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tv   Dwight D. Eisenhower 1953 Presidential Inauguration  CSPAN  January 15, 2017 11:29pm-11:56pm EST

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inaugurations, because of history. i am showing that i am supporting the individual. , but not fond of mr. obama i was there in respect of the office. democracy, duly elected. i think it is important that the public participate. we will do this together and retain a strong society of americans and democracy and freedom for all and democracy. >> thank you very much. >> to dwight d. eisenhower during world war ii was sworn in as the 34th president of the united states on january 20, 1953. before donald trump, he was the last to win the residency, having never held elective office.
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he will deliver a portion of his address and we will see highlights of the inaugural parade. >> once again, the nation's thetal would witness control from one political party from another. this would require but a few short moments but much work was necessary in preparing for the country's number one citizen to move into his new home. now, let's see what happens and get a good seat for the celebration. >> is far back as june, 1952, the u.s. senator from new hampshire, president pro tem of the senate chairman of the
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here he isommittee, discussing the early stages of .he work with representatives while later in the fall, the inaugural committee began approving the necessary construction that was to follow. areers of the committee speakers sam rayburn and joe barton, chairman bridges, member of the house errands, the executive secretary of the committee, and and when cain, superintendent of construction from the architects office. even as the committee made its plans, everyone was hard at work sprucing up washington for the big day. direction of the platform and fords got underway at once the first republican president
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to be inaugurated 24 years would be here shortly. special cities went house 10,000 visitors coming to see the ceremony in the shadow of the great down. before the grand climax to the preparations for the many receptions around the city of washington, gathering people from the world are rare, creating one of the largest -- from the world over. paying homage to the man called upon to lead it. on january 20, 1953, the people dedicated moments to wishing god speed to the crusader at that , where thousands had jammed the area to witness the ceremony. on the inaugural stand, celebrities were taking their
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places. dignitaries were on hand representing their governments. behind the podium where the president would be sworn in, the camera picked out margaret chase smith and governor dewey of new york. and jimmy burns with earl warren avenue california. the famous marine band aid many choruses as the guests continued to file in. the joint chiefs arrived to salute a fellow officer and members of the highest court in the land led by chief justice vincent. on the way to the inaugural platform, president truman was escorted to the rotunda. the next first lady and herbert
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hoover arrived on the stand and much more -- once more mrs. truman received the plaudits of the crowd. richard nixon's entrance met with a spontaneous cheer from the tremendous crowd. generalarrive was the escorted by senator bridges and others. the president elect appeared solemn and reflective for this occasion was in the name of the striding backty into power. the band struck up a flourishes and eight cheer burst from the cloud -- from the crowd. filling every available space.
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>> i, richard him next in, saw only i will support and defend against all enemies, foreign and domestic. i will defend the constitution against all enemies, foreign and domestic. i will bear true faith and allegiance to the same. take this obligation freely without any mental reservation or purpose of evasion. and that i will well and faithfully execute the office upon which i am about to embark. so help me god. >> so help me god. >> congratulations.
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>> they are shaking hands with mr. eisenhower. >> this moment, the united states has no president. eisenhower was not sworn in until 12:32. but now he was the chief justice of the u.s. supreme court who would administer the brief oath. his voice was slightly tremulous, though his up raised hand was steady. swear -- >> that you will faithfully execute the office of president of the >> and will to the
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preserve,ur ability protect, and defend the constitution of the united states. so help you god. >> so help me god. >> he looks out over the crowd now. waving. the famous wave.
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>> my friends, before i begin the expression of those thoughts that i deem appropriate to this moment, would you permit me the privilege of uttering a little private prayer of my own. i ask that you bow your heads. >> almighty god, as we stand here at this moment, my future associates in the executive branch of government, join me in the teaching that you will make full and complete our dedication to the service of the people in this throng, and their fellow citizens everywhere. give us, we pray, the power to discern clearly right from
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wrong, and allow all our words and actions to be governed thereby, and by the laws of this land. especially we pray that our concern shall be for all the people regardless of station, race or calling. may cooperation be permitted and be the mutual aim of those who, under the concepts of our constitution, hold to differing political faiths; so that all may work for the good of our beloved country and thy glory. amen. my fellow citizens: the world and we have passed the midway point of a century of continuing challenge. we sense with all our faculties that forces of good and evil are massed and armed and opposed as rarely before in history.
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this fact defines the meaning of this day. >> is words rolled to the farthest limits of the crowd, and message of high purpose and resolution. president eisenhower, the first soldier by profession to assume the presidency since the days of general grant had now accepted the burden of the hardest job on earth in a way unique to the annals of the republic. nearly half the nation, some 70 million watched the event on the most elaborate television hookup ever arranged. on shortwave, it had been heard around the world. he was the second to do so while america watched. after the solemnities of the ceremonial occasion were over, the presidential party retired to the offices of the new secretary of the senate for a luncheon buffet. the participants of the
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ceremonies and personal guest of the president and vice president were at last reflecting a relief from the mornings charged tempo. the camera colorfully recorded the lighthearted mood in which the chosen leaders of both past and present at this moment that part. outside with a mammoth procession was being readied, the weather was holding forth with typical eisenhower luck. he acknowledged them one at all, glad they were there. vice president nixon was exuberant as the new chief executive and the pair responded to the cheers of the crowd as their cars crept along at four miles an hour. herbert hoover, symbol of the republican party received many a warm ovation. standing in the court of the crusaders, these two-faced lineup march for the beginning
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of what has been called the mightiest pageant ever to pass for a president and vice president. the parade in the midday sun was still swinging by the white house long after nightfall. the general remain standing for the entire spectacle for the wished to see almost came to be seen. the procession was 10 miles long with 30,000 participants. 350 horses, three elephants, and nearly a tribe of indians. yes sir, it had everything in oversized quantities. it was a kaleidoscope of american fun making an industry, a cross-section of military muscle and peaceful scene that an the military love most. following the motorcycle wedges
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came the colors of the 48 united states and the territories. never in the memory of the oldest inhabitants had they descended upon the washington scene so well-prepared for his job. not only was the cabinet appointed, but he had 40 other assistance ready to carry the ball. here are some of them on their way to the reviewing stand -- george humphrey, treasury of the united states, the new secretary of the united states. postmaster general and herbert brownell, new attorney general. douglas mckay, secretary of the interior. then there was the new director of the mutual security agency.
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shortly after her appointment as administrator of security in the tent cabinet member and sherman adams, special assistant to president. he acknowledged the airwaves of all, happy to see this wave approaching the white house. the inaugural parade of all of its colors, bands and marchers has become as much a part of the ceremony as the oath taking itself, perhaps more so as far as the public is concerned. the signal for going all out seems to depend on the change of the party in power. as the years old on, the parades became bigger and better and
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this year, fired at the uninhibited spirit of victorious republicans, it succeeded in doing all others past interviews, taking for the half hours to march through the court of crusaders. this is probably the biggest and most colorful and costliest of all, honoring the man who assaulted into office with the most popular sport in history. states spent nearly $100,000 trying to make their float the best. maryland chose to remind us of betsy ross and francis scott key. the spectators had their reminders as well. missouri's float drew cheers and jeers reminded the crowd of more current affairs. arkansas joined in to remind america on which side of the
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political fence she was. most of the states boasted of industrial, agricultural and recreational prowess in colors and animation that made each spectacle in itself. north carolina with their great forests emphasized their stock in trade. while her neighbor made an invitation to the rest of the nation. alabama symbolized her industrial power with the ancient greek god of metalworking. old man river was personified by the mississippi float resembling an old paddlewheel are. many entries concentrated on reliving american history.
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new jersey chose to traumatize another famous generals feet, george washington crossing the delaware. floats from north, south, east and west, 59 of them come up brilliantly proclaiming their states contribution to our democratic way of life. the float from georgia reminding the crowds that ike enjoys his golfinthere at the summer white house. the glee club from purdue university with that special composition. louisiana depicting a french quarter seen on their float. the parade moved along at a smart click of 120 paces per minute and was witnessed by a crowd that set an all-time record -- more than 750,000 spec taters along the line of march. the gotham skyline was located on new york's float with a
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likeness of ike waving and smiling from an automobile. and from the empire state was uncle sam, a republican club from new york. 15 states without floats made their presence seen and heard. or was the banner of the keystone state while a tv unit rolled alongside. the gop mascot, entry from ohio was missing erma, a king size symbol of victory. the lincoln republican club of beaver county, pennsylvania march in formal attire, conspicuous in their top hats for receiving good-natured cheers as they spun their umbrellas in salute to ike. as was appropriate for a professional soldier turned
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statesman, they paid their respects to the new chief executive. there were two regiments of west pointers led by the 190 piece band. the corps of cadets has been parading for inaugural since general grant's first in 1879. woodrow wilson saw the cadets swing by. one of them, a corporal named eisenhower seeing the lines and steps were as per size of those passing in front of him. yet, the display suggested no new order of military rule. the theme of the parade seemed to be predominantly western in character. the colorful mounted posse of las vegas, nevada, wrote these spirited horses. this unit with 70 members as noted not only for its participation in parades but the assistance it holds in achieving law and order since its formation six years ago. a gay addition to this spirit was a miniature stagecoach drawn
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by shetland ponies. the fancy steppers from kansas were easy to pick out -- they all wore some flowers. and when the governor of the sunflower state came to the reviewing stand, he presented general with two of the declarations. if good march music and lots of it make for the best parade, then the 73 bands in this procession produced a humdinger. of the many units from high school, this snappy band took
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top honors for precise teamwork. the american legion was represented by the rambling rebels from north carolina, invited by the general himself. ♪ there were uniforms of every you and description from these richmond virginia blues in their plumed headdress to the 98 veterans of crack american combat units in korea serving a special honor guards, reminding the crowds of other uniforms as they heard the hard-earned
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cheers of the folks back home. the general theme that enough to girls to fill 100 chorus lines. time and again, he broke into his famed boyish grins as the troops went by, their guns reaching a precise slant. ♪ the colorful costumes of the wahoo tribe were emphasized by the drumming of its members. among the yelling cowboys was a roper who world over his head and inviting news in open
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invitation to the president who stepped forward and invited a throw at his body, a salute dropped around the general's shoulders, he was grinning like a kid at the circus. various indian chiefs that the word and many stopped to shake the general's. among them was blown angle -- lone eagle. the risk deity in the line of the march and on the sidelines also from the baton tossing drum major its and drum thumpers. to enable cadets whose cadence defy duplication. despite his civilian garb, the
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president was obviously a soldier when the troops swung by as the members of the armed forces passed him, the general stood grim and motionless. only his eyes moved. a parade high point was a procession of floats depicting the new president's life story. the salute from texas to her native son. the kansas float representing the years of his childhood. the dairy industry reminded the general of his years working for a creamery. the float from illinois covering the west point time dominated by a symbol of the pentagon. the marriage of the eisenhower's , complete with a giant cake, came from ohio, the ceremony took place in colorado. the theme of west virginia float was a dramatization of nato with flags of the treaty nations.
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the federation of young republicans club presented general eisenhower during his tenure at columbia university. the state of california depicted the eisenhower family and a huge gold frame in the latest chapter as the 34th president of the united states. and for the district of columbia, the epilogue, bike's words in circling the globe. -- ike's words in circling the globe. the line straightened up, civilians and military like, from the motorcycle to those in their western trappings as they paid their respects to the chief executive. from bright sunlight through gathering dusk and spotlight on this day, a cross-section of american democracy

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