tv Post-1967 Newark Rebellion Leadership CSPAN August 19, 2017 1:54pm-3:00pm EDT
hamilton would start the war on drugs, which is the war on brown people. he holds no discernible prejudice. he would work to improve the administration for american american indians in immigrants. it means stop doing expensive things to people and simply allow them to live like an american. ice, atfear of police, or so on and so forth. >> watch the entire program on sunday. american history tv only on c-span3. this marks the 50th anniversary of what some call the 1967 newark new jersey rebellion. the city elected its first african-american mayor.
mayor and economist discussed leadership changes after the 1967 riots. this talk was hosted by the smithsonian's museum of african american history and culture. >> thank you for joining us once again. could i ask you to join me in a round of applause of appreciation for prudential and laura ready and representatives of the prudential foundation for their support. in the last presentation panel judge coleman started speaking about the importance of and we know leadership comes in many forms and styles. we want to explore that notion
with a couple of extremely experienced and honored individuals this evening. another example of excellent leadership in the state of new jersey, if the congressman is in the audience. thank you for joining us. the final discussion is not a penalize it is a conversation one participant in that conversation will be dr. julian and owner ofsident --
economics her phd in and san francisco state, michigan state and howard. but she also served as the 15th president for the college for women in georgia. she will be in conversation with his honor the mayor. he is the 40th mayor of newark, -- and of poet activist as deputy mayor of the city of newark. let me ask you to join me in welcoming the doctor and mayor.
[applause] >> good evening everyone. it is so good to see so many people here to celebrate or commemorate or remember that 50 years ago there was an uprising. in newark. i do not like the word riot. which word to use? >> rebellion. >> a previous panel, i want to thank the panelists who preceded us, setting the stage for this conversation which we appreciate. [applause] mayor, let's jump right into it. since 1970 newark has had an african-american mayor except for a brief. period. since 1970, and elected black mayor. ae poverty rate in newark is
third -- >> 50%. >> i looked it up before a game. -- before i came. --mployment rate is higher not horrible, at under 8% -- well above the national average. looking at newark you are looking at people of color. charter school movement has taken newark. 30% of the schools. 40% tol is for it to be 50% by 2020 which is only three years from now. in any case, newark is the intractable problems that experience taught in 1967. as black leadership made a difference -- has black leadership made a difference?
>> yes. when black leadership took over the city it was looted. i don't mean the stores were looted. the administration was looted. the economy of the city. the institutions began to leave. the tax base began to march out of the city through federal subsidy that promoted the movement -- the migration of people out of the city into the suburbs. the displacement of many folks. you got a city that has to start from scratch. people require the leadership to turn that completely around in a very short time. ,hen people couldn't do it something's worst systemic. they are not just based in newark. these are national systemic problems. they wanted the leadership in newark and around the country to
fix the problems without the help of the government -- federal or state -- with redlining of federal and private-sector dollars moving out of the city. it was very difficult. in that difficulty, we had to balance the budget, reduce the amount of people that work in the city of newark by thousands. we had to lay off a lot of people. a lot of people look like us. get the city back. you had to tear down projects. office, he wask trying to invite people back to the city. we are still moving along that trajectory. newark has come along way since 1967. we have a longer way to go. >> in 1930 the population of newark was a nearly half a million. 281,000.s
in the last 20 years you have seen a slight population increase, 2% every 10 years, what are you doing to invite people to come back to newark? inviting them, are you concerned about the possibilities of gentrification and the extent to which people of color are kicked to the curb when that happens? >> the newark people are coming back to the city nationally. the country is turning back towards cities. people are wanting to live in cities again. we benefit from that. we also benefit from the fact that we are growing in terms of our tourism, arts, museums, libraries, a potential arena. the atmosphere in the city and we are working hard around development and
building a neighborhood in the downtown. people talked about how downtown was not a neighborhood. we are on track to have 5000 units of housing in the downtown area by the year 2020. we're trying to create a neighborhood. we are inviting people to be a part of that. to grow the city. they are seeing that. kinds of things that are happening in the city and they are attracted to it and they are coming. 5000 new units, one third of poverty rates, how many of those units will be affordable housing? >> and most of the units now, all of them have some level of affordability in them. we are trying to pass and zoning -- and the development, 20% of it has to be affordable and 10% of that 20% is for teachers, police officers, single mothers with children.
we're trying to prevent -- we're trying to create good opportunities for them for housing in the city. so gentrification doesn't come in push people out. we're trying to create neighborhoods for them in our community. it also says in there that you have to give money to an affordable housing trust fund which helps us with gap financing in areas of the city that witness no developing. you heard larry talk about some parts of the city. this is protracted and it takes time. the financial institutions are not investing money in neighborhoods. we have to be creative -- there is no federal government funding or marshall plan or state mandate to develop the neighborhood. we have to use affordable housing and bonds and taxes and all these little tricks to get development to take place in the neighborhood. with the affordable housing trust fund, it does. >> i will push you on this
number, 20%. ,f a third of the city's poor and 20% is going to go for affordable housing, but half is workforce housing. while teachers don't get the salaries of the world, they are not poor. what about the 10%? can you do better? >> we have to. income in anedium area -- and parts of the city the market rate housing is affordable because the average median income is already low. is very low because the folks in that neighborhood don't make a lot of money. we talk about developing housing in those neighborhoods, we are talking about housing for people who are there already and who don't necessarily make a lot of money. which means that developers are not attracted to those areas because they can't make the profit they can make in downtown and areas on the outskirts of downtown.
which is why we have to raise funds to create developments for those folks. there are some people, midsize and smaller developments and nonprofits who are attracted to those developments in the community. the affordable housing trust fund allows us to fill the gaps. so projects can take place. there is a lot of development happening in the neighborhoods in the city of newark that are affordable already because the ami is already low. >> the average income in newark in 2010, it has probably gone up but not a lot, was $35,000 a year. which means that if people spent a third of their income on housing, that would be roughly $1000 a month. that they could afford. what can you get for a thousand dollars a month in newark? >> if you live on clinton avenue you might get a soda and a bag
of chips. [laughter] mean?ow what i arkansas fried chicken. in all seriousness, that is why we are fighting to raise wages. in the city of newark we try to employees pay our $15, and we tried to get the state to do the same. to raise the minimum wage. a panel of people seemed to be content that people would be poor. that is absurd. we cannot be content with poverty. just like slavery. [applause] at the end of the day we have to fight and push. some people are not poor. we have to something about redistributing that wealth so that more folks can have access. unchecked,in an era predatory capitalism. >> unchecked. >> where there will be less
checks, given the current composition of the white house which i was not -- which i was asked not to talk about today so i won't talk about it. the poverty -- poverty follows money. in other words, who benefits from some people being poor? someone is making money. >> sure. >> that is something that has to be considered. what can you as a mayor due to deal with these poverty issues? , you don't have national or global power. you have newark power. some of that can be checked with the city council. what can you do? you have an anti-poverty program that you have pushed out and people are excited about? >> i think we can do many things. create jobs, develop the city, bring industry in, maximize
small and midsize businesses in the city to higher newark residents. we are now pushing with the program, institutions, with alliances, bringing folks together, we have to get new work residents hired. at jobs that pay decent wages. we have to invest in the small businesses in the city of newark which right now on average, they invest 3% in the city of newark. which is atrocious. when i came it was 4%. we are at 15% now. we're trying to push the other folks to get to the level. if we begin to invest in businesses in the city. you put more money in our economy and create jobs and begin to create a better coll - quality of life. ultimately we need to get them to hire newark residents.
[applause] [laughter] -- [applause] >> theoretically people understand that. >> you mention anchor institutions. we are here to a sponsorship from prudential which was an anchor sponsor for the museum's opening. very generous contributions. there are others. what are some of the big corporations and do you think they do enough? if they are not doing enough what should they be doing? we won't take on prudential but despite the generous contributions, we always believe that people can do better. always. 40, 30,people say anchor institutions. we have a lot. that can have a real impact.
prudential,izon, saint barnabas. all these organizations exist in our city. and many more. we have the port, largest seaport. it is the largest seaport on the eastern seaboard. the second largest in the country. year, hundreds of billions of dollars come to that port in values and resources annually. >> do you control the port? we have another city that controls the port -- it is called port authority. [laughter] >> do you sit on the port authority board? >> no. >> you should be. that is a whole another meeting. do? can some of these folks >> they can hire newark residents. in newark ares
held by residents. they can hire more. we can get rid of this moniker that is an old refrain based on racism that newark is not ready for these jobs. that is wrong. we need to be dedicated and permitted to prepare them. in the new deal, they hired millions of unskilled workers in the country because they understood they had to invest in americans. this able to take them to american dream and uplift the middle class. we have to do that in newark. the private sector has to be a part of that. since they are with us every day they have to commit themselves to raising the quality of life for the residents of the town. and they have to invest money. when the suburbs were subsidized , no one subsidized us except in poverty in public housing. when people moved out, they took
industry and wealth with them. a few other stayed, prudential. an example, this bridge that was built by the train station. it is a bridge over top of the enclosed, people actually lived up there. they had a barbershop, you could do everything you needed up there without touching the city. it was indicative of what the time was like. getting wealth in our community but not allowing that wealth to change hands in the community. that is a problem. towerrudential built the on the front of broad street, that is a symbol or sign that now it is time to begin to walk the streets of newark, invest, be a part of the community, deal with the rewards and the risk. help the community as a whole
develop itself. to talkd i wasn't going about the orange orangutan who lives at 1600. you all have your own beach w hale there in new jersey known as the governor. >> literally. he was on the beach. >> when no one else to go. [laughter] what is the relationship between the city of newark and trenton and governor christie? it seems he has never been pro-urban or pro--newark? correct me if i'm wrong. >> he says he is from newark. i have not figured that out yet. do you know what a paperback party is? if you don't know -- you put a
paper bag over someone's head there kind you get of parts whooped. they don't know who did it. >> i have met only two times. here 3.5 years. that is problematic. they're the largest city in the state and the wealth that is created in new jersey. a lot is created in newark. >> you are very charismatic and a great organizer. time at the state conference in november. after the election. your charismatic and popular. how come you don't have people
going to the capital every week and getting and that man's face? >> ultimately we have been trying to do the work we need to do in order to make the city successful. we will fight and move forward without him. we will move work around him. there are been opportunities for us, people inside his administration, that have been helpful to get us to do the things we need to do. there is a lot of things he stood in the way of that i could list. whether it is police officers to live in the city of newark, land banking, many of the things we have tried to get done. that he vetoed. uez funding. helping urban centers thrive. he has been in the way of. so much work to do in
trying to move the city forward. positive thinking about how we push the city -- i don't have the time to hang out with them. >> i want you to fire him up. >> he is on his way out and we are on our way in. [applause] >> i like that. what percentage of the port's business comes to newark residents? how many people at the port? >> that is a serious issue. with theeen struggling port to get more newark residents hired. they have been told that residents go there and then leave. i was just recently able to have a discussion with the folks at il a and begin to craft a plan that we all agree with of a percentage of newark residents that we want to make sure are always at the port.
we had to do several protests there. but we are there. in terms of employment and we have the business on board. terminals are on board. these vendors that operate the port are on board that we need to hire newark residents. in terms of revenue, that is created at the port, we get some money through lease payments. it is not nearly the amount of money that the port -- that comes through the port or the worth of the property itself. the property is very expensive. if we were to develop that property ourselves and get full taxes off it, we would never have a budget problem again in the city of newark. we get a lease payment from them that is not nearly enough in terms of the amount of revenue they create. >> is the relationship with the port governed by the state? state agreement,
new york and new jersey together. whatever happens at the port both legislative bodies have to agree. it is cumbersome and the bureaucracy is deep. it makes it difficult to move. ,> how many people from newark sit on the port's board? >> zero. >> why is that? >> they are all white men. >> i have something for you to do. [laughter] >> if you help me. >> i would be happy to help you anytime. send me a train ticket. >> i went to the board and told them that. i spoke before the board and held the mirror up. being part of the conversation, perhaps a new gone.or when the whale is
there is a case to be made for newark having more say in that port. this is how predatory capitalism works and essentially people are able to expect surplus value from people. we have people working there. but they should be newark residents. -- i am ae you advice virgo, we mind everybody's business. the union ought to be involved in a trading program with newark residents. many unions have done that. i'm sorry. the unions should be involved in a training program with the port as well. so newark residents can be trained to work there. along, --e, moving
when you say you are inviting other people to come to the city, one of the things that young and white professionals are looking for is school quality. we have seen in washington dc, improvements we could not have seen for ourselves. made butvements get they are not made for our kids. you were a principal. what is the status of education in newark and how is it changing? is that a function of the new influx or something else? -- what isthink one happening now, i don't believe is what is going on with the charter movement in the city of newark. there is still deep inequality and in equity in the city of newark. our schools are segregated by race and class like most schools in urban america.
we had a decision from the supreme court that said that our schools being funded by property tax was unconstitutional and not correct and it should be remedied. the state has never funded it to its full extent or remedied it to how it should be. we have been going along trying to make that progress. because people don't deal with that it creates other alternatives. if we say the system is failing -- i disagree with that because if you say the system is failing, our system is not different from milburn. it ise the same system just the wealth is different -- segregation and poverty exists in our community as opposed to others. there is no crisis in american education just crisis where we live. first of all, that needs to be said clearly. there are more americans graduating, even more african-americans are graduating now that have ever been.
but this crisis in these communities with the poverty and deep segregation -- resources are not addressed and we are not dealing with what needs to happen in the classroom. money,say, people with you don't need money to solve problems. they have the money. is, there are a lot of things that happen in other communities that they can do privately because they have income that we cannot do, that the state has to fund in order for us to be competitive. whether talking about summer school, afterschool, all these programs, guidance counselors, social workers, things that people take for granted in other neighborhoods where they have the money. to send their kids to camp. we have to get the public sector to pay for that. if they will pay for it, someone has to give us the resources to do that. we cannot people in poverty and they complain that you have to give them money to do the same things that other people can do that do not live in poverty. you either have to fix poverty
or continue to do that. >> there you go. you do not control the funding of the schools but are discretionary measures you can use to fund school programs? >> i don't have them. it goes through the newark public schools and we constantly fight to get increased funding every year as much as we can. in enrollment is increasing the school district which allows us to get additional dollars in our schools. a direct problem with the charters in our community is that, there is no real thoughtful community discussion about how to organize education in our city in a way that everyone can benefit in a collective and organized fashion. what happens is, people are doing this and in order for the charters to continue to be successful, they have to create a narrative that says the public
schools are failing. the public schools in response start attacking the charter schools. now you have this open warfare in the community where people are battling just to say, who is getting kids to pass the state test more than others. we passed more than you. it is something that doesn't get discussed. , perseverance, people's ability to go to college, what they do later in life, all these things. we are arguing about test. we miss the real argument which is in equity. why are we fighting each other over these crumbs that we shouldn't be fighting each other over because they have never fully funded our schools the way they are supposed to? they won't find it that way? they will keep us arguing with each other over which schools are better.
meanwhile the parents don't care. aey have a five-year-old in traditional public school or a 10-year-old and a charter high school or a 12-year-old with another school at the newark vocational school. our parents are sending kids wherever they can get them to where they think they will be safe. they won't be bothered in the school and they will have decent role models and come out of there and have an opportunity for college. our parents are not in school looking for, let me look at this math curriculum, science -- that is problematic. they are looking for safety, comfort. so the kids are not ridiculed or abused. that they have an opportunity to get a chance to go to college. that is what we are looking for. very simple and plain. >> great answer. [applause] you are more of an educational expert. you used to be a principal so you know what you're talking
about. in 1967, newark, the rebellion was about the reported death, although it wasn't a death of john william smith. it attracted the ire of the police. that was the word on the street -- he was killed. the city was up for six days. how are police-community relations now? -- there was not a random sample. they were nice policeman. i got lost and one of them walked me down the street. and didn't even tell me that i was in a dangerous neighborhood although i was. how are police-community relations now? >> the police department today
is significantly different than 1967. the makeup of the department is different, the dip -- the demographic, predominately latino and black. white. it was 80%, 90% it is completely different. the leadership in the department -- mid-level is changing. it still has a long way to go in terms of captains and upper-level. but more lieutenants and sergeants -- a black police chief. things are different. it doesn't mean that there are not incidents of police brutality or people having their rights violated. constitutional rights were being violated for a long time. people were being stopped and beaten, having their belongings taken from them.
at the end of the day we have a consensus -- we have a civilian complaint review board that is in the courts. to have better programs, cops and kids, occupy the block, where police officers are in the community and interacting with neighborhoods and organizations. inuge clergy patrol that is action with the police department. we're trying our best to reverse the relationship with police and the residents of the city. that is one part of the rebellion. moment thatry sparked all of the things that took place. >> i think of it as a langston hughes moment. what happened to the dream deferred -- does it dry up like a raisin in the sun? maybe it sags like a heavy load
or does it explode? all of us, or people, had seen incremental change. then a precipitating incident. >> inrom san work hunters point in the next thing you know he was on. unfortunately i was not allowed to protest. i really wanted to go. i tried to come to a march on washington. i was confined to my room. of course, i was 10. what can i say? want to go back and talk about leadership. carl stokes was the first black man to be the mayor of a major city in 1967 and also richard hatcher. wast new jersey black mayor a man named carter in new jersey.
in 1970.ken gibson there were a series of old-school black mayors like marion barry and many others who were basically old-school and were nationalists. they did what they could. wouldn't haveyou a middle-class if not for marion barry and some of the things that he did in washington dc. [applause] a blackgeneration of mayors, and i am not speaking for you, but for some of you, is a little different. some of him are not quite down with the community. they are saying things like i am the mayor of everybody. self whereput your -- how do you compare your generation of a black mayors with the older genera -- generation of black
mayors? >> it is a different time. -- time period. there were many more organizations prior to the rebellion. there were dozens of organizations in the city of , iark and every single day grow in the environment where buck was beautiful. there were organizations that were doing that. can't erase that or revise the history. there were a lot of folks and a lot of people grew up in that culture and that movement. and afterrebellion the cities that took place, we grow up in a different time. -- time period. a lot of that was taken out. there was backlash and retrograde.
people grew up in a different time period. we grew up in a sign -- time were we saw black leadership. my first mayor was ken gibson. that is my first mayor. .e is the only mayor the only mayors i knew were black people. by the time we grow, there was martin luther king boulevard and marcus garvey high school. existed in ours community, and that had an effect on us. it said look, there are but people in charge. there are black people in communities. our conditions, in some cases may be worse than it was. we began to look for other reasoning as to why our situation exists the way it exists. some people come up with different analysis of what that is that was. some people were incorrect and
some were correct. we still debate and struggle with each other. i do not agree with some folks that an african-american mayor will be like myself, but we discuss and understand our need position -- our unique position and we debate one another about what is the best way forward. ultimately, people just try to struggle to find the best way forward. when they say they are the mayor of everybody, it is not mean you have to change your personal identity for the fact that you are the mayor of the entire community. it is true, you are. >> is the president the president of everybody? we will never know. african-american mayors, and i'm not talking about you, who never met a developer they didn't want to slow dance with. does that therefore speed gentrification?
that to me is at some level repugnant when affordable housing means income under a number that is crazy. >> start with people that african-americans look like me under for the housing in the city of newark. in order to redistribute wealth, you need to get it. there has to be a balance. we have to be able to get wealth and about the kind of things meeting need in our community and you set anyway that benefits the majority any residents of the community. a lot of people understand and know that you need development. they know you need growth. some people do that at the expense of everybody because we are thinking about the next time you get elected. a lot of people pick about the next time to get elected or think about how can i make harbors or put up points on the board to say we did this and that?
things take place without having a hard view on how to deal with the systemic problems or in some instances people tell me, these problems are going to exist. these problems are going to exist and our job is to make the most of it. we need to vote as many people because we can't fight and we don't have the tools and support to do so or sometimes left out alone to fight huge problems that have been existing for five or six decades or more. people are expecting you to get rid of in eight years and it is impossible. most people take the easy way out for the quick way out. i will do what i can, while i can, in a shirt. of time and go about my business -- in a short period of time. about my business.
it is a tough job. there are crazy people like me who say we can actually do something about poverty or unemployment and will try to do as much as we can to fight those issues that are very systemic that have been this way in our community for a long time. because we don't have the analysis or mass organization of teaching folks the way they need wasyou would think newark always this way. you would think it began in 2014. >> economic development and economic justice are not the same thing. >> right. challenge. is the people like to look at shiny billings and see -- buildings and sake, see how much development we have? in the long run, it may take longer in newark than it does in washington, but it fractures but political power because when you get gentrification, went even
chocolate chip. we like chocolate swirl. , that is like political power. when you see newark flipping to the point. white0 it was 33% and percent 26% white population was falling and but population falling. when do you see newark flipping --the point that it is not and where there is a less chance of having a black mayor? >> i don't know exactly when that is. more importantly is the kind justice of the people. to be able to politicize people whether they are black, brown, white, to get them to be progressive. that is the important thing to get people to have political and even radical mindset that says
that everybody in this community must benefit and if you here in this neighborhood and community that we have to fight poverty and we have to fight unemployment and fight homelessness matter where you come from the language you speak or neighborhood you are from or what food you like or who you choose to marry. day, our job the is to politicize all of the people in our city and make sure that but people are empowered in that process at the same time. i just don't believe that if we empower -- i believe if we empower black people, we empower everybody. that is the whole idea and concept to move the city forward. when we attack poverty, everybody is helped. things,attack these everybody benefits from that. when we destroy unemployment and if we are and the majority, then we need to be fighting to end unemployment, not simply because we are in the majority but because unappointed is evil and
wrong and we need to destroy. i believe we need a guaranteed income, that is something different. martin luther king said that. not karel marks. not carl marks. i think we need to push into those things. all people can benefit from that. that does not take away from african american's ability to be [applause]re and who god created us to be. were and who god created us to be. [applause] >> willie jett about leadership, who are your wall models as leaders? you have a philosophical world model in your dad, but -- when we talk about leadership, who are your role models as leaders? >> elected officials?
i don't know too many. my mother is my role model. throughout history, there have been many leaders that i think are great. i think marion berry did a great job. hatcher, i just went to visit him, and he did a good job. all ofut and gary, and those guys are important in their time. because they fought against very heavy odds and they were trying to move us from one part of history to the next part of history. job.did an excellent we are joined to do the same thing. the things you said about marion barry, i learned that the procurement rate that some it is only a was 20% or 30%. they were arguing that it was low.
hours, -- ours, they were surprised. someone in production is texting me and the first text was telling me to say cory booker was not going to make it. the second was to remind me that we should probably have a q and a. we have about 10 minutes. what were they doing before? there was a microphone over there and a microphone over there. if you all have questions, get the microphone and while you are going there, there is a woman's college in greensboro, north carolina. it is not in georgia. my brother as he read the info probably lost that page, or maybe it was thinking of some thing else.
questions? >> i would like to think the .revious panel student at rutgers -- and i am an mpa student at rutgers. talking about housing issues. opportunities and there are a lot of opportunities. [indiscernible] newark is one of the few areas had --state that [indiscernible] the justice department is attacking sanctuary cities.
justin --d about the justice department's plan to attack sanctuary cities. beauregard has said that he is going to attack the sanctuary cities. does newark have a plan? >> we will continue to do what we are doing. we have to march forward. we believe the immigrant population in our community, document or undocumented, provides value and adds value to our community and economy. an issueit is not just of what we believe is social injustice. it makes sense. we need to continue to push forward. will obviously have to lean on partners if something drastic happens. i tell people in my centuryration that the
cities is the least of our worries. this guy and his budget proposals and other things that he wants to do -- the century city would be nice. the cuts meant -- the sanctuary cities would be nice. to health care and all of these things are 1000 times worse than anything we could possibly sever under them at taking grants away because we want to be a sanctuary city. we have to keep our eyes on what the real issue is and not be distracted by this other stuff. [applause] mayor.o, dr.. hello, newarkorn and raised in in 1960 in the uprising. i was seven years old. that has always been a part of my life. is for youn i have mayor. what is the most pressing issue that you see for newark right
now and how is that being addressed? makes newark unique for you that is different than any other city and how do you see the city in 10 years? what does it look like? that there are issues we are adjusting now, and there are plans to adjust the economic and housing and things like that that many cities are doing with in the country. in your view, what makes you unique and how are we building on that? heidi cs as a city? -- how do you see us as a city? where newark is geographically and the nation makes it unique. where we sit.
the fact that we have the second largest seaport in the nation and the city of the size of newark to have that wealth come to us. someone said newark is a poor city. that is not true. poor people live in newark. but the city is not poor. billions of dollars come to that port. city the size of newark has that big of a port. it still exists in terms of manufacturing and they still exist in newark and that makes it unique. we have colleges and universities in our city makes it unique. a can benefit from being in market of new york city without dealing with all the things that new york has to do it at the same time. we have a transportation hub that was mentioned. we have millions of people who come to our airport manually. all this is wealth that comes to our city.
our job is to try to get it to save -- stay. i was in new york city and they say i always catch the train or catch a plane in newark. i had the talent newark was not parking lot. our job is not to get them to pass the city, but to get them to hang out. our tourism is getting better. -- do a better job to capture the wealth and manage it and distribute it around the city. housing is very important in the town. it is extremely important. housing has a lot to do with economy and wealth. most of the black people's wealth is in their home. that is why when the housing crisis hit, most of our wealth went away. housing is important and economic development.
health care is important. at the base of all that to me is poverty. to chip away at it as much as i possibly can. you chip will add it by getting people to get into their homes and get people to begin expanding and opening their businesses and increased people's wages and get them access to higher-quality jobs. we need to improve our school system. are centeredngs around poverty. we need to get the institutions in the city to buy into that and say look, we agree with the mayor. we want to get on board and collectively attack all this. we have a unique addition to be able to do all that. anyone characteristic that you would say if someone said this is new york or this is a characteristic and when you think of new york ordered washington, is anything that says newark that you have a vision that they would see in terms of what it looks like?
a physical characteristic. >> there are three major opportunities that the city has that will characterize the way it goes in the next five to 10 years. one is the industry being able manufacturingn and industrial space. more stuff raising the bridge and coming into our cities. the other side of it is tech. that is driven by the fact that we have underground the kind of fiber-optic cable and the capacity to give people the fastest internet in the nation. we have to capitalize and get companies to become a silicon valley on the east coast. to leverage that and to grow the economy based on those things. those are two major things we have to capitalize on.
in the citystudents who really have not been able to leverage or maximize and that have been commuters in our city for a long time. we have to make them stay and hang out and live in the city of newark. we have to grow the newark resident so they become part of that 50,000. to chances from nancy cantor, that is happening. [applause] >> i think the grunt arts make newark standout. , the cradle of black arts movement. secondly, the last and i was there there was outdoor stuff going on. >> we just got voted as one of the top 10 arts communities in the nation. [applause]
i have a sign that says wrap canbut i'm wondering if i take the last question. you are going to be the last question. >> thank you. i've heard a lot about the issue of activism. i want to go back to the you abouthat he asked why are you going to the capital? there were some seem to be your cold -- goal is to be in the streets and not in the office. ever a lot of about a lack of being in the streets, but i would challenge that narrative because i've think that black lives matter has done a issuesul job of bringing
to the streets. however, they have been highly criticized and highly maligned for the activism that they have done in the streets as well as on social media. let's not forget, this is the 21st century, and social media is vital to the activism of young people. i just don't want us to get so lost and caught up in what happened 50 years ago that we forget about how the young people are really trying to take this thing forward, and we really do need to acknowledge the job they are doing. thank you. >> i would like to echo that. i think that what the folks are doing at black lives matter is great, and i think the activism -- one of the panels that we had as a young student came up and said how do we continue to fight for black studies at seton hall? they were encouraging those folks to begin to organize and
get involved and do the things they need to do at the university campus. i agree all that needs to take place. i also agree with have to have a strategy. that is what is missing. a collective and comprehensive strategy to move forward. we are at each other's throats. we bump into each other all the time on the court. we don't have a strategy to use the folks that are in office and people in the streets and people we do not have a competent strategy. we have been so used to fighting without the ball, that we get the ball we don't hide it would down the field. we don't have the offense of ways. we have all defensive and reactionary plays and that is a reaction to what people have done to us as opposed to saying now we have these things and how we maximize it and leverage it to get more power and more opportunities? for people in our communities [applause]
-- communities. [applause] >> that is good note we should end. i would like to thank black lives matter. have passed the baton or taken the baton and really run with it. i want to thank you for your leadership and for the continuance of leadership. i wish you well with your continued work and hope you do something about the next government. is someone taking notes for him? list of things a for you to do with the next governor. i want to thank all of you. it is a great opportunity to have this one-on-one time with you. we usually connect on the radio and we do not get to look at each other. and now i get to look at you. i enjoyed that very much. thank you all. [applause] i may have forgotten that bennett college is in greensboro
. however, i want to forget the audience to join me in thanking you, the mayor, and all of the panelists this evening for your presentations. [applause] thank you mr. mayor. >> thank you, mr. mayor. up this weekend on american history tv on c-span3, onight at 10:00 p.m. eastern real america, the 1944 u.s. office of war film, why we fight among the battle of china. >> three fax must never be ,orgotten, china is history china is land, china is people. at 11:30 a.m.
eastern, political economy professor and author robert wright on alexander hamilton's views of the national debt. >> hamilton advised the creation of an energetic, efficient government. one thing well with as little money as possible. to protectas american lives, liberty, and property. >> then at 7:00 p.m. eastern, new jersey residents and activists discuss the 1967 newark rebellion. >> there were 268 reports of a sniper fire. zero snipers were ever found. no evidence of any snipers. no gun shells other than the police gun shells. no footprints. no fingerprints. nothing was found. and yet, 26 people were killed. one policeman, one fireman, the rest citizens, all by police
forces that were operating >>. >>american history tv. all weekend, every weekend. only on c-span3. next week on c-span, monday at 8:00 p.m. eastern, coverage of the first total solar eclipse does all across the united states in 100 years. >> the eclipse is important because these coming to a line in a cosmic moment that we are all being part of. >> tuesday at 10:00 p.m., live coverage of president trump's rally in phoenix. wednesday at 8:00 p.m., former presidents george bush and clinton on leadership. i -- and i thought got lucky. all these people will tell you they were born in a log cabin they built themselves are full of bull. p.m., they at 8:00 budget is something for them to
handle and will look at polls for the federal budget. and friday, a profile interview with agriculture secretary. >> my political history was, i tell people when i was born in 1946 in georgia, they stamp democrat on your birth certificate. i made a political decision and i call it choose an advertisement in 1990 eight to change parties and became a republican at that point in time. withllowed at 8:30 p.m. jeff moss. >> there were no jobs in inflation security for any of us. willeople doing security able in the military and maybe banks. this was really a hobby. as the internet grew and there were jobs and people were putting things online and there was money at risk, all the sudden people got jobs doing security. c-span and c-span.org, and listen using the free c-span app.