clinton is he can't tell the truth. you cannot lead this great country of ours by misleading the people. [applause] mr. bruno: all right, gentlemen, the control room advises me that in order to have time for your closing statements, which we certainly want, there simply is
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not going to be time for a discussion period on this particular topic. so let's go to the closing statements. you have two minutes each. and we'll start with admiral stockdale. admiral stockdale: i think the best justification for getting ross perot in the race again to stay is that we're seeing this kind of chit-chat back and forth about issues that don't concentrate on where our grandchildren -- the living standards of our children and grandchildren. he is, as i have read in more than one article, a revolutionary; he's got plans out there that are going to double the speed at which this budget problem is being cared for. it was asked how, if we would squeeze down so fast that we would strangle the economy in the process. that is an art, to follow all those variables and know when to
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let up and to nurse this economy back together with pulls and pushes. and there's no better man in the world to do that than that old artist, ross perot. and so i think that my closing statement is that i think i'm in a room with people that aren't the life of reality. that's are not living the life of reality. the united states is in deep trouble. we've got to have somebody that can get up there and bring out the firehoses and get it stopped, and that's what we're about in the perot campaign. mr. bruno: thank you. [applause] senator gore, your closing statement, sir. mr. gore: three weeks from today, our nation will make a fateful decision. we can continue traveling the road we have been on, which has led to higher unemployment and worse economic times, or we can reach out for change.
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if we choose change, it will require us to reach down inside ourselves to find the courage to take a new direction. sometimes it seems deceptively easy to continue with the old habits even when they're no longer good for us. trickle-down economics simply does not work. we have had an increase in all of the things that should be decreasing. everything that should have been increasing has been going down. we have got to change direction. bill clinton offers a new approach. he has been named by the other 49 governors, republicans and democrats alike, as the best and most effective governor in the entire us of america. he's moved 17,000 people off the welfare rolls and on to payrolls. he has introduced innovations in health care and education, and again, he has led the nation for the last two years in a row in
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the creation of jobs in the private sector. isn't it time for a new approach, a new generation of ideas and leadership, to put our nation's people first and to get our economy moving again? we simply cannot stand to continue with this failed approach that is no good for us. ultimately, it is a choice between hope and fear, a choice between the future and the past. it is time to reach out for a better nation. we are bigger than george bush has told us we are, as a nation, and we have a much brighter future. give us a chance. with your help, we'll change this country and we can't wait to get started. [applause] mr. bruno: vice president quayle. mr. quayle: thank you, hal.
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i'd like to use this closing statement to talk to you about a few people that i have met in these last four years. i think of a woman in chicago when i was talking to parents about education, where she stood up and said i'm sick and tired of these schools in this city being nothing but a factory for failure. and that's why we support choice in education. i was in beaumont, texas, and met with small business people, and they wanted to reform the civil justice system because they think our legal system costs too much and there's too much of a delay in getting an answer. i was in middletown, ohio, talking to a welfare woman, where she said i want to go back to work and i had a job offered to me, but i'm not going to take it, because i have two children at home and the job that is offered to me doesn't have health insurance. under president bush's health care reform package that woman won't have to make a choice about going back to work or health care for her children, because she'll have both. i was in vilnius, lithuania, independence square, speaking to 10,000 people in the middle of winter.
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hundreds of people came up to me and said god bless america. years,nd the next four as i said, somewhere, some time, there's going to be a crisis, and you need to have a president that is qualified, has the experience, and has been tested. not one time during this evening, during 90 minutes, did al gore tell us why bill clinton is qualified to be president. he never answered my charges that bill clinton has trouble telling the truth. the choice is yours. the american people should demand that their president tell the truth. do you really believe -- do you really believe bill clinton will tell the truth? and do you, do you trust bill clinton to be your president? [applause] mr. bruno: that concludes this vice presidential debate.
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i'd like to thank vice president quayle, senator gore, admiral stockdale for being participants. the next presidential debate is scheduled for this thursday at 9 p.m. eastern time at the , university of richmond in richmond, virginia. to all of our viewers and listeners, thank you and good night. [applause] [captions copyright national cable satellite corp. 2016] [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org]
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announcer: you are watching "american history tv all weekend , every weekend on c-span3. to join the conversation, like us on facebook at c-span history. releaseda recently 2000 pages of previously classified material from the richard nixon and gerald ford administrations. the documents were part of the president's daily briefs on security issues, which are seen only by the president and selected other officials. up next, historians discuss

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