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tv   Digitization of Franklin D. Roosevelts Filmed Speeches  CSPAN  January 22, 2017 6:00pm-6:28pm EST

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involved, engaged and get their voices heard. not be afraid to learn about government and how they can make a difference. go across the nation with this bus. we are excited that it will be an interactive experience for the kids to see what is going on behind the scenes. >> my the same bus as ben carson, bernie sanders, and learn how i can do political research. >> if i need any political advice, and i need any information on issues, that i can go to a nonpartisan site and it will tell me all i need to know. >> approximately 150 students had the opportunity to tour the bus care they learned information they can use in the classroom and at home. until next time, i'm xavier williams. >> on the road with the c-span bus. beliefme assert my firm
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that the only thing we have to fear is fear itself. >> you're looking at a newly 1933ized copy of a universal newsreel of franklin roosevelt's first inaugural address, originally recorded on 35mm film. about 300,000 other reels of film i preserved at the national archives in college maryland. american artifacts visited the archives to learn about new high-quality digital copies of some of fdr's most well-known speeches. kovac, andis chris i'm the supervisor of the motion picture archive. archivew, we are at the two facility in college park, maryland. >> my name is matt hampton. we have undertaken a project to
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create ultra-high-definition digital digital files of 10 films in our collection of fdr's most important speeches. we selected the films based on historical significance, frequency of how often they are requested, and quality of the footage as well. two project was funded by means. first with a grant from the national archives, the non-textural preservation fund. the second was a grant from at&t. the support from at&t allowed us to do a lot of the stuff on the backend we needed to maintain and work with the films. chronologically, the first one speech atcceptance the 1932 democratic national convention in chicago. it is my pleasing duty as the chairman of this national democratic convention, and its
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committee specially designated for that purpose, formally to your nomination yesterday for the office of president of the united states. [applause] my friends of the democratic national convention of 1932. in whichas the speech he promised a new deal for the american people. a pretty famous line. franklin roosevelt: i pledge myself to a new deal for the american people. [applause] help not to win votes alone, but to win in this tosade to restore america its own people. [applause] fdr's firstd is
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inaugural from march 1933. the line that everyone remembers from that speech is the only thing we have to fear is fear itself. franklin roosevelt: let me effort -- for my firm belief, that the only thing we have to fear is fear itself. >> but at the time, the line that people recognized or remembered more was a call for action, and action now. franklin roosevelt: this nation is asking for action, and action now. [applause] hooverperception of the administration during the great depression was that they were not doing enough to provide relief, so that was where fdr tried to draw stark contrast between his administration and the previous administration.
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was fdr's first fireside chat on the banking crisis. he delivered that speech over the radio about a week and a half after he was inaugurated. it was an language that people could understand. --explained the blinking banking crisis, well is going on with the banks, the actions the --ernment was taking to make prop up the banking system, and to project confidence in the system. franklin roosevelt: i can assure you it is safer for you to keep your money in a reopened bank than to keep it under the mattress. our greats of national program depends of course upon the cooperation of the public, on its intelligence apart, on its use of a reliable system. after all, there is an element
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in the readjustment of our financial system that is more important than currency, more important than gold. that is the confidence of the people themselves. what would often happen is fdr would deliver a fireside chat over the radio to the american people. afterwards, they would film excerpts for the newsreels in front of the newsreel cameras. we do nothe speeches, have film of the entire speech because it was not filmed, but only excerpts. we do have complete audio recordings, though. >> it is your problem my friends no less than it is mine. >> the next speech is fdr's second inaugural address. what he was arguing for in that speech was that he first cited the progress made in combating the great depression, but also said we shouldn't let her
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actions to provide relief wayne -- wane. clothed, illl clad, l nursed. but it is not in despair that i paint that picture for you. i paint it for you and hope across the nation, seeing the injustice of it, to clean it up. speech is the 1941 state of the union address, also known as the four freedoms speech. this was at a time when war was waging in europe and asia. the u.s. was not yet in the war, but fdr laid out his vision for
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central freedoms which is freedom of expression, freedom from war,n, freedom and freedom from fear. f.d. roosevelt: freedom from fear translated means the worldwide reduction of armaments to such a point and in such a thorough fashion that no nation will be in a position to commit an act of physical aggression against any neighbor anywhere in the world. [applause] the day of infamy address was fdr's address to congress on december 8, 1941, the day after the u.s. naval station at pearl harbor was attacked by the empire of japan. he was asking congress for declaration of war against japan. f.d. roosevelt: yesterday,
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december 7, 1941, a date which .ill live in infamy wasunited states of america suddenly and deliver the attacked by naval and air forces of the empire of japan. >> the day of infamy speech allows you to really enter into the moment of the emotion that was happening at the time. if everyone of a certain age can remember what it was like on was a lot ofere .ear, confusion, outrage, anger though and attacked by a foreign military is in some ways fundamentally different than a terrorist attack, a lot of the emotions it brings about the people are the same. when you listen to fdr, you can
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hear the outrage in his voice, but he's also projecting confidence. he was telling people the road ahead will be difficult, but ultimately we will prevail. f.d. roosevelt: no matter how long it may take us to overcome this premeditated invasion, the american people in their righteous might will win through to absolute victory. [applause] lab, the film preservation we inspected all of the films for this particular project. thankfully, they were all in condition. they ranged from 35mm to 16mm. in particular, the day of infamy speech was 35mm, and it was in israel. we were able to inspect that and do repel her work -- repair work, and scan it. initially it comes into the lab and we do a complete and full inspection.this particular real is fdr's first
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inaugural address. we have two pieces of films. this film has the image of the event, and this particular piece of film has the soundtrack for it. when we are going through this, we are making sure that the film , the image as well as the soundtrack, are in sync with each other using this piece of equipment which is a synchronizer. we are measuring the length, looking at the condition to make sure there are no broken perforations or tears, or anything else that might cause difficulty going through the scanner. you can see how this works. we are handling the film very gently by the edges to check to make sure there's no damage. >> smiley don't have any sort of equipment like this on site at on fdr library, so we rely this team to do the work for us.
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>> this is our 2k and 4k scanner. that refers to the amount of resolution week and in. 2kscan our 15 millimeter at resolution, and 35mm at 4k resolution. as the film is being scanned, the data is being captured on a large server. we then reference the files on that server with our restoration software as the project is ongoing. with this particular set of software, this runs the scanner, which is located in the room next door. this is actually where we see the images that are being captured from the scan. here, you can see the full width of the film, including the holes.t we want to make sure we are capturing all of the possible information contained on the film. phoenixdigital vision
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system. this is the software we use to do all the image restoration work. here, you can see this large scratch across the frame. i will slowly paint out the entire scratch. this particular speech is just about seven minutes long. this process will probably take 16 to 24 hours, depending on the condition of the film. >> the film of fdr's first inaugural is not exactly commonplace, so our ability to create these high-quality digital reproductions is really amazing. >> what i've pulled up here for you is the after and before.
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scanis what the raw film looks like straight from the scanner, and this is the restored frame of the same image. >> this is universal newsreel. i believe they would've filmed the entire speech, although the entire speech wouldn't have made it into the newsreel. oh to me certain experts -- only certain experts -- excerpts. indicted in the court of public opinion, rejected in the thoughts of -- mines and men. they have cried, but their efforts have been passed. they have proposed only the lending of more money. >> the national archives maintained the entire universal newsreel selection. it was donated to us in the free ofso it is all
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restrictions in public domain. it was primarily black and white, and ranges from the late 1920's up to about the mid-1960's. f.d. roosevelt: i have seen children starving. i have seen the agony of mothers and wives. i hate war. [applause] next speech was fdr's fireside chat on the progress of the war, which he delivered in 1942. what he did during that fireside chat was to explain to the american people what it took to fight a global war. in very understandable terms, he explained supply lines and what it took to protect the supply lines, as well as what it took to prevent being isolated from our allies by the axis powers. ♪
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>> here the nation's capital, president roosevelt is ready to address the nation informally with the facts, with his second wartime report as commander-in-chief. mr. roosevelt. f.d. roosevelt: this is war. the american people want to know, and will be told. the general trend of how the war is going. but they do not wish to help the enemy anymore than our fighting forces do. they will pay little attention to the rumormongers and poison paddlers in our midst. we go from the realm of rumor and poison, to the field of facts. the number of men killed in the attack on pearl harbor was 2340. the number wounded was 946. shall give up conveniences and modified the routine of our lives, if our country asks us to
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do so. rome,erlin and tokyo and we have been described as a nation of weaklings and playboys , who would hire british soldiers or russian soldiers or to do ourldiers fighting for us. let them repeat that now. >> the next speech is fdr's 1944 state of the union address in which he argued for a second bill of rights, which provides economic security to all people. he felt economic security is an important part in preserving peace throughout the world. a second bill of rights, under which a new basis of security and prosperity can be established for all, regardless of station or race or creed. among these are the right to a
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inful and familiar rated job the industries or shops or farms or mines throughout the nation. the right to earn, to provide adequate food and clothing and recreation. the right of every farmer two ways -- to raise and sell his products, and a return which will give him and his family a decent living. the right of every businessman, large and small, to trade in an atmosphere of freedom, freedom from unfair competition and domination by monopolies at home or abroad. the right of every family to a decent home. the right to adequate medical care. the opportunity to achieve and enjoy good health. protectiono adequate
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from the economic fears of old age, sickness, accident, and unemployment. the right to a good education. spelll of these rights security. >> the final speech is during speech to the teamsters union during the 1944 campaign. there had been a whispering campaign with fdr's critics arguing that is health and mental acuity was failing. of fdr, whostory took an inspection trip to hawaii, and later the aleutian islands, during the summer of 1944. there was a story that he left his dog on one of the islands and send someone back to get him. this was not true. alaska was a territory at the time, so there were quarantine
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laws they you could not bring an animal from outside alaska into the territory. nonetheless, the story spread like wildfire that he maybe had spent millions of dollars to go and fetch fdr's dog. to thethe speech teamsters union, fdr masterfully rebutted these attacks. >> washington and at the international teamsters union dinner, president roosevelt makes his first campaign speech of 1944 mixing the serious with much good humor and satire. f.d. roosevelt: the republican leaders have not been content me or on my wife are on my sons -- or on my sons. now, not content with that. they now include my little dog. [laughter]
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f.d. roosevelt: well, of course, and my resent attacks, family don't resent attacks. but my god does resent it. -- my dog does resent it. [laughter] >> it was very sarcastic, very funny, but also very witty and proved that his mind was sharp as ever. >> once the scanning has been completed, we then are able to take the digital files and make essentially surrogates that we can make sure they can get out to the people. that is our whole job, to make sure the american people get a chance to see the film. so, we put the copies of film on our youtube channel and also create theater screening copies to be screened at the theater in the archives building downtown or through anyone who requests
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them. for preservation purposes, we still rely on the film elements whether originals or film to film copies and we can put them in a safe vault somewhere and go back to them decades and decades after this. digital copies primarily for access and to get the content out there. the things i have on my desk mag track from the kennedy library that was unfortunately in very bad condition. it has pretty bad acetic acid issues. you can see the film is warping and buckling. we were able to capture this and create new optical tracks for the kennedy library to have in perpetuity. this particular magnate extract contains interviews with people in france after jfk was assassinated. the film we have here is from a prominent african-american name was william
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graves. he made several films throughout the 1950's and 1960's for the u.s. information agency. these films are about the life of frederick douglass. the films that we had here are of duke ellington performing at the nixon white house. i feel that it is really important to go through the effort to bring history to the .eople nothing quite explain history the way that visual imagery does. i think without that visual imagery, people might lose a bit of the connection they have to thisistory, so i feel like is not only a great learning tool, but also the place where people can explore and learn, and see what has come before them. themeing them in hearing with the new clarity that we have with the new files, it really helps to allow you to
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voice,e emotion in fdr's to see the emotion in his face, and really connect that much -- what are some of the most important political speeches of the 20th century. againoosevelt: in taking the oath of office as president of the united states, i assume the solemn obligation of leading the american people forward and over which they have chosen. [applause] >> being able to watch it in pieces actually helps me it even more than if i sat down to watch it. i became infinite -- i become intimately familiar with the players and actions. i get to see their facial
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expressions are within one 24th of a second. it's very rewarding for me to be able to interact with them on such a personal level. i think probably the thing that surprised me the most was the personal connection that i felt with fdr as i was going through these films. you get to start off with him fresh and new and excited about what's going on with his presidency, and throughout the course of time you see him still so passionate and just as invested, but looking more tired and haggard, and in many ways to give up. ways more besieged, but unwilling to give up. >> we have quite a large film collection of several thousand , and creating high-quality digital files allows us to continue to serve them as technology changes and
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projection moves from hd, to 2k of having these high-quality files allows us to continue to keep them as part of the conversation. due to copyright restrictions, aswon't put them on youtube a normal course of business, but they are described in our various catalogs so that people --l know that we have some them. if someone wants a copy, they just need to let us know. >> here comes the president along pennsylvania avenue, his soaked crowds, and the first january inauguration in the history of the nation. frankly delano i roosevelt, do silently swear -- solemnly swear that i will
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faithfully execute the office of president of the united states, and will to the best of my preserve, protect, and defend the constitution of the united states, so help me god. [applause] >> monday night on "the communicators," outgoing fcc chair tom wheeler talks about his tenure, it's measured decisions including net neutrality, and issues he sees with the trunk administration -- top administration. --administration. >> the idea that you should scale the fcc and give a lot of the responsibilities to the ftc is something that the networks have been pushing for years. before i took this job, there was a headline article in "the washington post," that said in

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