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tv   Winston Churchill in Washington D.C.  CSPAN  November 13, 2016 12:12pm-12:40pm EST

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the reason why would be worthwhile to collect up these examples of it happening. thank you for coming up with a few extra ones. ladies and gentlemen, thank you. [applause] you, andrew. brilliant as always. it the word lachrymose of the was not in the vocabulary of anyone in this room today, it has now become a permanent addition to their arsenal of words. ladies and gentlemen, our second break of the morning. we will reconvene at 11:45 with our last speaker. thank you. this is american history tv.
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you can find us every weekend on c-span3. we continue our coverage of the 33rd international churchill conference with remarks by customer sterling -- christopher stirling of george washington university. he explores winston churchill's time in washington, d.c. this is about 20 minutes. ladies and gentlemen, it is my delight to introduce chris sterling. he was born in washington dc but grew up in wisconsin where he earned all of his degrees at the university of wisconsin, and loading his first-degree -- including his first degree in political science. i welcome in as a fellow political scientist.
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can recommend is more than two dozen books to you. for many years, he has had a great interest in winston churchill. as someone who enjoys all of churchill's books and all the books about
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i'm delighted to introduce chris sterling to talk on churchill in washington. [applause] >> thank you. i appreciate it. thank you, jim. i said to david last night, what had i done wrong? how had i made him unhappy? number to be the last speaker one, after an intense day and a half, but worse, to follow andrew roberts and lunch comes right after me. i mean, good gravy. that is pretty tight. let's see if i can do this. let me start with some numbers. what i am talking about are the many trips that sir winston came here to washington.
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they span a period of six decades. lots of time. he came by lots of modes of transportation. those are two of my other hobbies. you're looking at the queen mary on the bottom. ship in longmuseum beach. you're looking at a boeing 314 flying boat, which was the luxury way to get across the atlantic prior to the end of the war. flying boats were much more common. they have virtually disappeared as we have plenty of landing spaces for land aircraft, which are easier to maintain. churchill took a round-trip on one of those boeing 314's when it was incredibly rare to fly one way across the atlantic, let alone both ways. over six decades he came to the
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, united states 16 times, not always to washington. he came to washington on all but three of those visits. for seven of his 13 trips here, he was serving as britain's prime minister. fully half of those 13 trips came after the well-known world war ii trip. well-known world war ii trip. i'm going to soft-pedal world war ii because it is so widely covered, people know it well. i'm going to talk about some of the other trips. his very first one was in 1900. he came as a young man. he had good social connections he will come -- met president mckinley. he was at this .25 or 26. he gets to meet the president. time is crucial.
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the next three decades, he does not come to washington. his next trip is in 1929. that is the longest gap. he comes in 1929. he had just left the chancellorship and beginning his wilderness years. he was traveling as a private citizen. he and randolph and his brother jack were on this wonderful trip around the country. he spent time in the canadian rockies and down the west coast and hollywood and meeting all of the hollywood people, staying with william randolph hearst in california. he was here very briefly. ahead, then ing will come back, he took that round-trip on the boeing 314.
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twice --94380 come 1943 did he come twice in the same year. i am convinced that has to do with me. i was hatched in this town in april of 1943. winston came to check me in may and back in august to make sure all was well. sadly, i don't remember these. i wish i did. i was living in cleveland park. -- we to talk next about have used that slide. there we go. visits to congress and parliament specifically, the canadian parliament. on three of his trips, he addressed a joint session of congress. unusual.ssing one is we heard about that first one
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where he made the great statement where if his father had been american and his mother british, "i feel i might have got here on my own." the congressman enjoyed that. he made a trip to ottawa. as has already been mentioned, famous this photograph taken. most of you have probably heard this story. he had just addressed the canadian parliament. he comes into the anteroom, is briefly introduced to a young photographer, and you have heard the story, i assume it is true. that's looking at churchill, it was not quite be right image. he reached forward and took the churchill's
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mouth and immediately flash the picture. you're looking at churchill looking at this photographer and wondering who this is and what did he just do. the second one is the cover of the program for this conference. the family liked better. -- he is this is the iconic picture virtually everyone remembers. congress did not forget him after all of his visits. 1965, theed in up.ressmaen stood published in one of these hardcover black volumes that congress will issue for important people, almost always
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members when they die. what about the president? to parlay,ips were his words, parlay with american presidents. fdr are the best known. we can argue they are the most important because they helped to define the direction of the war on the anglo american side. i want to look at the postwar trips. he came to visit the relatively 1946 onident truman in a trip that included the famous iron curtain speech that we have heard mentioned several times. the long train trip out to jefferson, missouri, playing cards and drinking and talking. and by car to.
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--. i'm guessing most of you have never been there, it is a little out of the way. i recommend you go. it is a wonderful visit. that-town, small campus, church totally reconstructed. that is why you need to do two things if you go to fulton. , the church redone, i was there level he wants when the organ was playing, and you can really imagine it in its original london location. the spectacular churchill museum dramatically redone six years ago. well worth seeing. times as her german. three times to see -- four times
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to see truman. higherimes to see as a -- eisenhower. power, as he was in 1946. the white house was being redone. truman lived in blur house for most of that time. of 1952,january winston churchill back in power focused on his attempts that were very strong, as we have heard several people say in his second period, focused on number one the attempt to rebuild, strengthen the wartime special relationship, which have been fdr's and churchill's, not truman who was so out of the loop, he did not even know about the atomic bomb until after fdr
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died. churchill 1953, hosted a dinner at the british outgoing harry truman. his threeap with trips to see eisenhower. 1953, same trip. he sees eisenhower in new york. he begins to rekindle the wartime links, which may have been stronger in churchill's mind. if you follow events over the coming years, that seems to be the point. in 1954, on his second visit, and shortly before he left downing street, churchill tries to set up ao agree summit meeting with the soviets.
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eisenhower was not having any of it. part of that, i think, was john foster dulles. quote, the wonderful dullest.ler, , and ike wasessed not having a summit meeting. the american government was not convinced this was the time. they thought it might be perceived as a sign of weakness. it was not time. biggest perhaps the settlement, that is understating professionalill's life after the war that he cannot get that summit meeting.
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and that the summit meeting would take place after he has left downing street. his last visit to see eisenhower is in 1959. churchill is of course retired. he visits here and at eisenhower's farm in gettysburg. the overlook some of the famous battle scenes in the american civil war. an interesting it was his 13th and last to washington, barring one thing. it was his first round-trip by jet airliner. in 1959, that was relatively rare. the cometritain's -- was britain's attempt to win a piece of the airlines. there i go on a different copy of mine. [laughter]
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slide to sin. i hit a button. i will leave it there. sense he has one more trip. he cannot come itself. he is too weak. randolph and his grandson winston come to washington to accept president kennedy in the rose garden churchill's honorary american citizenship and even a passport. that is a very quick summation. i think we have time for some q&a. i realize we're holding you from lunch. we have taken away the slide so you do not get too carried away. where is our microphone? [applause]
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right. sir, the microphone is behind you. >> a simple question, you had 11 visits. 10 visits to the president. difference the visit with truman after he left the white house?\ > it wa just as he was leaving. been a strong point -- math is never been a strong point of mine. i may have miscounted even with small numbers. go ahead. . -- next question. >> this december will be the 75th anniversary of churchill's visit to the white house. , you seeow the story
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mr. president, i have nothing to hide. can you comment on the significance of that meeting and the circumstances of how it came about? we are led to believe that winston churchill invited himself and the rest being history. >> i think that he invited himself was somewhat true. he came over roughly two weeks or three after pearl harbor. the white house and the american government and american military had their handful with lots of things to do. they were not sure they wanted churchill on their lap. he came over. it was an important meeting, i think. it was the series -- first series wartime meeting you both countries were at war. it was the first, i would argue, first serious face-to-face
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attempt to develop war policy, and particularly the europe first, germany first. there was a great push, especially in american navy, after theng, to go japanese as the real bush. that your was not that -- real push. that your was not that important -- europe was not that important. yes, sir. >> i have to say something about go blue. inrchill visited ann arbor 1932. we had the opportunity of seeing him. i have what is an obvious question. you speak of his discussion and congress that had his father been american and his mother british, he might have gotten there on his own, but by
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american law, wasn't he also an american citizen because one of his parents was american? >> i defer to legal minds to answer that. my understanding, and the rules have changed. have dualr example citizenship, which was not possible that far back. my understanding was no. his package was equally divided, no, he did not officially hold that role. parentage was equally divided, no, he did not officially hold that role. i am looking for confirmation. did she take british citizenship when she married randolph? [inaudible] >> thank you very much.
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i appreciate it. [applause] >> you are watching american history tv. 48 hours on american history every weekend on c-span3. follow us on twitter, at c-span history for information on our schedule. republican donald trump is elected as the next president of the united states. the nation elects a republican-controlled u.s. house and senate. follow the transition of government on c-span. we will take you to key events as they happen without interruption. watch live on c-span. watch on-demand at on november 11, 1921, an estimated 120,000 people gathered at arlington cemetery
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in virginia for sam money online the unknown soldier of world war i. a silent film documentary the remainsof the soldiers traveling through the streets of washington, d.c. >> how does this concept of honoring the unknown soldier come about? >> it goes back to the beginning of the mechanization of warfare expanding during world war i. you get a lot more unidentifiable remains. you had some in the civil war. people were struggling with the fact that they could not figure out who these were. great britain and france in 1920. an unknown soldier in both of their countries. -- in 1920 buried an unknown soldier in both of their countries.
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they are in france right now. through thelked streets before. it is interesting to see how many people turned out, not just the army as we can see mostly in the scene. french civilians showing their honor and patriotism towards the americans and really supporting the role the americans played in helping to liberate france. >> now we are seeing the casket being carried on board an american ship. >> a naval ship, the uss olympic, which was famous during .he spanish-american war it has a storied history. >> there we actually see the disembarkation in washington,
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d.c. linking catwalk, which is a platform that was used to put president lincoln's coffin. >> that is warren harding, president of the u.s., laying a wreath across. >> not to jump ahead to much, but he will give the keynote speech. >> the casket is being carried down the steps of the united states capital. that is a scene modern americans will be familiar with similar ceremonies in our time. it will make its way over, through the streets of washington and to arlington cemetery. let's watch for just a minute.
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>> this is an interesting and diverse group of people who participated. there were military groups who formed a prominent part of those participating. you had a lot of veterans, e-mail veterans, women who served or volunteered. is a view of downtown washington, d.c.. >> i believe those women are from the army corps. it is hard to tell. >> or maybe the salvation army. >> some of the uniforms looked similar until you can see their insignia.
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>> watch the entire film on the unknown soldier as 4:00 p.m. eastern time on sunday on american history tv. >> for knox was chosen because it was america's most impenetrable location. there had been lots of gold already transfer there. the secretary of the treasury gives permission to use a portion of the depository for these documents. q&a, we talk about the decision to move america's most important historical documents to fort knox in 1941. >> he has to make a decision on what documents will be there. the original declaration, the original constitution. confederation, for sure. the gettysburg address,
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considered critical. makes this decision very methodically on what is going to go to fort knox. these are considered the most valuable documents in the country. the magna carta is the document that he has been asked to preserve. >> tonight on today. -- q and a. c-span is touring cities across the country, exploring american history. a look at our recent visit to tucson, arizona. you're watching american history tv, all weekend every weekend on c-span3. special collections at the university of arizona library. we have the largest collection of congressional papers relating from territorial times up until the present.


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