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tv   Settlement of San Jose California  CSPAN  March 5, 2017 2:13pm-2:27pm EST

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, this sort of spirit he is friendship that occurs on facebook. there is also the pace of life is the greatest risk to human sanity and the next 20 years or so. there is the desire to always be on and responding to text or email. just sit down and watch the sky anymore. a weekend american history tv is featuring san jose, california. the citycently visited to showcase its history. in 1943 the international business machines corporation or their west coast
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manufacturing in san jose. it was later deemed the capital of silicate and valley. >> in november of 1777 a group and6 settlers moved down came here to san jose and established themselves. this was moved from its original location to this location here to proper downtown san jose. the thing that is behind us is the last remaining structure which was built in 1777. mid-1770's, california at that time was settled by the spaniards. they had two different establishments at the time.
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foundedre operated and by the military and missions that were established by the franciscan priests. these went to san diego to san francisco at the time. nothat point you had city-based establishment. had a lott time you of native americans running through california, it was the intent of the spaniards to christianize the native americans who were established year. at this time also, you had intrusions from the french, british, and russian interests that were coming into the pacific coast. the spaniards were looking at a way of settling and controlling the region that we know as california. the difficulty was see trouble
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going up the coast was against the trade winds. the thought was if they could have a trail method, that would help solidify their hold on california. in 1775 and early soldier for the government created his own trail from southern arizona up into california as far north as monterey, california. he went back to the spaniard government and got permission to lead an expedition to go along the same trail. in 1776 to go up on this
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expedition, it was a mix of native americans, spaniards, mixed races went across this trail. he ended up in monterey, california. a couple of months later there is a lieutenant who went up there and lived there for six months. at that time, the governor of california was looking for a way to have a civil establishment beyond just missions. to have a farming community that would act as a supply station for these different establishments. you had the mission that was founded in st. clair in 1776 a richs known as
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agricultural potential for farming. that is where in november, a group of 66 settlers moved down from san francisco and came here. they established san jose. we have come to the entity inside this structure. there are only two rooms. for our intense and purposes we have set up the rooms to set up the two different areas. eras.r this represented these two rooms. this room we are in is a bedroom.
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if you can tell it is rugged and sparse roo. the floor is a adobe like floor. the walls are plastered. heavilyiard wanted to tax the citizens as a result they were limited in what trading they could do with other countries. primarily only within the spanish empire. they were very resourceful and using items from the environment for their needs. here theok at the bed bed frame, the springs are actually made of rawhide. it is stretched between the frame to give it a spring affect. there were animal skins for your
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bedding material. you can also notice here that they have used rawhide to hold things from the roof. we added wire rope to support the structure that is able to give you an idea of how resourceful they were to use items in the local community. to furnish their home. if you look at this chair it is a rather unique shape. they made this out of whalebone. they would find carcasses along the coast. they would use the blubber, but also the skeleton of the whale to build different structures. you can see how they used the bones are used as an arm of the chair. the backbone is used as the seat.
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along the shore, you had access to abalone which provided this. they would use this as different storage techniques. they would put various kinds of beads or food and this. once again using the resources in the area. era.was during the spanish explainget tillers we about the different eras. room ofenter the second the structure. this is used as a meeting space. perhaps for serving food, but
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the food preparation was done outside in the gardening area in the yard. you can see there are european east interests. this was after the spanish liberation, the mexican government allowed trade with international countries. the residents would meet ships in the harbor and would trade with people on the ship for different items. they would trade some of the oats and grains and they would trade with these seagoing ships. for different kind of wood.
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you can see there are these pots and pans. the idea was they wanted to encourage trading with other parties. this was kind of a downfall for mexico, it encourage people to settle into the california area. primarily americans who are coming across the country. particularly down in the desert and through the past. there is a amount of influence from america in this area. worthythe most prominent donna reed party. in theas the tragedy up
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sera mountains. which did noty partake in some of the gruesome stories we heard in that tragedy, they settled here in san jose. because he was a survivor of the donner party he was a well-known name at the time. when california discussed statehood, he had a prominent voice here. when they met in monterey. in october of 1849 he promoted san jose to be the capital of california. the delegates because of his ofmise, they voted in favor san jose being the first capital of the state of california.
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under the promise that james reed would build a statehouse for the first meeting of the legislature. but when those legislatures came here in 1849 it is raining and i it continued to rain. because they were so despond and with the rain that fell that year. one of his first acts was as a legislature to start the motion to move the capital to another location. two years later, the capital moved from san jose and that went up further north. ironically rain has played an important part of our history here.
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first they washed out the original site of the city. it also washed out san jose being the capital of california. the rain of december 1849. >> c-span's city to her recently , toted many sites are it learn more go to our website at


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