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tv   Museum of the American Revolution Part 2  CSPAN  July 4, 2017 9:35am-10:01am EDT

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and wooch college lextures and more. join american it is a live program. we'll be learning about the artifacts and recorded in 2015 when the building was under construction and the artifacts were in storage. >> i this i they all tend to look alike after a while. this was a really significant
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piece. >> so if you look at these pieces here you'll notice the designs. these hat been selected from a book of ancient symbolology. there's a beaver chewing a tree. this piece on the end, the continental $3 bill has a great connection to this musket. it is an eagle cracking can and
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in legend which translates as the outcome is uncertain. if you look carefully at this you'll see in the head of the eagle slightly concealed between hammer here. you'll roek can go noise that same symbol has been engraved fwi lock smith on this as you were riing those out is something we speak about today. a pair of pistols here. they relate to an interesting
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character of the lev lugs. it his father is still askered to be the founder of the luthera disturb. there were theology and natural sciences in the military. frederick was the first speaker of the house of representatives and considered an important figure in the adoption of the bill of rights. he was or daned as a minister. he had been or daned in the church of england so he could go
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to virginia and take audiotape clauling to preach. he became very ko andier man will so called german regimens and serves through 1783. these are the pistons he carried through the revolution. he beto his oldest son. you can see his initial pm here engraved in script.
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a lot of incredible history. >> if they were able to speak. so these are two volumes from a multi-vali multi-valium 3:00 p.m. these belong to george mason dated 1769. they were later siend -- signed by his son. they a london edition. he was involved in drafting virginia's revolutionary constitution and declaration, to
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as evidence of the found and political i they were they were look on how to organize the system that had grown up since that time. these are very rare pieces also. only a handful of mason's books that have survivored. we have more than anyone else except the wonderful hallow
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kated south of alexandria that everyone should visit if they interested in the founding. it is difficult to father or mother it's far massachusetts massachusetts regimen. so tar conclusion of the most significant. we are waiting for the terms to be published and army to be demobilized. there are at least five african american soldiers. by the end of the american revolution there were perhaps 5000 or more. you'll see this list is a way
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for the regimen to keep track of the mens names, ages, their size, if they had any kind of trade, where they had been born, their police of first of all, if a serted you knew you could add veertize and say he had this con pleks, this hair. false soldiers demanded that they would gate discharge during the course of the war there is the kind of document how did they sort some and so you'll see that reflected where a his age was not known. he buzz 50 fooet 9. bris ton was the county.
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he was rised as having dark air hand dork complex. so an open ended enlist m. he would not be able to claim until haes had been dewe was also from massachusetts and in this case bridgewater he had black hair, dark complex complexion. sit a wonderful document that helps us to accomplish the presence and storage of those who have in the been sold in the past. the picketed washington
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crossing the delaware. it's before the battle of trenton. this is in addition to raising are funds. this was down in valley forge parts. you can see areas of defr if sit a washington d.c. snowstorm that lay hows you to be an 18th century snow tomorrow.
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there is a second painting debate forking valley it is on the it is as you enter rj so the from it will sont condition through kre contract and the family do you know what bit? the with you day i continue to look back as a course so whether
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that i be clal there are a couple to jekts ton layers so this is a painted silk banner that was commissioned by the butchers to of philadelphia so participate in a parade when the marquee delafayette returns to america on the eve of the 50th on verse ri to recall his service as a close associate of general washington through the war of independence. it would have been car all of the trades one it was very nice
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of column so almost certainly one of the spectators would have been jacob latch who was local revolutionary war veteran. he had served at least three tours as a malitia man during the time of the philadelphia campai campaign. he died about 1845. also, this descendent in the
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family eventually came into the collection here about p 5 years or we are about 1810. the per i don't have which we toibl to they suffered during the service were so by about it's a national em bar ras. so congress nad.
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in nchl on public assistance. it was expantded in 1832. the sort of unintended ko consee was to on the -- and the originals. because many of these men wouldn't niecely have their discharge papers. recordkeeping somewhat sporadic during the war. in order to prove their service these men would recount their revolutionary service. they would also bring witnesses to testify to the veracity. these documents are incredible oral history archives. the stories that come out, the memories of these veterans of seeing general washington, of
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serving in the actions of the e revolution are really irreplaceable. they make for great reading. you don't even have to leave the house for it. just use that internet. bringing the story up to the 20th century, i have to introduce the reverend herbert burke who is the founding father of the museum of the american revolution. he became obsessed with the idea of creating a museum that would tell the story of the american revolution that would recall and celebrate washington's efforts to bring the nation into being.
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one of the campaign tents that washington used through the american revolution, this is the sleeping and office tend that washington used as his field headquarters when he was out in the field. burke brought that tent to valley forge. he was building what's now known as the washington memorial chapel. he placed it on display. he had to raise the princely sum of $5,000 which was no small feat in 1909 to try to purchase this tent. what we have here is the actual original visitors' log from the washington memorial chapel at valley forge. this is recording all the people who came to visit and pay their couple of nickels in order to come see the tent. as you can see, september 8th,
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september 9th, lots of folks. 1907 he's raising the money over the course of a couple of years. i marked a page here because there was a remarkable visitor here on september 18th of 1909, the famous artist howard pyle, his wife ann pyle and son visited to see the tent. this is a reproduction of a painting pyle had done just a couple of years earlier as an illustration for a magazine. pyle so well known for the else stray tor of pira illustrator of pirates and american history. and pyle had already sort of imagined washington in his tent just a few years earlier for this magazine illustration. this must have been going through his mind then when here
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he actually did a little charact caricature. michelle and i will very carefully reveal part of the wall of general washington's tent. what you're see iing, this is a image that is showing the way the tent will actually be displayed in the museum. it will be an in object theater. the tent will be in its own climate controlled case, not unlike the star spangled banner at the museum of american
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history. the tent is composed of a roof and a side wall, not unlike a tent that you would rent for a party today. what you're seeing laid out here is the lemwall of that tent. this is what was known as a sod cloth. this is the bottom of the wall that hangs down and that would fold to the inside of the tent to keep rain and dirt and critters from coming into the tent very easily. there would have been a line of little iron hooks and eyes along the top of that wall. as you can see, it's raked a little bit or has a rise here because the end of the tent where the door is located actually rises up a little bit. one of the interesting things we found in doing our initial
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assessment and study of the sent that when it was originally constructed the doors were about six inches lower and that early in the process they'd been cut, additional material added to raise them up a bit. when you think about washington being about 6'2", he's a pretty tall man for the period that you can imagine his hat got knocked off one too many times and he sent it back for repairs. there's tremendous information that can come from examining these old objects centuries after they were produced. it's still revealing a lot of secrets as we continue our work. thursday at 7:00 p.m. eastern join american history tv for a live tour of the museum of the american revolution in philadelphia. the museum's president and ceo
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michael quinn and scott stevenson will introduce artifacts and exhibits throughout the museum, including george washington's war tent and a piece of the bridge from the battle of concord. hear stories about the american revolution and participate in the live program. this holiday weekend on american history tv on c span 3 tonight at 8:00 p.m. david mccollough talks about how the founders valued education.
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>> they worked hard every day from childhood on. but because he got a scholarship to this little college in cambridge called harvard, he became the john adams who helped change the world. >> for our complete schedule, go to c-span.org. this week during the july 4th recess in prime time on c-span, tonight at 8:00 p.m. eastern, a debate on technology and privacy and whether tech companies should be required to disclose customer data. >> some suggest that we ought to build a back door in order to allow law enforcement access to data. the problem with that you cannot build a back door that works only for the u.s. government, good guys or other people with
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good motives. if you build it for them, the encryption will be weakened for everyone. >> wednesday at 8:00 p.m. eastern arizona supreme court justice clint bolick. >> the most important and enduring decision a president will ever make is who to ap point to the united states supreme court and the judiciary. >> thursday at 8:00 p.m. earn x hillary clinton talking about women in politics. >> women are often the first to spot conflict on the horizon coming their way. and when their insight rand information is ignored, it often leads to consequences that might have been averted. >> friday at 8:00 p.m. eastern, harvard university sociologist and author william julius wilson. >> afternoon citizens do not fully understand the complex
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forces that have increased for example their economic woes. economic insecurities create conditions that are breeding grounds for racial and ethnic tension. the new museum of the american revolution has opened in philadelphia just blocks from independence hall and the liberty bell. the opening ceremony included former vice president joe biden, historian dave mccullough and cokie roberts. this is an hour and 40 minutes. ♪ ♪

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