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tv   Settlement of San Jose California  CSPAN  March 5, 2017 10:46am-11:01am EST

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on the recent immigration order. i was wondering if you could talk a bit about the reasoning behind that. >> from our perspective, the executive order was not done in legalthat allowed for immigration of people into the country in a way that wasn't confusing. it was good to see the order changed to allow green card holders, and others, who had been in the united states, building amazing applications, to come in. so, there is good in that, but the reason we spoke out as we thought that the little guy at how importance immigrants were, wasn't getting heard. >> watch on monday night, 8:00 eastern, on c-span two. >> all weekend, american history tv is featuring san jose, california. the city to her staff recently city's a showcase of the history. in 1943, the international business machines corporation,
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or ibm, opened its first west coast manufacturing facility in san jose. later, the city was dubbed the capital of silicon valley. learn more all weekend here on american history tv. >> november of 1777, a group of 66 settlers moved down from the presidio in san francisco and came here, to san jose to establish a pueblo. the pueblo was moved from its original location to this downtownhere in proper san jose. the adobe that they see behind us is the last remaining structure of that pueblo, as built in 1797. in the mid-1770's, california at that time was settled by the spaniards.
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and they had two different establishments at the time. weread presidio's, which operated and founded by the military, and you had the missions that were established by the franciscan priests. they were up and down california, from san diego all the way to san francisco at the time. until that time you had no -- basically a city type of establishment. had a lott time you of native americans still running, throughout california, and it was the attempt of the spaniards to try and settle and the original settlers, the native americans that were already established year. at this time, also, you had intrusions from the french, british, and russian interests coming into the the civic coast. the spaniards were looking at away of settling and kind of controlling the region that we
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know of california at the time. the difficulty was see travel, going up the coast, was against the tradewinds from mexico. the thought was if they could establish an overhand trail method, that would help to solidify their hold on california. in 1775, 1 battista deanza -- deanza created his own trail from southern arizona up into california and as far north as monterey, california. the spanishback to government and got permission to lead a next edition following the same trail. of 200 40ed a group
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people, a mixture of native , people ofspaniards mixed races, across on this overland trail, ending up in monterey with him a couple of months later. his lieutenant led the remaining group to where they settled for the next six months. ofthat time the governor california was looking for a way of having a civil establishment jan just your presidio's in the mission, but a civil type farming community looking back for theseply station different establishments. you admit in santa clara, which was founded here in 1776, late 1776, known
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by the missionaries at that time , the santa clara valley was a rich, agricultural potential for farming. that is where, in november of 1777, a group of 66 settlers moved down from the presidio and came here to san jose to establish the pueblo. , we have come inside the adobe. there are only two rooms in this structure. for our purposes, we have set them up to represent the two different eras of when you had to 1823,ard era, 1797 when after 1823 you had the mexican independence with a different era, represented by these two rooms. this room that we are in was the
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former bedroom for the gonzalez and peralta's. you can tell it's rather sparse. is an adobe type floor. the walls are just limited class or. era, they wanted to heavily taxed the citizens. so, as a result, the citizens were limited in terms of the trade that they could do with other countries. so, they traded primarily only with -- within the spanish empire. they were very resource for in using items from the local environment for their needs. one of the interesting things here is that the -- if you look , the bedframe, the springs, are made of rawhide and are stretched between the wooden beams here to give that
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spring effect. of course, the animal skins have your bedding material. that they used, once again, rawhide to hold things from the roof. we have added a bit of wire rope here to help support the structure, but that gives you a general idea of how they were resourceful in using the items within the local community to furnish their home. another remarkable thing in this , if you notice, a rather unique shape that they made out of whalebone. they would find whale carcasses along the coast and they would use, of course, the blubber for oil, but they would also use the skeleton of the whale to build different structures. in this case you see how the rib
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bones are used for the arms of the chair. the backbone is used for the seat. along the ocean shore, he had access to abalone, which provided, also, the meals, and provided shells like this, the settlers would use this to, for different storage techniques. they would put beads, food, they would serve their food and things like this. once again, using the resources they had available to them in the area. that was during the spanish era. when begin to her's, we explained to the groups the different eras. growing across -- going across here, we enter the second room of the structure.
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this is used maybe as a meeting space, perhaps for serving food when you implement whether -- in inclement weather, but it really is that food preparation was done outside the gardening area in the yard. notice in this area you have more furnishings that have come from european interests, or even the far east. that is because after 1823, when the area was under mexican control, the mexican government allowed for trade with international countries. the local residents would meet ships in the harbors. either in monterey or san francisco, they would trade with people on the ship's for different items. they would trade the rawhide, the oats and grains grown the shipsith, with
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for china. or they would trade for furnishings, for different types of wood. going through here you will also see some pots and pans. once again, that was the idea here for the mexican government. they wanted to encourage the trading with other parties. that was also kind of a downfall for alto california terms of the mexican rules, encouraging into the settle california area, primarily americans coming across the country overland through the and down through the deserts, to settle california. that led to the influence of more americans in the area. those famous parties was, of course, the donner reed party, which we hear so much of,
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the tragedy that occurred in the sierra nevada's. one member of the party was the reed family, some of those gruesome stories that we would hear in that tragedy, the reed family, they settled here in san jose. because they were a survivor of the donner party, it was well-known as a name at the time. came, whenrnians people came to discuss statehood for california, james reed had a prominent voice in monterey. at that time, in october of 1849, he promoted san jose to be the capital of california. so, the delegates, because of the prominence of mr. reid, they voted in favor of locating the
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first capital of the state of california here in santa fe under the promise that james reed would include -- encourage the local citizens to build a statehouse. for their first meeting of the legislator in december of that year, when the legislators came here to san jose, in december of 1849, it was raining. .nd it continued to rain one of their first pack, because they were so despond it with the amount of rain falling that year , one of their first acts as a was to start the motion to move the capital to another location. at that time, two years later, the capital of california moved , fartherjose to bonita north along the bay and the delta region of california.
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ironically, rain has played an important part of our history here. first it washed out the original site of the pueblo, about one mile north here in 1778, and it was also washed out, the dreams of san jose being the capital of california in the reigns of december, 1849. >> the city tour staff recently traveled to san jose, california, to learn about its rich history. learn more about san jose and other stops on the tour at /citiestour.rg you are watching american history tv, a weekend every weekend on c-span3. >> tonight, on "q&a, brody mullins talks about his front-page story, the rise and
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fall of the case treatment a with one ofegade, the largest pharmaceutical companies in the world. >> i had heard about his lifestyle for a while. i wanted to wait and see if anything else became public about this guy. one year later i started looking into his life and into his campaign donations, his spending, and what made him one of the walk and stopped rub -- drug company lobbyists. >> tonight, at 8 p.m. eastern, on "q&a. professor,mbs, teaches a class on the british empire and the chesapeake area. he describes how the rise of the tobacco economy consolidate of wealthy virginia planters and london merchants who

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