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tv   Mission Basilica San Diego de Alcala  CSPAN  January 7, 2017 3:47pm-4:01pm EST

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>> that view is tremendous. presidency,n the the passage of the 22nd amendment limiting the number of terms a president can serve. >> no person shall be elected to the office of president more than twice, and no person who has held the office of president or has acted as president for more than to did years of the term to which some other person was elected president shall be elected to the office of president more than once. >> for a complete schedule, go .o www.c-span.org >> from april to october, this is home to san diego's professional baseball team, the padres. the team mascot comes from the city historical ties to the spanish mission system. coming up, we will visit the very first mission in california.
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[bell tolling] >> whereat california's first -- founded july 16. rodriguez --ad one cabrillo, aez member of the expedition that
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covered mexico city. after they finished, they traveled south and establish the elves and guatemala. while in guatemala, he was asked by the king of spain to build a fleet. he financed the fleet sailed to san diego, arriving in 15 order to. -- 1542. when he arrived in and diego today, in san diego bay he named it send miguel -- san miguel bay. 1602, someonek in else landed here, and changed
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the name. the king of spain decided it was toe to settle california send a message to the world that this portion of the united states belong to spain. the representative of the king , had an california interview, and they discussed the possibility of colonizing california. in 1769, there were four expeditions, two by land and two sea.-- on july 16, 1769, mission san diego was established officially. the mission originally was established on what is now known as the presidio hill, about six .iles west of this location
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it was there until about the summer of 1774, when it moved to the current location. like any civilization in history, whenever there is a clash of cultures, there is to be some conflict. there were some abuses by some of the younger soldiers against some of the indian women. that forhe lands thousands of years they had utilized for themselves were by individualsed that were not from that area. however, when the mission moved to this location, there were approximately 90 baptisms. between the summer and all of 1770 or, about 315 neophytes were baptized.
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it is believed that some of the religious leaders may have felt threatened that the rate of conversions since the mission had been moved. that and maybe other led them tons attack on the morning hours of 4 tober or -- november november 5. they were supposed to divide the group. one group was supposed to attack the presidio where the soldiers were, and the other group was supposed to attack the mission. that evening, they killed one of .he priest he was california's first martyr.
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there were four leather jacket soldiers defending the mission that evening. there was one blacksmith, two , and all and a priest ,f them weathered the attack two of the soldiers with the help of the blacksmith helped fire, loading the weapons and repelling the attack until morning. in the morning the sun came up, other indians from close by villages that were coming for mass helped convince the attacking indians to leave, and all the missions moved back to the presidio hill. , they the summer of 1776
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started rebuilding the mission. it is interesting to note that during this very same time, our forefathers were, you know, in the middle of the declaration of independence and the birth of a .ew nation in the east coast when the mission was rebuilt, it was rebuilt in a defensive quadrant. 1775 had been the second time ,hat the mission had attacked the first time being about a month after the mission had been founded. all the structures were erected quadrangle.in that the church occupied the forward portion where we find the facade nowadays, and it was the first adobe church built on this
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structure. it was completed in 1777 as the neo fights converting and making the family of catholics at theion san diego larger, mission was expanded, and in 1781, it was expanded up to .bout 90 eight in length eventually, as the mission continued growing, it was extended to the size that the currently today, and that was 1813. if you visit today's church, the 1813 model, you can still see the area where the baptistery is, and that would have been the area where the 1777 church would have been. you progress through the side doors, and you will be able to see the size of the church as more neophytes were coming to the mission. 1781would have been the
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church. you can see the remains of california's first martyr, father and the weeds jaime -- father luis jaime. we can see one of the bells that was a gift of the king of spain .n 1802 we can also go into the museum. we see images of the different stages of the mission. when the u.s. military left to the timediego when the mission started to falter ruins, we can see how it was rebuilt. 1840, about the year of this was designated the first diocese of the california's.
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again, san diego was to be the head of the diocese. the bishop did not get here 1841 and end of officiate the confirmations and coordinations at the church on the presidio .ill because san diego appeared to be so poor at the time, the bishop decided to move to santa barbara . basically, the mission was abandoned. during 1847 when the mexican-american war started, the u.s. army visited mission san diego for the first time. in 1840 eight, they started occupying the mission until about the year 1858. during that occupation, they used the mission church as
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stable for their horses and as residence for the soldiers. after the military left san diego mission church for the newtown area, the church fell , and it got to the ,oint that only the facade probably a portion of the convent, was standing. belfry, and everything else had basically collapsed. in 1930 one, a team of architects and engineers studied historical archives to determine what the mission church of 1813 looked like and what we see today is their concept of what the mission must have looked like in 1813, and that church in 1930 one by a
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representative from the vatican in san diego. narrator: this weekend, we are featuring the history of san diego, california. together with our charter spectrum and cox communication cable partners. learn more about san diego and the other stops on our cities tour at www.c-span.org /citiestour. you're watching american history tv all weekend every weekend on c-span3. >> next, on american history tv, the pulitzer prize winning investigative journalist talks about his book "the nazis : how america became a safe haven for hitler's men," discussing how america became a safe haven.
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at politicsorded and prose bookstore at we are really fortunate to have with us this evening an experienced investigative reporter eric lichtblau. eric first got into investigative journalist -- journalism at the los angeles times where he worked for 15 years. his final beat for the los angeles times was in ashington covering the justice department. when he shifted to the new york times, we can -- he continued serving justice. he was very well sourced after the september 11 attacks to report on the bush administration, stepped up the spying operations. in 2006, he and another new york times reporter received a pulitzer prize for national rt

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