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tv   Californias History of the West  CSPAN  January 8, 2017 11:43am-11:56am EST

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that is a thesis that should be studied by somebody, i think. thank you very much. appreciate it. [applause] [captions copyright national cable satellite corp. 2016] [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit] announcer: you are watching american history tv, all weekend every weekend on c-span3. to join the conversation, like us on facebook at c-span history. all weekend long, american history tv is joining our charter spectrum and concord communications spec from partners to give us the history of san diego, california. to learn more about the cities .n our tour, visit we continue with our look at the history of san diego. today we are in the special collection and archives
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department of the uc san diego library. what i've pulled out as a representative group of materials related to data related to california in san diego history. themes you can see depended in our collection today could be the mission era of california and san diego's history. san diego was the first mission incalifornia established 1769. we have some documents from that era. we also have some items today from the mexican time of history. during that time, you have the first americans, people from the u.s. coming in to what is now california. narrativesverland the described in 1828 overland
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trip to california. two of the verse items we have the related california history are by miguel costanzo who was -- involved inng exploring the california coast. this is the first spanish edition of the work. let's go back to 1790's at that and where can -- california sits with a larger group holding its name. at that time, california was part of new spain. the seat of power of new spain was in mexico. , they were very concerned about sharing geographical information on
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outposts. -- missions were arty already here. there were people living here. there were communication issues in the distance meant that didn't have full control over the coast. spain was cognizant of this, they had sent there is military expeditions in the 1790's to gather information and get a better hold of the situation. they were especially concerned about other european powers coming in and taking over what we know is california. the english, the russians on the north, the french, and bit later, the americans from the u.s. were all of concern to spain and then later mexico during the mexican period after their independence.
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some of the materials today before us relate to the mexican period in california history. that began when mexico gained independence from spain after a , which reallyar began in the early 1800s with priest in central mexico who spurred the mexican independence movement. mexico did not really achieve independence until the 1820's and it's during that time in california -- the california developed a culture and an economy around the hide and tallow trade. richard henry dana came on a ship from new england and arrived in san diego and during
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that time. french a view from a voyage account with shows you to full costume plates of california people from the mexican time. become -- this has been sort of romanticized in literature, especially when you get into the 19th century. they sort of molded the popular concept of what the mexican p[erieriod in california was li. huge land grants were in the hands of a few families. these families continue to prosper with their high trade.
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americans thatt came to california that we have an account for is james ohio patty. we are going to show you the .833 edition of his narrative the first edition appeared in 1831. one of the things that significant about this account and about people like him is how they arrived, rather than coming by ship, they traveled overland. in 1826,efore him jedediah smith was the first to make that overland journey to california. this would've been people who were involved in trappings and pretty rough group of people.
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these were sort of the first americans to get a glimpse of what is now california. if you were living in cincinnati in 1830's and you got hold of this book that records the ierrative of james ohio patt and his adventures in the west, it would probably be an exciting account. it would give you some first-hand information of what life is like in the west and in california. these books like this would've been really important in spreading information about california, including southern california. one of the things that some of these early american travelers did is that they often married the daughter's of spanish landowners and one of the big
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families in san diego, we have one of the maps for the ranch which at one time had been to the family. nowadays it's a large residential development in southeastern san diego county. we could talk about a lot of the history of san diego through the history of development of communities here and part of and was land speculation , aing the american period lot of that had to do with promotion of the area as a place to live and to and at -- immigrate to. when the big events that in 1915 in san diego was the exposition celebrating the opening of the panama canal.
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had a big elaborate multi-year exposition that attracted tourists. it was a great time for the promoters of the area, real estate promoters to develop different parts of the city. in this case this is an elaborate one for a a part of town called mission beach. this is one of the most uniquely printed land promotional brochures we have in our collection. the land promotional brochure like this showed the available lots that would be offered for sale to people seeking the beach community of mission beach. this was issued in 1915 in the same year of the expo celebrating the panama canal opened. out that theoint
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raw material history comes from primary resources and some of the things we have here at the special collection archives serve historians to better understand our history here in san diego, context within california and the u.s. history. books ofat the journal asher eddie would be representative of a vital rich resource that can be mined by historians because it is full of first-hand accounts over several inrs of somebody who is here southern california from 1846 to about 1854. similarly, a document such as this early mission register would give vital statistical 1809 peron from the
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iod on all the missions in california. you can't make this up, this is a document that shows in numbers exactly what was going on at times. tangible connection to the history of san diego. the primary resource historians need these things to place into context san diego history within the larger context of u.s. history. >> we are featuring the history of san diego, california. together with our charter spectrum and cox medication partners. learn more about san diego and the other stops on her cities
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you are watching american history tv, all weekend every weekend on c-span3. now, author howard blum talks about the life of betty pack, a washington, dc debutante who worked as a spy for the british and americans during world war ii. howard blum describes her ability to seduce diplomats and government officials in order to learn secrets and provide information to her handlers. this talk is part of a multi-day conference at the world war ii museum in new orleans. it is about 45 minutes. >> our next speaker is howard blum, who brought the story you are about to hear to our local audience earlier this year while he was on his book tour. we thought so much of it and of howard that we wanted to bring him back for you all here today. one of his previous books that i'm sure you all know of is the


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