tv Buffalo Bills Wild West Performers in Europe CSPAN September 9, 2017 10:28pm-12:00am EDT
sutton explains why new england abolitionists emigrated to kansas. their efforts to make kansas a free state, and there impact on the civil war. here is a preview. war started,ivil there was no state in the country that was more prepared for the civil war than kansas, because they had been through other things. what is interesting is that kansas provided more soldiers per capita and had more casualties per capita than any other northern state. they decided to play their part. what is interesting, one of the things i find fascinating, is not only was it a stronghold of
the free party and the abolitionists in kansas, but it also was very welcoming to african-americans. war, fugitivesl primarily from missouri would come to lawrence. they knew they had a chance to be rescued if they could make their way there. a lot of the free african-americans also came to lawrence. what is interesting is that some of the folks in lawrence were conflicted with this issue. wasthey knew was slavery wrong. they knew they needed to try to do something to end slavery. they knew they were breaking the law. they knew they would be broke -- thrown in jail. you can watch the entire program sunday at 11:00 a.m. eastern here on american history tv, only an c-span3. next, from the buffalo bills
center of the west in >> next, from the buffalo bills center in wyoming. 1886, a buffalo bills show debuted at an american exhibition in london. the performance attracted tens of thousands of spectators, including european royalty. we care about how they show influence u.s.-u.k. relationships, about buffalo bills popularity with celebrities, and lakota indian performers -- experience in europe after the london show closed in 1887. this is about 90 minutes. is a pleasure to introduce the chair of the next session; buffalo bills wild west a broad. many of you know bob riddell from the amano -- montana state -- university of bozeman.
this book had very little to do with buffalo bill. [laughter] yes -- where is our marketing panel? we still have been and gift shop. people love this because buffalo bills name was on the cover there. please join me in welcoming riddell. [applause] thank you all very much. i will be brief. i also want to ask -- i want to thank all of the organizers in the last day today and tomorrow. what splendid series of events. this could be used in the context of academic that these have been just delightful presentation of moving forward for the ones that are up coming. here this was a personal privilege hundred years ago -- amount of buffalo bills. a massive funeral.
my grandfather and grandmother were there along with my mother at age two. somehow, these things come around. introduce our first panelist. frank christianson, i think most of you know frank and his work. he is an associate professor of , associate dean, god bless him, an associate dean of the college of humanities and byu drink is also the editor of a book, the -- he is also the editor of a book. -- pleaseis entitled join me in welcoming frank. [applause]
>> thanks, bob. this has been gratifying. -- i was going over my notes. i been half of all this talk taking callbacks for today's session. there were so many things i found helpful in my own thinking. couple of repertory thoughts. things -- the keynote yesterday. idea of what her she calls buffalo bills studies, field notes. field thatnd on identifies our collective project is inherently ecumenical. that's in its approach to
scholarship -- but the very nature of the subject. survey was helpful and enlightening exercise mercy -- where she asks about the backgrounds of the audience. towardsr is working this vision in a variety ways. one of which, in weight of cody series on the dutch culture of the american u.s.. just a quick review of the 2017 , this suggests a variety of institutional affiliations. , ahave steve friedman's book curator of the museum. the affiliate redlands forthcoming book. measures enjoy various
events there, -- the essay collection i edited. essays out of universities. so, we think this is in a cross-section of those scholarship we can expect going forward. by the way, this open for business -- we are really interested in your ongoing work and work from others that you might send our way. the series also highlights the unique features of the papers. association for documentary conference -- doug and i traveled together. [laughter] >> we learned. [laughter] editors ofhering of
documentary papers projects for the lincoln papers -- jefferson papers, and other papers of prosecution, many of which are older and more venerable than ours -- as jeremy suggestion elsewhere, they looked to us as innovative. one way that really struck me -- i see the conventional approach to the papers project a toiling to provide documentary record in the hopes that somebody will come and use it. we have taken a much more active approach to fostering scholarship to maintaining an immediate and symbiotic relationship between editing and scholarly work. we think that makes a real difference and animate those -- roadways.
the second thing patty brought this is a case study, buffalo bills a case study. that has been the governing principle for the papers as we develop platforms for the documentary and scholarship, including the original proposal for the on the series. thosey much framed it in terms. and a grant been able to successfully get over the last 5-6 years -- this is an cody archive.org. when it our inspiration from work -- five by dell and others. they demonstrate how readily the buffalo bills phenomenon speaks to broader issues. the roundtable session on the legacy of buffalo bills tomorrow, we will have been interesting ways.
one third has been set up for this. recently a transatlantic studies conference -- in which a recent the so-calledof special relationship was a central focus, that's the special relationship -- a rhetorical formulation of winston churchill articulated in in full piece speech sun, missouri. the church of the fraternal association of english speaking peoples, this was not news for anyone -- it was a reiteration of a long-standing relation for political circumstances. was as case, it rhetorical kick off to the cold war. once again, that relationship is for populist -- nap nationalism reshaping politics in the 21st century. no 1946 -- people were called this i think for a moment if i
nationalism. this is one of the most potent expressions may transnational context for the wild west. and >> the work that went into a popular frontier -- which is the university of oklahoma and december. ise range of dollars and wednesday including literary studies and others area there are proportionate number of chapters have this. any study of the wild west exhibition in europe is also the least placidly, a count of how the wild west became america's national entertainment.
now this is a meeting shifting, josh -- when and where when and where it appears between 1887-1906. the british wild west, if you look today, it fills many traces -- signs of the wild west exhibition passage across multiple tours. they a show program in the victorian wing of the museum of --don, burial and lone wolf 1892, street signs and suffered for cody court and
kansas avenue -- giving way for exhibition. they performed or in the winter of 87-88. -- the buffalo bills statue and st. michael's mount, which cody gave to a single parent them in 1904. there were some pieces of public memory -- reserve at a location, permanent or ask your. there was a summit -- with postcards,f items, newspaper clippings, sheet music from a photograph from a archives across the country, and learning from the british library. elements of the wild west european history is more apparent in britain than any art of your. the expedition and -- began with the first and final european to her come more and spend more time than any other entry of the united states area the british
and international history, in part because england displayed a prominent role in america's cultural export area because it's relatively quick for cultural affinity -- the national port of entry for the wild west the function does it group of months of for cody and partners. by their success after a year -- the united states for more extensive continental runs. were cultural affinities underwritten by structural developments. in his study of post-world war ii america, there's an argument that quote, giving the special relationship with popular culture explores how culture most ross national boundaries shaping of public policy and subjectivity.
the essays in popular frontier illustrate the value of this proposition and an earlier moment. focus on world war ii -- even as the inquiry you american framework. cody is seen their with an opportunity for exhibitions to reimagine that relationship with him united states and britain made an opportunity when it -- wasn't the same time a business center with the commercial the same bound up with political and cultural subtext. a half a century before the cold wereegan, many conditions already emerging. his characterization of the post-more context they commit american culture -- central to any narrative of britain, described the environment that ushered the wild west east to europe. he included vast increase in
contact that had american culture for tourists -- and what he describes as an unparalleled growth in the density of transatlantic media. the and qualitative transformation of culture -- as shown was a hallmark of this. this was another unifying threat. the point is, the revolution requires a transatlantic frame because there's a significant measure -- article interaction between american -- responding to the possibilities of this. this has been reinforcing -- the newspaper. in his account of the rise of this agriculture in the u.s. come he points out that if the inms of americanization
transatlantic are approximately the same time in the 1870's and 80's. substance abuse of americanization in the british press appeared in the wild west exhibition when first arrived. the study demonstrates that the primary medium for the dissemination of this was in fact the newspaper. for is an important context people in the book and is the stipulationform for -- this was central to wild west success, serving as an extension of marketing innovations. this is without a brother thesis -- income and describes it as the first wave of americanization in europe. the preface of the american century. it's a key chapter in the related account of a global mass culture.
will instead, british -- in 1902 published americanization of the world. it was subtitled the trend of the 20th century and offered it portrait of the system -- that was my literally irresistible. -- whaties concluded by he calls a momentous choice. power, between merging wiintegd or excepting ultimate status as an english speaking about him. teddy roosevelt -- andrew carnegie -- there was a reunion of sorts with the united states and the center of an empire. this federation of english-speaking peoples were not kobach -- he has a note of ambivalence as he contemplates a
certain future with uncertain consequences. things such as william roscoe -- the last down here. he cautions for being under the influence of american nonemerism" credit leaves -- leaves no power for anyone. two people subtitled their own study of cultural exports -- with a nod to the journalists. ofre's an americanization the world. highly intense ways this played out in the early 20th century -- i noticed a french hated a range of economic trends offering a culture and abuses of the term that rejects the quote one-to-one relationship of american culture, as american culture is willfully projected abroad.
collectively, this breaks new ground in the expensive influence of the wild west exhibition is a transnational moment, while also showing how the exporting of cody's enterprise contributed to the ongoing project of the american national self-definition. americanization of another sort. buffalo bills wild west in ,urope took place in one year cultural nationalism, queen victoria 18 7 -- her jubilee. this one is in paris. -- there were tons of literal convergence, but there was force a unique opportunity between the late 19th century conception of national -- hertion emerged engagement with the transatlantic american air. the one hand to wild west is a check of how the frontier west global.
[coughs] there's european americanization -- on the other hand, the wild west suggests buffalo bills frontier is was, to some extent, and the actual product of immigration. ar many europeans -- accelerated their own process of naturalization. international exploits -- 1893 incorporated into rough riders of the world. this was an americanization as it played out. also there was this of the wild west -- of national consolidation i bringing the outside in even as it sold the story of the wild west. it is not the time, the media coverage of the wild west -- was
insatiable. -- had itsge coverage itself. there were marketing materials -- jody has been on account for something at the center of his narrative. that's a way of validating himself emotional claims. -- the is good at managing things. his biography references direct includingto the press the international experience within a larger national project. there is a carefully orchestrated staging of programs, the book of wild west -- command performance before queen victoria, which comes any mutual celebration of the jubilee. the wild west was an integral part of the wild -- wider, 50
year brain. well the west is one of many expressions of britain's imperial legacy. it's part of a narrative that charted" -- explosions of the 19th century. workingent performances self-definition, certainly the british public goes beyond sheer entertainment for the show. cody's description of a performance takes on patriotic tone. she bows before the american flag. has has successfully is -- success claims related to wild west shows. just as he has the queen and his becoming national entertainment, he is literally commanding a performance. the queens gradual renewal of
her public role of head of state, there was a delay because of her morning of prince edward. this constituted a re-assumption of her role as a true public figurehead. there comes to be a commentary on the nature of publicity as well as the root of primary interest. s. the queens journal accounts of the event, with little political especially in what you red, bread, indians -- indians. one pageantry incorporated american history -- into victoria herself. cultural nationalism was a
period hyper consciousness of your pan, particularly comerford shrewdest, counterparts, and competitors. kinher study, lisa hammer c described a story of influence, one that is described by others as something that quote, does not depend on prioritized to ethnicity in britain but rather explores an attitude toward history that explores the motions and nationalism itself. there's a much wider investigation into history and culture that is british and american society, that is particular to a particular sense of being american in the 19th century. as a devotion -- there is a devotion. intowe might brought hypertension culture, has a
result of anglo-phobia, simultaneously expressions of .he same national symbols let me wind this appear with this image. here withwind this up this image. this was the subtext there. upon landing in england, the british nation thinks of the buffalo, has become surly americanized. [laughter] on one hand [laughter] , this is another version of the command performance. the central figure in the cartoonist victoria bustling demand. this being for trade by figures on the side -- people having us performers on the other. the subjects of the cartoon is maniac.we see the
scenes through an american, disembarking in full costume to express his anglo-feeley a. anglo-philia. this is a performance, active xchaned. the american tries to join with the queen, but has -- exchanged. the american tries to join with the clean, but has no state to stand upon. no stageeen, but has to stand upon. this translates into a context that is quote, national and character, gets beyond the limits of the national character -- national in character, but is beyond the limits of the national character.
the work of this study as well, future research will trace out the way this culture left its mark upon a people and places of turn-of-the-century europe, and how one turn, the national character of an american exhibition -- [applause] transcendent. thank you. [applause] [applause] >> go ahead. >> thanks, frank.
we have some problems being resolved. hope it doesn't peter progress here. exploringinue with the international wild west. it's my pleasure to introduce to who mustunningham, have one of the neatest jobs on the planet. he manages the national buffalo bill archive. [laughter] sounds like fun. father's,ten in "your in scotland." i read it as a study -- his presentation today for his own blackouts in naples. please join me in welcoming tom. [applause] >> flooding here, -- sliding flyingi decided --
here, i decided to look up some of my girlfriend. s. [laughter] basically, i already have a great title for a post: breakfast with puppy. puppy made me realize while i was a humble minor, i just had , on an industrial scale. people finalized it to death. [laughter] if i can be helpful, i'd like to help you with my discovery. i am your non-native died.
sometimes you need a different perspective -- guide. sometimes you need a different perspective. exiles, and instantly recovering -- recurring jewish history. there's lots of experience involving indians from buffalo blackout speaks -- john g knight's heart, was lefthe story behind in england at the end of buffalo bills 1887-1888 season. department on the way to lunch proposal.don with mexicanet up joe, a person who read -- road with buffalo -- rode with
mexican joe apparently visited naples. apparently he was best viewed from the distance in the hills. [laughter] day, but that's ok no right there is going to blow -- that volcano is going to blow. when yellowstone finally goes off it will be like that. [laughter] i finally visited naples. -- about bit from fate pompeii. background is a tipi. photo, clarification --
is that tall thing right there. the volcano corrupted and was ad.stating, in 1789 -- ais time, it blackout blackout was so dangerous, the kid had to be left behind from a family. buffalo bill came to care -- came to paris for the 1889 season. he gave a former employee $90. the following year old a black elk became central in 1890. this raises certain questions in my mind.
-- he wasin to what told? can we see the limited objective of a timeline? can we find intrinsic evidence which would enable us to construct a viable commentary? does story contradicts historical record or vice versa? mexican joe take blackout seriously? to justinutes in which impress a bunch of people i see on the history channel. must contend this. condense this.
this is towards the blackout. this is another picture of it, some of you might be familiar with this. west spent nearly six months, a short season in birmingham in november, 1887. two lakota indians from buffalo bills company appeared before a magistrate, and were convicted of offenses related to drunkenness, arising from two separate incidents from the previous eight -- evening. someone did damage to the arresting officers uniform. someone was unconscious when they were arrested. nobody resist -- there was some resistance from both.
there were introductions of his signedther as well, he to bug -- contracts with buffalo bill that year, 1886. his.ed a second name of neither the blackout narratives mentions this brush with the law that he had afterwards. this information of a fondness with alcohol additionally changes the evaluation of these negative experiences. afterwards i went to citizens of the manchester racehorse -- seasons of a manchester
racehorse. it opened in december 18, 1887. the manchester assessment in -- ahad an account statement leavetaking was a prolonged one for every member of the trip including indians, seem to have a amount -- good amount of strength. this was the start of blackout potential. people were joining the company. read -- agreed. like it was joined by two other joineds -- blackout was
by two other lakota's. there was a single performance saturday. now, suppose there's been one contribution here. accountants. needs [laughter] institution holds a plan outlining arrangements. with the exception of a chief, indians were not individually named. there were some eyes, to adults and one baby boy. travelsenger list for
revealed who actually made the crossing, including two women and a four-year-old boy. there was concerned -- before the feature used on 12 may, 1888 . someone, having enjoyed considerable access -- had to be stopped. ca -- beyond the question when them have beenfour -- four of them have been so enamored with civilization.
there were people who consciously decided not to go against them. their worse subsequent -- involvement in the u k, 1891 census, where was recorded. work my -- this was where one of my great great grandfathers came from. a man named pedro worked with buffalo bill. -- document.ctual yeah. his names on that. i can't email anyone. -- i can email anyone if they
want to see it. this man was presently known as this, i'm not sure if it's his first or last name. it looks like he's involved with colombo. [laughter] on thew left manchester morning of friday the fourth. it didn't sail until sunday at six. the 6th. aboutficer didn't know the train that day. they stopped the boat was telling that night. i would like to make an accusation that picture of -- that people kept it from them.
i think it was manipulation. joe,were with mexican waiting for recruitment accidentally. while that was unfolding, mexican joe was in wild west country. mexican joe on the first of may much after that, he helped refugees from buffalo bills show. here's a picture of mexican joe. this was him long after. in august, 1887, that's another moment of the same session. -- hand handbuilt
bill. look at that, that's a surviving photo from the grandson, on the top right. it's the detail some of the biggest photo above the house. [laughter] i can show you another thing. the 20th century -- mexican alexandralley -- palace was one of great complexes of the late victorian age. it was a dramatic representation
for eventually coming to paris. this person came with an open mind and was prepared to speak an additional truth. this person was in birmingham -- england. -- before timeme they were vastly confident. he never crossed the channel again. we are there for just one brief window of about three weeks in have aexican joe might brief tour -- summer in birmingham. given this state of the network
i know you can't see the full text, we are going to have to cut it short. please a mail me, i will send you the transcript. anyways, i would like to content -- mexican jails show london,joe's show in washis involvement important. thank you ladies and gentlemen. [applause] >> fascinating. never underestimate the value of the? . [laughter]
i just learned -- but his father -- our next guest father. is the author of several newspaper plays and buffalo bill paper. his presentation is entitled, after hours, buffalo bill in london. [applause] >> thanks, bob. from 1966-1970 two, my father was in charge of the buffalo bill foundation. -- the buffalo bill enterprise. i'm wondering if anybody else in the room was there for specific event. wow.
there you go, ok. i would like to say just how to be an editor of the papers of william f cody. fellowship changed my life. want to thank jeremy and frank ,nd doug for including me today and for supporting my mission out west. opening of the whitney still going strong, enterprise is covering her historic event today. very happy to see them. so, i have this notion the other day and they went with it, so here we go. the success of this masterpiece series broke the mold. i had this idea that would be funny, the buffalo bill would with ladynd run off
mary. [laughter] after 1912 -- buffalo bills wild west -- left in 1903. i like to say, who needs downton abbey when we have buffalo bills in london? its buffalo of bill. i worked in the film industry for over two decades. as called for wild bill cody. they know buffalo hunters -- may be express writer who was murdered here -- [laughter] course i correct. but, what are you going to do? you, i didn'tith know a lot about cody either until my friend -- when here for the 18 81st edition buffalo bill, story of the wild west. addenda, wild west in england, has a limited series if i ever saw one.
all we would have to do pretty much is at -- add one thing. thank you for that, frank. code it defies a list of themes for the director. theresting agency character breakdowns for mr. henry or become a voluntary, grant stoker command settings for production designers, theater, performing oral court. this, it's at essentially an outline for an episode. of the season was the who's who called notable notables. it was here that i first read his words. i was dying and mr. and mrs. oscar wilde. i wonder, who else is there? what do they wear? what could they possibly have to discuss?
what was served? i repeat, what happened in the wild west in england? i think what he would've liked -- inspired costume drama. we know that he never did anything that could be launched on local -- launched on multiple platforms. i thought it might be a fun exercise called, buffalo bills in the west and cody -- surrounded by thousands of scholars, william f cody thousands -- ruminating on a idea from us. the we will describe location of the management performances and said the scene for work but he was entertained. cody wasere entertained. the name henry irving in 1877 pops up. here he is by way of introduction. cody creditsion,
irving for paving his way to london. cody wrote irving twice that summer to reassure him of his gratitude. they remained friends for years. who was henry rn? ?1 to 6 -- henry irving by jp from a book booth. glare ofaning panels spirit. in the worldrnouts are under new, an audience representative from london society, royalty -- literature, art, and people merely forth the swim. swim.e for the
there is an immensely wide their case covered with thick carpet leading to the back of a circle. this circle -- staircase in the program. the program girl is not there yet. this has printed out sick shade of brown. he tolerated should. man -- grant stoker earning a faithful friend and manager. the audience slowly settles -- mercer forces died and in some -- curious touch for an event.
these people had written a discerning article of the things performance -- of irving's performance. he reduced stoker to a violent fit of hysterics in his own words. stoker's devotion to irving was dangerous. he was also an exceptionally industrious and organize person. whoould write anybody corresponded with walt whitman, yes the same brand starter who wrote dracula two years later. irving, considered to as the embracement -- and ration for vampire, was dreadful. [laughter] age, he toured
america numerous times, and some buffalo bills wild west in 1886. this time john whitley invited him to participate in the struggling american exhibition with queen victoria is golden jubilee. irving met cody that summer, possibly with a stoker, and a passenger -- who was on the passenger list. cureoes buffalo bill here? here, when cody isn't on the passenger list? who knows. alan kerry and graham stoker were good friends. stoker described kerry as having fascinated every man, woman, child she met. she was down to earth, with letters to her friends conveyed.
the most intriguing observation could be made about it, the better application of their cash theutter complication -- utter complication of their lives. she entered a long-term relationship later on and had children by another person. rounded significant life partnership was that was henry irving which spanned from 1878 to his death in 19 of life. -- 1905. irving had unhappy wives, but they never divorced. peter often seals every bit of .ffection here life in the theater often spawns intense theatrical relationships.
when irving dies in 1905, graham stoker was not included among pallbearers. akin to a grieving partner, stoker received condolence thegrams here, including epicenter for wild west general managers, whose life mission was .evoted to william f cody the last curtain call -- as he left his tribute falls. here's sympathy for your friend irving, a man generations to mourn and most -- posterity to appear. died threelater months after the death of cody's centennial is speculated 5 -- speculated here. hissome good not know dracula franchise would assure more posthumous fame than irving or buffalo bills. , oscar, lecturing here
wildes to her was here. according to the brooklyn daily eagle, both were in new york and january 9, 1882. if you were a young man, the west would have great terms for him. many of the snow he was -- not among the most welcoming -- many of us know he was not among the most welcoming. [laughter] visit to impending roastd in 1887, wilde that he will have no doubt that they will appreciate the show. at the time, oscar wilde had
married for 2 -- three years. he had yet to write a novel. he was just famous for being infamous. quickly exhausted their assets to create a suitable residence in london's fashionable chelsea district. he was attractive and relevance in on arid for life as oscar wilde. as wild irish friend stoker later -- saw him -- this striking like a planet. constance twice communicated with cody, formal indication for this street followed by versatile note. this is in the collection of the bbc w. we know that cody attended through an expense reimbursements. was a writer and activist and intellectual.
she fell on hard times after the husband.her disgraced it seemed unlikely that she would not have missed any of it the arguments here. invitations to cody often included the daughter seen here from -- a weekly salon. unlike henry are running these are not gathering session because a starving artist could be guaranteed a glass and a chance to assess one's work. they were opened wider for intellectuals. -- oscaron showed up attitude here. jane was comfortable enough to be directly in touch with cody, who asked a favor. here is a note where she thanked him for the tickets forward.
when henry having was not invoked for london society at -- cody was tempted with a promise of beautiful boroughs. expressing her desire to visit him for quite chat, she admonishes, do not fail me -- in an article on london, purported catherine wrote, one afternoon i high, ithree stories great people. i have come to the conclusion that it's great in london. his homes -- no one is invited to the sums of have done something. a solid young man against -- how do you get here looking around the room? several pages she replied -- patriots? i'm an american. he has a heart of tutti-frutti.
[laughter] ronald coward, a president of a welcoming committee was the hadger son -- a minister close ties to queen victoria for william shakespeare the first place trust. cowher recalls meeting the state of john whitley. the first impression of cody described him as a striking type of man with much personal dignity. gallery was inspired after a while with henry alone and incendiary -- dorian gray. lili langtry also inspired the series of the london beauty and mistress of the consistent whales that he refused a monthly stipend while she was becoming an actress. the rail highness attended her
performance, and i enjoyed finding this note and inviting cody for supper. was in miniature -- was publisher and theatrical producer. it was a grand garden production of evidence summer nights dream. friendly as this photograph seems to indicate. they're renewed different chip in 1893, when cody returned to -- and their friendship -- they've renewed their friendship in 1893. at the turn-of-the-century, london had 200 gentlemen's clubs or so. cody meant the prince of wales at the reform club -- enumerated cody to dinner at the club. cody was entertained to gush a gentleman's love, he posted in
the company of the leading british actor -- irving also invited cody and coming here for theatrical entertainment and late-night suffering. the last -- dinner here. probably preferred another room. irving had transformed the theater and lighting on the table, installing a grill. sorry about this. understand go for it. [laughter]
when ellen terry was wanted to --painted as laid death, lady mcbeth, henry irving bought this portrait. though cody was at her side. there's few comments i have here. referred this back to cody, wyoming, several years ago, i didn't know much about them. dad, had fun memories of growing up in cody. copy ofbound editorials, weekly columns -- which are covered here. i responded with warm three-page
letter, with this coming back to wyoming. this works every day to have more of the stories of the diverse people of the american west. this inclusion is how we expand visitor ship and viewership. i mentioned, when you walk into this, he got to be prepared to .nswer questions about cody i believe, including more stories about people in the american west, who will create more visitor ship, and more interest for a story about cody. role urbanvast
divide -- will roll -- rural divide, i invite him to lunch at the ronald reagan line very, to tell him about my actions for william f cody. [laughter] travels, the best western museum across this country, i never fail to close with, i wanted to come home to the west is who i am, and buffalo bill what led the way. thank you. [applause] >> thank you, what a great presentation. people have questions, do we have a microphone? you can repeat the questions. >> ok. i will do my best.
maybe a little bit difference -- they like to get more questions on the floor because we might be running out of time for questions. could i get three questions? 3?23 -- 1, 2, [inaudible] >> my own experience suggests ,hat those of us watching here see what's happening in europe. this is different for many of those who look at this from an american perspective. what that would be
-- about how question is people working in the wild west in europe come to the subject in ways that are different from american scholars -- so good, we can run with that. ?:yone else have questions sorry, yes. please, you will have to speak up. [inaudible] what was your favorite piece orevidence of london preliminary discussion -- to is?ver -- and anyone else's aboutderful question people not expecting correspondence to be made public between europeans and some others. let me get one more.
i like to get as many questions out here in the beginning as possible. >> with their being any basis for seeing european infancy to the buffalo bill wild west? would you say that it's about ofe united -- there's a fear global international there isies -- optimism in recognizing how appealing buffalo bill was for europeans. or did they see the something else soft, something differently? >> ok. there's pure optimism to be found in buffalo bill. yes --ifting message, international appeal that somehow transcends. yes. really, cody becomes this kind
there's an enthusiastic life. those are pretty good questions, thanks very much. i'll invite the three of you to come up and take the microphone. otherwise we won't be able to hear your responses. if you'd be so kind. while you also -- all come up. [laughter] >> why don't you start with the question about working in european archives? >> i agree with her, to her question, a resounding yes.
i can think of -- anything here. comes -- -- once this there'sming up, something, all about racial frontiers. in yet there's a consensus for frontiers, created something else -- but you couldn't believe. people taking transfer presbyterian benefit -- in glasgow. then informed his unfolding spiritual consciousness. -- on the side of reconciliation, i'm forced to leave you with something about say a wise old rabbi -- what you will against the jews, but never forget who invented saturdays.
[laughter] questioning the directed to me, i'm afraid of got nothing. this, or intrigued me, and i would have this back for you all -- was a primary recent scholarship on graham and henry arvin and ellen kerry, and also wonderful biographer who wrote wild. one of these biographies was well enough cody mentioning, the wild west. i that so fascinating. it made me wonder -- i found that so fascinating. i am an accidental historian, that's, being a plan i'm interested. i will throw back a question
that you. thank you. >> and thinking of chris's question about american scholars. i'm not really sure how to answer that either. this comes back to a question of cody studying the ecumenical tradition, that there's so much variety in the kinds of people that contributes it out because students who attribute -- i would be hesitant to attribute to something like this, that could be as much to do with their ethnic background, or within professional academics like yourself, or alessandro -- the framing they received some effectors at play. said -- maybe some of the kinds of questions posed may differ.
i think no own preoccupation with the international to work -- about my own preoccupation of with this is understanding america. versus tracing the impact of the wild western europe. scholars, it could almost start with the archival accounts, a local archive. most of them haven't done that yet. if anything, that could be achieved here. >> let me have a go at a quick question here. thisuffalo bills thing -- would be of a project that involves something solid -- we -- partt of it object
of a project here. this was about american popular culture here. the book got started looking at the impact of the wild west and other forms of mass culture in europe. this is quickly as one of a indful of americans involved the project. it became clear that europeans were not necessarily talking about impact. they weren't interested in hearing about how the american shows -- pop culture, had an impact, left an imprint on europe. they wanted to see how different groups of europeans actually responded to the show. it was an interesting mix between an emphasis on export and this -- buffalo bill and the longer-term.
let's turn to other questions. yes. yes. >> high. -- hello. there's a single buffalo bill ere in london -- [inaudible] i think there's so much happening in london during the buffalo bill to her that it would be entirely possible that this kind of businesses were but, because he's there, wasn't part of the usual back around of the global city.
if you have incited, a sense of threat here -- with the wild west in london, if this reduces unpredictability , or people roving around, sometimes there's quakes -- then people getumors, excited, but there's interracial mixing. -- wondering if you could .t's quite tacky -- you say that sense of things i -- do you see that sense of anxiety?
repeat the question. she says that sense of anxiety for things that don't actually produced a destabilization. how do we actually see how london theaters are so extraordinarily diverse? let me ask our panelists to respond. yes. did you want to weigh in on that question mark >> yes. >> could you come up and get the microphone? >> they're trying to record as well. [laughter]
>> and always up for talking about anxiety, because it so entertaining. [laughter] an article once called, buffalo bill meets dracula, and theout when cody reworking of the frontier through the dracula novel. get -- by killan strike you in the novel. but, it's really based on buffalo bill. the whole point of that was, when you read the newspaper coverage, when i read the newspaper coverage of newspaper coverage, there is excited about what americans are. oftain is about to slip out its place as the number one steel producer in the world. americans are going to supersede them. it's not at all clear that going to -- they're are going to be allies going forward. there was a lot of tension between britain and the united dates and there will be a lot more. there is a lot of anxiety about
what it means for these four-like the perfect come from the frontier. they are really entertaining, but they have a lot of guns. they're convinced, they're convinced that they never lose. there are absolutely convinced of this. that's really worrisome for a lot of people. the other point i would just make, i think henry arvin -- i agree with monica, there's somebody did when the wild west, it's hard to keep track. henry irving is the primary cultural broker. england's only leading shakespearean actor, which in england, that's kind of being the repository for culture, the culture of the nation. that's really something. he's not only that, he's an offer knighthood by queen victoria. he turned it down. he said it would get him an unfair advantage in the marketplace that he had rivals in theater, and wanted to be
judged by performance, not by accolades. he had to explain that in -- to the queen, which took some doing. he could persuade her to issue a for whaterformance, essentially, a lot of people calling a circus. she loves the circus. she didn't want people to know that. when he said no, you can't have ,his as a command performance she went for because it was henry aaron thing. the friendship with irving was one of again -- there is a whole his of scholarship, that publicist surrounding him that both him and what he is -- no. i really think he had such a sensibility about who to cultivate and how. we had a great talk about captain jack crawford. i can't imagine him ever finding a way to cultivate henry irving. it would be preposterous. it would be as preposterous on
it, but for cody to do he did. he had that kind of performance, genius, and is also a genius of people. he really was. that's my response. i'll let you guys go back to this. [applause] >> any speakers cares on to monica's question? that's a good place to end. let's think of panelists. [captions copyright national cable satellite corp. 2016] [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org]
the join the conversation on c-span twitter and on facebook. >> if you are a teacher of social studies in civics for middle and high school students, try our classroom resources at the c-span classroom website. is ready to go resources. also, enhanced teaching tools. many teachers across the country use these resources. court, and easy. go to c-span.org/classroom to sign up. >> this weekend on american history tv, historian spencer crew has the great migration, when more than 6 million african-americans moved after world war i from the were rolled south to urban areas in the north and west. here's a preview. washington,ened in was backed there was a lot of
resentment emerging from former soldiers who couldn't find work. there were african-americans who had worked, but people couldn't handle their uniform -- ndc. this for them downtown was unacceptable. white military a individual -- p or heard a rumor that the wife of one of the numbers had a fake. they got angry and beginning going to the streets -- and ran on this matter what. this had more than 30 people. --er the second or third day
the people decided they weren't going to accept this any longer. when they were shot at, they shot back. this i think forced the government to step in. brought things back under control. what we knew about this -- was this was the red summer of 1919. for the first time they actually responded back. war toly bad one to the decide they wouldn't accept this treatment any longer. there was a big shift in how these relationships were beginning to change because of the country. these changesat taken place, and this influx of people into this cities, both the north and south, the question becomes why does this take place in this time? what are you waiting to know quarter of the way -- between centuries, to make detroit to orfolk?
crocs you can watch the entire program sunday at 6:30 and 10:30 p.m. eastern. this is american history tv, only on c-span3. on lectures in history, former university professor mark mason teaches a class on the history of hip-hop, and why it originated in the box. he describes how progressive music of the early 1970's was played throughout app store , andes -- outdoor parties fled to budget cuts for people. he talks about how the culture fit -- hip hop included breakdancing and fashion, not just rubbing in teaching. this class is about an hour. entitled, whye is hip-hop began in the bronx. --