tv Politics and Public Policy Today CSPAN October 12, 2016 9:00am-11:01am EDT
graduated from high school and have some type of secondary education. only 25% do now. we understand having a more educated workforce will mean to our economy in tennessee. our governor and system is fu pushing 55%. everybody, let's get a secondary education somewhere. on the other hand, we have about 14,000 students that would benefit from in-state tuition rates that are already saying i want to go to college. i want to be a doctor. i want to be a teacher. i want to be an engineer but we are making their work harder. we are making that path more expensive and having them go another route in which they will not pursue further education. we see what the roeport says. the energy of the kids and what
is propelling them. the parents that are propelling them. the eagerness to become the first in their families to go to college, to break that and achieve an educational level that many of their parents who had fourth or sixth grade education do not have. yet, in our state, we are still grasping this sort of reverse policy that is against our interest when we are not making that more possible for these 14,000 kids and others behind them. >> everybody knows new york is the place with the largest number of immigrants in the united states. it has a long history of receiving immigrants. it has the statue of liberty. there are nearly 6 million foreign born people in the metropolitan area, which is a huge metropolitan area. more than half of them live in
the city of new york. as it sets apart from other places. new york is ahead of things. it is kind of unfair to other places. they are able to present options and opportunities that other places can't. so what i'm interested in hearing from sonia about is how municipal level infrastructure works, how the city government works and invests in these communities and their interactions, not only with immigrant communities but with the nonprofit sector, various other city agencies and what it is like to be in a place with a well-developed, well-funded infrastructure to support immigrants. talk to us about what you guys
do and why the city invests so much. >> great. thanks, audrey. thank you all for coming here today. thank you so much to the urban institute for hosting this really important conversation. i'm really excited to keep talking about these issues and to dive into the report. moya, in new york city, as audrey mentioned, we have this broad mandate, which is a fantastic one, to promote the well-being of new york city immigrants and support their social, civic, economic integration. we at moya are a unit, in the city charter, within the mayor's office. we recommend policies and conduct outreach in immigrant communities in the five burroughs. we help immigrants navigate the city government, new york city generally. under the leadership of mayor de
blasio and our xhcommissioner, have focused on a few particular strategies at moya. one, to really realize a vision that we have of inclusive government and equitable city, a government for all new yorkers, including the 3 million foreign born new yorkers and make sure these immigrant new yorkers have access to city services and resources in order to pursue their dreams and fulfill their potential. another focus we have, as audrey mentioned, is supporting immigrants and accessing justice. for us, that means making sure we can connect people to immigration legal services, support them on their path to citizenship. we've done some research with the urban institute, actually,
that shows the sort of economic benefits of naturalization for immigrants, a rise in wages and employment rates. it is good for immigrants. it is good for their families. it is good for us in the city as well. access to justice is a big deal for us. advocacy on behalf of new york city immigrants at the local, state and federal levels. in doing this work, we work with a broad range of people. we are a small unit within the mayor's office. it is not our job to serve all new york city immigrants. we do it in partnership with our sister agencies throughout the new york city government with the really rich and broad community of community based organizations in new york, faith, labor, business. we work with all kinds of stakeholders and partners who see the benefit in supporting
new york city immigrants. then, another sort of key to our success is thinking about testing innovative policies and programs, new approaches, for delivering services, connecting to immigrants. i think probably the best known program that we've launched in this administration is the idnyc program. it's new york city's municipal i.d. card, which was launched at the beginning of 2015. less than two years later, 1 in 10 new yorkers have a municipal i.d. card. it has just been tremendously successful and i'm happy to talk about it more. i think it has been a really great learning experience for us and the partnerships and collaborations that need to happen and how to design a program so they are useful and
beneficial for immigrant new yorkers and all new yorkers. i think we have learned that that's a real necessary ingredient for program success. >> so from what i know, it sounds like the nyc i.d. is one of those things that benefits not just immigrants that didn't come out of your office or did it? >> we were one of the agencies involved. >> so the idea is that if you have one of these i.d.s, that you have access to a bunch of things. it provides city agencies and other organizations i.d. you have one in ten now. do you have a sense of how well people are using this, what share are immigrants or foreign born people, what they are using it to access. i want to stress, new york
really is a laboratory for other places. because they are a little bit ahead in terms of how they view immigrants and the money they have to spend on them, these are lessons for other places. there are many other places around the country, cities in particular that have month municipal i.d.s and have had them for a while. so we are learning a lot about how populations use them. i wonder if you can tell us more about new yorkers. >> absolutely. >> we were not the first city to create a municipal i.d. program, new haven, san francisco, other cities had these programs and we are talking to jurisdictions all the time that are interested in starting municipal i.d. programs. in new york, you know, i think, sort of to answer one of your question, audrey, about how are people using the i.d. what benefit does it have to them. we actually did a study with a third party evaluation firm that
came out last month to dive into this question of, is it working? do people like it? what are they using it for? immigrant new yorkers were a key population we had in mind in designing and implementing the program. they were not the only population by any means. this is a card for all new yorkers. we wanted it to be broadly appealing in scope, because we did not want it to be a card that stigmatized card holders. we wanted it to be something that signaled the most precious identity of all, which is that of being a new yorker, in my opinion. the evaluation was really interesting. we confirmed the card is popular throughout the city. we have cardholders in all zipcodes, across all five
burroughs. definitely higher rates of enrollment in immigrant dense neighborhoods and population. we don't ask about immigration status. we don't know who is undocumented or undocumented, people's citizenship status. do we know who you are? do we know you live in new york city? those are the questions that we ask when people enroll. other things that we learned in the study are that are that of the immigrants that have the cards and identify as immigrants, about 66% use it as their primary i.d. about 36% have it as their only form of u.s.-based i.d. people use it for all sorts of things. it is kind of using it exactly as we had hoped for very much in cloe tid yun things like
entering city buildings, going to pick up their kids at school when you need to show i.d., using it to open a bank or a credit union account with a participating financial institution. when we were designing the program, we worked with a wide range of cultural institutions throughout new york city who agreed, who were really excited, actually, about offering free one-year memberships to their institutions for cardholders. that's been a really popular benefit for the card. i think it has drawn a diverse cross section of new yorkers to the program. they are using it. the museums and the concert halls and the other cultural institutions are thrilled to see new populations come through their doors and enjoy what they have to offer. we just announced new benefits this week where new york road
runners, which is a sort of r recreational club, running club, has offered memberships to cardholders and sporting good stores offering discounts. you can get prescription discounts. it is kind of a key to the city for new yorkers. it is in their wallet. you can use it and sort of enjoy everything na tthat the city ha offer. what i think is the most powerful statistic that came from the evaluation was the really high rate, over 70% of respondents to the survey who talked about how having the new york city i.d. increased their sense of belonging in the city and really did kind of confirm their status as a normer. new yorker, which i think thinks a lot about the power that a bureaucratic, boring, piece of plastic can have. >> i see both the membership
benefits but also going back to our theme of the session, the economic benefits. it will be interesting to watch that over the long-term and to see what happens in new york and other places as well. >> so most of nevada's half million immigrants are in las vegas. immigrants have been drawn to jobs there in the hospitality sector, construction sector, when there was a recent boom. although, they have been around for since the mid 20th century in some numbers. things really took off during the growth of the late 1990s when a lot of immigrant workers flocked to nevada m aand helped build a lot of the growth we have seen. now, 22% of las vegas and nevada's total population is foreign born. the great recession also hit las
vegas very hard. vegas is one of those places that is used to having boom and bust economies but where immigrants tend to work, the effects tend to go pretty deep in many communities. so if you could talk about both sides of what you do, what you do for the state, and also what you do as a member of this national task force on immigration, that would be great to hear. >> so i'm a son of cuban immigrants. i was born in brooklyn and moved to vegas when i was six. a lot of cubans back then, even though my parents came before castro. a lot of cubans were coming from that era of castro, literally going from casinos in havana, to casinos in las vegas. then, in the years since then,
we have had a lot of growth. in fact, yesterday, i was at the circus circus hotel, one of the older hotels in las vegas. we tend to tear things down and build them new and bigger. so we're kind of going through that right now. we're starting to tear down some stuff and building up some new things. from the national capital state legislature, we have had this task force for about ten years. i have been in the legislature since 2004, which right after that is when i became part of this task force. we have actually been to nashville. we saw your facility and the wonderful things you are doing there. we have been to new york, with the fed and looking at economic benefits. we have been all over the country. we have been to the borders, including washington state, down in arizona. we have been down in california. we have even been to mexico city
to talk to mexico city folks about immigration to their federal folks. we have had this opportunity to look at all these things and suggest some policies. some of the things i have seen across the country are amazing what they are doing with immigrants. in nevada, one of the biggest challenges is education. one thing that's different about it than a lot of states is that we don't have a state income tax. all of the money we get comes from sales tax, property tax. regardless of your immigration status, everybody in nevada pays taxes, because you have to live somewhere and you have to buy things. our taxes has shown our immigrant population puts back 2 something million dollars. it has been a real boon for us. when the hotels are doing well,
everything else, construction and all those other new jobs. we do have -- the other things we see from immigrants is a lot of the smaller business, the micro businesses, those kind of things, are doing very well. i remember seeing the culinary ones that you guys have in nashville, amazing, that give you the opportunity to have a facility until you can get your own. i have seen a similar thing in minneapolis. we are seeing those kind of things. in nevada, we have a similar thing. as a legislator, one of the bill challenges we had is since the federal folks have it put in place, sometimes the immigration policy that will work. in nevada, one of the things that we did that took me eight years, we finally got through, was to do a driver's authorization card, similar to a
driver's license. it allows people to drive and get their kids to school and the doctor. we already know they were driving. so this way it gives them an opportunity to take the test and makes the roads safer, gives them an opportunity to do insurance and those kind of things. we started that program, i think, three years ago. we now have 32,000 individuals that have applied for the card and use it. we have in our education system, just in clark county, in the las vegas area, which is about 80% of the population in nevada, we have over, i think it is over 80. i could be wrong. it could be more than that. there is at least 80 different languages that the school district has to deal with. hispanic being a large one. tagala being another larnl oge . there are a lot of challenges there. we don't fund anywhere near the national average as far as
education. with all that growth, at our heyday, at the peak, we were building a new school every 20 days in the las vegas area, opening up a new school. over a period of eight years, we built, i think it was, 16 high schools, 32 middle schools and 60 something elementary schools. we had kids going to different schools every year and not moving. so we have put some more investment, specially more recently in the last four years, into the english language program. as a state, we didn't do that. we were using federal money for that. now, we've invested some and seen some great results where there is a program called zoom schools that we have put in the high need english language schools. it provides for pre-k and smaller classes, reading help, summer school. we have seen some amazing
results there. we've doubled that effort this last legislative session. we are looking at changing the way we fund schools, the funding formula to actually reflect the need for english language learners for special education for those kind of things. one of the things that i -- we talked about the lower skilled jobs. we consider construction a skilled job. we really have to -- somebody has to train them how to do that. fortunately, when they come from whenever country they are coming from, they are already coming skilled. while it costs us to educate their children, we didn't have to educate the parents. there is a cost benefit there, even though it is expensive. now, what we see is the same parents who came because they want to make their lives better for their kids and worked in the hotels. their kids are not going to school and becoming the doctors and lawyers and engineers. we don't have -- in nevada, we don't have the issue of in state, out of state tuition,
depending on your citizenship. our kids are able to go to college. the cost is still prohibitive in some cases. we are working on some of those things to bring down the cost specially of community colleges. >> i think that's a really important point. this sort of nonquantifiable. it goes back to some of the discussions of our panelists of what immigrants bring with them already. the fact that lower skilled people have skills that are valuable and fit into the labor market in certain ways. not to put you too much on the spot but as a state legislator, from what you heard on the panel and i'm sure you read the whole report on the way here m, came out on the red eye. so a lot of reading going on. from what you have heard, does anything about either the state
analyses or anything in there really resonate with you as a leader concerned with these things in the state of nevada. >> the one thing i know for sure, when you have these type of reports, we have had a few others come out this year. they are very helpful to us as policymakers. you can look at that. while in politics, you are always going to have some folks that it doesn't matter what you present to them, they already know the answer before you even present, even though it is completely wrong. but for the most part, what i've seen and because the ntsl, immigration task force is actually bipartisan. i'm a co-chair. we have democrats and republicans that are co-chairs. the membership of the community are that way. we work together to come up with policies. when we see these kind of reports and specifically this one, i think, will be very helpful. it does look at this issue of the national versus the local. as i mentioned earlier, depends on which state you are from, it
kind of impacts. specially fiscally and economically. that you have. i have seen that as we've gone across the country and seen different states and the challenges that they have and how they fund things. having that information is important. we have some folks from georgia and other places whe, washingto state, where there are a lot of agricultural needs in many parts and the whole center part where they have different challenges with immigrants. so what we've seen is many states have kind of -- they are piecemealing immigration policies to benefit them. so moving forward, what we would hope to see is that something will get resolved and we will get updated immigration policy. but that will also give states the opportunity to be able to
customize our individual needs so that it is not one cookie cutter thing for every state. but that it will allow us to look at if we need this type of worker. nevada is a great example. tourism is our bread and butter. we still have mining. we are the number three producer of gold in the world behind australia and south africa. we have attracted farraday futures, going to be building electric cars outside of las vegas. we have tesla, building batteries in the biggest battery factories in the world in northern nevada. we need workers for those industries and we have technology companies that are coming and everything now including when you talk about hotels and hospitality. we don't think of those being technology companies. everything that they do now is technology with the gaming and all that. so we have that great need in
nevada to be able to attract those kind of workers and to be able to educate the ones that we do. >> you mentioned -- you phrased it very nicely. i think you said -- now, i'm going to forget. updated immigration policy. so since you went there, i think we'll talk about that. we're in a moment right now where immigration is really top of mind, top of the agenda of a lot of policy discussions taking place nationally with this presidential campaign season p and just it has opened up a lot of discussions across communities. i'm wondering if you could all talk about some of the challenges that you have on the ground dealing with m issues that arise as they arise.
you talked about brings nashvilleians, resident nashvillians, it is fair to say that tennessee was biracial, had native born blacks and whites. as immigrants started arriving, they kind of intersected this society there and the economy in ways that may or may not have been comfortable. now, we're in a moment where if is sort of the age of inequality. we are talking a lot more about race. we are talking a lot more about immigration and how all of these things intersect. so on the ground, what does it feel like in each of your communities to have these conversations within these contexts? ultimately, whether you have the right facts, study facts, some
facts that you like if, it does often come back to economic issues and so i was hoping you could all offer some comments. >> the previous panel said it right, it is not a simple answer. certainly, tennessee, even though you might think and sti wonder, really, latinos in tennessee, right? you also think it is a very conservative state. it is not a black and white story. i'll give you a couple of examples. i would say that if you ask any immigrant in nashville how they feel about life in nashville, that's exactly why we have grown so much and why this group that i described before brought their families later. it seems a welcoming place with a decent quality of life, better cost of living. many of the latino immigrants that we have in nashville come both from their countries of origin. many of them are moving from other parts, particularly
california and places where the cost of living is higher and where maybe job opportunities are not as available or perceived to be as available as in places like nashville. nashville is a place that has been tested maybe like no other places. in 2007 to 2009, we fought an english only referendum. apparently, we were the first city of our size that took that to the ballot and to the borders. nashvillians defeated that in a way of sending a message, that's not who we were and that is not the community that we were building. i think the fact that connections americans exist and the center you visit that is a in group of nonprofits under one roof, funded by government, local foundations and individuals is testament to me that nashvillians believe in the importance of investigating in p
efforts like ours to offer tools and resources to our newest neighbors. you get in rural communities where people have perceived that change and welcome it in different ways. certainly, for many years, up until three or four years ago, at the state legislature, we were fighting anti-immigrant bills. often, 65 of them at a time. they are a reflection of just making life harder for immigrants who were coming to tennessee in the sense that tennessee was way too afrac t f attractive, because we were offering driver's licenses town documented immigrants. we didn't have mechanisms to not be a community where only legal immigrants were welcome. so, interestingly enough, three years ago, that changed. in a way for the first time, we were able to be for something and not be just defending our community against bad things. i think to me that's also maybe a thermometer that the conversation might change.
even more so, for the last two years, we have been working in our colleagues in the tennessee immigrants and refugee rights commission has led the effort on tuition equality, so undocumented kids can go to our schools, paying as tennesseeans. the first time we proposed it, we lost the bill for only one vote, which was amazing in its way. i have to tell you that the co-sponsors of the bill were two republicans, not from nashville but one from chattanooga to our east and one from memphis to our west side. that, in itself, is a reflection of the understanding of people of all parties, that it is in their best interest and the economic interest of that community. in one of the cases for our
senator gardenhire in chattanooga, the realization of who was in his community and employers bringing to him the fact that we needed to make this potential workforce that we were educating already more integrated into the economic future of chattanooga. i think that certainly unfortunately, in tennessee also, like in many places, we are competing to see who can be more welcoming, often. certainly, the last year the effect of the rhetoric from trump has affected our community too. we moved forward in the last two years on this discussion of tuition equality as the one place where maybe tennesseans were moving forward thinking that was a wise investment, in the interest of not just those families and the economic interest. certainly, we feel the last few months, we have taken many, many steps back. actually, we are feeling very
concerned about the likelihood of this year, when we bring this issue for the third time to the legislative session, how much are we going to move forward. i can tell you that it is an interesting tale of people like gardenhire in chattanooga, making a case for why we need to open these policies and open the opportunity for these kids to go to college. then, on the other hand, we are also making sure that tennessee was not welcoming to m muslim refugees. we were one of the states that said, please don't send us any syrians. i think that sounded like many places. we are schizophrenic about our view of who we want in our community at what point. i think that the work organizations like ours and elected officials and the partnerships among them is the
only way p aand sustained effor that make sure people understand on a personal level and also at a community level, why does all this thing matter. i think in nashville in particular often we feel a little bit complacent that we are a welcoming community. in fact, i have to say we are, f when you were describing the work in new york city, an immigrant city and a place like nashville where i'm sure in the audience, really, how many immigrants are there? i think i have to say i am more hopeful. i also think it is unexpected for many people in the audience to believe that we have sophisticated networks of support by the nonprofit sector and our local government in how we have responded to the demographic change in the last 20 years, the fact that your task force came to nashville to see the work of connections
american. >> i didn't mean to disyo you. >> no, no, no. that's why i'm here. the reality is that there are more. i am hopeful that in places like nashville, we are testing what americans believe about what it means to be an american. in new york, probably you feel tested in so many ways. that is sort of like our golden aspiration, that we would be a community where people believe that that's who we are in the most essential way. in places like nashville is where we are testing that definition of what it means to be an american by how we are changed by new people that come to us. while it is really hard to be hopeful in today's world and in this electoral time, the
response of nashville yans, both elected officials, citizens and the nonprofits that have grown to respond to that give me hope that maybe we will get it right. >> so before we move to "q" and "a," which we're going to do in a minute, i'm going to ask you if you would like to briefly make a few more comments. >> i would. i am going to try to be brief. i have so many things to say. but i'm going to be brief, because i think ranata brought up some really interesting things. new york is different. i think in reflecting on the last panel, i guess maybe new york is the future. we have 3 million immigrants, about 40% of the population is foreign born. 60% of the population are immigrants or the children of immigrant. 50% of the workforce is foreign born. half of the small business owners. immigrants are tax payers, workers, employers, consumers. it is just, if we're going to have a functioning city
government, we have to have an immigrant inclusion strategy. we know that. it is not like a walk in the park. it is the most diverse immigrant population in the country probably p. it means we have to be smart and strategic and tailored in our delivery of services in light of the population in the city. it is not as controversial of an approach as it might be in other parts of the country. diversity is who we are. we are proud of our immigrant story in the city. the one thing that is really interesting and as ranata mentioned, we are increasingly talking more to our counterparts, like other moyas throughout the country about these best practices, strategies, sharing ideas and innovative programs and policies and joining together in
advocacy. we are seeking reforms at the national level. the last two years, we have helped spear head the development of a coalition of localities, cities for action that has over 100 mayors and county leaders now who have joined on. we have monthly calls. we share updates with each other. we work together to support the kind of national change that we all really want to see foremost of which is immigration reform. we have also come together to urge the president to accept more refugees, speaking from the local government perspective. we have come together to oppose efforts to defund sanctuary cities. we see that our interest is in really a robust national reform for immigrants. we want to bring that
perspective and that voice to the conversation. i do think that increasingly, there is that recognition. i'm really excited to get into the weeds of the report and sort of figure out what is it in there from a local perspective that will give us more insight into what we are doing. >> i will just quickly talk about as we look to change policies, one of the things that's changed in the last few years. when i got elected, i was the only latino in the nevada assembly. two years later -- i'm the son of immigrants. two years later, an immigrant got elected. so the two of us became the hispanic caucus. that stayed that way for another four years. then, all of the sudden, we went from 2 to 8. we went from being just members to all of the sudden now i was the majority leader in the
senate. we've got committee chairmen and a lot of the policies changed because people knew that in order -- that they had to pay attention. more importantly than even that was that we went from, i think, the immigrant population participation in elections back then to what it is today has changed. people are paying attention to those kind of things. we are seeing changes, because the immigrants themselves are becoming more engaged in what's going on. i think that people, the immigrants do so, i think others are seeing -- they are seeing these reports that come out. they are actually getting to know families that are immigrant families and see the kind of things that are going on and that has been very helpful in this whole process. i foresee that that will become even more so. we will be able to get better policies. when i first got elected, it was
hard to pass anything that was trying to help the immigrant community. it took eight years but when we got to that eighth year, doing the driver's license was much easier. i had a lot more people that had been elected and we had the opportunity. i was majority leader. that helps. but the community as a whole turned out and did things. so that's a real important part of this whole mix. >> i think leadership, what you're all speaking to is this role of state and local leaders in opening up these discussions no matter how controversial or the conflict and working through them and having the right tone and it seems like there is a lot going on in the places that you live in and work in. so i wanted to open up to the floor any questions and we have maybe about time for two or
three. so we have one right here. >> i wanted to ask an obvious question, it is always good to hear that immigrants are contributing in successful and constructive ways to the growth of the country and you have many from new york and nevada. but the i.d. topic is certainly huge. we know why, because there is always the potential for abuse and using it in some way that it shouldn't be used. so can you tell me a little bit more about how you go about -- it is now harder, for instance, to get renewal on an i.d. here in d.c. now, you have to have your birth certificate. where you didn't have to actually have that before. have you found that there have been problems with that, more forgeries of birth certificates or any other issues that have
come up with people trying to access this card? this card can get you a lot of places. . >> yes. thank you for that question. i think it is a really good one. when we were designing the program, both during the legislative process and the implementation process for the i.d. m.i.c. karcard, security o the card was foremost in mind. we wanted it to be a robust card that would be widely accepted and could be used as somebody's primary i.d. we knew that being able to ensure the integrity of the card, the integrity of the program would be necessary for na acceptance. one of our main partners in the design implementation process was the new york police department, who worked with us really closely to set up the kind of protocols that we would need to be sure that we did know who somebody was when they were applying for a card, that we
could confirm their address so when we put that information on the card, we could do so with confidence. we have been really pleased with the safety and security of the card, nearly two years in. we have a really strong, integrity team that has really secure procedures for issuing the card. we have not found them to be a sort of weaker standard than comparable i.d.s. we have really been looking at state i.d.s as our peer ps, just thinking about the size of new york city, the number of new york city residents who doechbt have a driver's license. we wanted the i.d. to be able to serve that purpose, at least in the city. >> in nevada, we are not there yet when it comes to an i.d. even the driver's authorization card says not to be used for i.d. purposes.
we can't limit businesses from doing that. the other issues with drivers and the real i.d. act so that you have to do it in compliance with that. our card is the alternative if you don't want a real i.d., then you can get this driver's authorization card. many businesses still allow for that. the other thing is that the mexican government with their consular card has increased their security measures. those can be used where as in the past, it was harder to use that. some of the other central and south american countries, their cards are a little better now. we have been able to use some of those for i.d. purposes, specially when you are applying for the driver's license and other things. >> any other questions. >> i have one right here.
>> i am from the association of real estate hispanic professionals. you probably will appreciate this. most people do not know that right now there are 400,000, approximately fewer homeowners who are from white households, from 15 years ago. 400,000 fewer white homeownerhouseholds today. at the same time, there has been an increase of nearly 3 million hispanic homeowner households. to some measure, you have done this in nashville with your organization. at the same time, latinos have driven employment growth in the country by more than two-thirds during the last 15 years. the same occurs in educational gains. there is a lower dropout rate, more latino kids are attending
college and the same thing in business. latina women are coming up with new businesses at a much higher rate than the rest of the population p whi population, which goes to my question. i had asked jason furman, chairman of the council of economic advisers. conservatives claim it is false and even though we are close to near full employment, the real problem lies with labor force participation rates. it just so happens that the latinos have had a larger labor force participation rate since the year 2000. 69% as opposed to 66%, which was for the rest of the population. even today, that same cap continues. it is at an all-time low level,
62 for the country but it is 66 for latinos. the question is for latinos, it is forced participation due in part to the fact if it is supported in the report, there has been a net wash in effect in some years where we have. >> we can ask jason furman, one of our leading economists or ranata. >> i had hoped to ask cecilia also, the question. >> the other question is the fact that the labor force participation reduction rates particularly for hispanics has
been lowered. that's actually a plus, an investment in the future. my question for you. the impact of latinos on the overall labor force participation rates? this is important for people who think that employment is not where it should be. >> i just will briefly say without being able to respond tower micro question that at a local level in nashville, labor participation among latinos and immigrants, it is pretty high. i don't know for other communities. our concern is more under employment. we know a lot of people are working two or three jobs, because there is no full-time jobs. and underemployment is our concern, not participation in the labor force.
>> i think there is a lot of fodder in the report that addresses these issues, either directly or indirectly. are there any questions from the floor from over here? there is one back there. >> actually, i'm told we have got to end. so maybe we can talk at the end. we have got to stop, because we've got our keynote speaker has just arrived. i want to thank our panelists for hanging with us on this topic and this very serious and thick report. thanks for being with us. >> nang you. . >> this has been a really extraordinary morning. i am particularly pleased that
we have gone from a plethora of economists who bring a lot of insight of a kind and then to be able most dynamic cities and the ways in which that work is playing itself out on the ground in the ways which local economies have benefitted has been really nice. and we're going to close our program today probably with the most fitting possible way we could have to end this discussion. i have the great pleasure and honor of introducing the director of the domestic policy council, assistant to the president. cecilia munoz. that means education. that means health care and
energy and climate change among so many other things, but there's probably no other issue that's been more central to her work and her life than the one we have talked about today. she has also relevant to this discussion played a role previously in helping to manage the white house's relationship with government leaders. again, understands the national impact and local government. prior to joining the administration, cecilia was at nclr where she was senior vice president in the office of research, advocacy, and legislation. as i'm sure you all know, that's the nation's largest latino civil rights organization. there she worked on employment,
education, housing, and of course immigrant policy. whether it's been from the state level, the city level, looking at the advocate perspective and now representing the president of the united states in the formulation of his immigration policy in a larger national context, some of the most fraught and divisive times, the president could probably have had no better adviser at his side than cecilia. the macarthur foundation announced its fellowships. they don't like -- i'm not sure if they like to call them or not the genius awards, but they are inspiring young leaders. back in 2000, 16 years ago, she was one of the macarthur foundation's fellows. we're really lucky to have her close out today. please join me in welcoming cecilia munoz. [ applause ] >> thank you, sarah.
what a lovely introduction, one that will be very hard to live up to. i'm really excited that you're doing this, that you're having this conversation at the urban institute. it's an incredibly important part of the piece of the conversation, but to also dig into the local work that's happening, the work of integrating immigrants. we get an awful lot, an awful lot, without being nearly deliberate enough. one of the things this administration has been doing which i'm really proud of -- and i've lost track of my colleague who is standing back there who works at the domestic policy council, is leading the quest on this charge. we're actually aligning the federal agencies on this
question of immigrant integration to make sure that we're doing our part along with the likes of the folks you just saw on your last panel. that's a tremendously important effort, and we are connected to this welcoming movement as a way of lifting it up and strengthening it, because for all that we get, economically as well as different ways from the immigrant community, we can do better and we should. i'm really grateful both for that work, but also for your lifting it up and very grateful to be part of this conversation today. so this is a timely topic. in preparing my remarks and thinking about it and reflecting, it's never not been a timely topic. it seems we are always in the thick of debate on immigrants and their value to this country, their potential with competing with the rest of us, and on the necessity of immigration reform. clearly, we're in the thick of
such a debate now -- and i should say at the outset if folks are interested in or hoping i would comment on the current public debate i'm afraid i'll have to disappoint you. i'm a government official. we're not commenting on things related to campaigns tempting though it might be, but i am in a policy making role. i can comment on the administration's policy views, on the really interesting and important contributions of the study you've been discussing today. it confirms what's been clear for a long time, well over a decade, and some may say that it is well clear over a century. fears about competition within the workforce are vastly overblown. with the exception of children, who are expensive, immigrants are not because we educate them. it's the right thing to do. they are well established and very vital to our well being and
our future. we know this. the study we've been talking about today provides vital updated analysis and depth that reconfirms it, so there's room for honest debate here, but really there's no serious argument that immigration is anything but a net positive for our economy. so we also know if we were to fix what everybody acknowledges what is broken about our immigration system, we could do even better than we're doing economically. the congressional budget office found a proposal would grow the economy by an additional 5.4% compared to the status quo, reduce the federal budget deficit by nearly $850 billion over the next 20 years, reduce the federal debt by three
percentage points, extend social security insolvency. there's a whole host of good things that are now documented that would have resulted at least from the immigration reform that passed the senate in 2013. now i have spent the last eight years working alongside the national economic council during a period of epic economic downturn and pretty epic recovery. and i've learned that the arsenal of tools that we have to spur economic growth, especially in the short term, is pretty limited. and frankly, we used every lever that we could get our hands on to come out of the economic recovery. this is the lever that we missed, that we, as a nation, a tool that we left on the table that could have provided additional economic growth at a time in which the country was country was clamoring for it because congress failed to enact
an immigration reform. the census data shows us we've made huge progress, but the point is that we could have done more with this tool that we left on the table and the tool is obviously still very much on the table. even the president's proposed executive actions, which are much more limited than the congress can do, had we been able to enact them would boost economic input by $200 billion, increase the size of the workforce at a time when we need to be doing that, and even get a modest increase in the wages of u.s. citizens and natives of the u.s. so we have probably the most robust documentation of the economic impact and the potential economic benefits of immigration reform than at any point maybe in our history. yet the obstacles of doing what's right for the country and the economy remain considerable. the debate over this particular round of immigration reform has
been going on for over 15 years, and it's not yet clear how long it will continue, so i can't dig in at this moment to the political problem that keeps this debate stuck, but i do want to point out another aspect of its stuckness, if that's a word, which i don't think is getting enough policy attention. one day hopefully soon, we're going to get back to the legislative debate about immigration reform. and we run the very serious risk of repeating the same basic elements of the debate we've been having for 20 to 30 years, and that includes and appropriately so what goes on at the u.s.-mexico border. but the border and who crosses the border is not who it was 10, 20, 30 years ago. and we're having a policy debate that attempts to solve the problem with the 80s, 90s, but not the border we find ourselves with now in 2016 and beyond. there are two things that are different. the number of people crossing and the nature of migration. this is not the border of the bush administration or the clinton administration. quickly, first numbers. the number of people who cross
every year is relatively low. it's near its lowest point from over the last 40 years. one indicator of that is the number of people apprehended at the border, which is low. but the second is the number of undocumented people living in the united states. that number has stabilized. that was just documented this week. the undocumented population stopped growing in the united states during this administration. that's new. fewer people are coming. which is not to say that we don't have substantial challenges at the border because we do, which gets to the second thing which is different right now and that is the nature of migration at the u.s.-mexico border. it remains -- the challenge remains apprehending people who are trying to give us the slip, particularly from mexico, but that's a much smaller challenge
proportionally than has been before, and the border patrol is now facing and managing people who come across and turn themselves in. that's also new. it's an entirely new phenomenon and it's happening from mostly central america. as an administration, we've grappled with this by doing four basic things. by sheltering, doing a better job of sheltering unaccompanied minors, by increasing resources when congress is cooperative for legal representation for immigration, by investing resources and in this case congress did cooperate, particularly in central america, to address the reasons people are migrating in the first place, and by setting up new programs in the region to process people who qualify as refugees directly from the communities that they come from and providing places for them to go. most recently costa rica made this announcement to go to a safe place if they face danger. these are new strategies. with the exception of the $750 million we got from congress to help address the situation in central america, we are frequently executing these new strategies with funds that we find under the proverbial sofa
cushions. i raise this because what you're doing here today contributes very importantly to the debate that we hope to have soon to address our immigration challenges. and if we're going to have a serious debate and capitalize on the economic opportunity that comes with immigration reform, it would be really helpful to have a debate about the border which we are actually facing right now, a debate that actually addresses the challenges that we see rather than the ones we faced 10, 20, and 30 years ago when the rhetoric kind of locked itself in. the issues are different. the conversations should be different too. so the bottom line here is that like too many debates in this town, this one gets rooted in a lot of mythology, a lot of emotion. the economic facts even those by scholars are frequently ignored or disbelieved as are the facts about what happens on the border, but as a policymaker i don't sit in the room with myths, even not with emotions so much.
we do our best to address the actual challenges that we are facing. we document them. we quantify them, and we even dare to measure the results. and when congress gets back to addressing this issue in a serious way, it's worth insisting that they do the same thing. with that, i thank you so much for taking on this conversation, for engaging in it for what i hope will be a sustained way because the contributions of thinkers and doers are incredibly important. thank you for letting me be a part of it, and i'm happy to take a few questions. >> please do. thank you. everyone, please join me in welcoming cecilia. there's another cecilia munoz on twitter. we're going to take just a couple. >> @cecilia44. >> that's right.
not the one i just used. yes. fine. yes. sorry. i'll get there. >> cecilia, you might remember me from 100 years ago. i was interested in the other issue of the border, our northern border. i know we both come from michigan. the question for me is, why are so concerned with only the southern border when we have a basically totally open border with canada and nobody seems to be concerned about immigration coming from there? >> so it's a fair question. i will say that at least speaking for the agency for dhs, they are concerned about and work on both borders. the mass of personnel is
obviously on the southern border, the u.s.-mexico border. numerically speaking, personnel is there because that's where the biggest challenges are, but that's not to say that there aren't challenges and issues at the northern border. i grew up near the border of canada in detroit. as a policy matter, we deal with both. you're right that the debate tends to focus on one, and we do have challenges that are that are reasonable to debate. >> i'm going to ask two people to make a comment and then you can respond to the themes from those two. why don't we start there and then we'll go there? get the mike here. i apologize for pointing. >> rachel. i'm a graduate student specializing on immigration policy at gw. thank you for the talk. i'm one of those comedians that you should worry about. >> there you go. >> you talked about how the border is changing and there's
some haitians coming. can you elaborate on that? because haiti is on the other end of the world, so why are they coming through the mexico border? >> this actually just hit the news yesterday. so there are folks who left haiti and went to brazil. brazil has provided visas for the haitians since the earthquake which was six years ago and for reasons that are still a little bit mysterious. some number have come all the way from there to san diego. and so what got announced yesterday by dhs was essentially a renewed effort to apply the same rules and policies to that population that we apply to anybody else who crosses the border and to frankly send a clear message to folks as we have with central americans that the border is not open. obviously, folks have asylum claims and other humanitarian concerns, we take those seriously and address them, but we will detain and remove the
folks that they find unless those humanitarian considerations apply at dhs. >> i think i agree dealing with facts, but i don't agree in dealing with emotions. i have met immigrants. i have found without deep research there is a pain that needs to be healed. you guys, i think, need to practice humanity to find a solution to the problem. practicing humanity needs emotion. >> sure. that's a fair point. i guess i would draw the distinction in a slightly different way, but i don't think it means that we disagree with each other. when i say the debate gets emotional, part of what i mean is that we drive away from the facts, from what we know, what the economic evidence shows, for example, and some of this debate
gets driven by fear. when i say we don't necessarily bring emotion into the policy making process, that's not to say we don't bring our values into the policy making process. that's where i think you and i are probably more aligned than not. look, we are -- and i can never be as eloquent as my boss. we're a nation of immigrants and a nation of laws. we balance those things and we -- neither the president or i believe that those things have to be in conflict. we are who we are because of this history, and that's also our future. it's part of what makes us unique on the planet. it's part of what makes us strong. that we absolutely bring into the policy making process. that informed our work on immigration reform. it informs our work on the border, enforcement priority that is the president put forward. it certainly informed our work
in creating for the first time in working with others refugee processing in the hemisphere because there's an incredibly dangerous situation in central america. so i agree with you that we have to apply values. i guess with respect to policy making as again the conversation today richly shows there's just a very big gulf between what we know, what the evidence shows, and the direction that the debate often takes. you know, this isn't the only debate in which we struggle hard to make sure that the facts actually drive policy making. i think that's tremendously important. >> so i think i'm going to try to bring it to a close, and i just wanted to kind of knit a comment that you made in an earlier discussion today and talk about the work we all want to do going forward.
economic growth that bring in also some of the challenges for communities as they are dealing with the impact of immigrant populations in their communities and the near term with certain costs. we also understand that there are ways in which we can help to ensure that we achieve some of the economic benefits and barrier that is we can remove to increase and enrich our capacity to get the immigration. so, one of the things i know that my colleague as usc and urban are interested in exploring are what are the things that help to ensure that the immigrants that come here are able to take advantage of the richness of this and are able to contribute back to our economy and to the communities they live in. particularly, by looking at that in places, i think, and sort of looking at it city by city and state by state and finding where
those best practices are we are able to help make sure the potential described in the report is achieved and we can avoid some of the costs that so many people seem to feel. with that, i want to thank everybody for spending your patience this morning. i hope you found it as extraordinary as i did. thank you for being with us and your encouragement in this work. thank you to everybody who worked three years on the panel for their terrific contribution to the discussion. thanks, everybody. [ applausepplause ]
here's a look at the upcoming race. live tonight with mike lee seeking the second term and democrat misty snow one of the first two transgender woman to win a major party nomination on an election hosted by the utah debate election and at 8:00 p.m. eastern. and then tomorrow the republican congress michael fitzpatrick is retiring from congress. ryan will be the state representative steve tomorrow at 12:15. and then a third term in the senate is going to face the democrat deborah ross a former north carolina state representative. it starts at 7:00 p.m. eastern
and then on friday former wisconsin democratic senator is seeking back to win for rob court man in 2010 and the two met on friday at a debate and that's live on c-span. with the senate requirement, there's an open seat this year. live on c-span and the c-span radio app. >> watch c-span's live coverage on the third debate on wednesday october 19th. our live debate preview. stay with us following the debate for a reaction and the
calls and tweets and facebook posting. watch it live or on-demand. listen to live coverage of of the debate on the phone with the free c-span radio app. download itty store or google play. british prime minister theresa may addressed the last month and discussing the brexit negotiations that she announced would begin on march 2017. and that's with the idea of democracy. >> 81 days ago i stood in front
for the first time as prime minister, and i made a promise to this country. i said that the government that i lead will be driven not by the interest of a privileged few, but by the interest of ordinary working class families. people that have a job but -- people that own a home but don't have a mortgage. this week, we're going to show the country that we mean business. first we're going talk about global and the ambitious for
britain after the brexit. 100 days ago that's what the country voted for. we're going to talk about it in which we're close friends and that's where we govern ourself. >> and we look beyond and the wider world in which we win the trade agreement with old friends and new partners in which britain is always the most passionate and convincing advocate for free trade and in which we play the full part in promoting prosper toy across the world and in which we with our brilliant armed forces and
intelligence service protect our national interest and our national security and security of our allies. so today we're going hear from borromeo riss johnson as we start to explain the plan for brexit and the koint erie will see that the conservative party is united to deliver that plan some pollatiiticians say that t needs to have a second vote. others say that they don't like the result and they will challenge any attempt to leave the union through the courts.
>> and he lead the mission back to the british economy and made sure that the people on the lowest wages paid no income tax at all and won the right for two people that love one another regardless of the sexually to marry. he has a legacy of which he and our whole party can be proud and to those that claim and mistaken in calling the referendum, we know there's no final accolade but to say david cameron has no trust in the british people. and trust people we will because britain is going to leave the european union.
now i know there's a lot of speck election on what that's going to mean for the future and the terms on which british and the those will trade. i understand that. we will not be able to give a running common try or a below account of the negotiations because we all know that's not how they work it's going to make it harder for the right deal of britain. we have to stay patient. we will keep them up to form and up to date.
i am going to use to tell you more of the plan for brexit and in particular i want to tell you of three important things, the timing and first everything that we do as we leave the eu and the law and the treaty and we must give and then it's after that and then we should not invoke the article 50 before the end of this year. that decision means we have the time to develop the strategy and
strong. [ applause ] and to invoke after article 50 and not up to the house of the lords. it's up to the government to trickle it, and the government alone. when it legislative to the referendum, par lumbar put the agreement to leave or stay in the hands of the people. the people gave their answer with clarity. now it's up to the government not to question, backslide on what we have been instructed to do, but to get on with it.
they're not trying to get brexit right and they're trying to to kill it by delays it. it's the result of the british people and that's why next week i can tell you that the attorney general himself will act for the government and resist thing in the courts. and i have already said that we will consult and work with the administrations for the way of the island and because we want brexit to work in the interest of the whole country.
and the final thing that i want to say on the process of this is the most important and that is that we will soon put before parliament a great repeal and that's going to remove from the statue book once and for all the you p europeans act. this historic bill that's going to be included in the free speech mean that is the 1972 act and the legislation that gives direct affect to all of the law in britain will no longer apply from the date upon which we have the european union and it's affect will be clear our laws will be made not in brussels but in west minister. the judges interpreting those
laws will sit in court in this country. the authority of eu law in britain will send. as we repeal the un community act we will see the acting law and then when a great repeal is given more, parliament will be free subject to international agreement and treaty to other countries and then matters on the trade and then amend, appeal and approve any law it picks. by converting it into british law, we will give businesses and workers maximum certainty as we leave european union. the same rules and laws will apply to them after the brexit
as they did before. any changes in the law are subject to scrutiny and proper pa lame parliament debate. let me be clear, existing workers and legal rights are going to be continued in law and will be guaranteed as long as am i prime minister. we're going to see it in hearts of the government because the conservative party is the true workers party. the only one dedicated to one that works not just for the privilege few but for every single one of us.
that's what i want to say about the process. i want to talk about britain after bre skbxit and a truly gl br britain. i want to start with the relationship in the european union. there are several thing that is need to be laid to rest. the line of argument in which soft announced a form of continued membership and hard as a rejection of the trade is one that's too often prop grate g t gaited and the truth is too many people are looking at the future
relationship by the eu and defined by the way that it looked in the past. it's the members of the eu for more than 40 years. that's a negotiation that we're members of the eu and they fought for the members of the eu. what we're talking about now is very different. whether people like it or not, the country voted to leave the eu and that means that we're going leave the eu and we're going to be a country & over ride the parliaments and courts and that themeans that we're go once more for a whole host of matters from the way that we label the food and choose immigration. so the process that we're about to begin is not about negotiating all of it away
again. it's not about going to be about the matters that the country has just voted to remain control. it's not a negotiation to establish a relationship and anything like the one that we have had for the last 40 years or more it's not a model and it's going to be an agreement between the united kingdom and the european union. [ applause ] >> i know some people ask about the trade and controlling the immigration and trading with europe. that's not the way to look at things. we voted to leave the european union and become a full lynn dependent country. we will do what countries do and we will decide for ourself how we control immigration and we will be free to pass our own
laws. we will seek the best deal possib possible as we negotiate with the union. i want that deal to reflect the deal of the relationship that close friends and allies enjoy. i want it to include the cooperation and the law enforcement and continue er terrorism work. i want it to be free trade and goods and services. i want it to give the british companies to trade with and operate in the single market and let european businesses do the same here. let me be clear, we're not leaving today to give up immigration and we're not leading to giver up control. [ applause ] as ever with the international talks it's a negotiation it will
not be in the best country to do that. make no mistake that this is going to be a deal that. it should make us think of the role in the wider world and global britain and a country with the self-confidence to look beyond europe and to the economic and diplomatic opportunities of the world. we know that the referendum was not a vote to turn in our skpours cut ourself off for the wompltd it was a vote for britain to stand tall and believe in ourself and have a new role in the world.
there's already abundance of o evidence that we can do that. app ale have committed to long term investments in the country and where the japanese purchase for 420 billion pounds and the biggest ever investment in britain. countries including china, mexico, south korea and singapore have already told us that they would welcome the talks and we have already start today agree with the discussions and australia and mu see yum. we're the fifth largest economy in the world. since 2010 we have grown more than anybody and attract a fifth
more and the biggest foreign investor in the united states. we have the best in intelligence in the world and a military around the globe and friendships and partnerships and alliances in every continent. we have the greatest power in the world and sit in truth times for the global trade and the language is the language of the world. we don't need as i sometimes hear people say to punch the weight because it's substantial enough already. [ applause ] >> we don't need to punch above the weight, but we have the substantial thing of the united
kingdom. let's have the confidence in ourself to go out in a world and securing the trade deals and winning the contracts and generating wealth and creating jobs. let's get behind the team of ministers for work for brexit. we know that we're going to make a success of it, and we're going to make a reality of global britain. let's have a great week. let's get this plan right. let's show the country that we mean business and let's keep on wo working and make it for this
>> ladies and gentlemen, on the 23rd of june the british people voted for change. this is the biggest change for a generation we're going to leave for the european union. it was we the conservative party that promised the people a referendum. it was david cameron and the prime minister that honored that. now a conservative government lead by theresa may that's going to lead out of the union and into a brighter and better future. this must be a team effort and
then jus there the people are voting the change and force for the country and telling britain that it can't be done. ladies and gentlemen, it's all of the decisions that matter most. once gain all decision on how the taxpayer money is spent is taking here in britain. once gain our laws made here in britain and yes, our borders controlled here by britain. ladies and gentlemen, the task is bigger than this. it's not just about the term that we leave the union nor is
it just the feature relationship with the european union. this is a once and a lifetime opportunity for britain to go for itself in a new place in the world and to make our own decisions about the sort of country that we want to be. a nation that is a beacon for the free trade and a force for social justice and a defender of freedom and then the tolerance and fairness of decency. a nation that we celebrate the success of those that won't to get on but never forget those that need our help. above all, it's steadfast respect for the democracy and the people's rights to decide their own destiny. after all, democracy is what the
referendum is about. it's time to bring together the 17.4 that voted to leave and then the that voted to remain. i was one of the 17.4 but there are other ones that took a different view. i am delighted that many argued are now focused on making the success of brexit. there are some on both side of the argument who want to keep on fighting the battles of the campaign. i say to them the campaign is finished and the people have spoken and the decision is made. whether you remain, help us going forward. as a one nation going forward, it's our job to make it work for every part of the country for each of the four nations that make up the great united kingdom.
now while we're building a consensus, we should approach the negotiations with the european neighbors in a spirited good will. we need to appreciate and respect what the union means to them and they view it for their own history. sadly the history of innovation and occupation and dictatorship and domination, so it's not surprising that governments elsewhere see the european union as a guarantor and rule of law and freedom. now, we have always seen it differently. to be honest, that's been one of the problems. after all, we were the world's greatest liberal democracy for over a century before we joined. we joined a common market and an economy community. we've never really been
comfortable on what is part of the project. we're now leaving that project. this gives us an opportunity not just to clear the air, but to create a more comfortable relationship with the european neighbors that works better for all of us. in the me gosh yanegotiations t will deliver the right deal for britain. that does mt. the that does not mean that we want the european union to fail. it's not in our interest more than it is there. we never turn our backs and we never will and never have. when the democracy are threatened by the common challenges, we stand ready to shoulder the burden. that's been true and it always will be. whether it's helping to rebuild or stand up against the russia
or helping to tackle the crisis and the medeteranian canadian, of course we want to play our part. nor is pulling out of the union meaning pulling out the drawbrid drawbridge. that's not in our national interest. we will welcome those with the skills and drives to make those better. if it's the wind and global marketplace, we must win the back and of course britain has always been one of the most welcoming places on the face of the earth. it must and it will remain so. when it comes to negotiations, we will protect the rights of the european citizen here as long as britain is in europe. something that i'm absolutely
sure of. on the other hand to those that peddle to those and we say to you that you have no part in our society. >> the clear message from the referendum is this, we must control immigration. did you hear mr. corbin last week and saying that there's no need for any limit on numbers? have you ever heard of a political party quit out of touch with the voters. let's be clear, we will control the borders, and we will bring the numbers down.
ladies and gentlemen, i can't understand that some are desperate to know how we're going proceed. we think that we should provide a running common try on every risk and head. i have never met anyone during a business deal that thinks that it's a great idea to give away the bottom line. i'm not going to apologize for taking the same approach. i'm reminded of the story of the american president calvin and he was known as silent cal. one night at adinner a guest was deprit and she said that i bet with my friends that i could get you to say more than three words. he simply replied and said you lose. now, i have little in common with him, but i hope in the next
few months that you will forgive me. there's another way and which i think that we should be careful with the words. on both sides of the channel we should resist to trade and to generate the headlines. there's been some bluster in the aftermath of the referendum, but these negotiations are too important for that. instead, we should all think carefully about where the common interest lie. britain is one of the strongest defenders of the freedom and security. it makes perfect since to have the ties with europe after we leave the union. the same for the trade. the history shows that the easier it is for us to do business together, the better it is for both britain and europe. we look at all of the options and we will be prepared for any
outcome, but it certainly won't be to anyone's benefit to see an increase in the trade in either direction. we want to maintain the freest possible trade between us without betraying the obstruction of the british people and take back control of our own affairs. it's in all of our interest to make sure that as the country leaves the union, that it's orderly and smooth. i know that some suggest that we should you just ignore the rules and tear it up. i say that's not how britain behaves. what kind of message does that send to the world? if we want to be treated with good will, we have to act with good will. [ applause ] >> we will follow the process to leave the union the prime
minister will start by the end of march. as we prepare in europe, we need to prepare for the on domestic. we'll consult widely with parliament and the administrations on the plans. but it's very simple. the moment we leave, britain must be back in control. and that means european law must cease to apply. it was a european community's act which placed european law above uk law so that's why we are saying today this government must repeal that act. to ensure continuity, we are taking a simple approach. european law will be transposed into domestic law on the day we leave. it will be our elected politicians here in britain to make the changes that reflect the outcome of our negotiation and our exit. this is what people voted for. power and authority residing
once again with the sovereign institutions of our country. that way, we will have provided the maximum possible surge for british business and for british workers. to those who are trying to frighten british workers when we leave, employment protection will be eroded, i say firmly and unequivocally, no they won't. britain will go beyond the e.u. law and we give this guarantee. this conservative government will not roll back those rights in the workplace. gentlemen, ladies and gentlemen, in today's fast moving world technology respects no boundaries. there are awards for enterprise and innovation that are greater than ever. but it is only nations that are outward looking, enterprising, agile and fleet of foot that
will succeed and prosper. and i believe that when we have left the european union, when we are truly in control of our own affairs we'll be better placed to confront the challenges of the future. we start with the position of strength. let's not forget what we have to build on. we're the fifth largest economy in the world. we have got the english language spoken by 1.5 billion people with a home of international -- we're the home of international standards from medicine to law. we're a world leader in research and the arts, a trail blazer in biotech, digital, pharmaceuticals. and of course the global center for finance. we're a member of the united nations security council, the commonwealth, the g-7 and a nation whose brave armed forces and yes mr. corbin, our vital nuclear deterrent make us a
truly global player. so i'm confident about our future. i'm confident about the new place in the world and anyone who says that the cards are stacked against us i say think again. many times in the fast our forbears have risen to the challenges before them. now it's our turn to show we have what it takes. we may be a small island, ladies and gentlemen, but we know we are a great nation. we may be so that we can chart this course for our country let's be confident. let's seize the opportunities now before us and let's make britain greater still. >> conference, our session continues on this most important
issue. we're to hear now from ashley fox, leader of the conservatives in the european parliament and mep for the southwest of new england and he said and gibraltar for seven years. ladies and gentlemen, ashley fox. >> this summer, britain was shaken by an exit but none of us expect -- that none of us expected but made us question the very meaning of our existence. that's right. mel, sue and mary left the bake off. and in other news, the british people voted to leave the eu.
in this party, we have always trusted the british people to take the right decision. so whether we campaigned to leave or to remain, we now have our instructions. and we will carry they want out, britain will leave the european union. last year, at our conference in manchester, i said from this podium that there would be good conservatives on both sides of the referendum campaign. there were. i said that after the referendum was over, we would need to come together for the good of the country. and we did. the conservative party showed that we are united with ideas to
deliver a britain that works for everyone. whilst labor showed it's a disunited rabble. how many members of corbin's shadow government does it take to change a light bulb? no one knows. the light bulb has outlasted them all. across the country, there are different interpretations of what leaving the eu will entail. some are concerned that we will seek a soft brexit that acts like the referendum never happened. others want a hard brexit, as if to prove how tough we are. but i believe we need a good brexit, that meets the needs of
the british people and recognizes the desire of so many to take back control of our country's borders. one thing is for sure. brexit means we will leave the european institutions that exercise power over our country. so we will leave the commission, the court, the counsel and yes, the european parliament. and -- so when we give brussels notice of our departure, british meps will be handed our p-45s. thank you for applauding my pending unemployment. but as long as britain remains a member of the eu, your
conservative meps will fight britain's corner. we will get the best deal for our constituents. and i will continue to fight for my constituency of the southwest of england and gibraltar. gibraltar needs to hear from us today. and spain needs to listen. that the conservatives will never abandon our compatriots on the rock. as our prime minister has said, we will trigger article 50 by the end of march next year.
once this countdown to our departure begins there will be tough negotiations ahead. we must support theresa may and our strong team of david davis, liam fox and boris johnson. but let us never be in doubt that the united kingdom's best days still lie ahead of us. after all, we're not only a nation of shopkeepers. but also of artists and scientists. a country of entrepreneurs, innovators and inventors. and let us not forget of our olympic and paralympic greatness. for britain is a land of strength, determination and resolve. we are a global trading nation. and even though we are leaving
the european union, we are not leaving europe. we will not walk away from our allies but we'll seek to reinvigorate old friendships. we will not abandon our neighbors. but we'll scan the horizon for new opportunities. we are not leaving behind our past. but instead, we are preparing for our future. so conference, the british people have spoken. let us embrace the opportunity that brexit provides. let us go forward together and let us build a bright future for our great country. thank you. coming next is my good friend