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tv   Vietnamese Prime Minister Discusses Relations with the U.S.  CSPAN  June 5, 2017 7:10pm-8:04pm EDT

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by a closed session. c-span3 will have live coverage of the open part of the hearing at 10:00 a.m. eastern. you can also watch live online at c-span.org or listen live using the free c-span radio app for apple and android devices. c-span, where history unfolds daily. in 1979 c-span was created as a public service by america's cable television companies. and is brought to you today by your cable or satellite provider. next, vietnamese prime minister nguyen xuan phuc visits washington, d.c. this is about 50 minutes.
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[ applause ] good afternoon. i'm jim carafano. i oversee all the foreign
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defense policy here at the heritage foundation. my pleasure to welcome the prime minister of vietnam. nguyen xuan phuc. it is an honor to host you, sir. [ speaking vietnamese ] [ applause ] >> i am also very pleased to recognize the ambassadors of t asean today. including vinh who made today possible. [ speaking vietnamese ] >> on the american side i would like to acknowledge u.s. ambassador to vietnam ted osiis
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and patrick murphy. thank you again for being here. [ applause ] [ speaking vietnamese ] >> and of course i would be remiss not to recognize the founder of the heritage foundation and our interim president ed fuler in. dr. fullner believed in the transpacific relationship long before there was a trade agreement named after them. the continued the asian study center to nurture them. thank you, ed. [ speaking vietnamese ]
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>> and ed, thank you for allowing me to do the honors today. u.s./vietnam relations have been on a deliberate trajectory for more than 20 years. and for good reason. we have a range of converging interests from economics to security to geopolitics. and where we have our differences on human rights, for instance, we have developed the sort of relationship that allows us to discuss them with one another in productivity and without rancor. [ speaking vietnamese ]
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>> mr. prime minister, despite the changes here in washington and hanoi, for that matter, i see your visit to washington as the next logical and important step in this involving partnership. thank you so much for allowing heritage to be part of your visit. [ speaking vietnamese ] >> so please let me invite you to the podium. [ speaking vietnamese ] [ applause ] [ speaking vietnamese ]
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>> translator: thank you very much for that introduction and distinguished participants, distinguished vietnamese ministers, representatives of the u.s. government, ladies and gentlemen, dear friends. [ speaking vietnamese ] >> translator: at the invitation of president donald j. trump, i am leading the vietnamese delegation on this official visit to the united states. we have been having a series of meetings and activities in new york as well as here in washington, d.c. today. [ speaking vietnamese ]
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>> translator: i have had a series of meeting with american secretaries, members of the cabinet, and a number of major u.s. corporations. i also just before coming here had a very fruitful and successful meeting with president trump himself. [ speaking vietnamese ] >> translator: and i fully concur with what you said earlier, mr. carafano, that the relationship between vietnam and the united states is entering a new stage of development opening up new opportunities for advanced cooperation. [ speaking vietnamese ] >> translator: and i also took the opportunity of my visit to
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celebrate the 40th anniversary of our membership to the united nations in new york and i have with me today ambassador nguyen vinh to the united nations. [ speaking vietnamese ] >> translator: let me start by thanking you by giving me the opportunity to speak here at the world renowned heritage foundation on the topic of opportunities and challenges for peace, security, development in asia pacific and the development of u.s. comprehensive partnership. [ speaking vietnamese ]
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>> translator: in the 1776 declaration of independence of the united states of america, president thomas jefferson wrote that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their creator with certain unalienable rights that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. [ speaking vietnamese ]
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>> translator: halfway around the world and more than a century and a half later, that letter and spirit was echoed in the declaration of independence that gave birth to the democratic republic of vietnam. affirmed all peoples on earth are born equal, they have the right to live to be happy and free. this is to show at the dawn of the independence of the united states and vietnam, our founding fathers though hundreds of years apart did, indeed, share core values and principles. [ speaking vietnamese ]
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>> translator: and a very interesting coincidence is our two national founders president jefferson and ho chi minh both passed away on our independence days. [ speaking vietnamese ] >> translator: and as we meet here today in a nation where women power is valued, i wish to tell you two millennia ago the vietnamese people struggled for survival, determination, and the pursuit for happiness was started by two women leaders. all take pride in the uprising
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by the chin sisters. [ speaking vietnamese ] >> translator: and i believe these core historical values are the solid foundations for our two countries to build a sustained, substantive, and lasting partnership. [ speaking vietnamese ] >> translator: if only a few decades ago vietnam and the united states were on the opposite front lines of a devastating war. today we have become comprehensive partners engaged in all rounded cooperation from economic and social culture to defense and security. [ speaking vietnamese ]
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>> translator: and i would like to take this opportunity to thank the pioneers of this partnership. the individuals who have worked tirelessly for the closer bonds between our two countries. we always treasure what these american friends have done. we're particularly thankful to president bill clinton, president george w. bush, president obama, pete peterson, to senators john mccain, john kerry, hillary clinton, john webb, and all friends near and far. [ speaking vietnamese ]
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>> translator: and i can see here many familiar faces, good friends of vietnam for many years. [ speaking vietnamese ] >> translator: looking back at the history of upheavals in our relationship, at the past 20 years of cooperation, i would like to say to you and also to president trump that we have thrived beyond our own selves having not only risen above the past and look towards the future. but also embarked upon a journey together to shape a brighter future and write a new chapter for our bilateral relations.
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to achieve peace in asia pacific and beyond. [ speaking vietnamese ] >> translator: almost a year ago, the unprecedented and very successful visit by party general secretary set a special milestone and critical turning point in our bilateral ties. this is now being followed by my first visit to america as prime minister of vietnam. [ speaking vietnamese ]
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>> translator: just before coming here, i held talks with president trump and prior to that had a series of meetings with american secretaries and politicians to discuss ways to strengthen the vietnam/u.s. comprehensive partnership. we agreed on a range of collaborative actions to realize the twin objectives of growth and jobs beneficial to both sides. we will encourage our businesses to form production and value chains and better connect our two markets in a way that would bring the most benefits to our people and to our businesses. [ speaking vietnamese ]
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>> translator: dear friends, the heritage foundation is a research institution having positive influence on america's policy-making process. your initiatives and recommendations have been seen implemented. the foundation's core principles are critical to social progress here in america. your insightful analyses, policy recommendations and initiatives are useful sources of information and reference for many nations as they integrate in today's globalized world. [ speaking vietnamese ]
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>> translator: and i hope that you'll work and also provide us with practical information and advice as we strive to build a government that is lean and clean, enabling and action oriented that is moving forward with the business community and people and one that is america's comprehensive partner today and long into the future. [ speaking vietnamese ] >> translator: during his visit here to the united states, general secretary quoted president roosevelt as saying, quote, believe you can and you're halfway there.
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today with the belief and resolve to work together for a better future for the asia pacific and for vietnam/u.s. relations, i wish to share with you my thoughts on some major issues facing us as well as ways to advance vietnam/u.s. relations. [ speaking vietnamese ] >> translator: first of all, the opportunities for and the challenges to peace security development. [ speaking vietnamese ] >> translator: this vast region embraces the world's leading economies including the united states, china, japan, asean and many dynamic economies.
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it accounts for over 5% of global gdp and is poised to advance trade, value chains all in the context of the fourth industrial revolution. [ speaking vietnamese ] >> translator: vietnam has been working responsibly with countries in the region to translate these opportunities into strong growth. at the same time while addressing challenges like tensions on the korean
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peninsula, the threats of terrorism and violate extremism, unilateral imposition, and a thirst for new resources, poverty, population growth, nontraditional security threats, and complex and unpredictable developments in the east china sea and the south china sea. [ speaking vietnamese ] >> translator: these are challenges that are beyond the ability of any single power to address, nor can they be surmounted with the selfish national interest in mind. [ speaking vietnamese ]
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>> translator: and these challenges compel nations to form collaborative mechanisms that are based upon international law and designed in such a way that ensures a balance of interests among parties. and helps shape an open regional architecture involving all nations big and small within and outside the region. and abiding by the principles of peace, stability, equality, and cooperation in line with the shared goals of prosperity and development in this region. [ speaking vietnamese ]
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>> translator: indeed, asia pacific is growing to become the new center of power. crucial in the formation of a new world order. as senator john mccain puts it when he spoke here at the heritage foundation, quote, the united states recognizes that much of the history of the 21st century will be written in the asia pacific region. and that, quote, an unprecedented era of peace and security has enabled hundreds of millions of asians to lift themselves out of poverty and transform the economies of the region. [ speaking vietnamese ] >> translator: i tend to agree and i welcome all nations including the united states to play an active part in ensuring
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the principles of maritime safety and security and the freedom on the basis of international law. [ speaking vietnamese ] >> translator: we appreciate the support by the u.s. administration as well as american politicians and scholars for the peaceful settlement of disputes in accordance with the international law including the 1982 clause respect kbloediplom processes and nonuse or threat of force and not changing the status quo. we appreciate the support for
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the full and effective implementation of the declaration on the conduct of parties in the south china sea and the work towards early conclusion of a code of conduct. [ speaking vietnamese ] >> translator: second, about the growth of vietnam/u.s. comprehensive partnership. it is vietnam's policy to develop mutually comprehensive, and lasting cooperation with the united states on basis of respect for each other's independence and sovereignty. [ speaking vietnamese ]
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>> translator: as an asia pacific nation, vietnam shares maritime boundaries with six asean countries and china. for vietnam is vitally important to ensure the freedom of navigation in accordance with the international law including the 1982 clause. more than probably anyone, we appreciate the value of cooperation for peace and shared prosperity in compliance with international law. we believe that strategically speaking vietnam and the united states share the values and principles that can lay the foundations for peace and cooperation in the asia pacific region. [ speaking vietnamese ]
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>> translator: on trade, our two economies are more complementary than competitive. electric engines, high-tech medical equipments, and pharmaceuticals. in 2016 alone, vietnam reported nearly 1.5 million tons of corn, soybeans, and wheat. and half a million tons of cotton. we export shrimps, catfish, fruits and vegetables, wood furniture, garments and footwear
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which have all became favorites for american consumers. last year our bilateral trade rose. [ speaking vietnamese ] >> translator: and i would like to add that the growth of american exports to vietnam have seen a steady but very rapid rise in recent years. in many product lines, it has increased tenfold. in others, about 77%. during my trip, a number of contracts have been signed worth a total of $15 billion u.s. and most of them are imports of
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american equipments to vietnam. [ speaking vietnamese ] >> translator: on investment, 850 american projects have been invested in vietnam with a total value of over $10 billion u.s. putting the u.s. at the ninth largest foreign investor in vietnam. many successful american investors have expanded their projects and continue to list vietnam as an attractive destination. [ speaking vietnamese ]
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>> translator: and recent reforms in vietnam are opening up new and greater opportunities for american investors. at the same time, the strong growth of the vietnamese business community is also presenting the prospect of a flow of investment from vietnam to the united states. probably the world's most attractive business destination. [ speaking vietnamese ] >> translator: and i, in fact, have seen a number of licenses issued to vietnamese investors to make $50 billion to $70 billion investments here in the united states. [ speaking vietnamese ]
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>> translator: on education, vietnam and america are embarking upon many joint projects. particularly the establishment of the fulbright university vietnam as a non-profit, independent, high-quality, higher education institution. which also aims to help vietnam's education keep pace with the latest international standards. moreover, vietnamese and over 31,000 vietnamese studying here in the united states are and will be contributing to vietnam's economic development and also serve as a bridge connecting our two countries and our two peoples. an essential component of a brighter future for our bilateral bonds. [ speaking vietnamese ]
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>> translator: and on tourism, about 0.6 million americans have visited vietnam in 2016. almost 50 million vietnamese are frequent users of google, facebook, and youtube. the recent blockbuster movie "kong: the skull island" had marvelous views of vietnam. [ speaking vietnamese ]
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>> translator: on security and defense, we have focused efforts on implementing various agreements including activities in law enforcement, crime prevention, cyber security, countering terrorism. [ speaking vietnamese ]
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>> translator: in addition to these specific areas of cooperation, we have also strengthened our relations in various areas by exchanging high-level visits, building mutual trust and confidence, expanding dialogue mechanisms, and diversifying our cooperation which now covers a whole range of areas from political, security, defense, to education and training, culture, tourism, people-to-people exchange, environment protection, and response to climate change. the two countries have accelerated humanitarian cooperation to address the consequences of war particularly in decontamination, removal of explosive remnants of war and in searching for those missing in action including vietnamese soldiers. [ speaking vietnamese ]
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>> translator: we welcome president trump's decision to attend the upcoming economic leaders meeting in vietnam. this is not only a positive signal that a president sends to asia pacific but will also be an occasion nor the united states to assert its positive role in the region. thus creating new impetus for greater economic, trade, and investment cooperation in this region. [ speaking vietnamese ]
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>> translator: let me conclude by once again quoting president thomas jefferson when he said, quote, in matters of style, swim with the current. in matters of principle, stand like a rock. i see the comprehensive partnership between vietnam and the united states as the main current. and i expect each of us will stand like a rock when it comes to our principles of cooperation, those of equality, mutual benefits, and respect for the ultimate aim of building ans ian and asia pacific region of cooperation and prosperity. [ speaking vietnamese ] >> translator: i thank you very much for your time. [ applause ]
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>> well, mr. prime minister, thank you for taking a few minutes to answer some questions that we've collected from the audience. [ speaking vietnamese ] >> one question is what is vietnam's position on the development of the security architecture in the asia pacific? [ speaking vietnamese ] [ speaking vietnamese ] >> translator: i think before answering this question, i do not want my ministers to be unemployed. [ speaking vietnamese ]
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>> translator: so i would like to also give the floor to some of my ministers and generals to respond to some of your questions. [ speaking vietnamese ] >> translator: allow me first of all to address the question you just raised. [ speaking vietnamese ] >> translator: i think that the regional security architecture is currently being formed with various multilateral mechanisms of being developed in this region in which asean is asserting its central role. [ speaking vietnamese ]
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>> translator: and as a matter of fact, asean has been growing very strongly and united. and with a population of 630 million people, asean has truly become a strong force in the region. [ speaking vietnamese ] >> translator: i believe that the various security mechanisms, multilateral mechanisms that asean is now leading has fundamentally met the interest of all countries in our region. [ speaking vietnamese ] >> translator: and i believe that all countries need to
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continue their support for the central role of asean in the formation of an open rules-based regional security architecture. [ speaking vietnamese ] of an o security architecture. [ speaking foreign language ] >> translator: we certainly recognize the forces at play, but we believe in the central role of arsien. >> a few years ago in the united states all we talked about is the south china sea, and increasingly in washington today, many people raise the issue of the mekong basin and its future. and in particularly, the role between china and vietnam. so would you share some thoughts with us on how you see the future of the mekong basin develop?
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[ speaking foreign language ] [ speaking foreign language ]
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>> translator: mekong is a vital river in this region, which starts in china, runs through myanmar, laos, cambodia, thailand, and vietnam. in recent years it's been going through a number of changes as a number of countries are building major power plants and dams on the mainstream of the river. having significant impacts on the sediments and the fisheries in this -- on this river and in the basin. vietnam has been working very closely within the framework of the mekong river collection in order to forge a common voice
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and to consult with all nations concerned, in order to ensure that we can limit and minimize the impacts that these dams and power plants may have on the livelihoods of the millions of people in this basin. [ speaking foreign language ] >> translator: but i take this opportunity to express our thanks to the united states for its interest and for also raising its voice in order to ensure the minimal environmental and livelihood impacts of these developments on the mekong river. >> we may have time for one more question. [ speaking foreign language ] >> so this question is, how does vietnam see the u.s./china relationship, and what impact does it have on peace and
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security in the region? [ speaking foreign language ] >> translator: allow me to give the floor to general vinh, the vice minister of defense. [ laughter ] [ speaking foreign language ] >> translator: thank you very much, prime minister, and with your permission, i think it is widely said that the u.s./china relationship is the most important relationship in the world today and in particular, in the security area. [ speaking foreign language ]
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>> translator: and in this 21st century, this particular relationship is having the most impact in the asia pacific region where vietnam is a member. [ speaking foreign language ] >> translator: we understand very well that the main driving force of this relationship is the interest of america and the interest of china. [ speaking foreign language ] >> translator: and it is our desire that these interests would not impact but rather to
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help the interests of other nations in the region so that we can all live in harmony. and i believe that the american policy in the asia pacific region, which is fundamentally respect for international law, is in the interest of all nations. [ speaking foreign language ] >> translator: and i also believe that the u.s. and china also need to work with other nations in the region, like vietnam, and we, as smaller nations, can contribute to the peace and stability in this region, which are beneficial also to the u.s. and china.
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[ speaking foreign language ] [ laughter ] >> translator: i fully endorse what general vinh just said and i would like to simply add that it is our desire that the u.s./china relationship continue to grow and serve the interest of peace and stability in this region in accordance -- and serve the interests of all nations in this region and we believe that a good china, u.s.
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relationship is beneficial to all of us. and in vietnam, we have a saying that when the buffaloes fight, the flies may be hurt. and we don't want to see that. [ speaking foreign language ] >> translator: and we would request both the united states and chaiina to act in transparey and in a positive manner, so not to impact negatively in the region and amongst other nations. >> let me thank you for your candid remarks. thank you for coming to heritage, and thank you for your efforts in bringing closer the u.s. and vietnamese relationship. [ speaking foreign language ]
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>> join me in thanking them. [ applause ] >> ladies and gentlemen, we do need to let the prime minister exit first and his delegation and the media pool, those who are from the general public here attending on behalf of heritage, we appreciate you remaining in the room just a moment. [ applause ]
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>> in case you missed it on c-span, veterans affairs secretary david shulkin on the state of the v.a. >> 20 veterans a day are dying by suicide. that should be unacceptable to all of us. this is a national public health crisis and it requires solutions that not only v.a. will work on, but all of government and other partnerships in the private sector, non-profit organizations. fordham university law professor on corruption in the u.s. government. >> this is splitting community and it relates to the incredible class split we have in this country. and mark twain, whom you go to for almost anything, writes about this in his novel, the gilded age, the two different languages of corruption that happen in the late 19th century. where elites start to say, this
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isn't really corrupt, this is just the way we do things, and everybody else says, you know, if it walks like a duck, and talks like a duck, it's a duck, right? >> pranav talks about free speech to cleblg campuses prch. >> call it a de facto tax on free speech. i agree. they're in a tricky position when they can't invite the speakers they want to speak because there will be violence. and to greg's point, i think when you give in to threats, you know, when you give into threats of violence, when a university gives into threats, you're basically allowing the violent agitators to be successful, even before they land one punch. and i think that's a very dangerous precedent to set when you're going to prevent a speaker from speaking, just because of the threat of violence. >> and hillary clinton talks about the 2016 presidential election and her upcoming book. >> you may think you know what happened and you may be right to
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a certain extent, based on what you've perceived and how you process it. but i'm going to tell you how i saw it and what i felt, and what i thought. because you cannot make up what happened. >> c-span programs are available at c-span.org, on our home page and by searching the video library. >> c-span's washington journal, live every day, with news and policy issues that impact you. coming up tuesday morning, competitive enterprise institute's myron ebel will discuss the u.s. withdrawal from the paris climate accord. then crystal ball talks about her organization, the people's house projects mission, and how to fix the democratic party. and tanya sh snyder from politico discusses president trump's plan to privatize the
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u.s. air traffic controller system. watch cnn span's washington journal live at 7:00 a.m. eastern tuesday morning. join the discussion. coming up next from washington journal, a look at the week ahead for congress and the president. then a discussion on u.s. tax policy and potential changes to the tax code. and later, a look at navy operations with the head of naval c systems command. >> and for a look at the week ahead on both ends of pennsylvania avenue, we're joined this morning by aesha rasko of reuters and usa today correspondent paul singer. thank you for joining us this morning. paul singer, as soon as james comey's hearing was announced in the senate intelligence committee last week, we thought it would be the focus of this week's week in politics. does the attacks in london over the weekend change

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