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tv   Driving Tour of Sioux Falls South Dakota  CSPAN  November 4, 2017 12:39pm-1:01pm EDT

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coverage of a symposium hosted by the national world war i museum and memorial. if you missed today's coverage, you can watch it by visiting our website, c-span.org/history. you're watching "american history tv" on c-span3. >> all weekend long, "american history tv" is joining our cable partners to showcase the history of sioux falls, south dakota. to learn more about the cities on our current tour, visit c-span.org/citiestour. we continue now with our look at the history of sioux falls. we are doing something a little different today with our driving tour.
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jon will drive us around the city of sioux falls and talk about its history. jon, white dome to introduce yourself? mr. lauck: i live in sioux falls. i am proud to call sioux falls home. it is a beautiful place. a booming city on the prairie. i am happy to be with you, debbie, on this tour. >> we are glad to have you. where are we right now? mr. lauck: we are in the heart of old sioux falls. just toin the 1850's, the north of us is the famous falls on the big sioux river from which the city takes its name. right now, we are on one of the main thoroughfares of sioux falls, south dakota. along some of the older buildings of sioux falls, where you get a good feel of what would be considered the main street of sioux falls. this is part of the sculpture
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walk in downtown sioux falls. this is the federal courthouse. you can see it is built out of this pink, sioux falls quartzite. it is one of the reasons settlers chose this area. it is implantable supply -- it is in plentiful supply. >> is downtown sioux falls or is it representative of historical sioux falls? tell us. mr. lauck: historical sioux falls. downtown is coming back. for a while, it moved out to the west side where the malls were. there is a big resurgence in downtown sioux falls. across -- like in many cities across the country. >> do you know the breakdown of the population, the ethnic diversity, as numbers are concerned? mr. lauck: to the left, a restaurant is where we had earlier in the week. >> i loved it. mr. lauck: a wonderful lunch.
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the restaurant is an old greek restaurant. in the early budget century, there are 15 greek restaurants and confectionery's in sioux falls, which shows some of the immigrant mix who came in. he timing was about these i -- the same time as an influx of libyans, greeks, and syrians. may be surprised by this, but south dakota is the only state in the union who had two lebanese senators. we just drove by downtown holiday inn in sioux falls, which has been there for a long time. it is the hotel george mcgovern stated in november 1972 when he was waiting for the election returns
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to coming from the presidential race. he is the only south dakota and to besouth dakotan nominated for president. he was not shocked at the results that came in. he lost the election badly. including losing south dakota, his home state. regretted deeply and was not happy about it. >> dimension where we are located right now. mr. lauck: this is -- mention where we are located right now. dropauck: this is the big in the big sioux river. it creates these rapids or falls. this is sioux falls. this is why it is called sioux falls. straight across, you can see the which wasbee m,ill, built on the rapids.
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they could capture the rapids machinery in the mill and grind wheat. for two to three years, a crank out about 1000 barrels of flour a day. produce as it is not much weight as they thought. the river died down later in the summer. i also wanted to point out the old coliseum. this is where a lot of the major forts were held in downtown many decades. the 19 teens --the 19
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in the 1910's.
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gave
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learn about his city in sioux falls. >> we are in the pettigrew home and museum, home of u.s. senator franklin pettigrew, who served in the u.s. senate from 1989 to 1901. he lived in the home from 1911 until his death in 1926. in 1889, this was one of the most modern homes you have found. it has radiators. it had indoor plumbing.
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even had telephone. a few miles away from here, i was on the farm. it was the top-notch for sioux falls. he was born in vermont in 1848. is parents moved west to southwest wisconsin. innsville, south of madison 1852. it is where he grows up. attends college in wisconsin and read law, both with university of wisconsin and a law form -- and a law firm. himself he finds looking for a summer job. as part to the dakotas
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of a government surveying party. when he passed it through the city in may of 1869, it is an army post on the side. it was garrisoned by a single company. he spends the summer working as surveyorr with a learning the business. in september, they pass back through what will be sioux falls. it has beenr abandoned by the army. they take the opportunity to claim a quarter section of land of what was the preemption act. we are standing in the middle of it. theigrew gets elected to territorial legislature in 1873. birthday -- just
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before his 24th birthday, he claims the reason he got elected is because he knew the farmers. he saw his name on the ballot. they knew him because they surveyed the land. he served in the territorial legislature. there were colorful stories about it. not like a legislator we see today. one was shot in the middle of a session. he was in a fist fight on the floor of the legislature. not really the way we think of these legislative processes today. the group was successful at it -- pettigrew was successful at it. he traveled out to the new city of deadwood. vote. to a black hills
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in 1880, he became the territories' representative to congress. the territory representative did not get the vote. he spent two years as the territorial representative. legislatureto the for another term. when south dakota became the state -- became a state in 1889, he was one of two men elected. the other being deeply -- the gotr, to determine who terms, they drew straws. pettigrew drew the long straw. he seems like a real pack rat. he picked up souvenirs everywhere he went. artifacts heber of
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collected and brought home. brought large face he home to vase he brought present to his wife to make her happy or something like that. he picked up things with personal meaning. they all had a story to them. mostly, it is just souvenirs. the one exception is a cane the last to him by ruler-- by the left align of the islands -- by the last hawaiian islands ruler. it was in recognition of the work he did in the senate on her behalf. he was one of those individuals -- he was described as an anti-alias in a time --
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anti-imperialist in a time where those had imperialist interests. particularly, japan and china, and hawaiian islands -- particularly, japan, china, and the hawaiian islands. he was one of the people who wanted everybody to be treated fairly. u.s. took over the hawaiian islands, the have been less than exactly ideal. took case and oppose the treaty of acquisition. something that did not in dear him or members -- did not in orr -- did not endear him
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members of his party at the time. he is a strong republican. he remains with the republican crashthrough the economic of 1893. at that time, he moves along with a lot of people, to the midwest to the popular skin. there was a national party, the populist party. they survived in some forms today. he supported a support for the presidency. in 1900, he was defeated in a bid for another term. it's years after the senate he became a democrat. he moved through the political
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spectrum over a period of 30 years. we help one visitors will get a taste of what life was like as a pioneer. . our citieses tour -- tour staffrecently went to sioux falls, dakota. learn more at c-span.org/citiestour. you are watching american history tv, all weekend, every weekend on c-span3. >> next on "american history tv," foreign affairs and humanities professor walter russell mead discusses nationalism and u.s.
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foreign-policy. he focuses on jacksonian populist nationalist and explains how presidents roosevelt, truman, and reagan gave their support. he suggests that the trump administration could learn from this presidential history. the center for strategic and international studies hosted this hour-long event. >> today, we have one of the nations most distinguished historians of u.s. foreign-policy, walter russell mead. he is a distinguished fellow at the hudson institute and the james clark professor of foreign humanities at bard college. he's an honors graduate, where he received prizes. -- where he received prizes for history, debate, and translation of new testament greek. he has written many books with

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